Simone Biles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Simone Biles
— Gymnast —
Simone Biles at 2014 P&G Championship.jpg
Simone Biles at the 2014 P&G Championships
Personal information
Full nameSimone Arianne Biles
Country represented United States
Born(1997-03-14) March 14, 1997 (age 17)
Columbus, Ohio
ResidenceSpring, Texas
Height145 cm (4 ft 9 in)
DisciplineWomen's artistic gymnastics
LevelSenior International Elite
Years on national team2012 - present
GymWorld Champions Centre (current)
Bannon's Gymnastix Inc. (2003-2014)
College teamUCLA Bruins (2016-2020)
Head coach(es)Aimee Boorman
Eponymous skills(Floor Exercise) Double Layout Half Out
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Simone Biles
— Gymnast —
Simone Biles at 2014 P&G Championship.jpg
Simone Biles at the 2014 P&G Championships
Personal information
Full nameSimone Arianne Biles
Country represented United States
Born(1997-03-14) March 14, 1997 (age 17)
Columbus, Ohio
ResidenceSpring, Texas
Height145 cm (4 ft 9 in)
DisciplineWomen's artistic gymnastics
LevelSenior International Elite
Years on national team2012 - present
GymWorld Champions Centre (current)
Bannon's Gymnastix Inc. (2003-2014)
College teamUCLA Bruins (2016-2020)
Head coach(es)Aimee Boorman
Eponymous skills(Floor Exercise) Double Layout Half Out

Simone Arianne Biles (born March 14, 1997) is an American artistic gymnast. Biles is the 2013 and 2014 US National All-Around Champion and the 2013 World All-Around Champion.[1]

Biles was the 2012 Junior National Champion on vault, and also won a bronze medal in the all-around competition.[2][3]

Biles competed at the 2013 American Cup, an FIG World Cup event.[4] She and Katelyn Ohashi were named as replacements for Elizabeth Price and Kyla Ross, both of whom withdrew from the competition roster due to injuries.[5][6][7] The competition served as the debut of both gymnasts as senior international elites, where Ohashi won gold and Biles took silver.[8]

Biles continued her first senior year with wins in Italy, Germany, and Hartford, Connecticut, at the national championships before winning two gold medals, one silver, one bronze, at the World Championships in Antwerp, Belgium.

Personal life[edit]

Simone Arianne Biles was born on March 14, 1997 in Columbus, Ohio. Because her mother was unable to care for her and her siblings, Simone's grandparents, Ronald and Nellie Biles, adopted Simone and her sister Adria. She has two brothers named Ronald and Adam. She is a homeschooled 12th grader and will graduate in 2015.[9]

Biles trains about 30 hours per week.[9] In 2014, she and her primary coach, Aimee Boorman, left Bannon's Gymnastix in order to train at World Champions Centre (WCC), a gym founded and owned by Simone's parents. Simone trained briefly at Aim Athletics prior to WCC obtaining its own temporary training space while the final facility is under construction.

Biles verbally committed to UCLA as her college choice on August 4, 2014, announcing her decision on social network, Twitter.[10] She will defer enrollment until after the Rio de Janeiro Olympics in 2016.[11]Simone is also the first African-American to be world all-around champion.

Junior career[edit]

2011[edit]

In early July, Biles began her elite career by competing at the American Classic in Huntsville, Texas. Biles placed third all-around, first on vault and balance beam, fourth on floor exercise and eighth on uneven bars.

In late July, Biles competed at the CoverGirl Classic in Chicago, Illinois. Biles placed fifth on balance beam and floor exercise.

In August, Biles competed at the Visa Championships in Saint Paul, Minnesota. Biles tied seventh on vault.

2012[edit]

In May, Biles competed at American Classic in Huntsville, Texas and placed first all-around. Biles also placed first on vault, tied for 2nd on floor exercise, placed 3rd on balance beam and 4th on uneven bars.

In late May, Biles competed at the 2012 Secret US Classic in Chicago, Illinois. Biles finished first all-around with a score of 58.150. Biles also finished first on vault, second on floor exercise and sixth on balance beam.

In June, Biles competed at the Visa Championships in St. Louis, Missouri. Biles finished third all-around. Biles also finished first on vault and sixth on uneven bars, balance beam and floor exercise. Following the 2012 Visa Championships Biles was named to the USA Junior National Team.

Senior career[edit]

2013[edit]

In March, Biles began her senior career. Biles competed at the American Cup in Worcester, Massachusetts, and finished second all-around earning the silver medal behind American teammate, Katelyn Ohashi.[8][12]

In April, Biles competed at the 2013 City of Jesolo Trophy in Jesolo, Italy, she and her teammates helped USA win the team title. Biles also took the all-around, vault, balance beam, and floor exercise titles.

