Stan Lee

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Stan Lee
Lee in 2007
BornStanley Martin Lieber
(1922-12-28) December 28, 1922 (age 91)
New York City, New York, US
Area(s)Writer, editor, publisher, producer, actor, television host, voice actor, author
Notable works
Fantastic Four
Iron Man
Spouse(s)Joan Clayton Boocock Lee (m. 1947–present)
Signature of Stan Lee
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Stan Lee
Lee in 2007
BornStanley Martin Lieber
(1922-12-28) December 28, 1922 (age 91)
New York City, New York, US
Area(s)Writer, editor, publisher, producer, actor, television host, voice actor, author
Notable works
Fantastic Four
Iron Man
Spouse(s)Joan Clayton Boocock Lee (m. 1947–present)
Signature of Stan Lee

Stan Lee (born Stanley Martin Lieber, December 28, 1922) is an American comic book writer, editor, publisher, media producer, television host, actor, voice actor and former president and chairman of Marvel Comics.

In collaboration with several artists, most notably Jack Kirby and Steve Ditko, he co-created Spider-Man, the Hulk, the Fantastic Four, Iron Man, Thor, X-Men, and many other fictional characters, introducing complex, naturalistic characters and a thoroughly shared universe into superhero comic books. In addition, he headed the first major successful challenge to the industry's censorship organization, the Comics Code Authority, and forced it to reform its policies. Lee subsequently led the expansion of Marvel Comics from a small division of a publishing house to a large multimedia corporation.

He was inducted into the comic book industry's The Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame in 1994 and the Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1995.

Early life

Stanley Martin Lieber was born in New York City on December 28, 1922, in the apartment of his Romanian-born Jewish immigrant parents, Celia (née Solomon) and Jack Lieber, at the corner of West 98th Street and West End Avenue in Manhattan.[1][2] His father, trained as a dress cutter, worked only sporadically after the Great Depression,[1] and the family moved further uptown to Fort Washington Avenue,[3] in Washington Heights, Manhattan. When Lee was nearly 9, his only sibling, brother Larry Lieber, was born.[4] He said in 2006 that as a child he was influenced by books and movies, particularly those with Errol Flynn playing heroic roles.[5] By the time Lee was in his teens, the family was living in a one-bedroom apartment at 1720 University Avenue in The Bronx. Lee described it as "a third-floor apartment facing out back", with him and his brother sharing a bedroom and his parents using a foldout couch.[4]

Lee attended DeWitt Clinton High School in The Bronx.[6] In his youth, Lee enjoyed writing, and entertained dreams of one day writing The Great American Novel.[7] He has said that in his youth he worked such part-time jobs as writing obituaries for a news service and press releases for the National Tuberculosis Center; delivering sandwiches for the Jack May pharmacy to offices in Rockefeller Center; working as an office boy for a trouser manufacturer; ushering at the Rivoli Theater on Broadway;[citation needed] and selling subscriptions to the New York Herald Tribune newspaper. He graduated high school early, at age 16½ in 1939, and joined the WPA Federal Theatre Project.[8]


Early career

A text filler in Captain America Comics #3 (May 1941) was Lee's first published comics work. Cover art by Alex Schomburg.

With the help of his uncle Robbie Solomon,[9] Lee became an assistant in 1939 at the new Timely Comics division of pulp magazine and comic-book publisher Martin Goodman's company. Timely, by the 1960s, would evolve into Marvel Comics. Lee, whose cousin Jean[10] was Goodman's wife, was formally hired by Timely editor Joe Simon.[n 1]

His duties were prosaic at first. "In those days [the artists] dipped the pen in ink, [so] I had to make sure the inkwells were filled", Lee recalled in 2009. "I went down and got them their lunch, I did proofreading, I erased the pencils from the finished pages for them".[11] Marshaling his childhood ambition to be a writer, young Stanley Lieber made his comic-book debut with the text filler "Captain America Foils the Traitor's Revenge" in Captain America Comics #3 (May 1941), using the pseudonym "Stan Lee", which years later he would adopt as his legal name. Lee later explained in his autobiography and numerous other sources that he had intended to save his given name for more literary work. This initial story also introduced Captain America's trademark ricocheting shield-toss, which immediately became one of the character's signatures.[12]

