St. Augustine Grass

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St. Augustine Grass
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Monocots
(unranked):Commelinids
Order:Poales
Family:Poaceae
Subfamily:Panicoideae
Tribe:Paniceae
Genus:Stenotaphrum
Species:S. secundatum
Binomial name
Stenotaphrum secundatum
(Walt.) Kuntze
 
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St. Augustine Grass
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Monocots
(unranked):Commelinids
Order:Poales
Family:Poaceae
Subfamily:Panicoideae
Tribe:Paniceae
Genus:Stenotaphrum
Species:S. secundatum
Binomial name
Stenotaphrum secundatum
(Walt.) Kuntze

St. Augustine Grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) (also known as Charleston Grass in South Carolina) is a warm season lawn grass that is popular for use in tropical and subtropical regions. It is a medium to high maintenance grass that forms a thick, carpetlike lawn, crowding out most weeds and other grasses.

Contents

Characteristics

Sample of Palmetto St. Augustine with St. Augustine Decline infection.

St. Augustine is a dark green grass with broad, flat blades. It spreads by above ground stolons, commonly known as "runners" and forms a dense layer of grass.

The grass originated in North America,[1] and it occurs on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean,[2] including much of the southeastern United States, including Texas,[3][4] Mexico,[2] and Central and South America.[2] It has escaped cultivation in California,[5] many Pacific islands,[2] and New Zealand.[2]

St. Augustine grass is one type of grass that commonly exists in most Caribbean and Mediterranean areas. It breeds best in tropical climates. It is often seen in lagoons, marshes, shorelines and wherever there is a good amount of moisture.

Planting and propagation

Only recently has commercially valuable viable seed for St. Augustine become available, so it has typically been propagated by plugs, sprigs, or sod. Once the grasses are cultivated, then they can propagate on their own.

St. Augustine can grow in a wide range of soil types with 5.0 to 8.5 pH. St. Augustine grasses will be in full bloom between springtime and summer. St Augustine grass produces runners that allow it to grow and spread.

Uses

St. Augustine grasses are popularly used in pastures and ranches. They are also a popular grass covers for home lawns. It rivals the reputation of Bermuda grass, although St. Augustine grasses are somewhat less drought tolerant.

Varieties

St. Augustine comes in several varieties:

References

External links