From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
Jump rope (American English) or skipping rope (British English) is the primary tool used in the game of skipping played by children and many young adults, where one or more participants jump over a rope swung so that it passes under their feet and over their heads. This may consist of one participant turning and jumping the rope, or a minimum of three participants taking turns, two of whom turn the rope while one or more jumps. This is called long rope. Sometimes the latter is played with two turning ropes; this form of the activity is called Double Dutch and is more difficult. Jump-rope rhymes are often chanted beginning when the skipper jumps in and ending when the skipper messes up.
Some of the techniques that can be used when jumping rope are:
In competitive jump rope, competitors are required to have three elements in their routine: Multiple unders (when the rope passes under the feet multiple times in the air), strength or inversion/displacement, which consists of tricks utilizing a jumper's strength such as the frog/donkey kick, and rope manipulations, when one or both of the handles are released and caught, when jumpers cross the rope over their body, or when they wrap it around one of their limbs. Crosses, side swings, EB jumps, toads, and inverse toads are all examples of rope manipulations.
In contrast to running, jumping rope is unlikely to lead to knee damage since the impact of each jump or step is absorbed by the balls of both feet rather than the heels. This decreases the ground reaction forces through the patella-femoral joint greatly.
Skipping may be used for a cardiovascular workout, similar to jogging or bicycle riding. This aerobic exercise can achieve a "burn rate" of up to 700 calories per hour of vigorous activity, with about 0.1 calories consumed per jump. Ten minutes of jumping rope is roughly the equivalent of running an eight-minute mile. Jumping rope for 15–20 minutes is enough to burn off the calories from a candy bar.
Weighted jump ropes are available for such athletes to increase the difficulty and effectiveness of such exercise. Individuals or groups can participate in the exercise, and learning proper jump rope technique is relatively simple compared to many other athletic activities. The exercise is also appropriate for a wide range of ages and fitness levels.
Jump rope is also considered a sport. Athletes compete in individual and team jump rope events using single ropes or double Dutch. In freestyle routines, jumpers have a set time limit to demonstrate a combination of skills in four categories- footwork, strength, multiple unders and rope manipulations; in some competitions these are choreographed to music. During the speed events, athletes try to complete as many jumps as possible within a particular amount of time. For example, the world record for 30 second speed is 102 right foot only jumps, set by Jolien Kempeneer (Female World Masters) from Belgium on August 7, 2012. Jake Eve (Male World Masters), from Australia, skipped 100 right foot only jumps on the same day. Chu Ting Ho from Hong Kong, skipped 500 in the 3 minute right foot only jumps in the Male World Masters competition on August 7, 2012. Paul Morning, from United States of America, has set the world record for most jumps in 10 seconds with 72 jumps.
The FISAC-IRSF World Rope Skipping Championships are held in July every other year. In 2006 Toronto, Canada hosted the event and in 2008 it was held in Cape Town, South Africa. In 2010, it was in Loughborough, England. It was held in Tampa, Florida at the University of South Florida from July 30-August 9, 2012. Countries that competed in the 2012 World Championships and World Youth Tournament are: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, Germany, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Japan, Macao, South Africa, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Trinidad and Tobago, United Kingdom and USA. The 4th Asian Rope Skipping Championship was held on 9 February 2007 at the Talkatora Indoor Stadium, New Delhi, India, organized by the Rope Skipping Federation of India. Jump rope exhibitions are also frequently staged at events such as festivals, charity functions, and sporting half-time shows.
Historically in the United States there were two competing jump rope organizations: the International Rope Skipping Organization (IRSO), and the World Rope Skipping Federation (WRSF). IRSO focused on stunt-oriented and gymnastic/athletic type jump rope moves, while the WRSF appreciated the aesthetics and form of jump roping. In 1995 these two organizations merged to form The United States Amateur Jump Rope Federation (USAJRF).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jump rope.|