Stephen Hillenburg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Stephen Hillenburg
Stephen Hillenburg by Carlos Cazurro.jpg
Hillenburg in 2011
BornStephen McDannell Hillenburg
(1961-08-21) August 21, 1961 (age 52)[1]
Lawton, Oklahoma, United States
Other namesSteve Hillenburg
EducationSavanna High School
Alma mater
OccupationMarine biologist, animator, director, writer, producer, artist
Years active1991–present
Known for
Net worthUS$90 million[2]
Spouse(s)Karen Hillenburg
SignatureStephen Hillenburg signature.svg
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Stephen Hillenburg
Stephen Hillenburg by Carlos Cazurro.jpg
Hillenburg in 2011
BornStephen McDannell Hillenburg
(1961-08-21) August 21, 1961 (age 52)[1]
Lawton, Oklahoma, United States
Other namesSteve Hillenburg
EducationSavanna High School
Alma mater
OccupationMarine biologist, animator, director, writer, producer, artist
Years active1991–present
Known for
Net worthUS$90 million[2]
Spouse(s)Karen Hillenburg
SignatureStephen Hillenburg signature.svg

Stephen McDannell "Steve" Hillenburg[3] (born August 21, 1961)[1] is an American marine biologist, animator, director, writer, producer, storyboard artist, and voice-over artist, associated with several animated television series, best known for creating the Nickelodeon animated series SpongeBob SquarePants. Born in Lawton, Oklahoma, Hillenburg moved to Orange County, California when he was a year old. He was raised in Anaheim, California and attended the Humboldt State University, earning a bachelor's degree in marine resource planning and interpretation in 1984. He decided to apply at the California Institute of the Arts (CalArts) in 1992 to pursue an animation career.

Hillenburg worked for various jobs before landing on the career as a marine biology teacher. For three years in the mid-1980s, Hillenburg taught marine biology at the Ocean Institute in Dana Point. A few years after graduating from CalArts, Hillenburg met Joe Murray, the creator of Rocko's Modern Life and was offered a job as a director of the series. He then joined the show as a writer, producer, and storyboard artist during its third season, continuing his position for much of the fourth season. He began developing SpongeBob SquarePants into a television series in 1996 upon the cancellation of Rocko's Modern Life, and turned to Tom Kenny, who had worked with him on that series, to voice the titular character. SpongeBob was originally to be named SpongeBoy, and the series was to be called SpongeBoy Ahoy!, but these were changed due to trademark issues. The show premiered in May 1, 1999, which has since aired 189 episodes. Hillenburg directed the film adaptation of the series, The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie, for which he was nominated for an Annie Award for Directing in a Feature Production in 2005. Once the film was completed, he resigned from the show and appointed staff writer Paul Tibbitt as the series' showrunner. Hillenburg is currently working on the sequel film as the executive producer and story writer. In 2009, he has stated that he is developing two other TV projects.

Hillenburg has won an Emmy Award and six Annie Awards for SpongeBob SquarePants. He has also received other awards, including the Heal the Bay's Walk the Talk award for his efforts on elevating marine life awareness through SpongeBob SquarePants, and the Television Animation Award from the National Cartoonists Society. In 2002, he received the Statue Award in film from the Princess Grace Foundation.

Early life and education

Stephen Hillenburg was born at the United States Army post of Fort Sill in Lawton, Oklahoma on August 21, 1961.[1][4] His father was a draftsman and designer for aerospace companies—including McDonnell Douglas and Rockwell Collins—and has contributed to the Apollo program.[5] His mother taught visually impaired students.[1] Hillenburg has said that he got his art skills on his maternal side, and told that his grandmother is "really, really gifted" and a "great painter."[5] His younger brother followed their father's footsteps, and became a draftsman and designer.[1] With his family, Hillenburg moved to Orange County, California in 1962, when he was a year old.[1][5] He mostly grew up in Anaheim, California, where received his secondary education at the Savanna High School.[5][6] Hillenburg was a band geek in high school, playing the trumpet.[5]

Hillenburg became an animator during his period of study at the California Institute of the Arts.

Hillenburg's passion to sea life has been traced to his childhood, when he saw several films made by the French oceanographer Jacques Cousteau.[1][5] While in a library in the 1970s, he viewed black-and-white images about diving, and he was "really immersed."[5] At age 15, he snorkeled for the first time in the Laguna Beach and saw "all in color";[5] that experience spurred his decision to study marine life in college.[1][6] A few years after attending Humboldt State University (HSU), he earned a bachelor's degree in marine resource planning and interpretation in 1984.[6][7] While in HSU, he minored in art, and ended up making exhibits in museums.[5] Hillenburg said "I blossomed as a painter in Humboldt."[8]

Having enjoyed arts, he applied in a master's degree program in experimental animation at the California Institute of the Arts (CalArts) in 1992.[1][9][10] Hillenburg said "Initially I think I assumed that if I went to school for art I would never have any way of making a living, so I thought it might be smarter to keep art my passion and hobby and study something else. But by the time I got to the end of my undergrad work, I realized I should be in art."[1] He told that in the 1970s, as a child, he was taken to an International Tournée of Animation festival at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and saw the Dutch animator Paul Driessen with his The Killing of An Egg cartoon.[11] Hillenburg said that "That was the film that I thought was uniquely strange and that lodged itself in my head early on. I was interested in drawing my whole life. I dunno—it didn't help me till later, when I rediscovered Driessen."[11] He graduated from the institute in 1993, earning a Master of Fine Arts in experimental animation.[9]

Early career

Cover of the The Intertidal Zone by Hillenburg.