He graduated from writing filler to actual comics with a backup feature, "'Headline' Hunter, Foreign Correspondent", two issues later. Lee's first superhero co-creation was the Destroyer, in Mystic Comics #6 (Aug 1941). Other characters he created during this period fans and historians call the Golden Age of comics include Jack Frost, debuting in USA Comics #1 (Aug. 1941), and Father Time, debuting in Captain America Comics #6 (Aug. 1941).[13]

When Simon and his creative partner Jack Kirby left late in 1941, following a dispute with Goodman, the 30-year-old publisher installed Lee, just under 19 years old, as interim editor.[14] The youngster showed a knack for the business that led him to remain as the comic-book division's editor-in-chief, as well as art director for much of that time, until 1972, when he would succeed Goodman as publisher.[15][16]

Lee entered the United States Army in early 1942 and served stateside in the Signal Corps, writing manuals, training films, and slogans, and occasionally cartooning. His military classification, he says, was "playwright"; he adds that only nine men in the U.S. Army were given that title.[17] Vincent Fago, editor of Timely's "animation comics" section, which put out humor and funny animal comics, filled in until Lee returned from his World War II military service in 1945. Lee then lived in the rented top floor of a brownstone in the East 90s in Manhattan.[18]

He married Joan Clayton Boocock on December 5, 1947,[19] and in 1949, the couple bought a two-story, three-bedroom home at 1084 West Broadway in Woodmere, New York, on Long Island, living there through 1952.[20] By this time, the couple had daughter Joan Celia "J.C." Lee, born in 1950; another child, Jan Lee, died three days after delivery in 1953.[21] Lee by this time had bought a home at 226 Richards Lane in the Long Island town of Hewlett Harbor, New York, where he and his family lived from 1952 to 1980,[22] including the 1960s period when Lee and his artist collaborators would revolutionize comic books.

In the mid-1950s, by which time the company was now generally known as Atlas Comics, Lee wrote stories in a variety of genres including romance, Westerns, humor, science fiction, medieval adventure, horror and suspense. In the 1950s, Lee teamed up with his comic book colleague Dan DeCarlo to produce the syndicated newspaper strip, My Friend Irma, based on the radio comedy starring Marie Wilson.[23] By the end of the decade, Lee had become dissatisfied with his career and considered quitting the field.[24][25]

The Fantastic Four #1 (Nov. 1961). Cover art by Jack Kirby (penciller) and an unconfirmed inker.

Marvel revolution

In the late 1950s, DC Comics editor Julius Schwartz revived the superhero archetype and experienced a significant success with its updated version of the Flash, and later with super-team the Justice League of America. In response, publisher Martin Goodman assigned Lee to create a new superhero team. Lee's wife urged him to experiment with stories he preferred, since he was planning on changing careers and had nothing to lose.[24][25]

Lee acted on that advice, giving his superheroes a flawed humanity, a change from the ideal archetypes that were typically written for preteens. Before this, most superheroes were idealistically perfect people with no serious, lasting problems.[26] Lee introduced complex, naturalistic characters[27] who could have bad tempers, fits of melancholy, and vanity; they bickered amongst themselves, worried about paying their bills and impressing girlfriends, got bored or even were sometimes physically ill.

The first superhero group Lee and artist Jack Kirby created was the Fantastic Four. The team's immediate popularity led Lee and Marvel's illustrators to produce a cavalcade of new titles. With Kirby primarily, Lee created the Hulk, Iron Man, Thor and the X-Men; with Bill Everett, Daredevil; and with Steve Ditko, Doctor Strange and Marvel's most successful character, Spider-Man, all of whom lived in a thoroughly shared universe.[28]

Comics historian Peter Sanderson wrote that in the 1960s:

DC was the equivalent of the big Hollywood studios: After the brilliance of DC's reinvention of the superhero ... in the late 1950s and early 1960s, it had run into a creative drought by the decade's end. There was a new audience for comics now, and it wasn't just the little kids that traditionally had read the books. The Marvel of the 1960s was in its own way the counterpart of the French New Wave.... Marvel was pioneering new methods of comics storytelling and characterization, addressing more serious themes, and in the process keeping and attracting readers in their teens and beyond. Moreover, among this new generation of readers were people who wanted to write or draw comics themselves, within the new style that Marvel had pioneered, and push the creative envelope still further.[29]

Lee's revolution extended beyond the characters and storylines to the way in which comic books engaged the readership and built a sense of community between fans and creators.[30] He introduced the practice of regularly including a credit panel on the splash page of each story, naming not just the writer and penciller but also the inker and letterer. Regular news about Marvel staff members and upcoming storylines was presented on the Bullpen Bulletins page, which (like the letter columns that appeared in each title) was written in a friendly, chatty style. By 1967, the brand was well-enough ensconced in popular culture that a March 3 WBAI radio program with Lee and Kirby as guests was titled "Will Success Spoil Spiderman" [sic].[31]

Amazing Fantasy #.15 (Aug. 1962), the first appearance of Spider-Man. Cover art by Jack Kirby (penciller) & Steve Ditko (inker).

