Sheridan, Arkansas

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Sheridan, Arkansas
City
Downtown Sheridan in 2011
Location in Grant County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 34°18′30″N 92°24′13″W / 34.30833°N 92.40361°W / 34.30833; -92.40361Coordinates: 34°18′30″N 92°24′13″W / 34.30833°N 92.40361°W / 34.30833; -92.40361
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyGrant
Government
 • TypeMayor-Alderman
 • MayorJoe C. Wise, Jr.
Area
 • Total4 sq mi (10.2 km2)
 • Land4 sq mi (10.2 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation278 ft (84 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total3,872
 • Density968/sq mi (379.6/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code72150
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-63710
GNIS feature ID0054764
Websitesheridanark.com
 
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Sheridan, Arkansas
City
Downtown Sheridan in 2011
Location in Grant County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 34°18′30″N 92°24′13″W / 34.30833°N 92.40361°W / 34.30833; -92.40361Coordinates: 34°18′30″N 92°24′13″W / 34.30833°N 92.40361°W / 34.30833; -92.40361
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyGrant
Government
 • TypeMayor-Alderman
 • MayorJoe C. Wise, Jr.
Area
 • Total4 sq mi (10.2 km2)
 • Land4 sq mi (10.2 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation278 ft (84 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total3,872
 • Density968/sq mi (379.6/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code72150
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-63710
GNIS feature ID0054764
Websitesheridanark.com

Sheridan is a city and county seat of Grant County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 3,872 at the 2000 census.[1]. Sheridan is named after Union general Phillip Sheridan during the Reconstruction era.[2]

History[edit]

The first white settler was Dr. Richard C. Rhodes, a native of North Carolina.[2]

At the beginning of the 20th century, a railroad passed through Sheridan south into Dallas County. The railroad, owned by E. S. McCarty, carried freight and passengers for hire.[3]

From 1917 to 1934, the Missionary Baptist College operated in Sheridan. The College suffered from financial troubles due to the Great Depression. The College provided local residents with courses, not only in theology, but in Latin, Greek, physiology, Ecclesiology, and expression. A 1920 bulletin issued by the College wrote that goal of the College was to "to teach and emphasize the very principles for which the real Baptists of Arkansas stand and for which true Baptists have stood for almost nineteen centuries . . . this is no preacher manufacturing establishment [that] the Lord alone has the prerogative of calling men to preach the gospel."[4] The revamped Missionary Baptist Seminary thereafter opened in Little Rock.

In 1943, Jewell Williams, a Jehovah Witness was convicted in the Mayor's court for selling bibles without a permit under Sheridan City Ord. No. 50. and fined $10, on a trial de novo, he obtained the same result. Williams, joined other members of his faith and appealed similar convictions occurring across the state to the Arkansas Supreme Court in Berry v. City of Hope challenging the city ordinance as unconstitutional under the First Amendment, the Court agreed and held the ordinances unconstitutional.[5]

The Mighty 1090 KAAY radio station sponsored the Rebel Springs Rock Festival of 1973 five miles east of Sheridan on Highway 270 that included ZZ Top as a headliner. Tickets were $4 before the show and lasted three days, July 4–6, 1973. The National Guard was sent out to maintain "peace." Local property owners attempted to get a court ordered injunction to halt the Festival from talking place, on the legal theory of nuisance, but to no avail.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Sheridan is part of the Little RockNorth Little RockConway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States census[7] of 2010, there were 4,603 people, 1,841 households, and 1,238 families residing in the city. The population density was 1150.8 people per square mile (444.3/km²). There were 2,007 housing units at an average density of 501.8 per square mile (193.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.0% White, 1.6% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. 2.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,841 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.6 years. The gender makeup of the city was 49.6% male and 50.4% female.

The median income for a household in the city was $57,305, and the median income for a family was $64,123. Males had a median income of $46,438 versus $31,580 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,969. About 3.8% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[8], there were 3,872 people, 1,509 households, and 1,050 families residing in the city. The population density was 978.8 people per square mile (377.5/km²). There were 1,685 housing units at an average density of 426.0 per square mile (164.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.34% White, 0.96% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. 0.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,509 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,207, and the median income for a family was $43,953. Males had a median income of $32,216 versus $22,891 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,184. About 7.0% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 17.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Historic Sheridan Schools Administration Building along US 167.

Sheridan is provided public education from the Sheridan School District, including the Sheridan High School.

Sheridan was segregated school for African-Americans until the Brown v. Board decision. At the time, Sheridan had around 199 African American residents out of the town's total population of 1898. On May 21, 1954 the local school board voted unanimously to integrate its twenty-one African-American students into its high school to avoid the $4,000 it would have cost the school board to send the Afreican American students to Jefferson County. The white parents become extremely upset, and called another vote the next night. At that vote, the board voted unanimously to segregated the local school. Community members in the area still not happy, petitioned and forced four school board members to steep down.[9]

Next, the largest employer of African-Americans in the area offered to move the black families outside of Grant County to Malvern, at the employer's own expense, or burn their houses down. After the departure of the last African-American student from the city limits, the city bulldozed the African-American school; the remnants of the school were buried and the city no longer had a duty to integrate their schools.[10]

Attractions[edit]

As the seat of county government, Sheridan is home to the Grant County Courthouse

Sheridan host an annual event based on the areas deep roots in the timber industry called Timberfest, which includes a lumberjack competition and live music around the courthouse square. The White River Kid, starring Antonio Banderas and Randy Travis, was filmed during a mock Timberfest during the summer of 1998 with many of the local residents appearing as extras.[11]

The Grant County Museum is located in Sheridan.

Media[edit]

Bales and Cleveland started the first newspaper in the Grant County area styled The Sheridan Spy. The first issue was dated September 1, 1881. In 1882, the Hon. J.S. Williams, who a year later became a State Senator, bought the Sheridan Spy and renamed it The Sheridan Headlight, and is still published today. The short lived Grant County News was started in 1916 by William GoForth.[12]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ a b "Sheridan (Grant County)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 
  3. ^ McCarty v. Nelson, 195 S.W. 689, 691 (Ark. 1917).
  4. ^ Goolsby, Elwin (April 1991). "The Rise and Fall of the Missionary Baptist College". GRASSROOTS - Journal of the Grant County Museum. Retrieved 3 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Berry v. Hope". Arkansas Supreme Court. Retrieved 19 May 2012. 
  6. ^ http://mighty1090kaay.blogspot.com/2010/08/rebel-springs-rock-festival-73.html
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ Kirk, John, "Not Quite Black and White: School Desegregation in Arkansas, 1954-1966." 2011
  10. ^ "A Minister Recalls The Pain Of Segregation." National Public Radio. Retrieved on February 24, 2009.
  11. ^ "The White River Kid [Movie". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 
  12. ^ Fredrick William Allsopp, "History of the Arkansas Press for a Hundred Years or More." 1922

External links[edit]