Hillenburg worked for various jobs—including park service in Utah and art director in Bayview-Hunters Point, San Francisco—before landing on the job he wanted, which was to teach marine biology.[5] He also worked as a fry cook in a fast food restaurant.[4] After graduating from college, Hillenburg taught marine biology at the Ocean Institute (then known as the Marine Institute)[12] for three years from 1984 to 1987 in Dana Point and lived about at the Dana Point Marina.[6] During this period, Hillenburg realized he was more interested in making art than he was in teaching science.[12]

Hillenburg taught marine biology to visitors of the Ocean Institute for three years in the mid-1980s.

While working at the Ocean Institute, Hillenburg wrote a comic book entitled The Intertidal Zone, which he used to teach his students about the animal life of tidal pools.[13] The comic starred various anthropomorphic forms of sea life, many of which would evolve into SpongeBob SquarePants characters,[9] including "Bob the Sponge", who was the co-host of the comic and resembled an actual sea sponge, as opposed to SpongeBob SquarePants who resembles a kitchen sponge.[14] Hillenburg tried to get the comic professionally published, but none of the companies to which he sent it were interested.[5]

In 1987, Hillenburg left the institute to pursue his dream of becoming an animator.[9][14] He would eventually attend CalArts in 1992, having been accepted by Jules Engel, who was impressed with Hillenburg's previous work.[9][10] He began envisioning the idea of a project that would involve a cast of anthropomorphic sea life. Although he drew several rough sketches of the concept, it would be close to a decade before he would get to see it become a reality.[14]

Film career

Early works

Screenshots of Hillenburg's early works, The Green Beret (1991; top) and Wormholes (1992; bottom)

As an animator, Hillenburg received a job on the children's television series Mother Goose and Grimm while attending CalArts, and worked on the series from 1991 to 1993. He made several independent short films, including The Green Beret (1991) and Wormholes (1992). His first film The Green Beret is about a physically challenged Girl Scout with enormous fists, that when she knocks on doors while selling cookies, she topples the houses, and destroys everything in her wake.[4] He also made his CalArts thesis film entitled Wormholes,[14] which is about the theory of relativity.[1] He described the film as "a poetic animated film based on relativistic phenomena," in his proposal to the Princess Grace Foundation (PGF) for a scholarship in 1991.[15] The foundation accepted to fund it and gave him a "Graduate Film Scholarship".[15][16] Wormholes was later displayed at various animation festivals[14]—including the Ottawa International Animation Festival in October 1992,[17] in which the film won the Best Concept award.[18]

It meant a lot. They [the PGF] funded one of the projects I'm most proud of, even with SpongeBob. It provided me the opportunity just to make a film that was personal, and what I would call independent, and free of some of the commercial needs.

— Hillenurg, on the PGF's funding for Wormholes[15]

Rocko's Modern Life

In 1995, Joe Murray, creator of Rocko's Modern Life, met Hillenburg at an animation festival, and offered him a job as a director of the series.[14][19][20][21] Hillenburg then joined the Nickelodeon animated series as a writer, producer, and storyboard artist during the series' third season, continuing his position for much of the fourth season.[14][21][22] Hillenburg stated that he "learned a great deal about writing and producing animation for TV" from his time on Rocko's Modern Life.[23] During the last of his three years with the show, he was promoted to creative director, in which capacity he helped to oversee pre-and post-production operations. He also served as its executive story editor.[1]

While working on Rocko's Modern Life, Hillenburg met writer Martin Olson, who saw his previous comics The Intertidal Zone.[5] Olson liked the idea and suggested Hillenburg to create a series of marine animals. Hillenburg said "a show [...] I hadn't even thought about making a show [...] and it wasn't my show."[5] It spurred his decision to create the show and said "it was the inspiration for the show."[5] He also became friends with Tom Kenny, who he later approached to become the voice of SpongeBob SquarePants.[24] "Steve described SpongeBob to me as childlike and naïve," Kenny said in an interview.[25] "He's not quite an adult, he's not quite a kid. Think a Stan Laurel, Jerry Lewis kind of child-man. Kind of like a Munchkin but not quite, kind of like a kid, but not in a Charlie Brown child's voice on the TV shows."[25]

SpongeBob SquarePants

While working on Rocko's Modern Life, Hillenburg met Tom Kenny (pictured). When the show ended in 1996, Hillenburg started to work on the show, and turned to him to provide the voice of SpongeBob SquarePants.

Hillenburg initially conceived the premise of the show in 1984, while he was teaching marine biology at the Ocean Institute.[26] When Rocko's Modern Life ended in 1996,[27] he began working on SpongeBob SquarePants, teaming up with several Nickelodeon veterans and Rocko crew members.[14][28] Originally the character was to be named SpongeBoy and the show would be called SpongeBoy Ahoy!.[29] However, after voice acting the original seven-minute pilot in 1997, it was discovered that the name was already in use for a mop product.[30] Upon learning this, Hillenburg decided that the character's given name still had to contain "Sponge" so viewers would not mistake the character for a "Cheese Man." Hillenburg decided to use the name "SpongeBob." He chose "SquarePants" as a family name as it referred to the character's square shape and "had a nice ring to it".[31]

In 1997, while pitching the cartoon to Nickelodeon executives, Hillenburg donned a Hawaiian shirt, brought along an "underwater terrarium with models of the characters", and Hawaiian music to set the theme. The setup was described by Nick executive Eric Coleman as "pretty amazing".[32] When given money and two weeks to write the pilot episode ("Help Wanted"),[10] Derek Drymon, Stephen Hillenberg, and Nick Jennings returned with, described by Nickelodeon official Albie Hecht, "a performance he wished he had on tape".[33] Although described as stressful by executive producer Derek Drymon,[10] the pitch went "very well"; Kevin Kay and Hecht had to step outside because they were "exhausted from laughing", making the cartoonists worried.[33]

