Sophia Loren

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Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren - 1959.jpg
Sophia Loren in 1959
BornSofia Villani Scicolone
(1934-09-20) 20 September 1934 (age 79)
Rome, Italy
ResidenceGeneva, Switzerland
NationalityItalian
Other namesSofia Lazzaro
Sofia Scicolone
OccupationActress
Years active1950–2014
Spouse(s)Carlo Ponti, Sr.
(m. 1957–62, annulled; 1966–2007, his death)
ChildrenCarlo Ponti, Jr., Edoardo Ponti
RelativesAlessandra Mussolini (niece)
 
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Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren - 1959.jpg
Sophia Loren in 1959
BornSofia Villani Scicolone
(1934-09-20) 20 September 1934 (age 79)
Rome, Italy
ResidenceGeneva, Switzerland
NationalityItalian
Other namesSofia Lazzaro
Sofia Scicolone
OccupationActress
Years active1950–2014
Spouse(s)Carlo Ponti, Sr.
(m. 1957–62, annulled; 1966–2007, his death)
ChildrenCarlo Ponti, Jr., Edoardo Ponti
RelativesAlessandra Mussolini (niece)

Sophia Loren (Italian pronunciation: [soˈfiːa ˈlɔːren]; born Sofia Villani Scicolone [soˈfiːa vilˈlaːni ʃikoˈloːne]; 20 September 1934) is an Italian actress. Loren is widely recognized as Italy's most renowned and honored actress.

After entering a beauty pageant in 1949 aged 14, Loren was encouraged to enroll in acting lessons and appeared in several 'bit parts' and minor roles until the late 1950s where Loren's five-picture contract with Paramount launched her career as an international movie star. Notable film appearances around this time including; Houseboat, That Kind of Woman and It Started in Naples.

It was not until her deglamorized performance as Cesira in Vittorio De Sica's Two Women that confirmed her status as an acclaimed actress. Loren won the Academy Award for Best Actress in 1962 for her performance which made Loren the first artist to win an Oscar for a foreign-language performance.

She holds the record for the most David di Donatello Awards for Best Actress, having received six: for Two Women; Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow; Marriage Italian-Style (for which she was nominated for a second Oscar); Sunflower; The Voyage and A Special Day. After starting a family in the early 1970s, Loren spent less time on her acting career and chose to make only occasional film appearances. In later years, she has appeared in American films such as Grumpier Old Men and Nine.

As well as her Academy Award, Loren has also been awarded a Grammy Award, five special Golden Globes, a BAFTA Award, a Laurel Award as well as the Honorary Academy Award in 1991. In 1995, she received the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievements, one of many such awards.

Early life[edit]

Loren was born in the Clinica Regina Margherita in Rome, Italy,[1][2] daughter of Romilda Villani (1914–1991) and Riccardo Scicolone, a construction engineer. Scicolone refused to marry Villani, leaving Romilda, a piano teacher and aspiring actress, without support.[3] Loren's parents had another child together, her sister Anna Maria Villani Scicolone, in 1938. Loren has two younger paternal half-brothers, Giuliano and Giuseppe.[4] Romilda, Sofia and Maria lived with Loren's grandmother in Pozzuoli, near Naples.[5]

During World War II, the harbour and munitions plant in Pozzuoli was a frequent bombing target of the Allies. During one raid, as Loren ran to the shelter, she was struck by shrapnel and wounded in the chin. After that, the family moved to Naples, where they were taken in by distant relatives.[citation needed]

After the war, Loren and her family returned to Pozzuoli. Grandmother Luisa opened a pub in their living room, selling homemade cherry liquor. Villani played the piano, Maria sang and Loren waited on tables and washed dishes. The place was very popular with the American GIs stationed nearby.

When she was 14 years old, Loren entered a beauty pageant, Miss Italia 1950 and, while not winning, was selected as one of the finalists. Later, she enrolled in acting class and was selected as an extra in Mervyn LeRoy's film Quo Vadis (1951), launching her career as a motion picture actress.

