Sheboygan, Wisconsin

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Sheboygan
—  City  —
Sheboygan's downtown looking southeast along N. 8th St., from Mead Public Library's top floor. The city's tallest building, the U.S. Bank Building, is in the background.

City Logo
Nickname(s): Bratwurst Capital of the World,[1]
The City of Cheese, Chairs & Children[2]
Motto: Spirit on the Lake
Sheboygan is located in Wisconsin
Sheboygan
Location within the state of Wisconsin
Coordinates: 43°45′0″N 87°43′30″W / 43.75°N 87.725°W / 43.75; -87.725Coordinates: 43°45′0″N 87°43′30″W / 43.75°N 87.725°W / 43.75; -87.725
CountryUnited States
StateWisconsin
CountySheboygan
Founded1846
Government
 • MayorTerry Van Akkeren (NP)
Area
 • Total14.1 sq mi (36.4 km2)
 • Land13.9 sq mi (36.0 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total49,288
 • Density3,500/sq mi (1,400/km2)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes53081 & 53083
Area code(s)920
Websitewww.ci.sheboygan.wi.us
 
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Sheboygan
—  City  —
Sheboygan's downtown looking southeast along N. 8th St., from Mead Public Library's top floor. The city's tallest building, the U.S. Bank Building, is in the background.

City Logo
Nickname(s): Bratwurst Capital of the World,[1]
The City of Cheese, Chairs & Children[2]
Motto: Spirit on the Lake
Sheboygan is located in Wisconsin
Sheboygan
Location within the state of Wisconsin
Coordinates: 43°45′0″N 87°43′30″W / 43.75°N 87.725°W / 43.75; -87.725Coordinates: 43°45′0″N 87°43′30″W / 43.75°N 87.725°W / 43.75; -87.725
CountryUnited States
StateWisconsin
CountySheboygan
Founded1846
Government
 • MayorTerry Van Akkeren (NP)
Area
 • Total14.1 sq mi (36.4 km2)
 • Land13.9 sq mi (36.0 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total49,288
 • Density3,500/sq mi (1,400/km2)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes53081 & 53083
Area code(s)920
Websitewww.ci.sheboygan.wi.us

Sheboygan is a city in and the county seat of Sheboygan County, Wisconsin, United States.[3] The population was 49,288 at the 2010 census. It is the principal city of the Sheboygan, Wisconsin Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is located on Lake Michigan at the mouth of the Sheboygan River, about 50 mi (81 km) north of Milwaukee and 64 mi (103 km) south of Green Bay.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.1 square miles (36.4 km²), of which, 13.9 square miles (36.0 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (1.07%) is water. It is located at latitude 43°45' north, longitude 87°44' west.

History

Sheboygan was founded in 1846.[4] By 1849 it was known for its German population. On June 25, 1849 William Williams wrote, "Arrived at Sheboigin [sic] on the Wisconsin side, a small town population perhaps from 700 to 1000. This is a promising place. There are a great many best class of Germans settling around it. Tis all along the lake so far quite an interesting country."[5] It was the first city in Wisconsin to elect a Socialist mayor.[citation needed]

Demographics

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 50,792 people, 20,779 households, and 12,799 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,652.4 people per square mile (1,409.8/km²). There were 21,762 housing units at an average density of 1,564.9 per square mile (604.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.63% White, 0.86% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 6.48% Asian (with many being of Hmong descent), 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.85% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. 5.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Many of the residents have German ancestry.

There were 20,779 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,066, and the median income for a family was $47,718. Males had a median income of $35,242 versus $24,690 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,270. About 6.2% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

Hmong people

As of December 1999, there were around 5,000 Hmong and Hmong American residents. Of them, 65% were under the age of 18. In 1976 the first three Hmong families settled in Sheboygan. By 1990 Sheboygan had 2,000 Hmong. By 1997 Hmong gang crime began to increase.[7]

As of December 1999, according to Robert L. Kaiser of the Chicago Tribune, "Sheboygan, like many heavily Hmong small towns in Wisconsin, has few readily apparent signs that such a large Hmong population is indeed there."[7] Kaiser explained that there were very few Hmong-owned businesses, and that "[m]any Hmong residents tend to keep to themselves."[7] As of that year many Hmong work in jobs do not require significant English fluency, such as automotive parts plants and other factories.[7]

Education

Colleges

High Schools

School District

Transportation

Downtown 8th Street.
Downtown 8th Street.
Historic Downtown Sheboygan.
Alliant Energy's Edgewater Generation Station, a prominent coal-fired power plant on the city's south side. In the foreground is a portion of the city's wastewater treatment plant.