SpongeBob SquarePants first aired on May 1, 1999.[34][35] During its second season, the show had flourished into Nickelodeon's No. 2 children's program, after Rugrats. Nearly 40 percent of the show's audience of 2.2 million were aged 18 to 34.[36] The show eventually passed Rugrats during its third season, earning it the title of being the highest rated children's show on cable. It had a 6.7 rating and 2.2 million kids 2 to 11 in the second quarter of 2002, up 22% over 2001.[36][37][38] Forbes called the show "a $1 billion honeypot," and said that the show is "almost single-handedly responsible for making Viacom's Nickelodeon the most-watched cable channel during the day and the second most popular during prime time."[36] It was also reported that of the 50 million viewers who watch it every month, 20 million are adults.[39][40]

Hillenburg went on to direct the film adaptation of the series, The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie. In 2002, Hillenburg and the show's staff members decided to halt the production on the show to work on the film, after completing the third season.[41] Once the film was completed, Hillenburg wanted to end the series "so the show wouldn't jump the shark," but Nickelodeon wanted to do more episodes.[42][43] Hillenburg resigned as the series' showrunner,[44] and appointed Paul Tibbitt, who previously served as the show's supervising producer, writer, director, and storyboard artist, to overtake the role.[45] Hillenburg considered Tibbitt one of his favorite members of the show's crew,[46] and "totally trusted him."[11] Tibbitt holds the showrunner position and also functions as an executive producer.[45][47] Hillenburg no longer writes or runs the show on a day-to-day basis, but reviews each episode and delivers suggestions. He said "I figure when I'm pretty old I can still paint [...] I don't know about running shows."[44][48] Tom Kenny and Bill Fagerbakke and the rest of the crew confirmed they have completed four new episodes for broadcast on Nickelodeon in early 2005, and planned to finish about 20 total for the then-fourth season.[49][50]

Hillenburg voiced the character of Potty the Parrot in the show.[51] After his departure from the show in 2004, Tibbitt was given the role voicing Potty the Parrot.[52] For the first three seasons, Hillenburg and Drymon sat in on the record studio, and they directed the actors.[53] In the fourth season, Andrea Romano took over the role as the voice director.[53]

"Everybody is different, and the show embraces that. The character SpongeBob is an oddball. He's kind of weird, but he's kind of special, I always think of them as being somewhat asexual."
—Hillenburg, on SpongeBob's sexual orientation[54]

Despite the show's widespread popularity, the series has been involved in several public controversies. In 2005, a promotional video which showed SpongeBob along with other characters from children's shows singing together to promote diversity and tolerance,[55] was attacked by an evangelical group in the United States because they saw SpongeBob being used as an "advocate for homosexuality".[56] James Dobson of Focus on the Family accused the makers of the video of "promoting homosexuality due to a pro-tolerance group sponsoring the video."[56] The incident led to questions to whether or not SpongeBob is homosexual. In 2002, Hillenburg denied the issue, despite the fact that SpongeBob's popularity with gay men grew. He clarified that he considers the character to be "almost asexual".[54][57] After Dobson made the comments, Hillenburg repeated this assertion that sexual preference was never considered during the creation of the show.[58] Dobson later asserted that his comments were taken out of context and that his original complaints were not with SpongeBob, the video, or any of the characters in the video but with the organization that sponsored the video, We Are Family Foundation. Dobson indicated that the We Are Family Foundation posted pro-homosexual material on their website, but later removed it.[59]

Hillenburg is currently working on SpongeBob SquarePants 2, the sequel to the 2004 film, as the executive producer and story writer.[60][5][61] The film stars Kenny, Fagerbakke, Rodger Bumpass, Clancy Brown, Carolyn Lawrence, and Mr. Lawrence, directed by Tibbitt, produced by Mary Parent, and will be released on February 13, 2015 by Paramount Pictures.[60][62]

Other pursuits

In 1999, Hillenburg formed United Plankton Pictures, a television and film production company, which produces SpongeBob SquarePants. The company helped fund the Humboldt State University Marine Laboratory.[8] It also publishes SpongeBob Comics, a 32-page bimonthly comic book series distributed by Bongo Comics Group and based on SpongeBob SquarePants.[63][64] Hillenburg first announced and released the comics in 2011, and it was the first time he authored his own books. He said in a commentary that "I'm hoping that fans will enjoy finally having a SpongeBob comic book from me."[63][64] Chris Duffy, the former Senior Editor of Nickelodeon Magazine, serves as Managing Editor of the comics.[63][64] Hillenburg and Duffy met with various comic book writers and artists—including James Kochalka, Hilary Barta,Graham Annable, Gregg Schigiel, and Jacob Chabot—to contribute to each issues of the comics.[63][64]

Hillenburg has stated in 2009 that he is developing two other TV projects that he does not want to discuss.[11][65] Since 2010, Hillenburg has been working on a short film called Hollywood Blvd., USA for animation festivals.[5][8] He called it a "personal film", and animated and painted it by himself.[5] He videotaped "people walking" and animated it in walk cycles.[5] In a 2012 interview, he said that "I hope to get [the film] done. It takes forever."[5] He is "hoping" to finish the film "before this fall."[5]

Personal life

External images
Karen and Stephen Hillenburg in Brazil, taken in 2010. (The couple are in the leftmost)

Hillenburg is married to Karen, a chef who teaches at a cooking school.[4] The couple have a son named Clay (born 1998).[4] Hillenburg had formerly resided in Pasadena, California,[12] and currently lives with his family in San Marino in Southern California.[1][66][67] His hobbies are surfing, snorkeling, scuba diving and playing "noisy rock music" on his guitar.[4] He also paints "surreal seascapes" based on "something that's happened" and said that "there's something personal about it."[67] Hillenburg is a big fan of the Australian band Tame Impala.[67] He called them "these young guys reinvestigating psychedelic rock, and it does not seem ironic."[67]