Career[edit]

1950–57 (beginnings and Hollywood stardom)[edit]

After being credited professionally as Sofia Lazzaro, she began using her current stage name in La Favorita (1952). Her first starring role was in Aida (1953), for which she received critical acclaim.[6] After playing the lead role in Two Nights with Cleopatra (1953), her breakthrough role was in The Gold of Naples (1954), directed by Vittorio De Sica.[6] Too Bad She's Bad, also released in 1954, became the first of many films in which Loren co-starred with Marcello Mastroianni. Over the next three years, she acted in many films such as Scandal in Sorrento (1955) and Lucky to Be a Woman (1956). In 1957, Loren's star had begun to rise in Hollywood, with the films Boy on a Dolphin (her US film debut), Legend of the Lost with John Wayne, and The Pride and the Passion in which she starred opposite Cary Grant and Frank Sinatra.

International fame[edit]

Sophia Loren in It Started in Naples, in which she sang "Tu Vuò Fà L'Americano"
Loren in the trailer for Five Miles to Midnight (1962)

Loren became an international film star following her five-picture contract with Paramount Pictures in 1958. Among her films at this time were Desire Under the Elms with Anthony Perkins, based upon the Eugene O'Neill play; Houseboat, a romantic comedy co-starring Cary Grant; and George Cukor's Heller in Pink Tights, in which she appeared as a blonde for the first time.

In 1961, she starred in Vittorio De Sica's Two Women, a stark, gritty story of a mother who is trying to protect her 12 year old daughter in war-torn Italy. The two end up gang-raped inside a church as they travel back to their home city following cessation of bombings there. Originally cast as the daughter, Loren fought against type and was re-cast as the mother (actress Eleonora Brown would portray the daughter). Loren's performance earned her many awards, including the Cannes Film Festival's best performance prize, and an Academy Award for Best Actress, the first major Academy Award for a non-English-language performance and to an Italian actress. She won 22 international awards for Two Women. The film proved to be extremely well accepted by the critics and it was a huge commercial success.

Loren is known for her sharp wit and insight. One of her most frequently quoted sayings is a quip about her famously voluptuous figure: "Everything you see, I owe to spaghetti". However, on the 20 December 2009 episode of CBS News Sunday Morning, Loren denied ever delivering the line.

During the 1960s, Loren was one of the most popular actresses in the world, and she continued to make films in the United States and Europe, starring with prominent leading men. In 1964, her career reached its pinnacle when she received $1 million to appear in The Fall of the Roman Empire. In 1965, she received a second Academy Award nomination for her performance in Marriage Italian-Style.

Among Loren's best-known films of this period are Samuel Bronston's epic production of El Cid (1961) with Charlton Heston, The Millionairess (1960) with Peter Sellers, It Started in Naples (1960) with Clark Gable, Vittorio De Sica's triptych Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow (1963) with Marcello Mastroianni, Peter Ustinov's Lady L (1965) with Paul Newman, the 1966 classic Arabesque with Gregory Peck, and Charlie Chaplin's final film, A Countess from Hong Kong (1967) with Marlon Brando.

Loren received four Golden Globe Awards between 1964 and 1977 as "World Film Favorite – Female".[7]

1970–88[edit]

Cary Grant and Sophia Loren in Houseboat (1958)
Sophia Loren's hand prints at the Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Los Angeles

Loren worked less after becoming a mother. During the next decade, most of her roles were in Italian features. During the 1970s, she was paired with Richard Burton in the last De Sica-directed film, The Voyage (1974), and a remake of the film Brief Encounter (1974). The film had its premiere on US television on 12 November 1974 as part of the Hallmark Hall of Fame series on NBC. In 1976, she starred in The Cassandra Crossing, a classic disaster film featuring such veteran stars as Richard Harris, Martin Sheen and Ava Gardner. It fared extremely well internationally, and was a respectable box office success in US market. She also co-starred with Marcello Mastroianni in Ettore Scola's A Special Day (1977). This movie was nominated for eleven international awards such as two Oscars (best actor in leading role, best foreign picture). It won a Golden Globe Award and a César Award for best foreign movie. Loren's performance was awarded with a David di Donatello Award, the seventh in her career. In addition, the movie was extremely well received by American reviewers and was a box office hit and kick.

