"Stefanos" and "Stevan" redirect here. For the Greek American businessperson, see
. For the Canadian actress, see
Stephen Gender Male Origin Word/Name Greek Meaning Wreath, Crown, Honour, Reward Other names Nickname(s) Steve, Stevie Derived Στέφανος (Stefanos) Related names Steve, Steven, Stevie, Stefan, Stefano, Stefani, Fen, Steph, Seph, Stephanie, Stevo, Stan, Stevland, Eve, Eva, Evan, Evans, Ivan, Van, Vaughn, Vaughan, Ste Stephen or Steven is a masculine / / first name, derived from the Greek name Στέφανος (Stefanos) meaning "crown, garland", in turn from the Greek word "στέφανος", meaning "wreath, crown, honour, reward", literally "that which surrounds or encompasses". [1 ] In ancient Greece, a wreath was given to the winner of a contest (from which the crown, symbol of rulers derived). The use of the noun was first recorded in [2 ] Homer's . Iliad The name is significant to [3 ] Christians: according to the Book of Acts in the New Testament, Saint Stephen was a deacon who was stoned to death and is regarded as the first Christian martyr. The name has many variants, which include , Stephan Stevan, Stefan and Stevon.
Middle English, the name Stephen or Stephan was pronounced as a bi-syllabic word — Step-hen or Step-han — much like a Scandinavian surname. [ Steve was pronounced as it is in Modern English. This etymological usage began a decline in the mid-19th century. ] citation needed Steve is the common short form, while various diminutives such as Stevie and Ste are also used. Many family names are derived from Stephen: the most common are Stephens/Stevens and Stephenson/Stevenson (others include Stephen, Stephan, Staphan, Stefan, Stevin and Stever).
The name was ranked 201 in the United States in 2009, according to the Social Security Administration.
The name reached its peak popularity in 1951 but remained very common through the mid-1990s, when popularity started to decrease in the United States [4 ] [5 ]
United Kingdom, it peaked during the 1950s and 1960s as one of the top ten male first names (ranking third in 1954) but had fallen to twentieth by 1984 and had fallen out of the top one hundred by 2002. [6 ]
The female version of the name is
For Stephen as a surname see
Stephen (surname), Stephenson and Stevenson. List of alternatives [edit ] Esthapannose ( Malayalam) Estepan (Basque) Estevan ( old Spanish) Esteban ( Spanish, Filipino, Basque) Estebe ( Basque) Estêvão ( Portuguese) Esteve ( Catalan) Estevo ( Galician) ("Estienne" is an archaic spelling), Étienne , Stéphane Stefane, Stephanne ( French) Êtiên ( Vietnamese) Extiban (Basque) İstefanos, Stefan ( Turkish) İstfan, Stepan ( Azeri) ( István Hungarian) Ixtebe (Basque) Kepano, Kiwini ( Hawaiian) Stefan, Shtjefën, Fan, Sven ( Albanian language) Sitiveni ( Tongan, Fijian) , Staffan Stefan ( Swedish) Steafán, Stíofán, Stiofán ( Irish) ( Stefán Icelandic) Stefano ( Esperanto) ( Stefano Italian) , Ștefan Ștefăniță, Ștefănel, Ștefănuț, ( Romanian) Štefan ( Slovak) Štefan ( Slovene) Stefan, Stefaan, Stefanus, Steven, Stephan ( Afrikaans, Dutch) Stefan, Stephan, Steffen ( German) Stefan, Szczepan ( Polish) Steffan, Stifyn, Stîfyn ( Welsh) Steffen ( Norwegian) Steffen, Stephen, Stefan, Stephan ( Danish) Štěpán ( Czech) Stefanus, Stephanus ( Latin) Stepans, Stepons ( Latvian) Steponas, Stepas ( Lithuanian) Stefan, Steven ( Breton) Stiefnu ( Maltese) Stìobhan, Stìophan, Stèaphan ( Scottish Gaelic) , Stjepan, Stipan, Stipe, Stipo, Štef Stevko, [7 ] Stevo ( [8 ] Croatian) Tapani, Teppana ( Finnish) Tehvan ( Estonian) Tipene ( Māori) Istifanous, إستفانوس, ستيف, ستيفن ( Arabic) סטיבן ( Stiven; Hebrew) Στέφανος ( Stephanos, Stefanos, Stephanas, Stepfan, Stephano, Stephanus Greek) Степан, Стефан ( Stepan, Stefan, Ukrainian; Стефан [Stefan] is a more western Ukrainian usage [) ] citation needed Стефан ( Stefan), diminutive: Стефчо ( Stefcho), ( Bulgarian) Стефан/Stefan, Стеван/Stevan, Степан/Stepan, Шћепан/Šćepan, Стијепо/Stijepo, Стево/Stevo ( Serbian) Стефан/Stefan, Стеван/Stevan, Шћепан/Šćepan ( Montenegrin) Стефан/Stefan, Стеван/Stevan, Стево/Stevo, Стефче/Stefche ( Macedonian) Степан ( , Stepa, Stepane, Stepanya, Stepka, Stipan Stepan Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian) Ստեփանոս, Ստեփան ( Stepanos, Stepan, Armenian) სტეფანე ( Stepane, Georgian) ஸ்டீபன், சுதீபன் ( Sṭīpan, Sudeipan, Tamil) スティーブン、スティーブ、スティーヴン ( Stiibun, Stiibu, Stiivun; Japanese) 斯蒂芬, 史蒂芬 ( Sidifen, Shidifen; Mandarin Chinese) Eapen ( Malayalam) Steephan ( South Indian) Steeve or Stephane and Stephanie for female ( Québec) Notable people known by the name Stephen [edit ] Note: to find people with the given name Stephen who are also known by another name, see . All pages beginning with "Stephen" Saints [edit ] Saint Stephen (died c. 35), the first martyr (Protomartyr) of the Christian church St. Stephen of Sugdaea, also on Bravlin Stephen, one of the pair of Christian saints and martyrs Socrates and Stephen Stephen the Younger (ca. 715–765), Byzantine iconodule martyr Stephen I of Hungary (c. 965–1038), canonized in 1083 Stephen of Obazine (1085–1154), Cistercian, first Abbot of Obazine Abbey, France Stephen Harding (died 1134), English, one of the founders of the Cistercian Order Stephen III of Moldavia or Stephen the Great and Holy (c.1432–1504), son of Bogdan II Stephen Theodore Cuenot, a bishop from France, see Vietnamese Martyrs Stephen Vinh, also of the Vietnamese Martyrs Royalty [edit ] Stephen of Armenia (died 1165), marshal, son of Leo I Stephen of England or Stephen of Blois (c.1096–1154), grandson of William the Conqueror Stephen I of Hungary (c. 965–1038), Grand Prince of the Magyars, first king of Hungary Stephen II of Hungary (1101–1131), elder son of King Coloman Stephen III of Hungary (1147–1172), eldest son of King Geza II Stephen IV of Hungary (c.1133–1165), third son of King Béla II Stephen V of Hungary (1239–1272), elder son of King Béla IV Stephen I of Moldavia (1394–1399), son of Costea Stephen II of Moldavia (died 1447), prince, son of Alexandru cel Bun Stephen III of Moldavia or Stephen the Great and Holy (c.1432–1504), son of Bogdan II Stephen Báthory of Poland (1533–1586), prince of Transylvania, king consort of Poland, grand duke consort of Lithuania Stefan Nemanja or Stefan I, Nemanja (c.1109–1199), grand prince of Serb state of Raška Stefan Nemanjić or Stefan II, Nemanja (1176–1228), proclaimed king of Serbia in 1217 Stefan Radoslav of Serbia (c.1192-c.1235), king of Serbia, son of Nemanjić Stefan Vladislav I of Serbia (died after 1264), son of Stefan Nemanjić Stephen Uroš I of Serbia (died 1277), son of Stefan Nemanjić Stefan Dragutin (died 1316), son of Stefan Uroš I Stefan Uroš II Milutin of Serbia (1282–1321) Stefan Vladislav II of Syrmia (1321-c.1325) Stefan Uroš III Dečanski of Serbia (1321–1331) Stefan Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia (Dušan the Mighty) (1331–1355), king 1331–1346; tsar 1346–1355 Stefan Uroš V of Serbia (Uroš the Weak) (1355–1371), tsar Stefan Lazarević (1374–1427), Serbian despot Stefan I Crnojević (1426–1465), lord of Zeta (Montenegro) 1451–1465 Stefan II Crnojević, lord of Zeta (Montenegro) 1496–1498 Stjepan Držislav of Croatia (died 997), king 969–997 Stjepan I of Croatia (died 1058), king 1030-1058 Stjepan II of Croatia (died 1091), king 1089–1091, last member of the Trpimirović dynasty Ivan Stephen of Bulgaria (died after 1343), tsar 1330–1331 Church figures (Stephen or Stephanus) [edit ] Pope Stephen I (died 257), Bishop of Rome from 254–257 Pope-elect Stephen (died 752), elected Pope but died before being ordained Pope Stephen II (died 757), pope from 752–757 Pope Stephen III (720–772), pope from 768–772 Pope Stephen IV (died 817), pope from 816–817 Pope Stephen V (died 891), pope from 885–891 Pope Stephen VI (died 897), pope from 896–897 Pope Stephen VII (died 931), pope from 929–931 Pope Stephen VIII (died 942), German, pope from 939–942 Pope Stephen IX (c. 1020–1058), pope from 1057–1058 Esteban, bishop of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Zaragoza, Spain, from 1128 to 1130 Ecumenical Patriarch Stephen I of Constantinople (867–893), patriarch from 886 to 893 Ecumenical Patriarch Stephen II of