Throughout the 1960s, Lee scripted, art-directed and edited most of Marvel's series, moderated the letters pages, wrote a monthly column called "Stan's Soapbox," and wrote endless promotional copy, often signing off with his trademark motto, "Excelsior!" (which is also the New York state motto). To maintain his taxing workload, yet still meet deadlines, he used a system that was used previously by various comic-book studios, but due to Lee's success with it, became known as the "Marvel Method" or "Marvel style" of comic-book creation. Typically, Lee would brainstorm a story with the artist and then prepare a brief synopsis rather than a full script. Based on the synopsis, the artist would fill the allotted number of pages by determining and drawing the panel-to-panel storytelling. After the artist turned in penciled pages, Lee would write the word balloons and captions, and then oversee the lettering and coloring. In effect, the artists were co-plotters, whose collaborative first drafts Lee built upon.

Because of this system, the exact division of creative credits on Lee's comics has been disputed, especially in cases of comics drawn by Kirby and Ditko. Lee shares co-creator credit with Kirby and Ditko on, respectively, the Fantastic Four and Spider-Man feature film series.

In 1971, Lee indirectly helped reform the Comics Code.[32] The US Department of Health, Education and Welfare had asked Lee to write a comic-book story about the dangers of drugs and Lee conceived a three-issue subplot in The Amazing Spider-Man #96–98 (cover-dated May–July 1971), in which Peter Parker's best friend becomes addicted to pills. The Comics Code Authority refused to grant its seal because the stories depicted drug use; the anti-drug context was considered irrelevant. With Goodman's cooperation and confident that the original government request would give him credibility, Lee had the story published without the seal. The comics sold well and Marvel won praise for its socially conscious efforts. The CCA subsequently loosened the Code to permit negative depictions of drugs, among other new freedoms.[33]

Lee also supported using comic books to provide some measure of social commentary about the real world, often dealing with racism and bigotry. "Stan's Soapbox", besides promoting an upcoming comic book project, also addressed issues of discrimination, intolerance, or prejudice.[34][35]

Later career

Signed photo of Lee at the 1975 San Diego Comic Con.

In later years, Lee became a figurehead and public face for Marvel Comics. He made appearances at comic book conventions around America, lecturing at colleges and participating in panel discussions. He owned a vacation home on Cutler Lane in Remsenburg, New York[36] and, from 1975 to 1980, a two-bedroom condominium on the 14th floor of 220 East 63rd Street in Manhattan.[37] He moved to California in 1981 to develop Marvel's TV and movie properties. He has been an executive producer for, and has made cameo appearances in, Marvel film adaptations and other movies. He and his wife bought a home in West Hollywood, California previously owned by comedian Jack Benny's radio announcer, Don Wilson.[38] Lee was briefly president of the entire company, but soon stepped down to become publisher instead, finding that being president was too much about numbers and finance and not enough about the creative process he enjoyed.[21]

Peter Paul and Lee began to start a new Internet-based superhero creation, production and marketing studio, Stan Lee Media, in 1998. It grew to 165 people and went public through a reverse merger structured by investment banker Stan Medley in 1999, but near the end of 2000, investigators discovered illegal stock manipulation by Paul and corporate officer Stephan Gordon.[39] Stan Lee Media filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in February 2001.[40] Paul was extradited to the U.S. from Brazil, and pleaded guilty to violating SEC Rule 10b-5 in connection with trading of his stock in Stan Lee Media.[41][42] Lee was never implicated in the scheme.