Following this success, Loren starred in an American thriller Brass Target. This movie received mixed reviews, although it was moderately successful in the United States and internationally. In 1978, she won her fourth Golden Globe for "world film favourite". Other movies of this decade were Academy award nominee Sunflower (1970) which was a critical success and Arthur Hiller's Man of La Mancha (1972) which was a critical and commercial failure despite being nominated for several awards including two Golden Globes Awards. O'Toole and James Coco were nominated for two NBR awards, in addition the NBR listed Man of La Mancha in its best ten pictures of 1972 list.

In 1980, after the international success of the biography Sophia Loren: Living and Loving, Her Own Story by A. Hotchner, Loren portrayed herself and her mother in a made-for-television biopic adaptation of her autobiography, Sophia Loren: Her Own Story. Ritza Brown and Chiara Ferrari each portrayed the younger Loren. In 1981, she became the first female celebrity to launch her own perfume, Sophia, and a brand of eyewear soon followed.[6] In 1982, while in Italy, she made headlines after serving an 18-day prison sentence on tax evasion charges—a fact that failed to hamper her popularity or career. In fact, Bill Moore, then employed at Pickle Packers International advertising department, sent her a pink pickle-shaped trophy for being "the prettiest lady in the prettiest pickle". In 2013, the supreme court of Italy cleared her of the charges.[8]

She acted infrequently during the 1980s and turned down the role of Alexis Carrington in 1981 for the television series Dynasty. Although she was set to star in thirteen episodes of CBS's Falcon Crest in 1984 as Angela Channing's half-sister Francesca Gioberti, negotiations fell through at the last moment and the role went to Gina Lollobrigida instead. Sophia preferred devoting more time to raising her sons.[9][10] In 1988, she starred in the miniseries The Fortunate Pilgrim.

Loren has also recorded well over two dozen songs throughout her career, including a best-selling album of comedic songs with Peter Sellers; reportedly, she had to fend off his romantic advances. It was partly owing to Sellers' infatuation with Loren that he split with his first wife, Anne Howe. Loren has made it clear to numerous biographers that Sellers' affections were reciprocated only platonically. This collaboration was covered in The Life and Death of Peter Sellers where actress Sonia Aquino portrayed Loren. It is said that the song "Where Do You Go To (My Lovely)?" by Peter Sarstedt was inspired by Loren.[citation needed]

Later career[edit]

Sophia Loren at an event in London in 2009

In 1991, Loren received the Academy Honorary Award for her contributions to world cinema and was declared "one of the world cinema's treasures". In 1995, she received the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award.[11]

She presented Federico Fellini with his Honorary Oscar. In 2009, Loren stated on Larry King Live that Fellini had planned to direct her in a film shortly before his death in 1993.[12]

Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, Loren was selective about choosing her films and ventured into various areas of business, including cookbooks, eyewear, jewelry and perfume.

She received a Golden Globe nomination for her performance in Robert Altman's film Ready to Wear (1994), co-starring Julia Roberts.

In 1994, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to her.[13]

In the romantic comedy Grumpier Old Men (1995), Loren played a femme fatale opposite Walter Matthau, Jack Lemmon and Ann-Margret. The film was a box-office success and became Loren's biggest US hit in years.[6]

At the 20th Moscow International Film Festival in 1997, she was awarded an Honorable Prize for contribution to cinema.[14]

In 2001, Loren received a Special Grand Prix of the Americas Award at the Montreal World Film Festival for her body of work.[15] She filmed two projects in Canada during this time: the independent film Between Strangers (2002), directed by her son Edoardo and co-starring Mira Sorvino, and the television miniseries Lives of the Saints (2004).