According to his colleagues, Hillenburg is "a perfectionist workaholic."[12] Kenny called him "this sweet, soulful surfer/artist/animator/marine biologist."[12] Julia Pistor, the producer of The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie and senior vice president of Nickelodeon Movies, said that "He's very shy. He doesn't want people to know about his life or family. He's just a really funny, down-to-earth guy with a dry sense of humor who puts his family first and keeps us on our toes in keeping our corporate integrity."[12]

Hillenburg considers Jules Engel (1909–2003),[68] his mentor at CalArts, his "Art Dad".[69][70] Hillenburg was accepted by Engel into the institute because he was impressed with Hillenburg's previous work.[9][10] During the production of The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie, Engel died at 94. Hillenburg decided to dedicate the film in his memory and said that "He truly was the most influential artistic person in my life."[69][70][71]

Lawsuit

External images

Bob Spongee, the Unemployed Sponge promotional advertisement

Troy Walker's comic strip, published in 1992

In 2007, Hillenburg was sued by cartoonist Troy Walker of Fairfield, California, claiming that the creator had stolen his ideas from his 1991 comic strip Bob Spongee, the Unemployed Sponge.[72] Walker argued that the concept and design for Hillenburg's cartoon titular character was lifted from his "Bob Spongee" homemade toy character. In Walker's original concept, he drew a face on a kitchen sponge and attached plastic googly eyes. He placed the model in a transparent bag that included the comic strip, and sold it in Northern California as collectibles in flea markets and through the mail in 1992.[73][74] Walker then produced 1,000 of the "drawn-on" dolls.[75] He also stated that he had kept print advertisements that he ran in the Oakland Tribune for Bob Spongee.[73] In 2002, after learning about the series created by Hillenburg shown on Nickelodeon, Walker concluded that "It obviously fell into the hands of one of the producers of the show. It's a clear pattern of duplication."[73] He filed the lawsuit against Hillenburg, Nickelodeon, Paramount Studios, and parent company Viacom in a U.S. District Court in San Francisco.[76] He had demanded $1.6 billion in damages, and alleged that the accused used his idea without his permission.[72][73] He said that "They took all of it."[73] Walker also pointed the show's pilot episode, "Help Wanted", (in which an unemployed SpongeBob gets his job at the Krusty Krab) as proof that the defendants stole his idea.[75] He said in his complaint that "It is more than ironic that two working class sponges are named Bob. Both characters are unemployed. Both characters live in a house concept."[73][75]

In a public statement, Viacom stated that they believed that Walker's claim is "baseless."[77] A settlement conference between Walker and Viacom, filed on May 13, 2008, was conducted at the Northern District Federal Courts in San Francisco. As a conclusion, the court granted the defendants' motion for summary judgment.[78]

Filmography

Film

YearTitleRoleNotes
1991The Green BeretDirector
Composer
Short film
1992WormholesDirectorShort film
2004The SpongeBob SquarePants MovieDirector
Writer
Producer
Parrot (voice)
2009Square Roots: The Story of SpongeBob SquarePantsHimselfDocumentary film
2015SpongeBob SquarePants 2Executive producer
TBAHollywood Blvd., USADirectorShort film

Television

YearTitleRoleNotes
1991Mother Goose and GrimmWriter
1993–1996Rocko's Modern LifeWriter
Director
Storyboard artist
Creative director (1995–1996)
1999–presentSpongeBob SquarePantsCreator
Writer (1999–2004)
Storyboard director (1999)
Executive producer
Potty the Parrot (2000–2004; voice)

Awards and accolades

One of Hillenburg's early works Wormholes won at the Ottawa International Animation Festival for Best Concept in 1992.[18] Hillenburg has been nominated for 15 Emmy Awards for SpongeBob SquarePants, and won in the category of Outstanding Special Class Animated Program in 2010. His show has also received several other awards and nominations, including 16 Annie Award nominations, out of which it has won six times, and four BAFTA Children's Award nominations, out of which it has won twice.

In 2001 Heal the Bay, an environmental advocacy non-profit organization, honored Hillenburg with its highest honor, the Walk the Talk Award.[1] He received the award for raising awareness of marine life among the public through SpongeBob SquarePants.[1] In 2002, the National Cartoonists Society bestowed him the Television Animation Award.[1][79] That same year, he also received the Statue Award in film from the Princess Grace Foundation.[1][16] Hillenburg has appeared on the cover of the Current Biography magazine for its April 2003 issue.[1]

