Sogndal

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Sogndal kommune
Municipality

Coat of arms

Sogn og Fjordane within
Norway
Sogndal within Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates: 61°14′32″N 7°3′18″E / 61.24222°N 7.05500°E / 61.24222; 7.05500Coordinates: 61°14′32″N 7°3′18″E / 61.24222°N 7.05500°E / 61.24222; 7.05500
CountryNorway
CountySogn og Fjordane
DistrictSogn
Administrative centreSogndalsfjøra
Government
 • Mayor (2007)Jarle Aarvoll (Ap)
Area
 • Total745.91 km2 (288.00 sq mi)
 • Land736.13 km2 (284.22 sq mi)
 • Water9.78 km2 (3.78 sq mi)
Area rank146 in Norway
Population (2010)
 • Total7,035
 • Rank148 in Norway
 • Density9.6/km2 (25/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)5.5 %
DemonymSogndøl[1]
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1420
Official language formNynorsk
Websitewww.sogndal.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway
 
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Sogndal kommune
Municipality

Coat of arms

Sogn og Fjordane within
Norway
Sogndal within Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates: 61°14′32″N 7°3′18″E / 61.24222°N 7.05500°E / 61.24222; 7.05500Coordinates: 61°14′32″N 7°3′18″E / 61.24222°N 7.05500°E / 61.24222; 7.05500
CountryNorway
CountySogn og Fjordane
DistrictSogn
Administrative centreSogndalsfjøra
Government
 • Mayor (2007)Jarle Aarvoll (Ap)
Area
 • Total745.91 km2 (288.00 sq mi)
 • Land736.13 km2 (284.22 sq mi)
 • Water9.78 km2 (3.78 sq mi)
Area rank146 in Norway
Population (2010)
 • Total7,035
 • Rank148 in Norway
 • Density9.6/km2 (25/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)5.5 %
DemonymSogndøl[1]
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1420
Official language formNynorsk
Websitewww.sogndal.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Sogndal is a municipality in the county of Sogn og Fjordane, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sogn. The village of Sogndalsfjøra (population 3,208 in 2009) is the administrative center of Sogndal municipality.[2] Other main villages include Kaupanger, Kjørnes, and Fjærland. Sogndal Airport, Haukåsen is located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) southwest of Kaupanger.

The Norwegian dialect spoken in Sogndal is called sognamål.

In 1917, a farmer in Sogndal plowed up the Eggja stone, a gravestone with runic inscriptions important for the history of the Old Norse language.

General information[edit]

Sogndal was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The original municipality was identical to the Sogndal parish (prestegjeld) with the sub-parishes (sokn) of Stedje, Norane, and Kaupanger. On 1 January 1964, the Tingstad area (population: 5) was transferred from Leikanger to Sogndal. On 1 January 2000, the sub-parish of Fjærland was transferred from Balestrand to Sogndal.[3][4]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Sóknardalr. The first element is the genitive case of the river name Sókn (now called Sogndalselvi), the last element is dalr m which means "valley" or "dale". The name of the river is derived from the verb sœkja which means "to seek", and the meaning of the name is "the river which seeks (finds/forces) its way".[5]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat of arms for Sogndal are modern. They were granted on 14 December 1984. The arms show the front of a Viking ship. The ship symbolizes the nearby naval Battle of Fimreite between King Sverre of Norway and the local King Magnus Erlingsson in the year 1184. The latter was killed together with many nobles of the time.[6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has four churches within the municipality of Sogndal. It is part of the Diocese of Bjørgvin and the Rural Deanery (Prosti) of Indre Sogn.[3]

Churches in Sogndal
Parish
(Prestegjeld)
Sub-Parish
(Sogn)
Church NameYear BuiltLocation
of the Church
Sogndal ParishFjærlandFjærland kyrkje1861Fjærland
KaupangerKaupanger stavkyrkje1190Kaupanger
NorumNorum kyrkje1863Norum
StedjeStedje kyrkje1867Sogndalsfjøra

Education[edit]

With more than 2,000 students in the municipality, Sogndal is the educational center of Sogn og Fjordane County. Students from all over Norway come to Sogndal and they create a high level of activity, which is hard to find in places of similar size.

Sogn og Fjordane University College is one of the main employers in Sogndal. The Western Norway Research Institute is located within the campus, but it is an independent institution with special expertise in information communication, technology systems, environmental research, and organizational research. In addition to the University College, Sogndal has a large upper secondary school and the oldest continuously running folk high school in the country.[7]

Government[edit]

The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

Fjærlandfjord in Sogndal

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Sogndal is made up of 25 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2007–2011, the party breakdown is as follows:[8]

Sogndal Kommunestyre 2007-2011
Party NameName in NorwegianNumber of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet9
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet5
 Conservative PartyHøyre2
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti2
 Centre PartySenterpartiet4
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti2
 Liberal PartyVenstre1
Total number of members:25

Mayor[edit]

The mayor (Sogndal) is a representative of the majority party of the municipal council who is elected to lead the council. Jarle Aarvoll of the Labour Party (Det Norske Arbeiderpartiet) was elected mayor for the 2007–2011 term.[9]

History[edit]

Subsistence farming[edit]

Sogndal is an old dwelling place. Archaeological excavations indicate that people have been living there as far back as 700 BC. The first farms in Sogndal date back to the 1st century AD and findings indicate that these were rich farms. Since ancient time, agriculture has been the most important trade in Sogndal. Traditionally grain cultivation and animal husbandry were the most important, but forestry and fruit growing were also common. Fruit, especially apples, have been grown as far back as there are written sources. In the historical records of King Sverre (1100) there are words and names indicating that apples have been grown in this area.[10]

Industrial revolution[edit]

The center of Sogndal, Sogndalsfjøra has a long and remarkable history as a seaside settlement. It probably served as the center of the parish for centuries, with general stores and bakeries testifying to its early importance as a center of commerce and trade.