In 2009, after five years off the set and fourteen years since she starred in a prominent US theatrical film, Loren starred in Rob Marshall's film version of Nine, based on the Broadway musical that tells the story of a director whose midlife crisis causes him to struggle to complete his latest film; he is forced to balance the influences of numerous formative women in his life, including his deceased mother. Loren was Marshall's first and only choice for the role. The film also stars Daniel Day-Lewis, Penélope Cruz, Kate Hudson, Marion Cotillard and Nicole Kidman. As a part of the cast she received her first nomination for a Screen Actors Guild Award.

In 2010, Loren played her own mother in a two-part Italian television miniseries about her early life, directed by Vittorio Sindoni, entitled La Mia Casa È Piena di Specchi (translated My House Is Full of Mirrors), based on the memoir written by her sister Maria.[16]

In July 2013, it was reported that Loren was to make her film comeback in an Italian adaptation of Jean Cocteau's 1930 play The Human Voice (La Voce Umana) which charts the breakdown of a woman who is left by her lover – with her youngest son, Edoardo Ponti, as director. Filming is to take under a month during July in various locations in Italy including Rome and Naples. It will be Loren's first significant feature film since the 2009 film – Nine – in which critics received it to mixed reviews.[17]

Personal life[edit]

Loren in 1986

Loren's primary residence has been in Geneva, Switzerland since late 2006.[18] She also owns homes in Naples and Rome.

In September 1999, Loren filed a lawsuit against 76 adult websites for posting altered nude photos of her on the internet.[19][20]

Loren is a huge fan of the football club S.S.C. Napoli. In May 2007, when the team was third in Serie B, she told the Gazzetta dello Sport that she would do a striptease if the team won.[21]

Loren posed scantily clad at 72 for the 2007 Pirelli Calendar, along with such actresses as Penélope Cruz and Hilary Swank.[22]

Loren is a Roman Catholic,[23] though on various issues, such as modesty in dress and her marriage, she has been at odds with the Church.[24]

Marriage and family[edit]

Loren first met Carlo Ponti, Sr. in 1950 when she was 15 and he was 37. They married on 17 September 1957. However, Ponti was still officially married to his first wife Giuliana under Italian law because Italy did not recognize divorce at that time. The couple had their marriage annulled in 1962 to escape bigamy charges.[25] In 1965, Ponti obtained a divorce from Giuliana in France, allowing him to marry Loren on 9 April 1966.[26] They became French citizens after their application was approved by then French President Georges Pompidou.[27]

They had two children:

Loren remained married to Carlo Ponti until his death on 10 January 2007 of pulmonary complications.[28]

When asked in a November 2009 interview if she were ever likely to marry again, Loren replied "No, never again. It would be impossible to love anyone else."[29]

In 1962, her sister, Anna Maria Villani Scicolone, married the youngest son of Benito Mussolini, Romano, with whom she had a daughter, the neofascist Italian politician Alessandra Mussolini.

Her daughters-in-law are Sasha Alexander and Andrea Meszaros.[4][30] Loren has four grandchildren: Lucia Sofia Ponti (born 12 May 2006),[31] Vittorio Leone Ponti (born 3 April 2007).[4] Leonardo Fortunato Ponti (born 20 December 2010) and Beatrice Lara Ponti (born 15 March 2012).

