Skyway

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For the SkyWalk in Toronto, Canada, see SkyWalk.
A Han Dynasty (202 BC – 220 AD) Chinese miniature model of two residential towers joined by a skyway
Bridge of Sighs in Venice, Italy.
Skybridge in Covent Garden, London.
A three-storey bridge at The Core Shopping Centre in Calgary.
The skyway system in Taipei.
Skyways in the Peachtree Center district of Atlanta.

In an urban setting, a skyway, catwalk, skybridge, or skywalk is a type of pedway consisting of an enclosed or covered bridge between two buildings. This protects pedestrians from the weather. These skyways are usually owned by businesses, and are therefore not public spaces (compare with sidewalk). However, in Asia, such as Bangkok's skywalks, they are built and owned separately by the city government, connecting between privately run rail stations or other transport with their own footbridges, and run many kilometers. Skyways usually connect on the first few floors above the ground-level floor, though they are sometimes much higher, as in Petronas Towers, SWFC, and Kingdom Centre. The space in the buildings connected by skyways is often devoted to retail business, so areas around the skyway may operate as a shopping mall. Non-commercial areas with closely associated buildings, such as university campuses, can often have skyways and/or tunnels connecting buildings.

The world's largest skyway network – Calgary, Alberta's "+15 Walkway" system – has a total length of 18 km (11 mi). The Minneapolis Skyway System spans 8 miles (13 km) connecting 69 blocks in downtown Minneapolis.

Other cities in the Midwest, such as Des Moines, Cedar Rapids, Rochester, and Saint Paul also have significant skyway systems. On a smaller scale, terminals of large airports are often connected by skywalk systems, as at Manchester Airport, United Kingdom.

The Mumbai Skywalk Project is a discontinuous system of 50 skywalks planned in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, each 1 to 2 km in length. When completed, the system will be the largest skyway system in the world. The first of these is a 1.3 km (0.8 mi) long skywalk connecting the suburban regions of Bandra and Kurla.[1][2][3]

Some cities have the equivalent of a skyway underground, and many locales have mixed subway/skyway systems; see underground city.

Early examples of skywalks[edit]

Environmental factors[edit]

Besides pedestrian safety and convenience, the chief reasons assigned by urban planners for skywalk development are decrease of traffic congestion, reduction in vehicular air pollution and separation of people from vehicular noise. A number of cities (for example, Spokane, Washington) have given intricate analysis to skywalk systems employing computer models to optimize skywalk layout.[4]

List of cities with notable systems[edit]

CityLengthBlocks connectedLink
Atlanta, Georgia14 blocksmap
Pasar Bogor, Bogor, Indonesia< 50 mbetween two buildings
Bangkok, Thailand (between Skytrain Siam Station and Central World)> 2 km
Brussels, Belgium (between the two Belgacom Towers)picture
Calgary, Alberta (+15 or +30 Walkway)18 km (11 miles)[5]~64 blocksmap
Cedar Rapids, Iowa15 blocksmap
Cincinnati, Ohio (Skywalk)1.3 miles (2.1 km)15 blocksmap
Dallas, Texas (Skywalks are a part of the larger Dallas Pedestrian Network)~12 buildingsmap
Des Moines, Iowa (Skywalk)4 miles (6.4 km)[6]30 blocksmap
Detroit, Michigan10 buildings, ~ 8 blocksmap
Duluth, Minnesota (Skywalk)3 miles (4.8 km)[7]~17 blocksmap
Edmonton, Alberta (Edmonton Pedway)~13 blocksmap
Fargo, North Dakota6 blocks
Grand Rapids, MI (Skywalk)> 1 mile (1.7 km)7 blocks – connects 12,000-seat VanAndel Arena, JW Marriott, Amway Grand Plaza and Marriott Courtyard hotels as well as 1,000,000 sq ft (93,000 m2) DeVos Place Convention Centermap
Hong Kong (footbridges, including the Central Elevated Walkway)
Houston (skyways are a small part of the larger Houston Downtown Tunnel System)> 6 miles (9.7 km) including tunnels~35 blocks (95 total)map
Indianapolis, IN (Skywalk)Connects Indiana Convention Center, Lucas Oil Stadium, Circle Centre Mall, Indianapolis Union Station, Indiana Statehouse, and 12 hotels
Kansas City (Crown Center)
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (Petronas Twin Towers)170 m above the ground and 58 m longbetween the two towers on 41st and 42nd floors, world's highest 2-story bridge
London, Barbican Estate and London Wallmap
Melbourne, Australia4 blocks & Airport
Milwaukee, WisconsinEmpire building, Chase tower, Grand Avenue mall, Federal building, Hyatt Regency, Hilton, Frontier Airlines center
Minneapolis, Minnesota (Minneapolis Skyway System)> 11 miles (18 km)~80 blocksmap
Mumbai Metropolitan Region, India50+ kmMumbai Suburban Railway stations to important junctionsMMRDA Skywalks
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma~30 buildings
Paradise, Nevada (skyways provided in lieu of street level pedestrian crossings)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania16 blocksmap
Rochester, Minnesota (Skyway)~17 blocksmap
Rochester, New York20 buildings over 13 blocksmap
Saint Paul, Minnesota (Skyway)> 5 miles (8.0 km)30 blocksmap
Sioux City, Iowa13 blocksmap
Spokane, Washington16 blocks
Toronto, Ontario (SkyWalk)0.7 km2 blocks – Metro Toronto Convention Centre South Building and Union Station (Toronto)
Winnipeg, Manitoba (Winnipeg Walkway)18 blocksmap

More cities and details: Montgomery, Michael R. and Richard Bean, "Market failure, government failure, and the private supply of public goods: the case of climate-controlled walkway networks", in Public Choice, Vol. 99 (1999), pages 403–437, whose abstract may be seen at RePEc: Research Papers in Economics.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ Bellman, Eric. (2010-01-19) Packed Streets Have a City of Walkers Looking Skyward for Answers. Online.wsj.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-30.
  3. ^ [2][dead link]
  4. ^ Carbon monoxide dispersion analysis in downtown Spokane, ESL Inc., Sunnyvale, (1973)
  5. ^ "Calgary's +15 Skywalk". 
  6. ^ Skywalks – Greater Des Moines Convention and Visitors Bureau. Seedesmoines.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-30.
  7. ^ Duluth Business & Tourism - Greater Downtown Council - Duluth Skywalk. downtownduluth.com. Retrieved on 2012-12-27.


http://www.catchdesmoines.com/about/transportation/skywalks/