Airport

Sheboygan is served by the Sheboygan County Memorial Airport, which is located several miles from the city.

Roads

Interstate 43 is the primary north-south transportation route into Sheboygan, and forms the west boundary of the city. U.S. Route 141 was the primary north-south route into Sheboygan before Interstate 43 was built, and its former route is a major north-south route through the center of the city that is referred to as Calumet Drive coming into the city from the north, and South Business Drive from the south; between Superior and Georgia Avenues, the highway is known as 14th Street. Four-lane Highway 23 is the primary west route into the city, and leads into the city up to North 25th Street as a freeway. Other state highways in the city include Highway 42, Highway 28, which both run mostly along the former inner-city routing of U.S. 141. Secondary county highways include County LS to the north; Counties J, O, PP, and EE to the west; and County KK to the south. Shoreline Metro provides bus service throughout the city.

Numbering system

House numbering in the city is mainly demarcated by water features; there are no east street numbers, and all east-west streets are numbered with addresses west from the easternmost point of Sheboygan's original plat on Superior Avenue on the Lake Michigan shoreline, with addresses in the North Point neighborhood east of that point spread out further to avert any east street numbers. North-south street numbers are marked from Pennsylvania Avenue, with no north-south numbers lower than 500, an artifact of when the north/south line was defined as the Sheboygan River, which was eventually changed to a straight line down Pennsylvania Avenue to reduce postal address confusion in the 1920s (500 coming from Pennsylvania Avenue being five blocks south of the Sheboygan River's southernmost point in the city's original plat). On most streets outside of extended blocks and the North Point neighborhood example above, address numbering is usually restricted to below 50. This street numbering system is additionally used by the Towns of Sheboygan and Wilson.

Space

Since 1995 Sheboygan has been the site of 8-and-20-foot-tall (2.4 and 6.1 m) rocket launches for a local high school program called Rockets for Schools. Sheboygan is also the site of a proposed new spaceport called Spaceport Sheboygan.[8]

Water

Sheboygan is bounded on the east by Lake Michigan. There are no active ports in the city. The current site of Blue Harbor Resort sits on a peninsula between the lake and the Sheboygan River's last bend that was formerly used by the C. Reiss Coal Company (now a Koch Industries division) as their headquarters and base of operations, where ships would load and unload coal along the peninsula.

The Sheboygan River also passes through the city, but waterfalls upstream in Sheboygan Falls prevent navigation, while tall-masted boats are confined to the river downstream of the Pennsylvania Avenue bridge. Commercial charter fishing boats dock near the mouth of the river.

Media

The city's only daily newspaper is The Sheboygan Press, which has been published since 1907. The free papers The Sheboygan Sun and The Beacon are each mailed weekly to area residents and feature classified ads and other local content.

As Sheboygan is located mid-way between Green Bay and Milwaukee, residents of the city can choose from television and radio stations originating within each of those areas. A. C. Nielsen places Sheboygan within the Milwaukee market, although Green Bay stations also report news, events, and weather warnings pertaining to Sheboygan and target the city with advertising.

Arbitron places Sheboygan and Sheboygan County within one radio market, and several stations serve the area. Midwest Communications owns four stations within the county, including talk station WHBL (1330); country station WBFM (93.7); CHR/Top 40 WXER (104.5 from Plymouth, with a translator station on 96.1 in Sheboygan); and active rock WHBZ (106.5), all of which transmit from a three-tower site on Sheboygan's south side. Fox Sports Radio affiliate WCLB (950) also serves the city, along with the Sheboygan Area School District's WSHS (91.7), a member of the Wisconsin Public Radio Ideas Network, and Plymouth's WJUB (1420), a standards station.

