Spurk (periodical)

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Spurk (In Armenian Սփիւռք pronounced Spiurk meaning diaspora) is an Armenian literary and public weekly, periodical, or journal, published since 1958 in Beirut, Lebanon.

Contents

1958-1990: Literary and general periodical

1958-1975 - Simon Simonian

First published in a tabloid size by the Armenian literary figure Simon Simonian as a weekly, and then as a biweekly (once very two weeks). Initially led by an independent line away from traditional Armenian political party lines, it was a prominent Armenian language publication with literary, historical, social and artistic coverage. It also had a large network of readers and authors from different countries (among them authors from the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic like Hovhannes Shiraz, Silva Kaputikyan, Kevork Gubelyan etc.) in addition to a large number of writers and poets from the Armenian diaspora. Among with few other Armenian journals, Spurk became the focus of Armenian literary and intellectual life in the region of Middle East throughout the 1950s, 1960s and beyond.[1]

1975-1989 - Kevork Ajemian

In 1975, with the onset of the Lebanese Civil War, Kevork Ajemian took over the publication of the periodical from Simon Simonian, but kept the literary and artistic orientation and focus of the publication. Kevork Ajemian continued with the periodical until 1989.

Upon death of Kevork Ajemian, it was revealed he was one of the founding members of ASALA alongside Hagop Hagopian (real name Harutiun Tagushian) and pastor Rev. James Karnusian.

1990: Organ of Armenian Popular Movement

Cover of Spurk magazine published by Armenian Popular Movement (1990 onwards era)

After Kevork Ajemian's decision to emigrate to France where he resided until his death, and from 1990 onward, he sold the licence of the periodical Spurk to the left-wing Armenian Popular Movement (seen as the political mouthpiece of the Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia (ASALA) in Lebanon). The latter changed the general focus of the paper and a large amount of the materials were devoted to political issues, the Armenian Cause and liberation ideology. The new owners also changed the format of the publication from tabloid into small size magazine and started to publish it monthly or with lesser frequency,

The political orientation of the magazine was a big departure from the traditional literary / artistic tradition of the original publication for 1958 until 1990 under Simonian and Ajemian and the new Spurk is considered a new publication independent from the historical Armenian periodical.

Spurk has ceased publication (date of stoppage unclear).

Editors

References

  1. ^ (Re)constructing Armenia in Lebanon and Syria: ethno-cultural diversity and the state in the aftermath of a refugee crisis, by Nicola Migliorino, 2008, p. 123