Springdale, Arkansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Springdale, Arkansas
City
Clockwise from top: The Northwest Arkansas Naturals playing in Arvest Ballpark, the Shiloh Museum of Ozark History, Emma Avenue, Old Springdale High School, Tyson Foods World Headquarters
Clockwise from top: The Northwest Arkansas Naturals playing in Arvest Ballpark, the Shiloh Museum of Ozark History, Emma Avenue, Old Springdale High School, Tyson Foods World Headquarters
Official seal of Springdale, Arkansas
Seal
Nickname(s): The Poultry Capital Of The World[1][2]
Location in Washington County and the state of Arkansas
Location in Washington County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 36°10′53″N 94°8′45″W / 36.18139°N 94.14583°W / 36.18139; -94.14583Coordinates: 36°10′53″N 94°8′45″W / 36.18139°N 94.14583°W / 36.18139; -94.14583
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountiesWashington, Benton
Founded1838
Government
 • TypeMayor-City council
 • MayorDoug Sprouse
Area
 • Total42.0 sq mi (108.9 km2)
 • Land41.8 sq mi (108.3 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation1,322 ft (969 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total69,797
 • Density1,670/sq mi (644.7/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes72762, 72764-66
Area code(s)479
FIPS code05-66080
GNIS feature ID0078436
Websitewww.springdalear.gov
 
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers Metropolitan Area (Northwest Arkansas), see Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers Metropolitan Area.
Springdale, Arkansas
City
Clockwise from top: The Northwest Arkansas Naturals playing in Arvest Ballpark, the Shiloh Museum of Ozark History, Emma Avenue, Old Springdale High School, Tyson Foods World Headquarters
Clockwise from top: The Northwest Arkansas Naturals playing in Arvest Ballpark, the Shiloh Museum of Ozark History, Emma Avenue, Old Springdale High School, Tyson Foods World Headquarters
Official seal of Springdale, Arkansas
Seal
Nickname(s): The Poultry Capital Of The World[1][2]
Location in Washington County and the state of Arkansas
Location in Washington County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 36°10′53″N 94°8′45″W / 36.18139°N 94.14583°W / 36.18139; -94.14583Coordinates: 36°10′53″N 94°8′45″W / 36.18139°N 94.14583°W / 36.18139; -94.14583
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountiesWashington, Benton
Founded1838
Government
 • TypeMayor-City council
 • MayorDoug Sprouse
Area
 • Total42.0 sq mi (108.9 km2)
 • Land41.8 sq mi (108.3 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation1,322 ft (969 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total69,797
 • Density1,670/sq mi (644.7/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes72762, 72764-66
Area code(s)479
FIPS code05-66080
GNIS feature ID0078436
Websitewww.springdalear.gov

Springdale is the fourth-largest city in Arkansas, and is located in both Washington and Benton counties in Northwest Arkansas. Located on the Springfield Plateau deep in the Ozark Mountains, Springdale has long been an important industrial city for the region.[3] In addition to several trucking companies, the city is home to the world headquarters of Tyson Foods, the world's largest meat producing company.[4] Originally named Shiloh, the city changed its name to Springdale when applying for a post office in 1872.[3] The four-county Northwest Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area is ranked 109th in terms of population in the United States with 463,204 in 2010 according to the United States Census Bureau. The city had a population of 69,797 at the 2010 Census.[5]

Springdale has been experiencing a population boom in recent years, as indicated by a 133% growth in population between the 1990 and 2010 censuses.[3] During this period of rapid growth, the city has seen a new Shiloh Museum of Ozark History, the establishment of a Springdale campus of Northwest Arkansas Community College and the Northwest Arkansas Naturals minor league baseball team move into Arvest Ballpark. Tyson remains the city's top employer, and is visible throughout the city. Many public features bear the Tyson name, including the Randal Tyson Recreational Complex, Don Tyson Parkway, Helen Tyson Middle School and John Tyson Elementary. Governor Mike Beebe signed an act into law recognizing Springdale as the "The Poultry Capital Of The World" in 2013.[1][2]

History[edit]

Springdale was founded in 1838 and was originally known as Shiloh.

