St. Ignace, Michigan

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St. Ignace, Michigan
City
Location of St. Ignace, Michigan
Location of St. Ignace, Michigan
St. Ignace, Michigan is located in Michigan
St. Ignace, Michigan
St. Ignace, Michigan
Location of St. Ignace, Michigan
Coordinates: 45°51′57″N 84°43′33″W / 45.86583°N 84.72583°W / 45.86583; -84.72583Coordinates: 45°51′57″N 84°43′33″W / 45.86583°N 84.72583°W / 45.86583; -84.72583
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyMackinac
Area[1]
 • Total2.69 sq mi (6.97 km2)
 • Land2.68 sq mi (6.94 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation587 ft (179 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total2,452
 • Estimate (2012[3])2,452
 • Density914.9/sq mi (353.2/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code26-70840[4]
GNIS feature ID1621477[5]
 
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St. Ignace, Michigan
City
Location of St. Ignace, Michigan
Location of St. Ignace, Michigan
St. Ignace, Michigan is located in Michigan
St. Ignace, Michigan
St. Ignace, Michigan
Location of St. Ignace, Michigan
Coordinates: 45°51′57″N 84°43′33″W / 45.86583°N 84.72583°W / 45.86583; -84.72583Coordinates: 45°51′57″N 84°43′33″W / 45.86583°N 84.72583°W / 45.86583; -84.72583
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyMackinac
Area[1]
 • Total2.69 sq mi (6.97 km2)
 • Land2.68 sq mi (6.94 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation587 ft (179 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total2,452
 • Estimate (2012[3])2,452
 • Density914.9/sq mi (353.2/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code26-70840[4]
GNIS feature ID1621477[5]

Saint Ignace, usually written as St. Ignace, is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 2,452 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Mackinac County[6]. From the Lower Peninsula, St. Ignace is the gateway to the Upper Peninsula.

St. Ignace Township is located just to the north of the city, but is politically independent.

Located in Michigan's Upper Peninsula, St. Ignace is at the northern end of the Mackinac Bridge and Mackinaw City is to its south. The bridge connects the Lower and the Upper Peninsulas of Michigan.

History[edit]

The Museum of Ojibwa Culture at the site of a Wyandot (Huron) village, as well as the St. Ignace Mission; the mission is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

St. Ignace is the second-oldest city founded by Europeans in Michigan. Before French contact, Native Americans had inhabited the area for centuries. Historic peoples here were the Iroquoian-speaking Wendat, whom the French called the Huron and, dominating the area by the 18th century, the Anishinaabe Ojibwe.

French explorer and priest Jacques Marquette founded the St. Ignace Mission on this site in 1671 and was buried there after his death.[7] He named it for St. Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Jesuit religious order. (Ignace is the French version of Ignatius.) Jesuits worked at the missions to convert First Nations/Native Americans to Catholicism and share French culture.

While exploring the region on the ship Le Griffon with Louis Hennepin, La Salle reached St. Ignace on August 27, 1679. Fort de Baude was founded here in 1681 by Louis de La Porte, Sieur de Louvigny. It was a key point for the French fur trade and later was directed by Antoine Cadillac. It was closed by the French in 1697.[8]

The Jesuits abandoned the mission in 1705. The Ojibwe, who came to dominate most of the territory of present-day Michigan in the 18th century among Native Americans, were allies of the French in the Seven Years' War.

After the English victory in the Seven Years' War, in 1763 they took over this territory of the former New France. After the victory of rebellious colonists in the American Revolutionary War, in 1783 the village became part of the new United States, as part of its territory.

A tombstone marks the grave of Father Marquette, next to the Museum of Ojibwayu Culture at the former site of St. Ignace Mission.

Originally an important fur trading site in early years of French colonization, St. Ignace declined in importance by the early 19th century with changes in ruling classes and the regional economy.

The Americans and British-Canadians operated a larger trading center at Sault Ste. Marie, on both sides of the northern border, until the decline of the fur trade in the 1830s. The fur trade was severely reduced before and during hostilities of the War of 1812, as the United States prohibited British traders from operating across the border, as had been their earlier practice. The Ojibwe allied with the British during the War of 1812.

In 1882, St. Ignace was given new life by the coming of the Detroit, Mackinac and Marquette Railroad, which connected the straits area to the major city of Detroit. It was incorporated as a village on February 23, 1882, and as a city in 1883.[7] Later the city has become a rural destination for heritage tourism.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.69 square miles (6.97 km2), of which 2.68 square miles (6.94 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Municipal Building

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,452 people, 1,064 households, and 633 families residing in the city. The population density was 914.9 inhabitants per square mile (353.2 /km2). There were 1,299 housing units at an average density of 484.7 per square mile (187.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 63.4% White, 1.0% African American, 27.8% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 7.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.

There were 1,064 households of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.5% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the city was 44.5 years. 21.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.6% were from 25 to 44; 31.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,678 people, 1,085 households, and 675 families residing in the city. The population density was 990.7 per square mile (383.0/km²). There were 1,232 housing units at an average density of 455.8 per square mile (176.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.81% White, 19.42% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.30% African American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 7.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.90% of the population.

There were 1,085 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,447, and the median income for a family was $45,893. Males had a median income of $29,813 versus $23,017 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,340. About 6.0% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Local sights and events[edit]

St. Ignace contains many locations from where one can get a good look at the Mackinac Bridge.

Castle Rock, a geological limestone stack, is located three miles (5 km) north overlooking Lake Huron. Rabbit's Back, a prominent promontory that also overlooks Lake Huron, is 4 miles (6.4 km) north.

Also featuring Kewadin Casinos - St. Ignace.

There are numerous civic events in St. Ignace.[14]

Notable people[edit]

Images[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ a b Sawyer, Alvah Littlefield (1911). A History of the Northern Peninsula of Michigan and Its People, p. 318. The Lewis Publishing Company
  8. ^ Walter Romig, Michigan Place Names, p. 204
  9. ^ Highway ends, US 2.
  10. ^ Pellston Regional Airport
  11. ^ "EAST LANSING-PETOSKEY-ST. IGNACE". Indian Trails. January 15, 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  12. ^ "BAY CITY-ALPENA-CHEBOYGAN-ST. IGNACE". Indian Trails. January 15, 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-28. 
  13. ^ "ST. IGNACE-SAULT STE. MARIE-IRONWOOD". Indian Trails. January 15, 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-28. 
  14. ^ St. Ignace's Website
  15. ^ "BROWN, Prentiss Marsh, (1889 - 1973)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 

External links[edit]