SsangYong Motor Company

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

SsangYong Motor Company
Native name쌍용자동차 주식회사
TypePublic
Traded asKRX: 003620
IndustryAutomotive
Founded4 March 1954[1]
HeadquartersSeoul, South Korea
Area servedWorldwide (except North America)
Key peopleLee Yoo-il, CEO
ProductsAutomobiles and commercial vehicles
Production outputIncrease 119,142 (2012)[1]
RevenueDecrease 2.874 trillion (2012)[1][2]
Operating incomeIncrease ₩-98.12 billion (2012)[2]
Net incomeIncrease ₩-105.93 billion (2012)[2]
Total assetsIncrease ₩1.85 trillion (2012)[2]
Total equityDecrease ₩800.66 billion (2012)[2]
Employees4,365 (2012)[1]
ParentMahindra & Mahindra Limited(70%)
Websitesmotor.com
 
Jump to: navigation, search
SsangYong Motor Company
Native name쌍용자동차 주식회사
TypePublic
Traded asKRX: 003620
IndustryAutomotive
Founded4 March 1954[1]
HeadquartersSeoul, South Korea
Area servedWorldwide (except North America)
Key peopleLee Yoo-il, CEO
ProductsAutomobiles and commercial vehicles
Production outputIncrease 119,142 (2012)[1]
RevenueDecrease 2.874 trillion (2012)[1][2]
Operating incomeIncrease ₩-98.12 billion (2012)[2]
Net incomeIncrease ₩-105.93 billion (2012)[2]
Total assetsIncrease ₩1.85 trillion (2012)[2]
Total equityDecrease ₩800.66 billion (2012)[2]
Employees4,365 (2012)[1]
ParentMahindra & Mahindra Limited(70%)
Websitesmotor.com
SsangYong Motor Company
Hangul쌍용자동차 주식회사
Hanja雙龍自動車 株式會社
Revised RomanizationSsangyong Jadongcha Jusikhoesa
McCune–ReischauerSsangyong Chadongch'a Chusikhoesa

SsangYong Motor Company or SsangYong Motor (Korean: 쌍용자동차, IPA: [s͈aŋjoŋ dʑadoŋtɕʰa]) is the fourth largest South Korea-based automobile manufacturer.[3] The name SsangYong means double dragons.

A 70% share of SsangYong was acquired by Indian Mahindra & Mahindra Limited, in February 2011,[4] after being named the preferred bidder in 2010 to acquire the bankruptcy-protected company.[5] Mahindra's acquisition was approved by South Korea's Free Trade Commission.[6]

History[edit]

A previous logo of SsangYong Motor Company.

SsangYong originally started out as two separate companies; Ha Dong-hwan Motor Workshop (established in 1954) and Dongbang Motor Co (established in 1962). In mid-1963, the two companies merged into Ha Dong-hwan Motor Co.[7][8]

In 1964, Hadonghwan Motor Company started building jeeps for the US Army as well as trucks and buses. Beginning in 1976, Hadonghwan produced a variety of special purpose vehicles. After changing its name to Dong-A Motor in 1977, it was taken over by Ssangyong Business Group in 1986 and changed its name to SsangYong Motor.[9] In 1987, it acquired United Kingdom-based specialty car maker Panther Westwinds.[9]

The Musso was a result of collaboration between SsangYong and Daimler-Benz

In 1991 it started a technology partnership with Daimler-Benz. The deal was for SsangYong to develop an SUV with Mercedes-Benz technology. This was supposedly to allow SsangYong to gain footholds in new markets without having to build their own infrastructure (utilizing existing Mercedes-Benz networks) while giving Mercedes a competitor in the then-booming SUV market.[10] This resulted in the SsangYong Musso, which was sold first by Mercedes-Benz and later by SsangYong.[11]

SsangYong further benefited from this alliance, long after Daimler-Benz stopped selling the Musso, producing a badge engineered version of the Mercedes-Benz MB100, the Istana and using Daimler designs in many other models, including the second-generation Korando (engine and transmission), the Rexton (transmission),[12] the Chairman H (chassis and transmission)[13] and the Kyron (transmission).[14]

In 1997, Daewoo Motors, now Tata Daewoo, bought a controlling stake from the Ssangyong Group, only to sell it off again in 2000, because the conglomerate ran into deep financial troubles. In late 2004, the Chinese automobile manufacturer SAIC took a 51% stake of SsangYong Motor Company.