List of awards and nominations
YearAssociationCategoryNominated workResult
1992Ottawa International Animation FestivalBest Concept[18]WormholesWon
2001Heal the BayWalk the Talk[1]Won
2002Primetime Emmy AwardsOutstanding Children's Program[80][81]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2002Princess Grace FoundationStatue Award[16]Won
2002National Cartoonists SocietyTelevision Animation Award[79]Won
2002Television Critics Association AwardsOutstanding Achievement in Children's Programming[82]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2003Primetime Emmy AwardsOutstanding Animated Program (for Programming Less Than One Hour)[83][84]SpongeBob SquarePants
for "New Student Starfish" and "Clams"
Nominated
2003Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite Cartoon[85]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2004Primetime Emmy AwardsOutstanding Animated Program (for Programming Less Than One Hour)[86][87]SpongeBob SquarePants
for "SpongeBob B.C. (Before Comedy)"
Nominated
2004Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite Cartoon[88]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2004Golden Satellite AwardsBest Animated or Mixed Media Feature[89]The SpongeBob SquarePants MovieNominated
2005Annecy International Animated Film FestivalSpecial Award[90]SpongeBob SquarePants
for "Fear of a Krabby Patty"
Won
2005Annie AwardsBest Animated Television Production[91]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2005Annie AwardsBest Animated Feature[91]The SpongeBob SquarePants MovieNominated
2005Annie AwardsDirecting in a Feature Production[91]For The SpongeBob SquarePants MovieNominated
2005Primetime Emmy AwardsOutstanding Animated Program (for Programming Less Than One Hour)[92]SpongeBob SquarePants
for "Fear of a Krabby Patty" and "Shell of a Man"
Nominated
2005Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite Cartoon[93]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2005Television Critics Association AwardsOutstanding Achievement in Children's Programming[94]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2005Golden Trailer AwardsBest Animation/Family[95]The SpongeBob SquarePants MovieNominated
2005Golden Trailer AwardsMost Original[95]The SpongeBob SquarePants MovieNominated
2005Young Artist AwardBest Family Feature Film – Animation[96]The SpongeBob SquarePants MovieNominated
2006MTV Russia Movie AwardsBest Animated Film[97]The SpongeBob SquarePants MovieNominated
2006Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite Cartoon[98]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2007British Academy Children's AwardsInternational Category[99]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2007Primetime Emmy AwardsOutstanding Animated Program (for Programming Less Than One Hour)[100]SpongeBob SquarePants
for "Bummer Vacation" and "Wigstruck"
Nominated
2007Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite Cartoon[101]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2007Television Critics Association AwardsOutstanding Achievement in Children's Programming[102]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2008Primetime Emmy AwardsOutstanding Animated Program (for Programming Less Than One Hour)[103]SpongeBob SquarePants
for "The Inmates of Summer" and "The Two Faces of Squidward"
Nominated
2008Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite Cartoon[104]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2008Philippines Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite Cartoon[105]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2009ASTRA AwardsFavourite International Program[106]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2009British Academy Children's AwardsInternational Category[107]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2009Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite Cartoon[108]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2009Indonesia Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite Cartoon[109]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2009Teen Choice AwardsChoice TV Animated Show[110]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2010British Academy Children's AwardsInternational Category[111]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2010Daytime Emmy AwardsOutstanding Special Class Animated Program[112]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2010Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite Cartoon[113]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2010Kids' Choice Awards MexicoFavorite Cartoon[114]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2010Indonesia Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite Cartoon[115]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2010TP de OroBest Children and Youth Program[116]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2011Annie AwardsBest Animated Television Production for Children[117]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2011ASCAP Film and Television AwardsTop Television Series[118]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2011Emmy AwardsOutstanding Short-format Animated Program[119]SpongeBob SquarePants
for "That Sinking Feeling"
Nominated
2011Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite Cartoon[120]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2011Indonesia Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite Cartoon[121]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2011Kids' Choice Awards ArgentinaFavorite Cartoon[122][123]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2011TP de OroBest Children and Youth Program[124]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2012ASCAP Film and Television AwardsTop Television Series[125]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2012British Academy Children's AwardsInternational Category[126][127]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2012Daytime Emmy AwardsOutstanding Children's Animated Program[128][129]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2012Producers Guild of AmericaChildren's Program[130]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2012Kids' Choice Awards MexicoFavorite Cartoon[131][132]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2012Kids' Choice Awards ArgentinaFavorite Cartoon[133][134]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2013Annecy International Animated Film FestivalSpecial Award for a TV Series[135]SpongeBob SquarePants
for "It's a SpongeBob Christmas!"
Nominated
2013Annie AwardsBest Animated Television Production for Children[136][137]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2013ASCAP Film and Television AwardsTop Television Series[138]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon
2013Daytime Emmy AwardsOutstanding Achievement in Sound Editing - Animation[139]SpongeBob SquarePantsNominated
2013Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite Cartoon[140]SpongeBob SquarePantsWon