In the 2000s, Lee did his first work for DC Comics, launching the Just Imagine... series, in which Lee reimagined the DC superheroes Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern and the Flash.[43]

In 2001, Lee, Gill Champion and Arthur Lieberman formed POW! (Purveyors of Wonder) Entertainment to develop film, television and video game properties. Lee created the risqué animated superhero series Stripperella for Spike TV. In 2004 POW Entertainment went public via another reverse merger structured again by investment banker Stan Medley. Also in 2004 Lee announced a superhero program that would feature Ringo Starr, the former Beatle, as the lead character.[44] Additionally, in August of that year, Lee announced the launch of Stan Lee's Sunday Comics,[45] hosted by, where monthly subscribers could read a new, updated comic and "Stan's Soapbox" every Sunday. The column has not been updated since February 15, 2005.

In 2006, Marvel commemorated Lee's 65 years with the company by publishing a series of one-shot comics starring Lee himself meeting and interacting with many of his co-creations, including Spider-Man, Doctor Strange, the Thing, Silver Surfer and Doctor Doom. These comics also featured short pieces by such comics creators as Joss Whedon and Fred Hembeck, as well as reprints of classic Lee-written adventures.[citation needed]

On March 15, 2007, Stan Lee Media's new president, Jim Nesfield, filed a lawsuit against Marvel Entertainment for $5 billion, claiming that the company is co-owner of the characters that Lee created for Marvel.[46] On June 9, 2007, Stan Lee Media sued Lee; his newer company, POW! Entertainment; POW! subsidiary QED Entertainment; and other former Stan Lee Media staff at POW![47]

At the 2007 Comic-Con International, Marvel Legends introduced a Stan Lee action figure. The body beneath the figure's removable cloth wardrobe is a re-used mold of a previously released Spider-Man action figure, with minor changes.[48]

In 2008, Lee wrote humorous captions for the political fumetti book Stan Lee Presents Election Daze: What Are They Really Saying?.[49] In April of that year, Viz Media announced that Lee and Hiroyuki Takei were collaborating on the manga Karakuridôji Ultimo, from parent company Shueisha.[50] That same month, Brighton Partners and Rainmaker Animation announced a partnership POW! to produce a CGI film series, Legion of 5.[51] That same month, Virgin Comics announced Lee would create a line of superhero comics for that company.[52] He is also working on a TV adaptation of the novel Hero.[53] He wrote the foreword to the 2010 non-fiction e-book memoir Skyscraperman by skyscraper fire-safety advocate Dan Goodwin, who had climbed skyscrapers dressed as Spider-Man.[54]

Lee promoting Stan Lee's Kids Universe at the 2011 New York Comic Con.

In 2009, he and the Japanese company Bones produced its first manga feature, Heroman, serialized in Square Enix's Monthly Shōnen Gangan; the feature was adapted to anime in April 2010.[55][56]

In October 2010, Lee's SLG Entertainment partnered with Guardian Media Entertainment on The Guardian Project to create superhero mascots for the National Hockey League.[57]

In August 2011, Lee announced his support for the Eagle Initiative, a program to find new talent in the comic book field.[58]

In 2011, Lee was writing a live-action musical, The Yin and Yang Battle of Tao.[59] In October, Lee announced he would partner with 1821 Comics on a multimedia imprint for children, Stan Lee’s Kids Universe, a move he said addressed the lack of comic books targeted for that demographic; and that he was collaborating with the company on its futuristic graphic novel Romeo & Juliet: The War, by writer Max Work and artist Skan Srisuwan.[60][61]

In April 2012, Lee announced his partnership with Regina Carpinelli, the founder and CEO of Comikaze Expo.[62] Comikaze Expo, Los Angeles' largest comic book convention, was rebranded as Stan Lee's Comikaze Presented by POW! Entertainment.[63]

At the 2012 San Diego Comic-Con International, Lee announced his new YouTube channel, Stan Lee's World of Heroes, which airs several programs created by Lee and other creators, including Mark Hamill, Peter David, Adrianne Curry and Bonnie Burton.[64][65][66][67]

It was announced in February 2013 that one of Lee's recently-created characters, the Annihilator, a Chinese prisoner-turned-superhero named Ming, would be adapted into a film written by Dan Gilroy and produced by Barry Josephson.[68][69][70][71]

Lee is among the interview subjects in Superheroes: A Never-Ending Battle, a three-hour documentary narrated by Liev Schreiber that premiered on PBS in October 2013.[72]

Disney Publishing announced in November 2013 that Lee would write a book, Zodiac, with Stuart Moore.[73]

Charity work

The Stan Lee Foundation was founded in 2010 to focus on literacy, education and the arts. Its stated goals include supporting programs and ideas that improve access to literacy resources, as well as promoting diversity, national literacy, culture and the arts.[74]

Stan Lee has donated portions of his personal effects to the University of Wyoming at various times, between 1981 and 2001.[75]

Fictional portrayals

Lee and Kirby (lower left) as themselves on the cover of The Fantastic Four #10 (Jan. 1963). Art by Kirby and Dick Ayers.

