Shannon, County Clare

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Shannon
Sionainn
—  Town  —
Aerial view of Shannon
Shannon is located in Ireland
Shannon
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°42′49″N 8°52′07″W / 52.713731°N 8.868628°W / 52.713731; -8.868628Coordinates: 52°42′49″N 8°52′07″W / 52.713731°N 8.868628°W / 52.713731; -8.868628
CountryIreland
ProvinceMunster
CountyCounty Clare
Dáil ÉireannClare
EU ParliamentNorth-West
Elevation0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Urban9,673
Irish Grid ReferenceR402624
Websitewww.shannon.ie
 
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Shannon
Sionainn
—  Town  —
Aerial view of Shannon
Shannon is located in Ireland
Shannon
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°42′49″N 8°52′07″W / 52.713731°N 8.868628°W / 52.713731; -8.868628Coordinates: 52°42′49″N 8°52′07″W / 52.713731°N 8.868628°W / 52.713731; -8.868628
CountryIreland
ProvinceMunster
CountyCounty Clare
Dáil ÉireannClare
EU ParliamentNorth-West
Elevation0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Urban9,673
Irish Grid ReferenceR402624
Websitewww.shannon.ie

Shannon (Irish: Sionainn) or Shannon Town (Baile na Sionnainne), named after the river near which it stands, is a town in County Clare, Ireland. It was given town status on 1 January 1982. The town is located just off the N19 road, a spur of the N18/M18 road between Limerick city and Ennis. Nearby is Shannon Airport.

Contents

History

Shannon is a new town. It was built in the 1960s on reclaimed marshland alongside Shannon Airport, along with the Shannon Free Zone industrial estate.[2] The residential areas were intended as a home for the thousands of workers at the airport, surrounding industries and support services. Population growth was never as fast as planned throughout the first few decades of the town's existence. This was partly due to the proximity of 'friendly' places to live, such as Ennis town and Limerick city, or even the nearby village of Newmarket-on-Fergus.

The 'planned' nature of this town did not necessarily result in a successful town. It was lacking in facilities, and the town's shopping centre was also of poor design. Shops fronted onto pedestrian malls that were originally uncovered, allowing estuary winds and rain to strike at shoppers. The early low-cost housing (tower-block flats located in Drumgeely, near the airport) was poor-quality terraced housing.

Recent developments

There have been recent improvements. The recently completed bypass of Newmarket on Fergus includes a spur to Shannon airport, resulting in a bypass of the town for most traffic to and from Ennis and Limerick. The population grew significantly in the 1990s, and new modern housing developments continued to be built. Facilities in the town are slowly improving; for example, a second major supermarket opened, with the shopping centre being expanded by the addition of the modern "Skycourt" complex. The main road through Shannon was remodelled following the opening of the bypass. New units continue to open in the industrial estates (despite some others closing or changing hands). There is also a lobby for railway services connecting to Shannon, from the existing Ennis-Limerick route. In theory this would benefit the local community as well as the airport.

Economy

Shannon Free Zone is Ireland's largest cluster of North American investments. Since its establishment in 1959, more than 110 overseas companies have chosen to Invest in Shannon Ireland included Zimmer, Digital River, GE Capital, Genworth Financial, Bustec, Intel, Lufthansa Technik, Mentor Graphics, Molex, RSA Security and Symantec.[3] Aer Rianta International, a subsidiary of Dublin Airport Authority, has its head office on the grounds of Shannon Airport.[4] When Eirjet existed, its head office was located on the grounds of Shannon Airport.[5]

Local Government and Politics

2009 Local Elections
PartySeatsChange
Fine Gael4+2
Labour Party2=
Independent2-1
Sinn Féin1+1
Fianna Fáil0-2

The town is administered at a local level by "Shannon Town Council", known prior to 2001 as "Shannon Town Commissioners".[6] In addition, prior to September 2004, Shannon Development, a state-sponsored body had charge of many services normally provided by local authorities in the Republic of Ireland. This gave Shannon a unique status in local governance. In September 2004 its situation was regularised when Shannon Development transferred its local government functions to Clare County Council.[7] The company retains responsibility for the Shannon Free Zone.

Climate

Climate data for Shannon Airport, 1981-2010 (Extremes 1938-present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)14.8
(58.6)
15.5
(59.9)
20.2
(68.4)
23.5
(74.3)
27.2
(81.0)
31.6
(88.9)
30.6
(87.1)
29.8
(85.6)
26.1
(79.0)
23.0
(73.4)
18.2
(64.8)
16.2
(61.2)
31.6
(88.9)
Average high °C (°F)8.8
(47.8)
9.2
(48.6)
11.1
(52.0)
13.3
(55.9)
16.0
(60.8)
18.3
(64.9)
19.8
(67.6)
19.6
(67.3)
17.7
(63.9)
14.3
(57.7)
11.1
(52.0)
9.0
(48.2)
14.0
(57.2)
Average low °C (°F)3.2
(37.8)
3.2
(37.8)
4.5
(40.1)
5.7
(42.3)
8.2
(46.8)
10.9
(51.6)
12.9
(55.2)
12.7
(54.9)
10.8
(51.4)
8.2
(46.8)
5.5
(41.9)
3.6
(38.5)
7.4
(45.3)
Record low °C (°F)−11.9
(10.6)
−9.8
(14.4)
−7.8
(18.0)
−4.6
(23.7)
−1.7
(28.9)
0.9
(33.6)
4.4
(39.9)
2.8
(37.0)
−0.6
(30.9)
−3.3
(26.1)
−7.2
(19.0)
−11.4
(11.5)
−11.9
(10.6)
Precipitation mm (inches)102.3
(4.028)
76.2
(3)
78.7
(3.098)
59.2
(2.331)
64.8
(2.551)
69.8
(2.748)
65.9
(2.594)
82.0
(3.228)
75.6
(2.976)
104.9
(4.13)
94.1
(3.705)
104.0
(4.094)
977.6
(38.488)
Avg. rainy days161214111211121312161515159
Mean monthly sunshine hours49.664.499.2153.0179.8156.0139.5139.5117.089.960.043.41,291.3
Source: Met Éireann (Extremes)

See also

References

  1. ^ Central Statistics Office Ireland and Histpop - The Online Historical Population Reports Website. Shannon was not a census form until 1961. Pre 1961 figures include the townlands of Clenagh, Drumline and Rineanna. Post 1996 figures include the environs of Shannon Clenagh.
  2. ^ "Our Town," www.shannon.ie
  3. ^ "Why invest in Shannon, Ireland," www.shannonireland.com
  4. ^ "Contact Us." Aer Rianta International. Retrieved on 7 July 2010.
  5. ^ "home." Eirjet. 1 July 2006. Retrieved on 15 September 2010.
  6. ^ Shannon Town Council Origins
  7. ^ [1]

External links