Silao

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Silao de la Victoria

Seal
Nickname(s): Silao
Silao de la Victoria is located in Mexico
Silao de la Victoria
Coordinates: 20°56′52″N 100°25′41″W / 20.94778°N 100.42806°W / 20.94778; -100.42806
Country Mexico
StateGuanajuato
FoundedFebruary 3, 1833
Government
 • MayorJuan Roberto Tovar
Elevation1,780 m (5,840 ft)
Population (2005)
 • Total147,123
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
Mexican Postal Code36100
Area code(s)472
Websitewww.silao.gob.mx
 
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Silao de la Victoria

Seal
Nickname(s): Silao
Silao de la Victoria is located in Mexico
Silao de la Victoria
Coordinates: 20°56′52″N 100°25′41″W / 20.94778°N 100.42806°W / 20.94778; -100.42806
Country Mexico
StateGuanajuato
FoundedFebruary 3, 1833
Government
 • MayorJuan Roberto Tovar
Elevation1,780 m (5,840 ft)
Population (2005)
 • Total147,123
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
Mexican Postal Code36100
Area code(s)472
Websitewww.silao.gob.mx

Silao (official name: Silao de la Victoria) is a city in the west-central part of the state of Guanajuato in Mexico. It is the seat of the municipio with the same name. As of the 2005 census, the city had a population of 147,123,[1] making it the seventh-largest community in the state. Silao is a center of agricultural and industrial activity in the area, with a wide variety of farm crops, produce and dairy packing plants and a General Motors truck and SUV assembly plant which currently makes the following models: Chevrolet and GMC Pickups, Cadillac Escalade EXT and the Chevrolet Avalanche.[2]

Contents

Airport

This city is served by the Del Bajío International Airport. It functions as the central airport for the cities of Irapuato, Guanajuato, León, and Salamanca.

Toponymy

In its original Nahuatl, it was called Tzinacua by the Otomi and Tarascan natives. Tzinacua loosely translates into 'place of dense fog', derived from the quantity of thermal waters surrounding the area. In the Otomi language its name is Tsinäkua that also means 'place of dense fog'.

History

In the place where Silao now sits, there was an Otomí settlement that was conquered by the Tarascan tribe. It then received the name Tzinacua, that in English means "place of dense fog", because in the area of Comanjilla, there were columns of water vapor rising from thermal springs. Later, the name was changed to 'Sinaua' which means 'without water'. Over time, the name gradually changed to 'Silagua' and then 'Silao'.

Geography

Silao is located in the Mexican state of Guanajuato. It is situated 100° 25´ 59´´ longitude west of the Greenwich meridian and 20° 56´ 24´´ latitude north. Its altitude is 1,780 meters above sea level.

The municipality of Silao has an area of 531.41 km², equivalent to 1.76% of the total state area. The city of Guanajuato lies to the east and north of Silao; to the south lies Irapuato; to the southeast is Romita; to the west is León.

Geology

The territory of Silao is almost planar formed in by the Bajío, between its few important elevations, one can find the 'Cerro del Cubilete' whose altitude is 2,570 meters above sea level and is considered the geographic center of the country.

Hydrography

The Silao River, crosses the major part of the municipal territory. It is fed by the Magueyes, Pascuales, Hondo, and Tigre streams, as well as the Gigante River, which is its major tributary. Within the municipality are some streams of importance, like those of the Agua Zarca, San Francisco, El Paraíso, Pabileros, and Aguas Buenas.

Climate

The climate of the city is semi-arid in the majority of the territory, with rains in the summer and an average annual temperature of 28 °C. Temperatures can rise as high as 34 °C in the month of June, and a minimum of 0 °C has been reached in the months of December and January. However, in the northeastern zone the climate varies to semi-dry with a temperature predominantly in excess of 28 °C. Precipitation varies between 600 and 800 millimeters per year.

Population

According to the results presented by the second 'Conteo de Población y Vivienda' (census) of 2005, the municipality counts a total of 147,123 inhabitants.

Ethnic Groups

The indigenous population of Silao is limited to 203 inhabitants that represent 0.15% of the total municipal population. The principal native languages are Mazahua and Nahuatl.

According to the second 'Conteo de Población y Vivienda' (Census) of 2005, there are a total of 187 persons who speak some indigenous language.

The municipality has a density of 250 persons per square kilometer and an average population increase of 1.6%.

Religion

95.8% of the population of Silao (as of 2000) are Roman Catholic. Approximately 1.8% are Protestants and Evangelicals, and 1.4% are other religions. The last 1% either stated they don't have a religion or it wasn't specified.

Historic Monuments

Tourist attractions

Cristo Rey, December 2005

Some of the attractions in Silao are:

Silao is also central to other cities and towns of interest to tourists. The cities of Guanajuato and Romita are approximately 10 minutes by highway. León and Irapuato are about 15 minutes by highway.

Business district

This District is located at Guanajuato Puerto Interior The business district is development at this time. This District is designed to lodge: hotels, financial and commercial buildings

References

External links

Coordinates: 25°04′48″N 85°25′12″E / 25.08°N 85.42°E / 25.08; 85.42