This was a community characterized by vigorous activity. There were boat landings for farmers living alongside the fjord, military functions were established here, and later on, house owners would rent rooms to the first students of the newly established folk high school. Legal assemblies were held at Hofslund, the vicar lived just nearby, and the church was located within sight at Stedje.

Sogndalsfjøra

Sogndalsfjøra was inhabited as early as the 17th century. By 1701, the number of permanent residents had reached 60-70, mainly people who did not own property but made their living as day laborers. A century later, the population had increased to 222, and by 1900, 422 residents were registered.

Towards the end of the 19th century, the industrial base had been widened and strengthened. In 1881 there were housepainters, a goldsmith, saddlers, carpenters, shoemakers, watchmakers, a tinker, and a butcher. Ten years later, Sogndalsfjøra had its own insurance agent, a telephone operator, an ”automobile chauffeur”, a photographer, and a printer. Sogndalsfjøra was no longer a slum, it was becoming a center of trade, commerce and education.

Sogndal has never been a typical industrial community. Situated along the river 300 meters upstream from the fjord, there was a matchstick factory from the mid-19th century onwards. Later, a wool mill and a bottling plant for soft drinks and fruit juices were added. In 1911 a hydroelectric power station with a 200 kilowatt generator was built here. This was one of the region's first power stations, in fact one of the very first in rural Norway.

On the other side of the river is the Stedje Mill, a turbine-driven grain mill that was of great importance to Sogndal and the neighboring parishes during the early 20th century. It was established in 1893 and remained in use until the 1960s, owned and run by the same family through three generations.[10]

Church buildings[edit]

The main church of the parish is in Stedje. This is probably one of the oldest church sites in Sogn, probably erected in the first half of the 11th century. The present church was built in 1867, at the same time the old Stave church was pulled down. A runestone stands near the church, and traces of a Viking settlement have been found nearby.

Sogndal has three sub-parishes: Kaupanger, Norane, and Fjærland. All three of these are also old church sites. The first churches in Kaupanger and Norane were probably built as early as the 11th century and in Fjærland the original church was built around 1600. The present church in Fjærland was built in 1861 and in Norane in 1863. In Kaupanger, the old Stave church from the 12th century is still standing. Excavations show that this was probably the third church on this site. The church was rebuilt in 1862 and lost most of its original character. But today, as a result of a restoration project you will find the church much as it was prior to 1862.[10]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture has always played a major role in the municipality of Sogndal. Traditionally, the industries in Sogndal have been centered around the processing of agricultural and forestry products.

Industrial park[edit]

The Kaupanger Industrial Park is home to several large companies. Lerum Industries A/S, a producer of lemonade, syrup, juice, and jam, is a cornerstone company in Sogndal, and it is also the largest factory of its kind in Norway. Gilde is a meat processing company specializing in cured meat products. Together with Lerum it constitutes the majority of the traditional industry in Sogndal. Many of the public service functions for the region are also located in Sogndal.[11]

Shopping[edit]

Sogndal is the shopping and retail center for the surrounding region which has about 30,000 inhabitants. There are about 70 shops in the compact center of Sogndalsfjøra. Many of these shops are located in the new, modern shopping mall called Sogningen Storsenter.[11]

Soccer Stadium
Sognahallen

Sports[edit]

Sogndal football[edit]

Sogndal has excellent sports accommodations for both indoor and outdoor sports and can offer a great variety of activities. On the national level, Sogndal Fotball (soccer), which plays at Fosshaugane stadium is well known. Sogndal Fotball (formerly Sogndal IL), plays in the Norwegian Premier League (Tippeligaen), which is the top tier of Norwegian football.

Sognahallen[edit]

There is room for both competitive and recreational sports, and Sognahallen is the main sports arena in Sogndal. This is a modern sports hall, which has a full-sized football field, including team handball fields, a 100 metres (330 ft) athletics track, and an 18-metre (59 ft) high climbing wall. In cooperation with the Norwegian State College for Physical Education and Sport, Sognahallen has established a great scientific sports centre. This sports centre consists of a strength training studio, an aerobic hall, and a spinning hall. Together with the Sogn og Fjordane University College, Sognahallen has good facilities for sports education, rehabilitation, and testing.[12]

Attractions[edit]

Famous people[edit]

Hallo Sogn who broadcasting worldwide over the internet

Photo gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2009). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality.". 
  3. ^ a b Natvik, Oddvar (9 February 2005). "Some historical data on the 26 Kommunes". Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 81. 
  6. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  7. ^ "Education and Research Centre". Sogndal Kommune. 17 March 2005. Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  8. ^ "Members of the local councils". Statistics Norway. 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  9. ^ Sogndal Kommune (12 October 2008). "Kommunestyret" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  10. ^ a b c "Old time Sogndal". Sogndal Kommune. 17 March 2004. Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  11. ^ a b "Industries, trade and service". Sogndal Kommune. 19 September 2006. Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  12. ^ "Regional Sports Centre". Sogndal Kommune. 19 September 2006. Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  13. ^ "Tourism in Sogndal". Sogndal Kommune. 10 December 2004. Retrieved 23 June 2008. 

External links[edit]