South Lake Tahoe, California

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City of South Lake Tahoe
City
South Lake Tahoe near Heavenly Village
South Lake Tahoe near Heavenly Village
Location in El Dorado County and the state of California
Location in El Dorado County and the state of California
Coordinates: 38°56′24″N 119°58′37″W / 38.94000°N 119.97694°W / 38.94000; -119.97694Coordinates: 38°56′24″N 119°58′37″W / 38.94000°N 119.97694°W / 38.94000; -119.97694[1]
CountryUnited States
State California
CountyEl Dorado
Incorporated30 November 1965[2]
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorTom Davis[3]
 • State SenateTed Gaines (R)[4]
 • State AssemblyFrank Bigelow (R)[5]
 • U.S. CongressTom McClintock (R)[6]
Area[7]
 • Total16.603 sq mi (43.003 km2)
 • Land10.161 sq mi (26.318 km2)
 • Water6.442 sq mi (16.685 km2)  38.80%
Elevation[8]6,237 ft (1,901 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total21,403
 • Density1,300/sq mi (500/km2)
Time zonePacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code96150
Area code(s)530
FIPS code06-73108
GNIS feature IDs1659822, 2411938
Websitewww.cityofslt.us
 
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City of South Lake Tahoe
City
South Lake Tahoe near Heavenly Village
South Lake Tahoe near Heavenly Village
Location in El Dorado County and the state of California
Location in El Dorado County and the state of California
Coordinates: 38°56′24″N 119°58′37″W / 38.94000°N 119.97694°W / 38.94000; -119.97694Coordinates: 38°56′24″N 119°58′37″W / 38.94000°N 119.97694°W / 38.94000; -119.97694[1]
CountryUnited States
State California
CountyEl Dorado
Incorporated30 November 1965[2]
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorTom Davis[3]
 • State SenateTed Gaines (R)[4]
 • State AssemblyFrank Bigelow (R)[5]
 • U.S. CongressTom McClintock (R)[6]
Area[7]
 • Total16.603 sq mi (43.003 km2)
 • Land10.161 sq mi (26.318 km2)
 • Water6.442 sq mi (16.685 km2)  38.80%
Elevation[8]6,237 ft (1,901 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total21,403
 • Density1,300/sq mi (500/km2)
Time zonePacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code96150
Area code(s)530
FIPS code06-73108
GNIS feature IDs1659822, 2411938
Websitewww.cityofslt.us

South Lake Tahoe is the most populous city in El Dorado County, California, United States, in the Sierra Nevada. The population was 21,403 at the 2010 census, down from 23,609 at the 2000 census. The east end of the city, on the California-Nevada state line, is mainly geared towards tourism, with T-shirt shops, restaurants, hotels, and Heavenly Mountain Resort with the Nevada casinos just across the state line in Stateline, Nevada. The city extends about 5 miles (8 km) west-southwest along U.S. Route 50, also known as Lake Tahoe Boulevard. The western end of town is mainly residential, and clusters around "The Y" (new intersection October 2008), the X-shaped intersection of US 50, State Route 89, and the continuation of Lake Tahoe Boulevard after it loses its federal highway designation.

As its name suggests, it is located on the southern shore of Lake Tahoe, right next to the Nevada border and the town of Stateline, Nevada.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.6 square miles (43 km2), of which 10.2 square miles (26 km2) is land and 6.4 square miles (17 km2), or 38.80%, is water. Its elevation is about 6,237 feet (1,901 m) above sea level.[8]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

Beach front walkway South Lake Tahoe, Memorial Day weekend 2007

The 2010 United States Census[9] reported that South Lake Tahoe had a population of 21,403. The population density was 1,289.1 people per square mile (497.7/km²). The racial makeup of South Lake Tahoe was 15,733 (73.5%) White, 182 (0.9%) African American, 232 (1.1%) Native American, 1,186 (5.5%) Asian, 39 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 3,230 (15.1%) from other races, and 801 (3.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6,665 persons (31.1%).

The Census reported that 21,034 people (98.3% of the population) lived in households, 181 (0.8%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 188 (0.9%) were institutionalized.