Filmography[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1950I Am the CapatazSecretary of the Dictator
1950Barbablu's Six WivesGirl kidnapped
1950TototarzanA tarzanide
1950Il votoA commoner at the Piedigrotta festival
1950Hearts at SeaExtraUncredited
1951White LeprosyA girl in the boardinghouse
1951Owner of the VaporBallerinetta
1951Milan BillionaireExtraUncredited
1951Magician for ForceThe bride
1951Quo VadisLygia's slaveUncredited
1951It Was Him!... Yes! Yes!Odalisque
1951AnnaNight club assistantUncredited
1952And Arrived the AccordatoreAmica di Giulietta
1952I Dream of ZorroConchitaAs Sofia Scicolone
1952Favorite, TheThe FavoriteLeonora
1953Country of Campanelli, TheThe Country of CampanelliBonbon
1953Pilgrim of Love
1953We Find Ourselves in the GalleryMarisa
1953Two Nights with CleopatraCleopatra/Nisca
1953Girls Marked DangerElvira
1953Good Folk's SundayInes
1953AidaAida
1953Africa Under the SeasBarbara Lama
1954Neapolitan CarouselSisina
1954giorno in pretura, UnUn giorno in preturaAnna
1954Anatomy of Love, TheThe Anatomy of Lovegirl, TheThe girl
1954Poverty and NobilityGemma
1954Gold of Naples, TheThe Gold of NaplesSofiaSegment "Pizze a Credito"
1954AttilaHonoria
1954Too Bad She's BadLina Stroppiani
1955Sign of Venus, TheThe Sign of VenusAgnese Tirabassi
1955Miller's Beautiful Wife, TheThe Miller's Beautiful WifeCarmela
1955River Girl, TheThe River GirlNives Mongolini
1955Scandal in SorrentoDonna Sofia
1956Lucky to Be a WomanAntonietta Fallari
1957Boy on a DolphinPhaedra
1957Pride and the Passion, TheThe Pride and the PassionJuana
1957Legend of the LostDita
1958Desire Under the ElmsAnna Cabot
1958Key, TheThe KeyStella
1958Black Orchid, TheThe Black OrchidRose BiancoVolpi Cup-Venice Film Festival
1958HouseboatCinzia Zaccardi
1959That Kind of WomanKay
1960Heller in Pink TightsAngela Rossini
1960It Started in NaplesLucia CurioNominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1960Millionairess, TheThe MillionairessEpifania Parerga
1960Breath of Scandal, AA Breath of ScandalPrincess Olympia
1960Two WomenCesira
1961Cid, ElEl CidChimena
1961Madame Sans-Gêne, a.k.a., "Madame"Catherine Hubscher, known as "Madame Sans-Gêne"
1962Boccaccio '70ZoeSegment "La Riffa"
1962The Prisoners of Altonawith Maximillian Schell, Robert Wagner, and Frederic Marchfilmed in Tirrenia, Italy
1962Five Miles to MidnightLisa Macklin
1963Yesterday, Today and TomorrowAdelina Sbaratti/Anna Molteni/MaraDavid di Donatello for Best Actress
Nominated — Nastro d'Argento for Best Actress
1964Fall of the Roman Empire, TheThe Fall of the Roman EmpireLucilla
1964Marriage Italian-StyleFilumena Marturano
1965Operation CrossbowNora
1965Lady LLady Louise Lendale/Lady L
1966JudithJudith
1966ArabesqueYasmin Azir
1967Countess from Hong Kong, AA Countess from Hong KongNatasha
1967More Than a MiracleIsabella CandeloroNominated — Nastro d'Argento for Best Actress
1968Ghosts - Italian StyleMaria Lojacono
1970SunflowerGiovanna
1971Lady LibertyMaddalena Ciarrapico
1971Priest's Wife, TheThe Priest's WifeValeria Billi
1972Man of La ManchaAldonza/Dulcinea
1973The SinHermana Germana
1974The VoyageAdriana de Mauro
1974VerdictTeresa Leoni
1974Brief EncounterAnna JessonTV movie(Hallmark hall of fame)
1975Sex PotPupa
1976Cassandra Crossing, TheThe Cassandra CrossingJennifer Rispoli Chamberlain
1977Special Day, AA Special DayAntoinette
1978Blood FeudTitina Paterno
1978Brass TargetMara/cameo role
1978AngelaAngela Kincaid
1979FirepowerAdele Tasca
1980Sophia Loren: Her Own Storyherself/Romilda Villani (her mother)
1984AuroraAuroraTelevision film
1986CourageMarianna MiraldoTelevision film
1988Fortunate Pilgrim, TheThe Fortunate PilgrimLuciaTelevision miniseries
1989Running AwayCesiraTV miniseries(remake of "two women")
1990Saturday, Sunday and MondayRosa Priorepremiered during the Chicago film festival
1994Prêt-à-PorterIsabella de la Fontaine
1995Grumpier Old MenMaria Sophia Coletta Ragetti
1997SoleilMaman Levy
2001Francesca e NunziataFrancesca MontorsiTV miniseries
2002Between StrangersOlivia
2004Too Much Romance... It's Time for Stuffed PeppersMaria
2004Lives of the SaintsTeresa InnocenteTV miniseries
2009NineMamma
2010My House Is Full of MirrorsRomilda VillaniTV miniseries
2011Cars 2Mama Topolinovoice (in non-English speaking countries)
2013/14La Voce UmanaOne-woman film roleShort film; currently filming

