St. Leonard, Quebec

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Saint-Léonard
Borough of Montreal
Saint-Léonard church on Jarry street
St. Leonard's location in Montreal
Coordinates: 45°35′09″N 73°35′46″W / 45.58583°N 73.59611°W / 45.58583; -73.59611
Country Canada
Province Quebec
CityMontreal
RegionMontréal
Merge into
Montreal
January 1, 2002
Electoral Districts
Federal

Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel
ProvincialJeanne-Mance–Viger
Government[1][2][3]
 • TypeBorough
 • MayorMichel Bissonnet
 • Federal MP(s)Massimo Pacetti (LIB)
 • Quebec MNA(s)Filomena Rotiroti (PLQ)
Area[4]
 • Land13.51 km2 (5.22 sq mi)
Population (2011)[4][5]
 • Total75,707
 • Density5,603.8/km2 (14,514/sq mi)
 • Change (2006-11)Increase5.5%
 • Dwellings(2006)31,105
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−4)
Area code(s)Area code 514/438
Access Routes[6] A-40 / TCH
Websitewww.ville.montreal.qc.ca/st-leonard
 
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Saint-Léonard
Borough of Montreal
Saint-Léonard church on Jarry street
St. Leonard's location in Montreal
Coordinates: 45°35′09″N 73°35′46″W / 45.58583°N 73.59611°W / 45.58583; -73.59611
Country Canada
Province Quebec
CityMontreal
RegionMontréal
Merge into
Montreal
January 1, 2002
Electoral Districts
Federal

Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel
ProvincialJeanne-Mance–Viger
Government[1][2][3]
 • TypeBorough
 • MayorMichel Bissonnet
 • Federal MP(s)Massimo Pacetti (LIB)
 • Quebec MNA(s)Filomena Rotiroti (PLQ)
Area[4]
 • Land13.51 km2 (5.22 sq mi)
Population (2011)[4][5]
 • Total75,707
 • Density5,603.8/km2 (14,514/sq mi)
 • Change (2006-11)Increase5.5%
 • Dwellings(2006)31,105
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−4)
Area code(s)Area code 514/438
Access Routes[6] A-40 / TCH
Websitewww.ville.montreal.qc.ca/st-leonard

Saint-Léonard (English St. Leonard) is a borough (arrondissement) of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Formerly a separate city,[7] it was amalgamated into the city of Montreal in 2002.

The former city was originally called St. Léonard de Port Maurice after Leonard of Port Maurice.

History[edit]

The parish of Saint-Léonard-de-Port-Maurice was founded in April 1886 and eventually became the City of Saint-Léonard-de-Port-Maurice on March 5, 1915.


Borough council[edit]

As of the November 3, 2013 Montreal municipal election, the current borough council consists of the following councillors:

DistrictPositionName Party
 —Borough mayor
City councillor
Michel Bissonnet Équipe Coderre
Saint-Léonard-EstCity councillorDomenico Moschella Coalition Montréal
Borough councillorLili-Anne Tremblay Équipe Coderre
Saint-Léonard-OuestCity councillorDominic Perri Équipe Coderre
Borough councillorMario Battista Équipe Coderre

Italian-Canadian Presence[edit]

The borough has one of the highest concentrations of Italian-Canadians in the city, along with Riviere des Prairies (RDP).[8] As such, it has surpassed Montreal's rapidly gentrifying Little Italy as the centre for Italian culture in the city, with numerous cultural institutions and commercial enterprises serving the city's second-most populous cultural community.[8] By necessity, many services are available in Italian as well as English and French (the Leonardo da Vinci Centre, for instance, offers cultural activities and events in all three languages). The borough is characterized by its spacious, wide-set semi-detached brick duplexes (and triplexes, four-plexes, and five-plexes — an architectural style unique to Montreal), backyard vegetable gardens, Italian bars (cafés), and pastry shops serving Italian-Canadian staples such as cannoli, sfogliatelle, lobster tails, and zeppole.[9] At certain times of year, it is still possible to observe seasonal Italian traditions like the making of wine, cheese, sausage, and tomato sauce in quantity. These activities bring extended families and neighbours together and often spill out into front driveways for all to witness.