Various religious stations originating from north of Green Bay and Milwaukee via low-power translator stations, including a translator for Kiel's WSTM (91.3), and NOAA Weather Radio station WWG91, all broadcast from a tower north of Superior Avenue along the west side of Interstate 43.

The city is served by Charter Communications, with public-access television cable TV programming origination from WSCS. The city formerly had one licensed television station, WPVS-LP, which is currently off the air due to the digital switchover. In 2011, the station was re-licensed to Milwaukee as a future ethnic broadcaster, and the station's new transmitter in Milwaukee will not reach Sheboygan with service. Channel 28 was reserved for the city in the analog age, but was never utilized by any broadcaster outside of an abandoned construction permit for a television sister to WHBL in the past[9].

Hospitals

Aurora Sheboygan Medical Center

Points of interest

Bratwurst

Sheboygan County is well-known for its bratwurst.[12] The Sheboygan Jaycees have an annual fund-raising festival called Bratwurst Days, which includes the Johnsonville World Bratwurst Eating Championship.[13][14]

Dairyland Surf Classic

Sheboygan hosts the annual Dairyland Surf Classic, the largest lake surfing competition in the world.[15][16]

Sister cities

Sheboygan's sister cities are:

Sheboygan has student exchanges with both cities.[17]

Awards and rankings

Notable natives and residents

Images

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.infoplease.com/spot/roadtrip1.html
  2. ^ http://www.sheboygan.lib.wi.us/pages/spfeature.html
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ One Hundred Years of Sheboygan, 1846–1946, by J. E. Leberman, http://www.sheboyganhistory.com/1946/leberman1946.htm
  5. ^ William Williams (1920) Major William Williams' Journal of a Trip to Iowa in 1849. Annals of Iowa 7(4)
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ a b c d Kaiser, Robert L. "After 25 Years In U.s., Hmong Still Feel Isolated ." Chicago Tribune. December 27, 1999. 2. Retrieved on April 14, 2012.
  8. ^ Marley, Patrick (2005-11-28). "Bill envisions liftoff for Sheboygan". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on 2006-12-19. http://web.archive.org/web/20061219020620/http://www.jsonline.com/story/index.aspx?id=373937. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  9. ^ FCC record of deleted station WHBL-TV
  10. ^ "Significant Chronology for the Lottie Cooper". http://www.baillod.com/shipwreck/projects/sheboygan/chron.htm. 
  11. ^ "Detailed Information for Lottie Cooper". Wisconsin's Maritime Trails. Wisconsin Historical Society. http://www.maritimetrails.org/visit_trails_details.cfm?RESOURCEID=44. 
  12. ^ "Sheboygan County Registrar of Deeds". http://www.co.sheboygan.wi.us/html/d_regdeeds.html. 
  13. ^ "History". Sheboygan County Chamber of Commerce. http://www.sheboygan.org/community/history.asp. 
  14. ^ LaRose, Eric (2006-03-01). "City asked to abolish brat-eating contest". The Sheboygan Press (Gannett). http://www.sheboygan-press.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060301/SHE0101/603010492/1062. 
  15. ^ "Dairyland Surf Classic". Wisconsin Department of Tourism. http://www.travelwisconsin.com/event_detail.aspx?eventid=%2014804&menuid=59. 
  16. ^ "Dairyland Surf Classic". Allaboutsurf.com. http://www.allaboutsurf.com/articles/dairyland. 
  17. ^ "Hungry still get their fill at Taste of Sheboygan". Sheboygan Press. 2007-03-05. http://www.sheboygan-press.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070305/SHE0101/703050441. Retrieved 2007-04-11. 
  18. ^ "The Sheboygan Press". Gannett. http://www.gannett.com/about/map/ataglance/sheboygan.htm. 
  19. ^ http://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/D/DittJo20.htm
  20. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/players/h/hausejo01.shtml
  21. ^ Knoche, Eldon; Associated Press (1996-08-05). "`Breakfast Club' host Don McNeill dies Radio legend, who grew up in Sheboygan, once was fired for seeking $3 raise at Milwaukee station". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (Journal Sentinel Inc.). 
  22. ^ http://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/S/SaueGe00.htm?redir
  23. ^ http://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/S/SchuCa20.htm

External links