From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
Skipping rope (British English) or Jump rope (American English) is the primary tool used in the game of skipping played by children and many young adults, where one or more participants jump over a rope swung so that it passes under their feet and over their heads. This may consist of one participant turning and jumping the rope, or a minimum of three participants taking turns, two of whom turn the rope while one ored beginning when the skipper jumps in and ending when the skipper messes up.
Some of the techniques that can be used when jumping rope are:
In competitive jump rope, competitors are required to have three elements in their routine: Multiple unders (when the rope passes under the feet multiple times in the air), strength or inversion/displacement, which consists of tricks utilizing a jumper's strength such as the frog/donkey kick, and rope manipulations, when one or both of the handles are released and caught, when jumpers cross the rope over their body, or when they wrap it around one of their limbs. Crosses, side swings, EB jumps, toads, and inverse toads are all examples of rope manipulations.
Skipping may be used for a cardiovascular workout, similar to jogging or bicycle riding. This aerobic exercise can achieve a "burn rate" of up to 700 calories per hour of vigorous activity, with about 0.1 calories consumed per jump. Ten minutes of jumping rope is roughly the equivalent of running an eight-minute mile. Jumping rope for 15–20 minutes is enough to burn off the calories from a candy bar.
Weighted jump ropes are available for such athletes to increase the difficulty and effectiveness of such exercise. Individuals or groups can participate in the exercise, and learning proper jump rope technique is relatively simple compared to many other athletic activities. The exercise is also appropriate for a wide range of ages and fitness levels.
Jump rope is also considered a sport. Athletes compete in individual and team jump rope events using single ropes or double Dutch. In freestyle routines, jumpers have a set time limit to demonstrate a combination of skills in four categories- footwork, strength, multiple unders and rope manipulations; in some competitions these are choreographed to music. During the speed events, athletes try to complete as many jumps as possible within a particular amount of time. For example, the world record for 30 second speed is 104 right foot only jumps, set by Zhongfei Duan (World Youth Tournament) from China on July 30, 2014. Jolien Kempeneer, of Belgium, holds the 30 second speed female world record, with 102 right foot only jumps (August 7, 2012). Chu Ting Ho from Hong Kong, skipped 522 in the 3 minute right foot only jumps in the Male World Masters competition on August 3, 2014. Paul Morning, from United States of America, has set the world record for most jumps in 10 seconds with 72 jumps.
Historically in the United States there were two competing jump rope organizations: the International Rope Skipping Organization (IRSO), and the World Rope Skipping Federation (WRSF). IRSO focused on stunt-oriented and gymnastic/athletic type jump rope moves, while the WRSF appreciated the aesthetics and form of jump roping. In 1995 these two organizations merged to form The United States Amateur Jump Rope Federation (USAJRF). USAJRF hosts annual national tournaments, as well as camps, workshops, and clinics on instruction. Jump rope is also part of the Amateur Athletic Union and participates in their annual AAU Junior Olympic Games.
There have been multiple jump rope troupes perform on major and renown talent shows and sports networks. The USA Jump Rope Grand National Championships were broadcast on ESPN. They had a contract with ESPN to showcase the sport, until 2010 when the contract was released.
In 2010 on season 5 of America's Best Dance Crew (ABDC), Saltare auditioned as a dance crew in the East. They made it past regionals and made it to Nationals. In week number five, they were eliminated, resulting in fifth place.
In 2011 on season 6 of America's Got Talent (AGT), the Summerwind Skippers, a jump rope team from Boise, Idaho auditioned and made it past the Vegas round and continued on to the Quarterfinals. They were eliminated during the week three results show, but fortunately were brought back by Piers Morgan for the Quarterfinals Wild Card Special. During this show, the Summerwind Skippers won the Judges' Vote to move on into the Semifinals, which unfortunately ended their journey there.
Also, in season 9, in 2014 of AGT, Flight Crew Jump Rope auditioned and continued through the same journey that the Summerwind Skippers did. They made it past Judgement Week, into the first week of the Quarterfinals and were eliminated in the judges choice against Baila Conmigo. Though, for the first week of the Semifinals, Heidi Klum brought Flight Crew Jump Rope back as her one Wild Card pick. Though, disappointingly were eliminated and it was the end of the road.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jump rope.|