In 1840, a Baptist church was founded in the town. The building was burned down during the Civil War but rebuilt in 1868. In 1878, the town was incorporated with the name of Springdale.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 108.9 square miles (282 km2), of which, 108.3 square miles (280 km2) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) of it, or 0.62%, is water.[5] The city limits extend north into southern Benton County. Springdale is bordered by the cities of Cave Springs, Lowell, and Bethel Heights to the north, by Elm Springs and Tontitown to the west, and by Johnson and Fayetteville to the south.

The city is located in both Benton and Washington counties along Interstate 49/US Highway 62/US Highway 71 (I-49/US 62/US 71).[7] This is the only fully controlled access route through the area, which replaced the winding US 71 (now US 71B) in the 1990s.[8] An interstate connection with Fort Smith to the south and Kansas City, Missouri to the north has greatly helped to grow Springdale.[3] Within Washington County, Springdale is bordered along the south by Fayetteville and Johnson. In some locations, this transition is seamless.[8] The city extends west and east along Highway 412 toward Tontitown and Beaver Lake, respectively.[8]

Geology[edit]

Springdale is located on the Springfield Plateau, a subset of The Ozarks which run through northwest Arkansas, southern Missouri, and Northeastern Oklahoma.[9] In the Springdale area, sandstones and shales were deposited on top of the Springfield Plateau during the Pennsylvanian Period. These were eroded after the Ouachita orogeny and uplift, exposing Mississippian limestone formations of the Springfield Plateau visible today.

Metropolitan area[edit]

The Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers Metropolitan Area consists of three Arkansas counties: Benton, Madison, and Washington, and McDonald County, Missouri.[10] The area had a population of 347,045 at the 2000 census which had increased to 463,204 by the 2010 Census (an increase of 33.47 per cent).

Climate[edit]

Springdale lies in the humid subtropical climate zone (Köppen Cfa) with influence from the humid continental climate type. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters.

July is the hottest month of the year, with an average high of 89 °F (31.7 °C) and an average low of 69 °F (20.6 °C). Temperatures above 100 °F (37.8 °C) are rare but not uncommon, occurring on average twice a year, with 57 days over 90 °F (32.2 °C) annually. January is the coldest month with an average high of 46 °F (8 °C) and an average low of 26 °F (−3 °C). The city's highest temperature was 111 °F (43.9 °C), recorded in 1954. The lowest temperature recorded was −24 °F (−31.1 °C), in 1899.[11][12] Precipitation is weakly seasonal, with a bimodal pattern: wet seasons in the spring and fall, and relatively drier summers and winters, but some rain in all months.

Climate data for Springdale, Arkansas (1981–2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)76
(24)
86
(30)
96
(36)
96
(36)
95
(35)
104
(40)
111
(44)
109
(43)
105
(41)
96
(36)
90
(32)
78
(26)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C)46
(8)
51
(11)
59
(15)
69
(21)
76
(24)
84
(29)
89
(32)
89
(32)
81
(27)
70
(21)
59
(15)
48
(9)
68.4
(20.2)
Average low °F (°C)26
(−3)
30
(−1)
38
(3)
47
(8)
56
(13)
65
(18)
69
(21)
68
(20)
59
(15)
47
(8)
38
(3)
29
(−2)
47.6
(8.7)
Record low °F (°C)−23
(−31)
−24
(−31)
−11
(−24)
18
(−8)
28
(−2)
41
(5)
48
(9)
44
(7)
29
(−2)
17
(−8)
5
(−15)
−12
(−24)
−24
(−31)
Precipitation inches (mm)2.55
(64.8)
2.49
(63.2)
4.02
(102.1)
4.30
(109.2)
4.20
(106.7)
4.77
(121.2)
3.22
(81.8)
3.05
(77.5)
4.56
(115.8)
4.10
(104.1)
4.33
(110)
3.04
(77.2)
44.63
(1,133.6)
Snowfall inches (cm)3.0
(7.6)
2.7
(6.9)
1.2
(3)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.7
(1.8)
0.9
(2.3)
8.6
(21.8)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)5.16.66.57.17.97.48.15.85.65.04.84.974.8
 % humidity72676263717171716970646868
Source #1: The Weather Channel[11]
Source #2: Weather Base, Used for precipitation days and humidity; 11 years of data available.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880249
18901,146360.2%
19001,2519.2%
19101,75540.3%
19202,26328.9%
19302,76322.1%
19403,31920.1%
19505,83575.8%
196010,07672.7%
197016,78366.6%
198023,45839.8%
199029,94127.6%
200045,79853.0%
201069,79752.4%
Est. 201273,1234.8%
Encyclopedia of Arkansas
History and Culture
[3]