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Cover Biography for April 2003". Current Biography. H. W. Wilson Company. April 2003. Archived from the original on August 14, 2011. Retrieved December 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Stephen Hillenburg Net Worth". The Richest. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  3. ^ "People Search: Hillenburg, Stephen". Veromi. 2010-04-05. Retrieved 2010-04-05. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "FleshStephen RoundPants". The Washington Post. October 15, 2001. Retrieved December 20, 2013.   – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Wilson, Thomas F. (Interviewer); Hillenburg, Stephen (Interviewee) (May 29, 2012). Big Pop Fun #28: Stephen Hillenburg, Artist and Animator–Interview (mp3) (Podcast). Nerdist Industries. Archived from the original on December 21, 2013. Retrieved December 21, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d Wilson, Amy (February 12, 2002). "Stephen Hillenburg created the undersea world of SpongeBob". Knight Ridder. Retrieved December 20, 2013.   – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  7. ^ Storm, Jonathan (March 19, 2003). "'SpongeBob SquarePants': It all started with science". Knight Ridder. Retrieved December 28, 2013.   – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  8. ^ a b c Cochrane, Myles (June 28, 2011). "Famous Humboldt: From the redwoods to the limelight". The Ukiah Daily Journal. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f Banks 2004, p. 9
  10. ^ a b c d e Drymon, Derek (2003). The Origin of SpongeBob SquarePants. SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete First Season (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment. 
  11. ^ a b c d Cavna, Michael (July 14, 2009). "The Interview: 'SpongeBob' Creator Stephen Hillenburg". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 25, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f "SOAKING IN SUCCESS HOW A MILD-MANNERED SURFER AND MARINE BIOLOGIST TURNED HIS INNOCENT ANIMATED CHARACTER INTO A $1.5 BILLION ENTERPRISE". Daily News. Los Angeles, CA. November 23, 2004. Retrieved December 26, 2013.   – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  13. ^ "10 years for TV's favorite sponge". Associated Press. July 13, 2009. Retrieved December 18, 2013.  – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h Hillenburg, Stephen (2003). The Origin of SpongeBob SquarePants. SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete First Season (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment. 
  15. ^ a b c "PGF-USA Newsletter: SpongeBob's Dad Tells All" (PDF). Princess Grace Foundation-USA. 2003. Archived from the original on September 18, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c "Stephen Hillenburg". Princess Grace Foundation-USA. Retrieved December 21, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Ottawa International Animation Festival 1992 Edition (September 29-October 4, 1992)". Ottawa International Animation Festival. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c "1992 Ottawa International Animation Festival". Ottawa International Animation Festival. Retrieved December 20, 2013.  via Internet Movie Database
  19. ^ Murray, Joe (2003). The Origin of SpongeBob SquarePants. SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete First Season (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment. 
  20. ^ Neuwirth 2003, p. 50
  21. ^ a b "Lisa (Kiczuk) Trainor interviews Joe Murray, creator of Rocko's Modern Life,"The Rocko's Modern Life FAQ
  22. ^ Banks 2004, pp. 9–10
  23. ^ Moss, Alexandra B. (November 19, 2004). "Sponge Creator Talks Bob". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved July 19, 2011. 
  24. ^ Orlando, Dana (March 17, 2003). "SpongeBob: the excitable, absorbent star of Bikini Bottom". St Petersburg Times. Retrieved November 8, 2008. 
  25. ^ a b Kenny, Tom (2010). "The Oral History of SpongeBob SquarePants". Hogan's Alley#17 (Bull Moose Publishing Corporation). Retrieved September 21, 2012. 
  26. ^ Banks 2004, pp. 8–9
  27. ^ "Rocko's Modern Life". JoeMurrayStudio.com. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  28. ^ Banks 2004, pp. 10
  29. ^ Banks 2004, p. 31
  30. ^ Farhat, Basima (Interviewer) (December 5, 2006). Tom Kenny: Voice of SpongeBob SquarePants – Interview (mp3) (Radio production). The People Speak Radio. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  31. ^ Neuwirth 2003, p. 51
  32. ^ Coleman, Eric (2003). The Origin of SpongeBob SquarePants. SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete First Season (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment. 
  33. ^ a b Hecht, Albie (2003). The Origin of SpongeBob SquarePants. SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete First Season (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment. 
  34. ^ Gates, Anita (October 27, 1997). "Television / Radio; The Tide Pool as Talent Pool (It Had to Happen)". The New York Times. Retrieved April 26, 2008. 
  35. ^ "TV PEOPLE Series: HOME & GARDEN; TV PEOPLE". St. Petersburg Times. May 1, 1999. Retrieved March 28, 2010. 
  36. ^ a b c "Are Kids Tuned In?". Cable World. September 9, 2002. Retrieved October 31, 2013.   – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  37. ^ Rosenthal, Phil (May 13, 2002). "Is 'SpongeBob' close to being washed up?". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved October 31, 2013.   – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  38. ^ Hampp, Andrew (July 13, 2009). "How Spongebob Became an $8 Billion Franchise". AdvertisingAge. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  39. ^ Stauffer, Cindy (May 17, 2002). "Grown-ups embrace a wacky, square sponge; There's just something about this sweet kids' cartoon that's attracting an adult audience. Local fans can't get enough of SpongeBob". Lancaster New Era. Retrieved October 31, 2013.   – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  40. ^ Moore, Frazier (October 21, 2002). "'SpongeBob' rises from sea to peak of ratings: Nickelodeon show top-rated among kids aged 2 to 11". Charleston Daily Mail. Retrieved December 7, 2013.  – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  41. ^ Koltnow, Barry (November 14, 2004). "SpongeBob creator is soaking up success". East Valley Tribune. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  42. ^ Henderson, Sam (2010). "The Oral History of SpongeBob SquarePants". Hogan's Alley#17 (Bull Moose Publishing Corporation). Retrieved September 21, 2012. 
  43. ^ "The brilliance behind SpongeBob". Boston.com. July 16, 2009. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  44. ^ a b Bauder, David (July 13, 2009). "SpongeBob Turns 10 Valued At $8 Billion". Huffington Post. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  45. ^ a b Fletcher, Alex (April 3, 2011). "Paul Tibbitt ('Spongebob Squarepants')". Digital Spy. Retrieved May 25, 2013. 
  46. ^ Hillenburg, Stephen (2009). The First 100 Episodes - Square Roots: The Story of SpongeBob SquarePants (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment. 
  47. ^ Rae, Fiona (September 26, 2009). "Paul Tibbitt interview". New Zealand Listener. Retrieved May 25, 2013. 