In July, Biles competed at the Secret U.S. Classic (the qualifying meet for the national championships). Biles won no medals and dropped out of the vault competition after tweaking her ankle on the floor exercise. Biles did however qualify to the 2013 P&G Championships.

In August, Biles competed at the 2013 P&G Championships. Biles was crowned the national champion ahead of 2012 Olympic Gold Medalist Kyla Ross. Biles also won silver on floor exercise, silver on the vault behind McKayla Maroney, silver on the beam behind Kyla Ross, and silver on the uneven bars. Following the P&G Championships Biles was named to the USA Senior National Team and was invited to the qualifying camp for the 2013 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships in Texas. Biles was named to the USA World Championships Team.

2013 World Championships[edit]

In October Biles competed at the 2013 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships in Antwerp, Belgium. Biles won the Women's All-Around competition with a score of 60.216. She went on to win silver in the vault final with a final average of 15.595 behind defending World Champion and Olympic silver medalist McKayla Maroney, a bronze medal on balance beam with a 14.333, and gold on the floor exercise, with a score of 15.000. She also qualified for the uneven bars final, where she finished fourth.

2014[edit]

In early January, it was announced that Biles would be competing at the 2014 AT&T American Cup. The competition will be held on March 1 in Greensboro, NC.[13] However, on February 23, it was announced that she had withdrawn from the competition due to a shoulder injury.[14]

In February, news surfaced that Biles would move to another gym with her coach, Aimee Boorman. Said gym was to be a brand new venture, World Champions Centre, owned by Biles' parents.[15]

Biles traveled with Team USA to the Pacific Rim Championships in Richmond, Canada in April and completed one day of Podium Training but withdrew due to aggravating her shoulder injury.[16] Her replacement was Peyton Ernst.

In August, Biles competed at the 2014 Secret US Classic in Chicago, Illinois, which was her first competition of the 2014 season. She won the all-around with a score of 61.700. She also took home 3 golds on vault, beam (tied with Kyla Ross) and floor. She finished 4th on the uneven bars.[17]

On August 23, Biles won the all-around at the 2014 P&G Championships for the second consecutive year with a 2-day total of 122.550, 4.250 points ahead of Kyla Ross. She ended up falling from the balance beam in the final rotation, but had a large enough lead to win her second national all-around title. She also took home 2 golds on vault (31.025) and floor (31.150). She tied for the silver on balance beam with Alyssa Baumann (30.300) behind Kyla Ross despite falling from the beam. She finished 4th on the uneven bars (29.300). She was also named a member of the 2014-2015 Senior National team for the second year in a row.

On September 17, Biles was named to compete at the 2014 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships in Nanning, China.[18]

Senior routines[edit]

Simone Biles often performs the following skills on each apparatus:

2013 (2013 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships (Antwerp)):

Vault[edit]

Vault 1: Two and a half Twisting Yurchenko "Amanar" (round-off, backhandspring entry; two and a half twisting layout).[19] Total Difficulty Start Value: 6.3 (downgraded from 6.5 in the 2013 - 2016 Code of Points).[20]

Vault 2: Laid-out Podkopayeva vault (round-off, half-on entry, front layout half-out) Total Difficulty Start Value: 5.6

Uneven bars[edit]

Glide kip cast to handstand (KCHS) with grip change (B) + Weiler 1/2 (D) + Toe-on release with flight back to high bar (Maloney) (D); KCHS (B) + Toe-on sole circle to handstand 1/1 (Hoefnagel) (D) + Straddled Tkatchev (D); KCHS (B) + Piked Tkatchev (E) + Pak Salto (D); KCHS 1/2 (B) + Toe-on shoot up to high bar (B); KCHS + Toe-on sole circle to handstand (C) + Tucked Full-In dismount (D).[19] Total Difficulty Start Value: 6.1.

Balance beam[edit]

Squat to rear support mount (A); 5/2 turn in tuck stand (E); Sissone (A) + Pike Jump (A); Front Aerial Walkover (D) + Split Jump (A); Flip Flop step-out (B) + Back Layout step-out (C); Switch Split Leap (C) + Switch Split Leap 1/2 (D) + Back Tuck (C); Front Tuck (D); Flip Flop step-out (B) + Flip Flop two-feet (B) + Tucked Full-In dismount (G).[19] Total Difficulty Start Value: 6.2.