References[edit]

  1. ^ Enciclopedia Treccani. "Sophia Loren – Treccani – L'Enciclopedia Italiana". Treccani.it. Retrieved 15 March 2010. 
  2. ^ Sophia Loren at the Internet Movie Database
  3. ^ Carr, Jay (22 August 1993). "Sophia Loren Now Appearing in 'El Cid,' she remains a very human icon". Boston Globe. Retrieved 15 March 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c "Sophia Loren Archives – Chronicles". Lorenarchives.com. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  5. ^ "Sophia Loren Has a Secret: How She's Managed To Survive". Parade. 18 January 1987. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Sophia Loren Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved 15 March 2010. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ Davies, Lizzy (24 October 2013). "Sophia Loren wins tax case after 40 years". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  9. ^ Hall, Jane (22 October 1984). "Sophia's Choice – Kids & Family Life, Sophia Loren". People. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  10. ^ "Sophia Loren – Actors and Actresses – Films as Actress:, Publications". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  11. ^ "Sophia Loren reflects on her Hollywood". Golden Globes. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  12. ^ "CNN.com – Transcripts". CNN. 15 December 2009. Retrieved 15 March 2010. 
  13. ^ Palm Springs Walk of Stars by date dedicated
  14. ^ "20th Moscow International Film Festival (1997)". MIFF. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  15. ^ Awards 2001. Festival des Films du Monde.
  16. ^ "Sophia Loren plays her mother in biopic". The Times of India. [dead link]
  17. ^ "Sophia Loren to return to big screen in son's film". Reuters. 9 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "Sophia Loren – Loren Leaves Italy For Switzerland – Contactmusic News". Contactmusic.com. 12 October 2006. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  19. ^ The Fake Detective. "Law Suits Involving Fakes And Celebrity Photographs". Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  20. ^ http://www.markroesler.com/pdf/articles/lorensues.pdf
  21. ^ Staff writers (15 May 2007). "Napoli fan Sofia Loren to strip if team go up". Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 23 April 2008. 
  22. ^ Gorgan, Elena (17 November 2006). "Sophia Loren Sizzles in the New Pirelli Calendar". Softpedia. 
  23. ^ http://www.contactmusic.com/news/loren-calls-for-late-popes-beatification_1099331
  24. ^ http://hollowverse.com/sophia-loren/
  25. ^ "Carlo Ponti, Husband to Sophia Loren, Dead at 94". Fox News. 10 January 2007. 
  26. ^ Exshaw, John (12 January 2007). "Carlo Ponti". The Independent (London). 
  27. ^ Carlo Ponti, Husband to Sophia Loren, Dead at 94 from Fox News 10 January 2007
  28. ^ "Sophia Loren's Husband Carlo Ponti Passes Away". Hello. 10 January 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  29. ^ Gordon, Jane (7 November 2009). "Sophia Loren: ‘I still don’t know what I want to do when I grow up’". Daily Mail (London). 
  30. ^ "Carlo Ponti, Jr., Weds in St. Stephen's Basilica – Photo". Life. 18 September 2004. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  31. ^ Wren, Jennifer. "Passages – Sophia Loren". People. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  32. ^ "4th Moscow International Film Festival (1965)". MIFF. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 

External links[edit]