Stan Lee and his collaborator Jack Kirby appear as themselves in The Fantastic Four #10 (Jan. 1963), the first of several appearances within the fictional Marvel Universe.[76] The two are depicted as similar to their real-world counterparts, creating comic books based on the "real" adventures of the Fantastic Four.

Kirby later portrayed himself, Lee, production executive Sol Brodsky, and Lee's secretary Flo Steinberg as superheroes in What If #11 (Oct 1978), "What If the Marvel Bullpen Had Become the Fantastic Four?", in which Lee played the part of Mister Fantastic. Lee has also made numerous cameo appearances in many Marvel titles, appearing in audiences and crowds at many characters' ceremonies and parties, and hosting an old-soldiers reunion in Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos #100 (July 1972). Lee appeared, unnamed, as the priest at Luke Cage and Jessica Jones' wedding in New Avengers Annual #1 (June 2006). He pays his respects to Karen Page at her funeral in Daredevil vol. 2, #8 (June 1998), and appears in The Amazing Spider-Man #169 (June 1977).

In 1994, artist Alex Ross rendered Lee as a bar patron on Page 44 of Marvels #3.[77]

In Marvel's "Flashback" series of titles cover-dated July 1997, a top-hatted caricature of Lee as a ringmaster introduced stories that detailed events in Marvel characters' lives before they became superheroes, in special "-1" editions of many Marvel titles. The "ringmaster" depiction of Lee was originally from Generation X #17 (July 1996), where the character narrated a story set primarily in an abandoned circus. Though the story itself was written by Scott Lobdell, the narration by "Ringmaster Stan" was written by Lee, and the character was drawn in that issue by Chris Bachalo.

Lee and other comics creators are mentioned on page 479 of Michael Chabon's 2000 novel about the comics industry The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay. Chabon also acknowledges a debt to Lee and other creators on the book's Author's Note page.

Under his given name of Stanley Lieber, Stan Lee appears briefly in Paul Malmont's 2006 novel The Chinatown Death Cloud Peril.[citation needed]

On one of the last pages of Truth: Red, White, and Black, Lee appears in a real photograph among other celebrities on a wall of the Bradley home.[volume & issue needed]

In Stan Lee Meets Superheroes, which Lee wrote, he comes into contact with some of his favorite creations.

Stan Lee and Jack Kirby appear as professors in Marvel Adventures Spider-Man #19.

Lee was parodied in comics published by rival DC Comics as Funky Flashman.[78]

In Lavie Tidhar's 2013 The Violent Century, Lee appears — under his birth name of "Stanley Martin Lieber" — as a historian of superhumans.[79]

Film and television appearances

Marvel television


Lee as Willie Lumpkin in Fantastic Four, 2005.


Marvel films

Lee has had cameo appearances in many films based on Marvel characters that he created or co-created:

Warner/DC properties

Stan Lee mourning on Dan Turpin's funeral. Above TV capture from original episode and below storyboard art by Bruce Timm and text comments by Paul Dini.

In the original February 7, 1998, broadcast airing of the Superman: The Animated Series episode "Apokolips... Now! Part 2" on the Kids' WB programming block, an animated Stan Lee was visible mourning the death of Daniel "Terrible" Turpin, a character based on his longtime Marvel Comics collaborator Jack Kirby. This shot was later modified to remove the likeness of Lee and other of background Marvel characters when the episode was released on DVD.[91]

Other film, TV, and video

Video games and applications

Personal life

Lee's favorite authors include Stephen King, H. G. Wells, Mark Twain, Arthur Conan Doyle, William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens, and Harlan Ellison.[112] He is also a fan of the films of Bruce Lee.[113]

Lee was raised in a Jewish family. In a 2002 survey of whether he believes in God, he stated, "Well, let me put it this way... [Pauses.] No, I'm not going to try to be clever. I really don't know. I just don't know."[114]

In late September 2012, Lee underwent a surgical operation to insert a pacemaker into his body, cancelling planned appearances at conventions.[115][116]



