Speyer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Speyer
Speyer: Maximilianstraße with cathedral in the background
Speyer: Maximilianstraße with cathedral in the background
Coat of arms of Speyer
Coat of arms
Speyer   is located in Germany
Speyer
Speyer
Coordinates: 49°19′10″N 8°25′52″E / 49.31944°N 8.43111°E / 49.31944; 8.43111Coordinates: 49°19′10″N 8°25′52″E / 49.31944°N 8.43111°E / 49.31944; 8.43111
CountryGermany
StateRhineland-Palatinate
DistrictUrban district
Subdivisions4 Stadtteile
Government
 • Lord MayorHansjörg Eger (CDU)
Area
 • Total42.58 km2 (16.44 sq mi)
Elevation92 m (302 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total49,764
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes67346
Dialling codes06232
Vehicle registrationSP
Websitewww.speyer.de
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Speyer
Speyer: Maximilianstraße with cathedral in the background
Speyer: Maximilianstraße with cathedral in the background
Coat of arms of Speyer
Coat of arms
Speyer   is located in Germany
Speyer
Speyer
Coordinates: 49°19′10″N 8°25′52″E / 49.31944°N 8.43111°E / 49.31944; 8.43111Coordinates: 49°19′10″N 8°25′52″E / 49.31944°N 8.43111°E / 49.31944; 8.43111
CountryGermany
StateRhineland-Palatinate
DistrictUrban district
Subdivisions4 Stadtteile
Government
 • Lord MayorHansjörg Eger (CDU)
Area
 • Total42.58 km2 (16.44 sq mi)
Elevation92 m (302 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total49,764
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes67346
Dialling codes06232
Vehicle registrationSP
Websitewww.speyer.de
Imperial Town of Speyer
Reichsstadt Speyer
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Bishopric of Speyer
1294–1792
CapitalSpeyer
GovernmentRepublic
Historical eraMiddle Ages
 - Foundedca 10 BC
 - Gained Reichsfreiheit1294
 - Speyer Diet confirms
    Edict of Worms
 
19 April 1529
 - Protestation at Speyer20 April 1529
 - Town razed by France1688
 - Annexed by France1792
 - Annexed to Bavaria1816 1792
 - Rhenish Palatinate
    merged into
    Rheinland-Pfalz
 
 
10 August 1946

Speyer (formerly known as Spires in English) is a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, with approximately 50,000 inhabitants. Located beside the river Rhine, Speyer is 25 km south of Ludwigshafen and Mannheim. Founded by the Romans, it is one of Germany's oldest cities. The first known names were Noviomagus and Civitas Nemetum, after the Teutonic tribe, Nemetes, settled in the area. Around the year 500 the name Spira first appeared in written documents. Spire, Spira, and Espira are still names used for Speyer in the French, Italian, and Spanish languages.

Speyer is dominated by the Speyer Cathedral, a number of churches and the Altpörtel (old gate). In the cathedral, beneath the high altar, are the tombs of eight Holy Roman emperors and German kings.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Speyer
Main street in Speyer with the Speyer Cathedral in the background

Timeline[edit]

Main sights[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Speyer is twinned with:[2]

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden am 31.12.2012". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2013. 
  2. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften" (official web site) (in German). Stadt Speyer. Retrieved 2015-01-16. 
  3. ^ "International collaboration". gmiezno.eu. Gniezno. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Ningde (China)" (official web site) (in German). Stadt Speyer. Retrieved 2015-01-16. 

External links[edit]