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Shànghǎi Pǔdōng Guójì Jīchǎng
|Logo of Shanghai Airport Authority|
|Pudong International Airport at night|
|IATA: PVG – ICAO: ZSPD|
|Operator||Shanghai Airport Authority|
|Location||Pudong New Area|
|Elevation AMSL||4 m / 13 ft|
|Source: DAFIF, ACI|
Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVG, ICAO: ZSPD) is the primary international airport serving Shanghai, and a major aviation hub for Asia. The city's other major airport, Hongqiao, mainly serves domestic flights. Located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of the city centre, Pudong Airport occupies a 40-square-kilometre (9,900-acre) site adjacent to the coastline in eastern Pudong. The airport is operated by Shanghai Airport Authority (Chinese:上海机场集团有限公司, SSE: 600009).
The airport is the main hub for China Eastern Airlines and Shanghai Airlines, and a major international hub for Air China. It is also the hub for privately owned Juneyao Airlines and Spring Airlines, and an Asian-Pacific cargo hub for UPS and DHL. The DHL hub, opened in July 2012, is said to be the biggest express hub in Asia.
Pudong Airport has two main passenger terminals, flanked on both sides by three parallel runways. A third passenger terminal is planned for 2015, in addition to a satellite terminal and two additional runways, raising its annual capacity from 60 million passengers to 80 million, along with the ability to handle six million tonnes of freight.
Pudong Airport is a fast-growing hub for both passenger and cargo traffic. With 3,227,914 metric tonnes handled in 2010, the airport is the world's third busiest airport by cargo traffic. Pudong Airport also served a total of 40,578,621 passengers in 2010, making it the third busiest airport in mainland China and the 20th busiest in the world. As of December 2011, Pudong Airport hosted 87 airlines serving 194 destinations.
Prior to the establishment of Pudong International Airport, Hongqiao International Airport was the primary airport of Shanghai. During the 1990s, the expansion of Hongqiao Airport to meet growing demand became impossible as the surrounding urban area was developing significantly, and an alternative to assume all international flights had to be sought. A suitable site was selected on the coast of the Pudong development zone to the east of Shanghai.
Construction of the first phase of the new Shanghai Pudong International Airport began in October 1997, took two years to build at a cost of RMB 12 billion (1.67 billion USD), and was opened on October 1, 1999. It covers an area of 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) and is 30 kilometres (19 mi) from downtown Shanghai. The first phase of the airport has one 4E category runway (4000 m x 60 m) along with two parallel taxiways, an 800,000-square-metre (8,600,000 sq ft) apron, seventy-six aircraft positions and a 50,000 m2 (540,000 sq ft) cargo warehouse.
A second runway was opened on March 17, 2005, and construction of phase two (including a second terminal, a third runway and a cargo terminal) began in December 2005 and started operation on March 26, 2008, in time for the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics.
In November 2011 Pudong Airport received approval from the national government for a new round of expansion which includes two runways. The 3,800-meter fourth runway, along with an auxiliary taxiway and traffic control facilities, is projected to cost 2.58 billion yuan (USD 403 million). The 3,400-meter fifth runway, along with a new traffic tower, will cost 4.65 billion yuan (USD 726.6 million). Construction is expected to be completed in 2015 and will double the capacity of the airport.
Limited international services resumed at Hongqiao Airport in October 2007 with flights to Tokyo International Airport (Haneda), in November 2007 with flights to Gimpo International Airport in Seoul, in June 2010 with flights to Taipei Songshan Airport and in September 2010 with flights to Hong Kong Airport. This is believed to be a major effort to provide convenience to business travelers, a practice already in place between Haneda and Gimpo for years. Hongqiao, Haneda, Gimpo, and Songshan are much closer to their respective metro centers than their newer but remote international gateways Pudong, Narita, Incheon, and Taoyuan.
The airport has 70 boarding bridges along with 218 parking positions. Three runways are in operation: one 4,000-metre (13,000 ft) runway—4E rating—with six taxiways, one 3,800-metre (12,500 ft) runway—4F rating—with four taxiways and one 3,400-metre (11,200 ft) runway—4F rating—with six taxiways.