1990The AmbulanceHimselfCameo
2000X-MenHotdog Stand VendorCameo
2002Spider-ManMan Saving GirlCameo
2003DaredevilMan Crossing StreetCameo
HulkSecurity GuardCameo
2004Spider-Man 2Man Saving Innocent PersonCameo
Comic Book: The MovieHimselfCameo
2005Fantastic FourWillie LumpkinCameo
2006X-Men: The Last StandWaterhose ManCameo
2007Spider-Man 3Man in Times SquareCameo
Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver SurferHimselfCameo
2008Iron ManHimself (Hugh Hefner)Cameo
The Incredible HulkHapless CitizenCameo
2010Iron Man 2Himself (Larry King)Cameo
2011ThorPickup Truck DriverCameo
Captain America: The First AvengerGeneralCameo
2012The AvengersRandom CitizenCameo
The Amazing Spider-ManLibrarianCameo
2013Iron Man 3Beauty Pageant JudgeCameo
2013Thor: The Dark WorldMental ward patient (credited as "Himself")Cameo
2014Captain America: The Winter Soldier[117]TBACameo
2014The Amazing Spider-Man 2[118]TBACameo


1981–1983Spider-Man and His Amazing FriendsNarratorSeasons 2 & 3 and added to re-reruns of Season 1
1982–1983The Incredible HulkNarrator
1989X-Men: Pryde of the X-MenHimself/NarratorEpisode: "Pilot"
Muppet BabiesHimselfEpisode: "Comic Capers"
The Trial of the Incredible HulkJury ForemanTV Movie
1991–1992The Comic Book GreatsHimselfCreator, Executive Producer, Host
1994–1998Spider-ManHimselfExecutive Producer; Episode: "Farewell, Spider-Man"
2002The SimpsonsHimselfEpisode: "I Am Furious (Yellow)"
2003Spider-Man: The New Animated SeriesFrank ElsonEpisode: "Mind Games"
2006–2007Who Wants to Be a Superhero?HimselfCreator, Executive Producer, Host
2007Robot ChickenHimselfEpisode: "Tapping a Hero"
HeroesBus DriverEpisode: "Unexpected"
2009The Spectacular Spider-ManStanEpisode: "Blueprints"
2009–2011The Super Hero Squad ShowMayor of Superhero CityRecurring Role
2010The Big Bang TheoryHimselfEpisode: "The Excelsior Acquisition"
EntourageHimselfEpisode: "Bottoms Up"
NikitaHank ExcelsiorEpisode: "The Guardian"
2010–presentStan Lee's SuperhumansHimselfCreator, Executive Producer, Co-host
2011EurekaHimselfEpisode: "Glimpse"
ChuckHimselfEpisode: "Chuck Versus the Santa Suit"
The GuildHimselfEpisode: "Costume Contest"
2012–presentUltimate Spider-ManStan the JanitorRecurring Role
2013MadBird Scientist, Papa Smurf, The Amazing Man-Spider AnnouncerEpisode: "Papa / 1600 Finn"
Video Game High SchoolJudgeEpisode: "Episode One"
Phineas and FerbNew York City Hot Dog VendorEpisode: "Phineas and Ferb: Mission Marvel"
2013–presentHulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H.Stan the SalesmanRecurring Role
2014The SimpsonsHimselfEpisode: "Married to the Blob"
Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.Episode: "T.R.A.C.K.S."

Video games

YearVideo GameRole
2001Spider-Man 2: Enter ElectroNarrator
2009Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 2Senator Stan Lee
2010Spider-Man: Shattered DimensionsNarrator
2012The Amazing Spider-ManHimself
2013Lego Marvel Super HeroesHimself

Awards and nominations

YearAwardNominated workResult
1994The Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame[citation needed]Won
1995Jack Kirby Hall of Fame[citation needed]Won
2000Burbank International Children's Film FestivalLifetime Achievement AwardWon
2002Saturn AwardLife Career AwardWon
2003Hugo AwardHugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation- Spider-ManNominated
2005Hugo AwardHugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation- Spider-Man 2Nominated
2008National Medal of Arts[120]Won
2009Hugo AwardHugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation- Iron ManNominated
2009USC Scripter AwardScripter Award- Iron ManNominated
2009Scream Awards[121]Comic-Con Icon AwardWon
2011Hollywood Walk of Fame[122]Won
2012Savannah Film and Video FestivalLifetime Achievement AwardWon
2012Visual Effects Society AwardsLifetime Achievement AwardWon
2012Producers Guild of America[123]Vanguard AwardWon