As of the census[13] of 2010, there were 69,797 people, 22,805 households, and 16,640 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 64.7% White, 1.8% Black or African American, 1.8% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 5.7% Pacific Islander, 22% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. 35.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,678 households out of which 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.54.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,523, and the median income for a family was $46,407. Males had a median income of $31,495 versus $26,492 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,645. 21.3% of the population and 17.4% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 33.6% of those under the age of 18 and 6.3% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.[14]

56.8% of Springdale's population describes themselves as religious, slightly above the national average of 48.8%.[15] 25.6% of people in Fayetteville who describe themselves as having a religion are Baptist (14.5% of the city's total population). 12.5% of people holding a religion are Catholic (7.1% of the city's total population). There are also higher proportions of Methodists, Episcopalians, and Pentecostals above the national average.[15]

2000 Census[edit]

According to the 2000 Census statistics, there was a significant community of about 4,000 Marshall Islanders, and the city is home to a Consulate of the Marshall Islands.[16] This estimate is projected to have heavily increased since then.[17]

There were 22,805 households, out of which 46.0% had individuals under 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02, and the average family size was 3.54.

In the city the population had a median age was 29.6 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.8 males.

Economy[edit]

Companies based in Springdale include SafeTV and Tyson Foods.

Top employers[edit]

Tyson World Headquarters

According to the Springdale Chamber of Commerce,[18] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1Tyson Foods4,300
2George's2,500
3Springdale Public Schools2,000
4Northwest Medical Center-Springdale1,275
5Cargill Meat Solutions1,000
6Rockline Industries930
7Apex Tool Group800
8Kawneer600
9Pratt & Whitney310
10Clarke209

Education[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Colleges

Secondary education[edit]

Sports[edit]

In 2008, the Wichita Wranglers minor league baseball team of the Texas League moved to Springdale and play baseball in Arvest Ballpark[19] as the Northwest Arkansas Naturals.

Transportation[edit]

Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport in Highfill serves Springdale and other communities in the Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers metropolitan area.

Points of interest[edit]

Action from the Rodeo of the Ozarks

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "House OKs naming Springdale world's poultry capital". Arkansas Business. April 2, 2013. Retrieved November 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b An Act to Name the City of Springdale, Arkansas, The Poultry Capital Of The World; And For Other Purposes, Act No. 767 of April 5, 2013. Retrieved on November 19, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e Stewart, Charles W. (March 1, 2012). "Fayetteville (Washington County)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. Butler Center for Arkansas Studies at the Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  4. ^ Ostlind, Emilene (March 21, 2011). "The Big Four Meatpackers". High Country News. Retrieved November 19, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Springdale (city), Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 19, 2013. 
  6. ^ history of Springdale from the Washington County website
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ a b c Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (December 22, 2011). General Highway Map, Washington County, Arkansas (Map). Cartography by Planning and Research Division. http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/WashingtonCounty.pdf. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
  9. ^ Branner, George C. (1984) [1940]. "Mineral Resources of Benton, Carroll, Madison, and Washington Counties". County Mineral Report 2 (Little Rock, Arkansas: Arkansas State Geologist): 2. 
  10. ^ "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). Executive office of the President Office of Management and Budget. December 1, 2009. p. 32. Retrieved November 19, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Springdale, AR" (Table). The Weather Channel. Retrieved November 19, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "Springdale, AR" (Table). Weatherbase. Retrieved November 19, 2013. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  15. ^ a b "Religion in Springdale, Arkansas". Retrieved November 19, 2013. 
  16. ^ Marshallese flock to NW Arkansas, Giff Johnson: http://www.yokwe.net/index.php?name=News&file=article&sid=665
  17. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/05/us/for-marshall-islanders-hopes-and-troubles-in-arkansas.html
  18. ^ "Major Employers". Springdale Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2013-01-04. 
  19. ^ NWAnews.com :: Northwest Arkansas' News Source[dead link]
  20. ^ "George W. Bond". findagrave.com. Retrieved August 5, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Arkansas House of Representatives Seventy-Sixth General Assembly biographical information". ark-cat.com. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Micah Neal's Biography". votesmart.org. Retrieved January 2, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Danny Lee Patrick", Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, July 29, 2009

External links[edit]