SsangYong's hybrid technology (pictured)

In January 2009, after recording a $75.42 million loss, the company was put into receivership. This may have been due to the global economic crisis and shrinking demand.[15] On August 14, 2009, worker strikes finished at the SsangYong factory and production commenced again after 77 days of disruption.[16] Company employees and analysts have also blamed SAIC for stealing technology related to hybrid vehicles from the company and failing to live up to its promise of continued investment.[17][18] SAIC denied allegations of technology theft by the company's employees.[19] However, SAIC was charged by the South Korean prosecutor's office for violating company regulations and the South Korean law when it ordered and carried out the transfer of Ssangyong's proprietary technology developed with South Korean government funding over to SAIC researchers.[20]

In 2010, Daewoo Motor Sales was dropped by General Motors. The long-time dealership partner then signed a deal with the SsangYong Motor Company to supply new vehicles to sell (specifically the Rodius, Chairman W and Chairman H), in return for the injection of 20 billion ($17.6 million) into the car maker still recovering from bankruptcy. The deal is non-exclusive, meaning SsangYong will also sell vehicles through private dealers.[21]

In April 2010, the company released a statement citing interest of three to four local and foreign companies in acquiring SsangYong Motor Company, resulting in shares rising by 15%.[22] The companies were later revealed to be Mahindra & Mahindra Limited and the Ruia Group of India and SM Aluminum, Seoul Investments and French-owned Renault Samsung of South Korea.[23][24] In August 2010, Mahindra & Mahindra Limited was chosen as the preferred bidder for SsangYong.[25] The acquisition was completed in February 2011[4][26] and cost Mahindra 522.5 Billion Won.[27]

Factories[edit]

Model lineup[edit]

NameProductionNotesImage
SUVs
Korando2010–present20110313 ssangyong korando c 001.jpg
Actyon2006–presentReplaced the old KorandoSsangYong Actyon front 20080303.jpg
Rexton W2012–presentReplaced the Rexton IISsangYong Rexton W RX200e-XDi Sapphire (2. Facelift) – Frontansicht (1), 4. Januar 2014, Düsseldorf.jpg
Kyron2005–present2010 SsangYong Kyron 2.7 XDI.JPG
Rexton II2006–2012Replaced the RextonRexton II 2.7 XDI 186 cavalli 2008.jpg
Rexton2001–2005Replaced the Musso and was replaced by the Rexton IISsangYong Rexton RX270 XDi.JPG
Musso1993–2005Replaced by the KyronSsangYong Musso.JPG
Korando1983–2006,
2010–present
Replaced by the Actyon, revived in late 2010SsangYong Korando front 20080711.jpg
Korando Family1988–1995Based on the Isuzu TrooperSsangyong family.JPG
Pickup trucks
Actyon Sports2006–presentReplaced the Musso Sports; also known as Korando Sports from 2012Actyon sports 2012.jpg
Musso Sports2002–2005Replaced by the Actyon SportsSsangyong Musso Sports.jpg
Vans
Rodius/Stavic2004–presentSsangyong Stavic 2.0 XDi 2013 (10077281953).jpg
Istana1995–2003Licensed copy of the Mercedes-Benz MB100Ssangyong istana cropped.JPG
Luxury cars
Chairman W2008–presentSold alongside the Chairman HSsangYong Chairman W.JPG
Chairman H1997–presentBased on the Mercedes-Benz W124Ssangyong Chairman -- Korea.jpg
SsangYong Kallista1992Rebadged Panther KallistaPanther Kallista white.jpg
Trucks and Buses
SsangYong DA TruckBased on Nissan Diesel Truck
SY TruckBased on Mercedes-Benz trucksSsangyong truck.JPG
TranstarBased on Mercedes-Benz busesSsangYong SB85M Transstar.JPG

