Stanley, Wisconsin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Stanley, Wisconsin
—  City  —
Location of Stanley, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 44°57′41″N 90°56′19″W / 44.96139°N 90.93861°W / 44.96139; -90.93861Coordinates: 44°57′41″N 90°56′19″W / 44.96139°N 90.93861°W / 44.96139; -90.93861
CountryUnited States
StateWisconsin
CountiesChippewa, Clark
Area
 • Total3.6 sq mi (9.2 km2)
 • Land3.5 sq mi (9.1 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation[1]1,083 ft (330 m)
Population (2010)90.1% increase from 2000
 • Total3,608
 • Density541.1/sq mi (208.9/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s)715 & 534
FIPS code55-76625[2]
GNIS feature ID1574790[1]
 
Jump to: navigation, search
There is also the Town of Stanley in Barron County.
Stanley, Wisconsin
—  City  —
Location of Stanley, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 44°57′41″N 90°56′19″W / 44.96139°N 90.93861°W / 44.96139; -90.93861Coordinates: 44°57′41″N 90°56′19″W / 44.96139°N 90.93861°W / 44.96139; -90.93861
CountryUnited States
StateWisconsin
CountiesChippewa, Clark
Area
 • Total3.6 sq mi (9.2 km2)
 • Land3.5 sq mi (9.1 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation[1]1,083 ft (330 m)
Population (2010)90.1% increase from 2000
 • Total3,608
 • Density541.1/sq mi (208.9/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s)715 & 534
FIPS code55-76625[2]
GNIS feature ID1574790[1]

Stanley is a city in Chippewa and Clark counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The population was 1,898 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

Stanley was settled and platted in 1881 when the Wisconsin Central Railway built its line through the area. The main early businesses were a small steam sawmill and some charcoal kilns built by the York Iron Company in 1887.[3]

In 1891 the Northwestern Lumber Company from Eau Claire started a big lumber mill at Stanley and spawned the Stanley, Merrill and Phillips Railway to haul logs out of the country to the north and south where it held timber lands. (The railway never reached Merrill or Phillips; its furthest reach was Wallrath, to the north of Jump River.) The mill in Stanley sawed wood until 1920, when Northwestern's timber holdings in the area were largely exhausted. Over that period, the mill is estimated to have sawed 850 million board feet of lumber.[4]

Stanley became a village in 1895 and a city in 1898.

On May 18, 1906 a fire started in one of the Northwest Lumber Company buildings east of the current Chapman Lake in what is now Fandry Park. The fire quickly spread to other businesses and into the residential area to the east. It ended up destroying a number of business buildings, two churches, and about seventy homes. But neighbors helped neighbors, businesses rebuilt (some with fireproof brick), and the city moved on.[5]

The Northwestern Lumber Company had started a brickyard around 1900, digging its clay north of Chapman Park's location. After the fire in 1906, production increased greatly to rebuild Stanley and buildings as far off as Eau Claire and Auburndale.[6]

After the decline of logging, agriculture became important - particularly dairy farming.

On May 20, 2002, the city annexed a portion of land in the Town of Thorp in Clark County.

Geography

Stanley is located at 44°57′41″N 90°56′19″W / 44.96139°N 90.93861°W / 44.96139; -90.93861 (44.961277, -90.938528).[7]

Accord to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.2 km²), of which, 3.5 square miles (9.1 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (1.40%) is water.

Stanley is located primarily on the north side of Wisconsin State Highway 29.

Demographics

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Eau Claire County.
Historical populations
CensusPop.
19902,011
20001,898−5.6%
20103,60890.1%

As of the census[2] of 20Template:10, there were 3,608 people, mainly due to the Stanley Correctional Facility}} 817 households, and 483 families residing in the city. The population density was 541.1 people per square mile (208.8/km²). There were 900 housing units at an average density of 256.6 per square mile (99.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.74% White, 0.11% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 0.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.26% of the population.

There were 817 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 38.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 25.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 84.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,644, and the median income for a family was $41,964. Males had a median income of $27,900 versus $21,607 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,421. About 4.0% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Students residing in Stanley and the neighboring village of Boyd are served by Stanley-Boyd Elementary School, Stanley-Boyd Middle School, and Stanley-Boyd High School. The high school has an enrollment of 326 students. For interscholastic sports, Stanley-Boyd High School is a member of the Cloverbelt Conference of the WIAA.

Stanley Correctional Institution

The city is the site of the Stanley Correctional Institution.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Forrester, George (1891-2). Historical and Biographical Album of the Chippewa Valley Wisconsin. Chicago, Ill: A. Warner. pp. 61. http://content.wisconsinhistory.org/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/wch&CISOPTR=14519&REC=1. 
  4. ^ Nagel, Paul (1979). S.M.&P. Ry. - The Stanley, Merrill and Phillips Railway. Chippewa Falls, Wisc.: Print-it Press Company. pp. 6–10, 44. 
  5. ^ Hoffman, Arnie; Jean Anderson (1976). "Stanley fire among most damaging". Our Story 1776-1976 - insert in Eau Claire Leader Telegram. http://www.usgennet.org/usa/wi/county/eauclaire/history/ourstory/vol5/stanley.html. Retrieved 2011-11-11. 
  6. ^ "Brickmaking once Booming Business". Our Story 1776-1976 - insert in Eau Claire Leader Telegram. 1976. http://www.usgennet.org/usa/wi/county/eauclaire/history/ourstory/vol3/brickmaking.html. Retrieved 2011-11-11. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links