Saint Leonard was the site of the dispute that led to the creation of Quebec's first language legislation. Italian immigrants wished to send their children to English schools, while the local school board refused and tried to force them into French-language education. At the time, there was no legislation on schooling and language, and the dispute was settled with the creation of Bill 63, Bill 22 and finally Bill 101. Their effect is that only students with a parent who was schooled in English in Canada may attend an English school, otherwise education in French is mandatory. [10]

The community newspaper, Progrès Saint-Léonard, is offered exclusively in French.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
YearPop.  ±%  
196625,328—    
197152,035+105.4%
197678,452+50.8%
198179,429+1.2%
198675,947−4.4%
199173,120−3.7%
199671,327−2.5%
200169,604−2.4%
200671,730+3.1%
201175,707+5.5%
[11]
Home Language (2006)[4]
LanguagePopulationPercentage (%)
French31,21043.64%
English17,18024.02%
English and French1,3601.90%
Other languages21,75530.42%
Ethnic Origin (2001)
Ethnic OriginPopulationPercent
Italian27,59039.69%
Canadian18,91527.21%
French9,29013.36%
Haitian3,8155.5%
Lebanese2,0052.88%
Irish1,3601.96%
Spanish1,1901.71%
Algerian1,1551.66%
Arab1,1551.66%
Portuguese1,0701.54%

Located in the east end of the island of Montreal, Saint-Leonard was traditionally francophone. However, recent census information indicates that the city is now largely composed of numerous generations of 20th-century Italian immigrants.

Linguistic trend

Mother tongue language (2006)[4]
Language199620012006
French28,14025,93523,440
English4,8904,9056,265
English and French870520335
Other languages37,42538,15541,480
Population71,32569,60471,730

Sports and recreation[edit]

Typical housing in Saint-Leonard.

Aquatics

The Saint-Léonard Aquatic Complex (French: Complexe aquatique de Saint-Léonard) was built in 2006 and is home to three swimming pools: one recreational basin, one 25 meter deep pool and one acclimation basin that includes a turbo bath spa. There are also two saunas, one for women and one for men.

Skate parks

Skaters can skate safely in any one of the two skate parks located in the city of Saint Leonard. Admission to these parks is free, and they are open to the public May through October.

Cycling paths

Saint Leonard has 10 KM of bike paths around the city, that connect various parks, pools and city structures.

Hockey

Saint Leonard has two hockey arenas, Aréna Martin Brodeur, located on 5300 boulevard Robert, and Aréna Roberto Luongo, located on 7755 Rue Colbert. These arenas host local games, and usually provide food, locker rooms, showers and public free-skating.

Saint Leonard also has many outdoor hockey rinks in the winter. There are seven rinks set up before winter, and then they are iced when the temperature is appropriate. There was a delay of rink making in 2007 when the weather was warmer than usual.

Soccer

Soccer is a very popular sport for the youth in Saint Leonard. Nearly every public park in has a soccer field open to the public.

Figure Skating

Both of Saint Leonard arenas are used by the figure skating community. Many Olympic and World Champions have trained here in different disciplines like singles, pairs, dance and synchronized skating.

Other activities

The city also has a newly domed football stadium, Stade Hébert, which is home to the Saint-Léonard Cougars. For the retired citizens, there are bocce courts located at almost every public park.

Saint Leonard contains underground caves, located at Pie XII Park.


ParkBasketballSoccerBocceSleddingFountainPlaygroundIce rinkPavilionTennisSwimming poolSkate ParkBaseballShuffleboardPétanqueCave
Coubertin Parkxxxxxxxxx
Pie XII Parkxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Ladauversiere Parkxxxxxxxxxx
Wilfrid Bastien Parkxxxxxxxxxx
Delorme Parkxxxxxxxxx
Ferland Parkxxxxxxxxxx
Garibaldi Park
Pirandello Park

Schools of Saint-Leonard[edit]

The Borough of Saint-Leonard is served by two school boards. The French schools are all part of the Commission scolaire Pointe-de-l'Ile while the English schools are all part of the English Montreal School Board.

Mayors[edit]

Includes mayors of the former city (1886–2001) and current borough (2002- ) of Saint-Leonard:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Saint-Léonard
  2. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-LÉONARD--SAINT-MICHEL (Quebec)
  3. ^ Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: JEANNE-MANCE-VIGER
  4. ^ a b c d 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Saint-Léonard, Quebec
  5. ^ "Population totale en 2006 et en 2011 - Variation — Densité". Canada 2011 Census (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012. 
  6. ^ Official Transport Quebec Road Map
  7. ^ Canadian Politics, Riding by Riding Tony L. Hill - 2002 "The former city of Saint-Léonard was once a key centre for produce growing on Montreal Island, but it's now a middle-class suburb whose burgeoning industry ..."
  8. ^ a b Panoram Italia - Fun Facts about Montreal Italians!
  9. ^ Panoram Italia - Spotlight on Montreal’s East End Italians
  10. ^ A Brief History of Canada Roger E. Riendeau - 2007 - Page 353 "In response to a decision by the school board of the Montreal suburb of Saint Léonard that all immigrant children should ..."
  11. ^ "Profil sociodéographique: Arrondissement de Saint-Léonard" (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°35′09″N 73°35′46″W / 45.585848°N 73.596066°W / 45.585848; -73.596066