Lee's comics work includes:[125]




See also


  1. ^ a b Lee, Stan; Mair, George (2002). Excelsior!: The Amazing Life of Stan Lee. Fireside Books. p. 5. ISBN 0-684-87305-2. 
  2. ^ The Celebrity who's who – World Almanac. Google Books. September 1986. p. 213. ISBN 9780345339904. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  3. ^ Edward, Lewine (September 4, 2007). "Sketching Out His Past: Image 1". The New York Times Key Magazine. Archived from the original on July 31, 2011. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b Lewine. "Image 2". Archived from the original on July 31, 2011. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  5. ^ Kugel, Allison (March 13, 2006). "Stan Lee: From Marvel Comics Genius to Purveyor of Wonder with POW! Entertainment". Archived from the original on June 11, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2011. 
  6. ^ Lee and Mair, p. 17
  7. ^ Sedlmeier, Cory (Editor). Marvel Masterworks: The Incredible Hulk Volume 2. Marvel Comics. Page 244.
  8. ^ Lee and Mair, p. 18
  9. ^ "I Let People Do Their Jobs!': A Conversation with Vince Fago—Artist, Writer, and Third Editor-in-Chief of Timely/Marvel Comics". Alter Ego 3 (11) (TwoMorrows Publishing). November 2001. Archived from the original on November 24, 2009. 
  10. ^ Lee, Mair, p. 22
  11. ^ Boucher, Geoff (September 25, 2009 online; shorter print version, September 27, 2009). "Jack Kirby, the abandoned hero of Marvel's grand Hollywood adventure, and his family's quest". Hero Complex (column), Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on July 25, 2011. 
  12. ^ Thomas, Roy, Stan Lee's Amazing Marvel Universe (Sterling Publishing, New York, 2006), p. 11. ISBN 978-1-4027-4225-5 The line reads: "With the speed of thought, he sent his shield spinning through the air to the other end of the tent, where it smacked the knife out of Haines' hand!" It became a convention starting the following issue, in a Simon & Kirby's comics story depict the following: "Captain America's speed of thought and action save Bucky's life—as he hurls his shield across the room".
  13. ^ Thomas, Stan Lee's Amazing Marvel Universe, pp. 12–13
  14. ^ Thomas, Roy; Stan Lee (2006). Stan Lee's Amazing Marvel Universe. Sterling Publishing. p. 14. ISBN 1-4027-4225-8. 
  15. ^ Kupperberg, Paul (2006). The Creation of Spider-Man. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 12. ISBN 1-4042-0763-5. 
  16. ^ Brooks, Brad; Tim Pilcher (2005). The Essential Guide to World Comics. London: Collins & Brown. p. 13. ISBN 1-84340-300-5. 
  17. ^ McLaughlin, Jeff; Stan Lee (2007). Stan Lee: Conversations. University Press of Mississippi. p. 59. ISBN 1-57806-985-8. 
  18. ^ Lewine. "Image 2". Archived from the original on July 31, 2011. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  19. ^ Lee, Mair, p. 69
  20. ^ Lewine. "Images 4–5". Archived from the original on July 31, 2011. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  21. ^ a b Lee, Mair, page ???
  22. ^ Lewine. "Images 6–7". Archived from the original on July 31, 2011. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Everybody’s Friend: Remembering Stan Lee and Dan DeCarlo’s 'My Friend Irma,'" Hogan's Alley #16, 2009
  24. ^ a b Kaplan, Arie (2006). Masters of the Comic Book Universe Revealed!. Chicago Review Press. p. 50. ISBN 1-55652-633-4. 
  25. ^ a b McLaughlin, Jeff; Stan Lee (2007). Stan Lee: Conversations. University Press of Mississippi. p. 138. ISBN 1-57806-985-8. 
  26. ^ Noted comic-book writer Alan Moore described the significance of this new approach in a radio interview on the BBC Four program Chain Reaction, transcribed at "Alan Moore Chain Reaction Interview Transcript". Comic Book Resources. January 27, 2005. Archived from the original on November 8, 2010. :

    The DC comics were ... one dimensional characters whose only characteristic was they dressed up in costumes and did good. Whereas Stan Lee had this huge breakthrough of two-dimensional characters. So, they dress up in costumes and do good, but they've got a bad heart. Or a bad leg. I actually did think for a long while that having a bad leg was an actual character trait.