Constantinople, from Amasea, patriarch from 925 to 928 Stephanus I, Archbishop of Aquileia, Italy, c. 515 Stephanus II, Patriarch of Grado, Italy, c. 670 Stefan (Archbishop of Uppsala), Sweden, (before 1150–1185), first archbishop from 1164 to 1185 Other [edit ] Stephen F. Austin (1793–1836), impresario who settled Texas Stephen Baldwin (born 1966), American actor Stephen Vincent Benét (1898–1943), American author Stephen Charlie (born 1990), Canadian criminal Stephen Chow (born 1962), Hong Kong actor, comedian and director Stephen Cochran (born 1979), American country music singer/songwriter Stephen Colbert (born 1964), American political satirist, comedian, and television host Stephen Corry, Director of the British indigenous rights organisation Survival International Stephen Crane (1871–1900), American novelist and journalist Stephen Dorff (born 1973), American actor Stephen Farrelly (aka Sheamus) (born 1978), Irish professional wrestler and actor Stephen Curry (basketball) (born 1988), American basketball player Stephen Foster (1826–1864), known as the "Father of American music" Stephen Fry (born 1957), British actor, comedian, television presenter Stephen Jay Gould (1941–2002), American paleontologist/biologist Stephen Victor Graham, 18th Governor of American Samoa Stephen Harper (born 1959), Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Hawking (born 1942), British theoretical physicist Stephen Hawkins (born 1971), Australian rower Stephen Hendry (born 1969), British snooker player Steven Herzberg, English-born Australian cricketer Stephen Kenyon (born 1951), English long-distance runner Stephen King (born 1947), American horror fiction and screenplay writer Stephen Maguire (born 1981), British snooker player Stephen Malkmus (born 1966), indie rock musician Stephen Merchant (born 1974), British writer, director, radio presenter, and actor Stephen Milligan (1948–1994), British politician and journalist Stephen Campbell Moore (born 1979), British actor Stephen Morris (born 1957), British drummer and musician Steven Pinker (born 1954), American cognitive scientist and popular science author Stephen Sackur (born 1964), British BBC journalist Stephen Timms (born 1955), British politician Stephen Wallem (born 1968), American theater/television actor and singer Steve Allen (1921-2000), American television personality, musician, composer, comedian, and writer. Steve Case, founder of America Online Steve Chappell, American aerospace engineer, mountain climber and aquanaut Steve Davis (born 1957), British snooker player Steve Dubinsky (born 1970), Canadian NHL center Steve Dublanica (born 1968), American author and blogger Steve Irwin (1962–2006), Australian TV personality, nicknamed "The Crocodile Hunter" Steve Jobs (1955-2011), American co-founder of Apple Inc Steve Madden (born 1958), Founder and former CEO of Steve Madden Ltd., a footwear company. Steve Martin (born 1945), American comedian Steve McQueen (1930–1980), American actor Steve Nash (born 1974), Canadian NBA point guard Steve Squyres (born 1957), American astronomer Steve Stone (disambiguation) Steve "Boomstick" Wilson, current drummer of T.A.T.u. and former drummer of Dead Kennedys and Against All Will Steve Wozniak (born 1950), American co-founder of Apple Inc Steve Yeager (born 1948), American major league baseball catcher Steven Ballmer (born 1956), CEO of Microsoft Steven Best (born 1955), American activist and presenter Steven Blane, American Jewish Universalist rabbi Steven Francis "Steve" Cantwell (born 1986), American mixed martial arts fighter Steven Gerrard (born 1980), English footballer Steven Herzberg (born 1957), English-born Australian cricketer Steven Seagal (born 1952), American actor Steven Shields (born 1972), Canadian NHL goalie Steven Spielberg (born 1946), American film director Steven Tyler (born 1948), American singer songwriter and Aerosmith frontman Steven Parris Ward (born 1963), English poet and philosopher Stevie Ray Vaughan (1954–1990), American guitarist, singer and songwriter Stevie Wonder (born 1950), American multi-instrumentalist