Floor exercise[edit]

Round-off + Flip Flop two-feet + Double Tuck 2/1 (Silivas) (H); Switch Split Leap (B) + Split Leap 3/2 (D); Round-off + Flip Flop two-feet + Double Layout 1/2 Out (Biles) (G); Double Turn in Tuck Stand (C); Switch Split Leap 1/1 (D); Johnson with 1/2 turn (C); Front Aerial (A); Round-off + Flip Flop two-feet + Back Layout 5/2 (D) + Front Layout (B); Round-off + Flip Flop two-feet + Full Twisting Double Tuck Back Dismount (E) [19] Total Difficulty Start Value: 6.5.

2014:

Vault[edit]

Vault 1: Two and a half Twisting Yurchenko "Amanar" (roundoff, backhandspring entry, two and a half twisting layout). Total Difficulty Start Value: 6.3

Vault 2: Laid-out Podkopayeva vault (roundoff, half-on entry, front layout half-out). Total Difficulty Start Value: 5.6

Uneven bars[edit]

Glide kip cast to handstand (KCHS) with grip change (B) + Weiler 1/2 (D) + Toe-on release with flight back to high bar (Maloney) (D); KCHS (B) + Toe-on sole circle to handstand 1/1 (Hoefnagel) (D) + Straddled Tkatchev (D) + Pak Salto (D); KCHS 1/2 (B) + Toe-on shoot up to high bar (B); KCHS + Toe-on sole circle to handstand (C) + Tucked Full-In dismount (D).[19] Total Difficulty Start Value: 5.7.

Balance Beam[edit]

Squat to rear support mount (A); 5/2 turn in tuck stand (E); Sissone (A) + Pike Jump (A); Front Aerial Walkover (D) + Split Jump (A); Flip Flop step-out (B) + Back Layout step-out (C) + Back Layout step+out (C); Switch Split Leap (C) + Switch Split Leap 1/2 (D) + Back Tuck (C); Front Tuck (D); Wolf Hop (A) + Aerial Cartwheel (D); Flip Flop step-out (B) + Flip Flop two-feet (B) + Tucked Full-In dismount (G).[19] Total Difficulty Start Value: 6.6.

Floor exercise[edit]

Roundoff + Flip Flop two-feet + Double Tuck 2/1 (Silivas) (H); Roundoff + Flip Flop two-feet + Double Layout 1/2 out (Biles) (G); Double Turn in Tuckstand (C); Johnson with 1/2 turn (C); Switch Split Leap (B) + Split Leap 3/2 (D); Roundoff + Flip Flop two-feet + Double Layout (F); Switch Split Leap 1/1 (D); Aerial Cartwheel (A); Roundoff + Flip Flop two-feet + Full Twisting Double Tuck Back Dismount (E). Total Difficulty Start Value: 6.5

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Houston gymnast Simone Biles wins world championship". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Simone Biles". USA Gymnastics. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "Women's Artistic Gymnastics National Teams". USA Gymnastics. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "2013 American Cup Athletes". USA Gymnastics. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  5. ^ Lawrence, Blythe (March 1, 2013). "Promising pair stands in for Fierce Five". ESPN. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  6. ^ Associated Press (26 February 2013). "Kyla Ross out of American Cup". Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  7. ^ "Elizabeth Price Withdraws from American Cup". USA Gymnastics. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Associated Press (March 2, 2013). "Katelyn Ohashi wins 1st senior event". ESPN. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Simone Biles Biography". Gym Style. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  10. ^ https://twitter.com/Simone_Biles/status/496330200133554177
  11. ^ http://olympictalk.nbcsports.com/2014/08/04/simone-biles-chooses-ucla-gymnastics-olympics/
  12. ^ "2013 American Cup FIG World Cup Results". Gymnastics Results. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  13. ^ http://attamericancup.com/2014/01/09/2014-att-american-cup-international-field-features-10-olympians-five-world-medalists/
  14. ^ http://usagym.org/pages/post.html?PostID=13613
  15. ^ http://blog.chron.com/sportsupdate/2014/02/world-champion-gymnast-simone-biles-to-no-longer-train-at-spring-gym/#16571101=0
  16. ^ http://usagym.org/pages/post.html?PostID=13866&prog=h
  17. ^ https://usagym.org/PDFs/Results/w_14classic_sr.pdf
  18. ^ "USA Gymnastics Announces U.S. Women's Team For 2014 World Championships". USA Gymnastics. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f "Simone Biles Routines". Gym Style. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  20. ^ "FIG Executive Committee - Official News". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Retrieved 27 February 2013. [dead link]

External links[edit]