  27. ^ Wright, Bradford W. (2003). Comic Book Nation: The Transformation of Youth Culture in America. The Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-8018-7450-5. 
  28. ^ Wright, p. 218
  29. ^ Sanderson, Peter (October 10, 2003). "Continuity/Discontinuity". Comics in Context (column) No. 14, Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Marvel Bullpen Bulletins". (reprinted on fan site). Archived from the original on May 2, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Radio". The New York Times. March 3, 1967. Retrieved April 20, 2013.  Abstract only; full article requires payment or subscription
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  1. ^ Lee's account of how he began working for Marvel's predecessor, Timely, has varied. He has said in lectures and elsewhere that he simply answered a newspaper ad seeking a publishing assistant, not knowing it involved comics, let alone his cousin Jean's husband, Martin Goodman:

    "I applied for a job in a publishing company ... I didn't even know they published comics. I was fresh out of high school, and I wanted to get into the publishing business, if I could. There was an ad in the paper that said, "Assistant Wanted in a Publishing House." When I found out that they wanted me to assist in comics, I figured, 'Well, I'll stay here for a little while and get some experience, and then I'll get out into the real world.' ... I just wanted to know, 'What do you do in a publishing company?' How do you write? ... How do you publish? I was an assistant. There were two people there named Joe Simon and Jack Kirby – Joe was sort-of the editor/artist/writer, and Jack was the artist/writer. Joe was the senior member. They were turning out most of the artwork. Then there was the publisher, Martin Goodman... And that was about the only staff that I was involved with. After a while, Joe Simon and Jack Kirby left. I was about 17 years old [sic], and Martin Goodman said to me, 'Do you think you can hold down the job of editor until I can find a real person?' When you're 17, what do you know? I said, 'Sure! I can do it!' I think he forgot about me, because I stayed there ever since". IGN FilmForce (June 26, 2000): Stan Lee interview part 1 of 5

    However, in his 2002 autobiography, Excelsior! The Amazing Life of Stan Lee (cited under References, below), he says:

    "My uncle, Robbie Solomon, told me they might be able to use someone at a publishing company where he worked. The idea of being involved in publishing definitely appealed to me. ... So I contacted the man Robbie said did the hiring, Joe Simon, and applied for a job. He took me on and I began working as a gofer for eight dollars a week...."

    Joe Simon, in his 1990 autobiography The Comic Book Makers (cited under References, below), gives the account slightly differently:

    "One day [Goodman's relative known as] Uncle Robbie came to work with a lanky 17-year-old in tow. 'This is Stanley Lieber, Martin's wife's cousin,' Uncle Robbie said. 'Martin wants you to keep him busy.'"

    In an appendix, however, Simon appears to reconcile the two accounts. He relates a 1989 conversation with Lee:

    Lee: I've been saying this [classified-ad] story for years, but apparently it isn't so. And I can't remember because I['ve] said it so long now that I believe it."
    Simon: "Your Uncle Robbie brought you into the office one day and he said, 'This is Martin Goodman's wife's nephew.' [sic] ... You were seventeen years old."

    Lee: "Sixteen and a half!"

    Simon: "Well, Stan, you told me seventeen. You were probably trying to be older.... I did hire you."

Further reading

External links


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Marvel Comics Editor-in-Chief
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Vincent Fago
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Vincent Fago
Marvel Comics Editor-in-Chief
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Roy Thomas
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Fantastic Four writer
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Archie Goodwin
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Archie Goodwin
Fantastic Four writer
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Roy Thomas
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The Amazing Spider-Man writer
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Roy Thomas
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Roy Thomas
The Amazing Spider-Man writer
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Gerry Conway
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The Incredible Hulk writer
(including Tales to Astonish stories)

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Gary Friedrich
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Gary Friedrich
The Incredible Hulk writer
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Roy Thomas
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Thor writer
(including Journey into Mystery stories)

(with Larry Lieber in 1962)
(with Robert Bernstein in 1963)
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Gerry Conway
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The Avengers writer
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Roy Thomas
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(Uncanny) X-Men writer
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Roy Thomas
Preceded by
Joe Simon
Captain America writer
(including Tales of Suspense stories)

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Gary Friedrich
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Daredevil writer
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Roy Thomas