and singer-songwriter Stephanus of Byzantium, 6th century author of Ethnica, a geographical dictionary Stephanus Med., 7th century physician (see List of ancient European doctors) Stephanus, Phil, 7th century physician (see List of ancient European doctors) Stephanus, pupil of Pasiteles ( fl. 33 BCE) sculptor in the time of Caesar Augustus Stefan Mappus (born 1966), German politician Stephen Luttrell(Born 1971) American Architectural Metal and owner of Slydog76 Inc Fiction [edit ] Steven (Alice Cooper character) Steven Hyde, a character on the TV show That 70s Show Steven Freeling, a character in the first two films from the 1980s Poltergeist Stevie Ray Botwin, the son of Nancy Botwin and Esteban Reyes in Weeds born in season 5 Steven Stone, English translation of the character "Daigo" in the game Pokémon Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire Steve McDonald (Coronation Street), a character from popular English Soap Opera Coronation Street Steve Rogers, the civilian alias of Captain America Stefan Salvatore, a character on the TV show The Vampire Diaries based on the novel of the same name Steve Urkel or Stefan Urquelle, a character on the TV show Family Matters Stephen Wilkins, a character in the movie Trick 'r Treat Stephen Falken, a character in the 1983 movie WarGames Steve, the name of the Minecraft character that is the default skin. Steve Sanders, a character on the TV show Beverly Hills 90210 Popularity [edit ]
The spelling "Stephen" reached its peak of popularity in the United States in the period 1949–1951, when it was the 19th most popular name for newborn boys. It stayed in the top 100 boys' names from 1936 through 2000, and for most years between 1897 and 1921. In 2008 it was the 192nd most common name for boys.
The spelling "Steven" reached its peak of popularity in the United States in the period 1955–1961, when it was the 10th most popular name for newborn boys. It stayed in the top 100 boys' names from 1941 through 2007. In 2008 it was the 104th most popular name for boys. Before the 20th century, the "Steven" spelling was heavily outweighed by "Stephen", never reaching above 391st.
In England and Wales, neither "Stephen" nor "Steven" was among the top 100 names for newborn boys in 2003–2007.
In Scotland, "Steven" and "Stephen" were the 8th and 10th most popular names for newborn boys in 1975, but were not in the top ten in 1900, 1950 or 2000. [10 ] "Stephen" was 68th in 1900, [11 ] and 46th in 1950, [12 ] while "Steven" was not in the top 100 either year. Neither spelling was in the top 100 names for newborn boys in Scotland in 2008. [13 ] Neither "Stephen" nor "Steven" was among top 25 most popular baby boys' names in Ireland in 2006 or 2007. [14 ] [15 ] References [edit ] ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". Etymonline.com . Retrieved 2012-02-01. ^ στέφανος, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus ^ Homer, Iliad, 13.736, on Perseus ^ Popular Baby Names, Social Security Online ^ "Popularity of Stephen in the United States". Babynametrain.com . Retrieved 2012-02-01. ^ "Stephen - Meaning And Origin Of The Name Stephen". BabyNames.co.uk . Retrieved 2012-02-01. ^ http://imehrvatsko.net/namepages/view/first_name/Stevko ^ http://imehrvatsko.net/namepages/view/first_name/Stevo ^ a b Popular baby names, U.S. Social Security Administration, 2009. ^ Top 100 names for baby boys in England and Wales, National Statistics, 2009. ^ , General Register Office, Scotland, Occasional Paper No. 2, 2001. Popular Forenames in Scotland, 1900 – 2000 ^ Table: The Top 100 Names: 1900, in Popular Forenames in Scotland, 1900 – 2000, General Register Office, Scotland, Occasional Paper No. 2, 2001. ^ Table: The Top 100 Names: 1950, in Popular Forenames in Scotland, 1900 – 2000, General Register Office, Scotland, Occasional Paper No. 2, 2001. ^ Table: Top 100 boys' and girls' names, Scotland, 2008, showing changes since 2007, in , General Register Office, Scotland, 2009. Popular Forenames — Babies' First Names 2008 ^ Top 25 Babies' Names for Boys, Central Statistics Office Ireland, 2009.