A slurry composed of glass beads in
flowing down an inclined plane.
slurry is a thin sloppy mud or cement or, in extended use, any fluid mixture of a pulverized solid with a liquid (usually water), often used as a convenient way of handling solids in bulk. Slurries behave in some ways like thick [1 ] fluids, flowing under gravity but are also capable of being pumped if not too thick. Examples [edit ]
Examples of slurries include:
Cement slurry, a mixture of cement, water, and assorted dry and liquid additives used in the petroleum and other industries [2 ] [3 ] Soil/cement slurry, also called Controlled Low-Strength Material (CLSM), flowable fill, controlled density fill, flowable mortar, plastic soil-cement, K-Krete, and other names [4 ] A mixture of thickening agent, oxidizers, and water used to form a gel explosive [ ] citation needed A mixture of pyroclastic material, rocky debris, and water produced in a volcanic eruption and known as a lahar A mixture of bentonite and water used to make slurry walls Coal slurry, a mixture of coal waste and water, or crushed coal and water [5 ] A mixture of wood pulp and water used to make paper A mixture of animal waste, organic matter, and sometimes water known simply as "slurry" in agricultural use, used as fertilizer after ageing in a slurry pit Meat slurry, a mixture of finely ground meat and water, centrifugally dewatered and used as food An abrasive substance used in chemical-mechanical polishing Slurry ice, a mixture of ice crystals, freezing point depressant, and water A mixture of raw materials and water involved in the rawmill manufacture of Portland cement A mixture of minerals, water, and additives used in the manufacture of ceramics A bolus of chewed food mixed with saliva [6 ] Calculations [edit ] Determining solids fraction [edit ]
To determine the percent solids (or solids fraction) of a slurry from the density of the slurry, solids and liquid
is the solids fraction of the slurry (state by volume) is the solids density is the slurry density is the liquid density
In aqueous slurries, as is common in mineral processing, the specific gravity of the species is typically used, and since
is taken to be 1, this relation is typically written:
even though specific gravity with units tons/m^3 is used instead of the SI density unit, kg/m^3.
Liquid mass from mass fraction of solids [edit ]
To determine the mass of liquid in a sample given the mass of solids and the mass fraction: By definition
is the solids fraction of the slurry is the mass or mass flow of solids in the sample or stream is the mass or mass flow of slurry in the sample or stream is the mass or mass flow of liquid in the sample or stream Volumetric fraction from mass fraction [edit ]
and in a minerals processing context where the specific gravity of the liquid (water) is taken to be one:
Then combining with the first equation:
we conclude that
is the solids fraction of the slurry on a volumetric basis is the solids fraction of the slurry on a mass basis is the mass or mass flow of solids in the sample or stream is the mass or mass flow of slurry in the sample or stream is the mass or mass flow of liquid in the sample or stream is the bulk specific gravity of the solids See also [edit ] References [edit ] External links [edit ] Bonapace, A.C. A General Theory of the Hydraulic Transport of Solids in Full Suspension Ravelet, F., Bakir, F., Khelladi, S., Rey, R. (2012). Experimental study of hydraulic transport of large particles in horizontal pipes. Experimental thermal and fluid science. Ming, G., Ruixiang, L., Fusheng, N., Liqun, X. (2007). Hydraulic Transport of Coarse Gravel—A Laboratory Investigation Into Flow Resistance.