  48. ^ "Nickelodeon's 'SpongeBob SquarePants' Reaches A Milestone: 10 Years". Access Hollywood. July 13, 2009. Retrieved May 25, 2013. 
  49. ^ "10 secrets of SpongeBob SquarePants". The Chicago Tribune. November 19, 2004. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  50. ^ "Ten secrets of the SpongeBob movie". Today. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  51. ^ SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete 2nd Season (DVD). United States: Paramount Home Entertainment/Nickelodeon. October 19, 2004. 
  52. ^ SpongeBob SquarePants: Friend or Foe ("Friend or Foe" credits) (DVD). United States: Paramount Home Entertainment/Nickelodeon. April 17, 2007. 
  53. ^ a b Hammond, Jennie Monica (2010). "The Oral History of SpongeBob SquarePants". Hogan's Alley#17 (Bull Moose Publishing Corporation). Retrieved September 21, 2012. 
  54. ^ a b BBC Staff (October 9, 2002). "Camp cartoon star 'is not gay'". BBC News. Retrieved June 11, 2007. 
  55. ^ BBC Staff (January 20, 2005). "US right attacks SpongeBob video". BBC News. Archived from the original on March 15, 2009. Retrieved June 11, 2007. 
  56. ^ a b "Spongebob, Muppets and the Sister Sledge writer suffer criticism". USA Today. Associated Press. January 22, 2005. Retrieved June 11, 2007. 
  57. ^ Silverman, Stephen M. (January 28, 2005). "SpongeBob Asexual, Not Gay: Creator". People. Retrieved August 26, 2009. 
  58. ^ "SpongeBob isn't gay or straight, creator says". Reuters. January 29, 2005. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 
  59. ^ Chang, Pauline J. (January 28, 2005). "Dobson clarifies Pro-Gay SpongeBob Video Controversy". The Christian Post. Retrieved June 11, 2007. 
  60. ^ a b Graser, Marc; Kroll, Justin (August 16, 2012). "Paramount ramping up animation slate". Variety. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  61. ^ Tibbitt, Paul. "@DEEninetysix @shawndagamer ..". Twitter. Archived from the original on December 21, 2013. Retrieved December 21, 2013. 
  62. ^ "Paramount Dates 'Spongebob Squarepants 2,' 'Monster Trucks' for 2015". The Hollywood Reporter. January 8, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2013. 
  63. ^ a b c d ""SPONGEBOB SQUAREPANTS" COMIC DEBUTS IN FEBRUARY". Comic Book Resources. January 25, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  64. ^ a b c d Boom, Richard (January 25, 2011). "SpongeBob Comics #1 debuts from United Plankton Pictures". Broken Frontier. Archived from the original on January 28, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  65. ^ "So innocent, so absorbent". The Virginian-Pilot. July 17, 2009. Retrieved December 20, 2013.   – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  66. ^ "Larry Wilson: Not Everyone Wants Diet for Pasadena's Streets". Pasadena Star-News. July 2, 2013. Retrieved December 28, 2013.   – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  67. ^ a b c d Murphy, Kate (June 15, 2013). "Stephen Hillenburg". The New York Times. Retrieved December 20, 2013. 
  68. ^ "Jules Engel". The Guardian. September 17, 2003. Retrieved December 21, 2013. 
  69. ^ a b "VISUALIZING ART HISTORY: EXPERIMENTAL ANIMATION & ITS MENTOR, JULES ENGEL". Indie Gogo. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  70. ^ a b "(SpongeBob Creator's "Art Dad": JULES ENGEL [Short Form of Feature]". The Richest. March 5, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  71. ^ Amidi, Amid (November 28, 2004). "More Thoughts on the Spongebob Movie". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  72. ^ a b "Man Sues for $1.6 Billion Over Rights to Sponge Bob Square Pants". Insurance Journal. Merchants Insurance Group. March 13, 2007. Retrieved January 12, 2014. 
  73. ^ a b c d e f Gerstman, Bruce (March 9, 2007). "Cartoonist sues creator of SpongeBob, network". Contra Costa Times. Walnut Creek, CA: MediaNews Group. Retrieved January 12, 2014.   – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  74. ^ "Fairfield man claims rights to SpongeBob". Oakland Tribune. Bay Area News Group. March 10, 2007. Retrieved January 12, 2014.   – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  75. ^ a b c Terry, Bryan (March 13, 2007). "Northern California Man Claims to Have Created SpongeBob SquarePants". Yahoo! Voices. Retrieved January 12, 2014. 
  76. ^ "BRIEFLY". Daily News. March 11, 2007. Retrieved January 12, 2014.  – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  77. ^ "Man Claims He Created Original SpongeBob". ABC. March 10, 2007. Retrieved January 12, 2014. 
  78. ^ "Walker v. Viacom ND Cal May 2008" (PDF). United States District Court for the Northern District of California. May 13, 2008. Retrieved January 12, 2014. 
  79. ^ a b "DIVISION AWARDS". National Cartoonists Society. Retrieved December 21, 2013. 
  80. ^ Lenburg 2006, p. 141
  81. ^ "SpongeBob SquarePants". Emmy Award. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  82. ^ "2002 TCA Awards winners". Television Critics Association. July 20, 2002. Archived from the original on August 13, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  83. ^ Staff (July 18, 2003). "The nominations". The Star-Ledger (The Star-Ledger): 056 
  84. ^ "55th Primetime Emmys Nominees and Winners". Emmy Award. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  85. ^ "Nickelodeon Kids Choice Awards Press Sire". Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. Nickelodeon. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  86. ^ Staff (July 16, 2004). "'Angels' & Demons - HBO's AIDs Film, 'Sopranos' Lead Pack". New York Post (N.Y.P. Holdings, Inc.): 19 
  87. ^ "56th Primetime Emmys Nominees and Winners". Emmy Award. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  88. ^ "Nickelodeon KidsChoice Awards Press Site". Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. Nickelodeon. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  89. ^ "Satellite Awards 2004". Who's Date Who?. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  90. ^ Baisley, Sarah (June 11, 2005). "Mysterious Geographic Voyage of Jasper Morello Takes Annecy". Animation World Network. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  91. ^ a b c "32nd Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (2004)". Annie Award. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  92. ^ "57th Primetime Emmys Nominees and Winners". Emmy Award. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  93. ^ "2005 Kids' Choice Awards Winners". Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. Nickelodeon. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  94. ^ "2005 TCA Awards nominees". Television Critics Association. June 2, 2005. Archived from the original on November 1, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  95. ^ a b "6th Annual Golden Trailer Award Winner and Nominees". Golden Trailer Awards. Archived from the original on June 12, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  96. ^ "The Young Artist Foundation Congratulates all Nominees and Winners". Young Artist Award. Archived from the original on July 25, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  97. ^ "Истории / Звездный лайфстайл". Star Story (in Russian). Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  98. ^ "2006 Kids' Choice Awards Winners". Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. Nickelodeon. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  99. ^ "Children's Award Winners in 2007". British Academy Children's Awards. British Academy of Film and Television Arts. September 24, 2007. Archived from the original on February 8, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  100. ^ "59th Primetime Emmys Nominees and Winners". Emmy Award. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  101. ^ "2007 KCA Winners Release". Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. Nickelodeon. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  102. ^ "NBC 'Lights' Up Critics' Nominations". Zap2it. June 5, 2007. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  103. ^ "60th Primetime Emmys Nominees and Winners". Emmy Award. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  104. ^ "2008 Host & Nominees Release". Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. Nicklodeon. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  105. ^ "Winners of 1st Nickelodeon Kids Choice Awards Philippines bared". ABS-CBN News. November 30, 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  106. ^ Knox, David (March 25, 2009). "ASTRA Awards 2009: Nominees". TV Tonight. Archived from the original on November 6, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  107. ^ "2009 Children's Awards". British Academy Children's Awards. British Academy of Film and Television Arts. November 29, 2009. Archived from the original on March 10, 2012. Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  108. ^ "2009 Winners Release". Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. Nickelodeon. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  109. ^ "Pemenang Indonesia Kids' Choice Awards" (in Indonesian). Oktavita. July 23, 2009. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  110. ^ "Announcing the Winners of the 2009 Teen Choice Awards!". Buzz Sugar. August 9, 2009. Archived from the original on October 12, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  111. ^ "British Academy Children's Awards Winners in 2010". British Academy Children's Awards. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. October 22, 2010. Archived from the original on April 6, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  112. ^ "The 37th ANNUAL DAYTIME ENTERTAINMENT EMMY® AWARD NOMINATIONS". Emmy Award. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  113. ^ "Releases". Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. Nickelodeon. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  114. ^ "Lista de ganadores de los Kids' Choice Awards México 2012". Star Media. September 3, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  115. ^ "Pemenang Indonesia Kids' Choice Awards". Oktavita. May 10, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  116. ^ "Ganadores de los Premios TP de Oro 2010" (in Spanish). Laguiago. March 3, 2010. Retrieved May 27, 2013. 
  117. ^ "38th Annual Annie Nominations". Annie Award. Archived from the original on September 6, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  118. ^ "ASCAP Honors Top Film and Television Music Composers at 26th Annual Awards Celebration". American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. June 23, 2011. Archived from the original on August 27, 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2013. 
  119. ^ "63rd Primetime Emmys Nominees and Winners". Emmy Award. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  120. ^ "Johnny Depp, Justin Bieber, Selena Gomez, iCarly, The Black Eyed Peas, Miley Cyrus, Jennette McCurdy, SpongeBob SquarePants, Eddie Murphy, Despicable Me, Shaquille O'Neal and more win coveted Orange Blimps at Nickelodeon's 2011 Kids' Choice Awards". Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. Nickelodeon. April 2, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  121. ^ "Daftar Pemenang Indonesia Kids Choice Awards 2011" (in Indonesian). Kapanlagi. July 23, 2011. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  122. ^ Riano, Cecilia (October 13, 2011). "Los ganadores de los Kids' Choice Awards y un reconocimiento a Cris Morena" (in Spanish). Ciudad.com.ar. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  123. ^ "Lista de Nominados a los Kids' Choice Awards Argentina 2011" (in Spanish). SonicaMusica. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  124. ^ "Ganadores de los TP de Oro 2011" (in Spanish). Formula TV. Retrieved May 27, 2013. 
  125. ^ "ASCAP Honors Top Film & TV Music Composers at 27th Annual Awards Celebration". American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. June 28, 2012. Retrieved May 25, 2013. 
  126. ^ "British Academy Children's Awards Winners Announced". British Academy Children's Awards. British Academy of Film and Television Arts. October 22, 2012. Archived from the original on February 5, 2013. Retrieved November 30, 2013. 
  127. ^ "2012 Children's International". British Academy Children's Awards. British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  128. ^ "Daytime Emmys 2012: Full list of winners". OnTheRedCarpet.com. June 23, 2012. Retrieved May 25, 2013. 
  129. ^ "The 40th ANNUAL DAYTIME ENTERTAINMENT EMMY® AWARD NOMINATIONS". Emmy Award. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2013. 
  130. ^ "PRODUCERS GUILD OF AMERICA ANNOUNCES 2012 PRODUCERS GUILD AWARD WINNERS". Producers Guild of America. January 22, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  131. ^ Morán, Bárbara (June 20, 2012). "Lista de nominados a los Kids' Choice Awards México 2012". Starmedia (in Spanish). Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  132. ^ Morán, Bárbara (September 3, 2012). "Lista de ganadores de los Kids' Choice Awards México 2012". Starmedia (in Spanish). Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  133. ^ "Nominados a los Kids' Choice Awards Argentina 2012". Television (in Spanish). Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  134. ^ "Todos los ganadores de los Kids' Choice Awards Argentina". Voz (in Spanish). LaVoz. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  135. ^ "TV series Official Selection". Annecy International Animated Film Festival. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  136. ^ "Annie Award Nominations - A Real Race For Once". TheFilmExperience.net. December 4, 2012. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  137. ^ "40th Annie Award nominees and winners list". Los Angeles Times. February 2, 2013. Retrieved May 23, 2013. 
  138. ^ "Top Television Series". American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. Archived from the original on November 2, 2013. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  139. ^ "The Nation Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Announces The 40th Annual Daytime Entertainment Emmy Award Nominations". Emmy Award. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2013. 
  140. ^ Derschowitz, Jessica (March 23, 2013). "Kids' Choice Awards 2013: List of winners". CBS News. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 

Works cited

External links