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Annual Report 2013. Korean Automobile Industry" (PDF). Korea Automobile Manufacturers Association. ISBN 978-89-8056-042-4. Archived from the original on 2013-08-22. Retrieved 2013-08-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "2012 Consolidated Financial Statements" (PDF). SsangYong Motor. Retrieved 2013-08-22. 
  3. ^ "Ssangyong Motors". Smotor.com. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  4. ^ a b Nandini Sen Gupta, TNN, Feb 16, 2011, 12.56am IST (2011-02-16). "M&M seals $470m Ssangyong deal - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  5. ^ Seo, Sookyung (2010-10-13). "Mahindra May Complete Acquiring Ssangyong Controlling Stake in Early 2011". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  6. ^ "South Korea’s watchdog nods Mahindra buy of Ssangyong". Livemint.com. 2010-10-29. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ Dastidar, Surajit Ghosh (2011). "Mahindra and Mahindra's Acquisiton of SsangYong Motor Company". Vidwat Journal (EBSCO Publishing) 4 (2): 31–38. ISSN 0975-055X. Retrieved 2013-08-22. 
  9. ^ a b [2][dead link]
  10. ^ "Musso-Mercedes match was a rocky road - www.drive.com.au". Drive.com.au. 2000-05-18. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  11. ^ David Morley (2000-05-18). "Musso-Mercedes match was a rocky road". Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2011-03-21. 
  12. ^ Jonathan Hawley (2004-07-04). "Old-fashioned values". Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2011-03-21. 
  13. ^ Bruce Newton (2005-05-10). "SsangYong Chairman CM600S". Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2011-03-21. 
  14. ^ Bruce Newton (2006-05-31). "SsangYong Kyron". Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2011-03-21. 
  15. ^ 2:49 p.m. Feb. 24, 2011 (2009-01-09). "Article from". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  16. ^ "INSIDE JoongAng Daily". Joongangdaily.joins.com. 2009-08-14. Retrieved 2009-09-27. 
  17. ^ "S.Korea Co Ssangyong Motor Awaits Key Ruling On Turnaround Plan". TradingMarkets.com. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  18. ^ Sebastian Blanco (2009-10-12). "REPORT: SAIC stole hybrid technology, says Ssangyong". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2011-03-21. 
  19. ^ "'먹튀 논란' 상하이車 반박 "쌍용車 주장 근거없어" - 아시아경제". Asiae.co.kr. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  20. ^ "쌍용차 기술, 中상하이차로 유출 : : 뉴스 : 동아닷컴". News.donga.com. 2009-11-12. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  21. ^ "INSIDE JoongAng Daily". Joongangdaily.joins.com. 2010-03-24. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  22. ^ Saefong, Myra P. (2010-04-08). "Asia Follows Wall Street Lower". The Wall Street Journal. 
  23. ^ "End of speculation: Mahindra enters the fray for ailing Ssangyong Motor | Indian Cars & Motorcycles Blog". Indiancarsbikes.in. 2010-05-17. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  24. ^ "Business finance news - currency market news - online UK currency markets - financial news - Interactive Investor". Iii.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  25. ^ "Mahindra chosen preferred bidder for Ssangyong Motors". Sify.com. 2010-08-12. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  26. ^ "UPDATE: Mahindra Aims To Complete Ssangyong Acquisition In Four Months". The Wall Street Journal. 2010-08-25. 
  27. ^ "Mahindra reportedly inks deal to buy Ssangyong for $463M". Autoblog. 23 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010. 

External links[edit]