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A solute is a substance that creates a solution when dissolved in a solvent. For example, when sugar (solute) is dissolved in water (solvent).Solute can change its physical state but solvent and solution are of same phase.e.g sugar is solid before getting dissolved in water, and after dissolution it changes its phase to a liquid.

Etymology: from Latin solūtus, past participle of solvere, meaning to loosen.

Example: When salt (solute) is dissolved in water (solvent).