There were 8,918 households, out of which 2,421 (27.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,100 (34.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 983 (11.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 594 (6.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 857 (9.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 67 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,918 households (32.7%) were made up of individuals and 652 (7.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36. There were 4,677 families (52.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.06.

The population was spread out with 4,400 people (20.6%) under the age of 18, 2,478 people (11.6%) aged 18 to 24, 6,416 people (30.0%) aged 25 to 44, 6,013 people (28.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,096 people (9.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.6 years. For every 100 females there were 113.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.7 males.

There were 15,087 housing units at an average density of 908.7 per square mile (350.8/km²), of which 3,473 (38.9%) were owner-occupied, and 5,445 (61.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 14.6%. 7,684 people (35.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 13,350 people (62.4%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 21,403 people, 9,410 households, and 5,391 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,347.5 people per square mile (906.1/km²). There were 14,005 housing units at an average density of 1,392.5 per square mile (537.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.73% White, 0.75% Black or African American, 0.97% Native American, 6.01% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 12.48% from other races, and 3.90% from two or more races. 26.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,410 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 107.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,707, and the median income for a family was $40,572. Males had a median income of $26,352 versus $22,280 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,452. About 9.1% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

South Lake Tahoe is home to four elementary schools: Bijou Community School, Sierra House Elementary School, Tahoe Valley Elementary School, and the Lake Tahoe Environmental Science Magnet School.

It also contains one middle school, South Tahoe Middle School, and one high school, South Tahoe High School.

South Lake Tahoe also houses the only college in the area, Lake Tahoe Community College.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature, South Lake Tahoe is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines,[4] and the 5th Assembly District, represented by Republican Frank Bigelow.[5]

Federally, South Lake Tahoe is in California's 4th congressional district, represented by Republican Tom McClintock.[6]

History[edit]

The city incorporated in 1965 by combining the previously unincorporated communities of Al Tahoe, Bijou, Bijou Park, Stateline, Tahoe Valley, and Tallac Village.[11] A post office was established in 1967.[11] In 1991, Jaycee Lee Dugard (age 11 at the time) was abducted from a bus stop in South Lake Tahoe; she was found alive in Antioch, California in 2009.

Gambling arrived at the Lake in 1944, when Harvey's Wagon Wheel Saloon and Gambling Hall opened as one of the area's first gaming establishments (technically on the Nevada side of the state border in the South Lake Tahoe (Nevada gaming area). But competition soon sprang up and so did the need for more permanent accommodations. By the 1950s, roads began to be plowed year-round, enabling access to permanent residences. When the 1960 Winter Olympics came to Squaw Valley, Lake Tahoe was put firmly on the map as the skiing center of the western United States.

In 2012, the Lakeview Commons Park was renamed. "The Washoe Tribe has presented the name Tahnu Leweh (Pronounced Tah-New Lay-Way) which, in native language, means 'all the people's place.' It is a name the Tribe would like to gift to El Dorado County and South Lake Tahoe as a symbol of peace, prosperity and goodness."[12]

Landscape[edit]

Panoramic view of the lake from shore

Climate[edit]

South Lake Tahoe has a snowy highland climate with winters that are chilly, especially at night, and summers that feature warm to hot days and cool to cold nights with low humidity. Summertime is also the dry season, with July averaging only 0.31 inches (7.9 mm) of precipitation, in contrast to December's average of 3.81 inches (97 mm). Tahoe averages two days per year that reach 90 °F (32.2 °C) or higher, most commonly occurring in July and August. Every month of the year averages at least two days with a low temperature of 32 °F (0.0 °C) or lower.[13] The climate is either classified as a Warm Summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb), using the −3 °C (26.6 °F) isotherm of the original Köppen scheme, or a Continental Mediterranean climate (Köppen Dsb), using the 0 °C (32 °F) isotherm preferred by some climatologists. The all-time record high is 99 °F (37.2 °C), set on 22 July 1988, and the all-time record low is −29 °F (−33.9 °C), set on 9 December 1972, and subsequently tied on 7 February 1989.

