Sri Lankan New Zealander

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Sri Lankan New Zealander
Total population
7,257 (2006)
Regions with significant populations
Most in Auckland, Wellington, with smaller populations in Waikato, Manawatū–Wanganui, Canterbury and elsewhere.
Languages
English, Sinhala, Tamil
Religion
Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Sri Lankan
 
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Sri Lankan New Zealander
Total population
7,257 (2006)
Regions with significant populations
Most in Auckland, Wellington, with smaller populations in Waikato, Manawatū–Wanganui, Canterbury and elsewhere.
Languages
English, Sinhala, Tamil
Religion
Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Sri Lankan

Sri Lankan New Zealander refers to New Zealanders of Sri Lankan heritage living in New Zealand. This includes at least three Sri Lankan ethnic groups in New Zealand the Sinhalese, Sri Lankan Tamil and Burghers. Sri Lankans in New Zealand span over 136 years emigration. In 2006 there were 7,257 Sri Lankans in New Zealand.

History[edit]

Early arrivals[edit]

The early arrivals to came to New Zealand from what was then British Ceylon were a few prospectors attracted to the gold rushes. By 1874 there were a mere 33 New Zealand residents born in Ceylon. Both New Zealand and Ceylon being part of the Commonwealth, New Zealand dutifully imported both people and commodities from Ceylon. After 1890, Ceylon began to surpass China as New Zealand’s supplier of tea. By 1901 the number of Ceylonese residents in New Zealand born in Ceylon had grown to 106.[1]

20th century[edit]

After 1950 under the Colombo Plan some students and trainees received education in New Zealand. Up until the late 1960s the number of New Zealand residents born in Ceylon remained static. As a demand for skilled professionals in New Zealand grew it led to a noticeable increase in the number of immigrants about this time. Racial and economic tensions in Dominion of Ceylon, made worse after the declaration of the republic in 1972, also swelled immigrant numbers.[1]

In 1983 the Sri Lankan Civil War began with Sinhalese political dominance being challenged by the militant Tamil Tigers, who sought a separate Tamil state within Sri Lanka.[1] After the 1983 riots in Sri Lanka ushered in an extended civil war many Sri Lankans, both Tamil and Sinhalese, fled Sri Lanka, the number of arrivals from Sri Lanka to New Zealand and the Sri Lankan-born population in New Zealand rose dramatically.[2]

Present[edit]

As during the 1980s New Zealand had its immigration policies towards Asians relaxed, it was seen as a welcoming destination and convinced them to emigrate permanently. Whereas other Sri Lankans only found temporary employment in Africa and Saudi Arabia, intending to return to Sri Lanka. The numbers arriving continued to increase, and at the 2006 census there were over 7,000 Sri Lankans living in New Zealand.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Population growth of
Sri Lankan New Zealanders
187433
1901106
1951152
1976973
20016,168
20067,257
Source:Te Ara [3]
Data is based on
New Zealand Government Census.

Sri Lankan New Zealanders comprised 3% of the Asian population of New Zealand in 2001. Out of the Asians, the Sri Lankans were the most likely to hold a formal qualification and to work in white-collar occupations. Sri Lankans mainly worked in health professions, engineering, business and property services, and the retail and manufacturing sectors, in large numbers. Most lived in Auckland and Wellington, with smaller populations in Waikato, Manawatu-Wanganui, Canterbury and others.[4]

Community[edit]

Organizations[edit]

Notable Sri Lankan New Zealanders[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Sri Lankans – Immigration". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  2. ^ "An Immigrant Nation - From Sri Lanka With Sorrow". NZonscreen. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  3. ^ "Sri Lankans – Facts and figures". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c "Sri Lankans – Community". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  5. ^ "About us". Sri Lankaramaya. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  6. ^ "New Zealand Sri Lanka Foundation contacts". New Zealand Sri Lanka Foundation. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  7. ^ "Message from President". NZSLFoundation. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 

External links[edit]