Climate data for South Lake Tahoe, California
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)61
(16)
62
(17)
70
(21)
76
(24)
84
(29)
90
(32)
99
(37)
96
(36)
94
(34)
84
(29)
70
(21)
64
(18)
99
(37)
Average high °F (°C)43.0
(6.1)
44.1
(6.7)
48.5
(9.2)
54.2
(12.3)
63.5
(17.5)
72.3
(22.4)
80.8
(27.1)
80.3
(26.8)
73.6
(23.1)
62.8
(17.1)
50.5
(10.3)
43.2
(6.2)
59.7
(15.4)
Average low °F (°C)16.1
(−8.8)
17.7
(−7.9)
22.5
(−5.3)
26.6
(−3)
32.2
(0.1)
37.1
(2.8)
41.4
(5.2)
40.2
(4.6)
34.5
(1.4)
28.1
(−2.2)
22.1
(−5.5)
16.5
(−8.6)
27.9
(−2.3)
Record low °F (°C)−28
(−33)
−29
(−34)
−10
(−23)
−1
(−18)
7
(−14)
21
(−6)
25
(−4)
24
(−4)
19
(−7)
11
(−12)
−9
(−23)
−29
(−34)
−29
(−34)
Precipitation inches (mm)1.95
(49.5)
2.24
(56.9)
1.76
(44.7)
1.27
(32.3)
0.97
(24.6)
0.20
(5.1)
0.31
(7.9)
0.42
(10.7)
0.17
(4.3)
1.72
(43.7)
1.61
(40.9)
3.81
(96.8)
16.44
(417.6)
Snowfall inches (cm)15.6
(39.6)
27.1
(68.8)
36.2
(91.9)
7.4
(18.8)
4.3
(10.9)
0.3
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
40.0
(101.6)
12.5
(31.8)
143.4
(364.2)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)8.69.78.08.96.32.31.51.61.46.27.012.173.5
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1981–2010)[14]
Source #2: NOAA (precipitation and snowfall) [15]

Angora Fire[edit]

View of the Angora Fire from nearby
Flames approach at 4:42pm 24 June

On 24 June 2007, a wildfire broke out at the Seneca Pond recreation area.[16] Known as the Angora Fire, the situation was the worst of its kind in Lake Tahoe history.[17]

The fire spread throughout the region destroying homes and forests. Highway closures followed by evacuations put the city in the direct line of the fire. Hotels in the area responded by opening their doors to the hundreds of evacuees that needed shelter.

On 25 June, a state of emergency was announced by Lt. Gov. John Garamendi acting on behalf of the absent Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, who was traveling in Europe. No lives were lost. Over three thousand acres (12.5 square kilometers) were burned with more than 275 structures, including 254 homes and 26 buildings damaged.[18] On 27 June, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, toured the area after he returned to California.[19]

Full containment of the fire was announced on July 2.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Your Representatives". City of South Lake Tahoe, California. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Senators". State of California. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "California's 4th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  7. ^ U.S. Census
  8. ^ a b "South Lake Tahoe". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  9. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ a b Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 559. ISBN 9781884995149. 
  12. ^ Jeff Munson (16 April 2012). "Washoe offers sacred name 'Tahnu Leweh' for Lakeview Commons in South Lake Tahoe". Carson City Nevada News - Carson Now. Retrieved 5 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "Historical Weather for South Lake Tahoe - Airport, CA". Weatherbase. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  14. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  15. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". NOAA. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  16. ^ http://www.590klbj.com/News/Article.aspx?ID=1165263 590klbj.com
  17. ^ "Lake Tahoe Fire-Angora Fire". Blog at WordPress.com. Retrieved 29 June 2007. 
  18. ^ http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2007/06/28/BAG6AQNJD94.DTL sfgate.com
  19. ^ "Gov. Schwarzenegger Commits California to Comprehensive Review of Lake Tahoe Area Land Management". Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  20. ^ Lagos, Marisa. "South Lake Tahoe fire fully contained". Retrieved 19 June 2013. 

External links[edit]