Terminal 1 was opened on October 1, 1999 along with a 4000m runway and including a cargo hub. It was built to handle the demand for traffic and to relieve Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport's traffic. Terminal 1 is shaped like Kansai International Airport's terminal, but it is shorter and with 28 gates, 13 of which are double decker gates. The exterior of the terminal is shaped like waves. The capacity of Terminal 1 is 20 million passengers. It currently has 204 check-in counters, thirteen luggage conveying belts and covering an area of 280,000 square meters.
Terminal 2, opened on 26 March 2008, along with the third runway, gives a capacity of 60 million passengers and 4.2 million tonnes of cargo annually. Terminal 2 is shaped like the 1st terminal but it has more of a wave shaping, rather than a seagull shape and is slightly larger than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 is primarily used by Air China and other Star Alliance members but may be used by SkyTeam and Oneworld airlines.
Shanghai Airlines moved to Terminal 2 upon its opening on March 26, 2008 with 14 other airlines, including Air India, Northwest Airlines, Qatar Airways, Alitalia, British Airways, Qantas, Virgin Atlantic Airways, Philippine Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, Transaero Airlines, Cebu Pacific, Aerosvit Airlines, Garuda Indonesia and Royal Nepal Airlines. Fellow Star Alliance partners Air Canada, Air China, Air New Zealand, ANA, Asiana Airlines, Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines, Thai Airways and United Airlines moved to the new terminal on April 29, 2008 such that more than 30 airlines are now operating at Terminal 2.
|Aeroméxico||Mexico City, Tijuana||2|
|AirAsia X||Kuala Lumpur||2|
|AirAsia Zest||Kalibo, Manila||1|
|Air Canada||Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver||2|
|Air China||Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Hohhot, Kunming, Lanzhou, Shenzhen, Wenzhou, Xi'an, Xichang, Yinchuan||2|
|Air China||Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Melbourne, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Sendai, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita||2|
operated by Dalian Airlines
|Air France||Paris-Charles de Gaulle||1|
|Air India||Delhi, Mumbai||2|
|Air Koryo||Seasonal: Pyongyang||1|
|Air New Zealand||Auckland||2|
|All Nippon Airways||Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita|
|American Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles||2|
|Asiana Airlines||Busan, Seoul-Incheon||2|
|Cambodia Angkor Air||Phnom Penh, Siem Reap||2|
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong||2|
|Cebu Pacific||Clark, Kalibo, Manila||2|
|China Airlines||Kaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan||1|
|China Eastern Airlines||Beihai, Beijing-Capital, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Chaoyang, Chengdu, Chifeng, Chongqing, Dalian, Datong, Dazhou, Dunhuang, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hami, Handan, Harbin, Hefei, Huai'an, Jiayuguan, Jinan, Jiuzhaigou, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Linyi, Liping, Liuzhou, Luzhou, Lüliang, Mudanjiang, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Sanya, Shennongjia, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tianjin, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xingyi, Xining, Yan'an, Yanji, Yantai, Yibin, Yichun, Yinchuan, Yulin, Zhangjiajie, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan||1|
|China Eastern Airlines||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Busan, Chiang Mai, Daegu, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dubai-International, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Gwangju, Hanoi, Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Jeju, Kagoshima, Komatsu, Kuala Lumpur, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Macau, Manila, Matsuyama, Melbourne, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Nagasaki, Nagoya-Centrair, Naha, New York-JFK, Niigata, Okayama, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Rome-Fiumicino, San Francisco, Sapporo-Chitose, Seoul-Incheon, Shizuoka, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver|
Seasonal: Asahikawa, Auckland, Cairns, Kota Kinabalu, Langkawi
|China Southern Airlines||Changbaishan, Changchun, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Kunming, Mudanjiang, Nanning, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xining, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai||2|
|China Southern Airlines||Nagoya-Centrair, Seoul-Incheon, Taipei-Taoyuan||2|
|Delta Air Lines||Detroit, Seattle/Tacoma, Tokyo-Narita||2|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa||2|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi||2|
|EVA Air||Kaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan||2|
|Hainan Airlines||Haikou, Lanzhou, Tianjin, Weifang, Xi'an||2|
|Hong Kong Airlines||Hong Kong||2|
|Japan Airlines||Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita||1|
|Juneyao Airlines||Baotou, Beihai, Changchun, Changsha, Chongqing, Dalian, Dongying, Fuzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Hailar, Harbin, Lijiang, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Sanya, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Tianjin, Tongliao, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xining, Yinchuan, Zhuhai||2|
|Juneyao Airlines||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cheongju, Chiang Mai, Hong Kong, Jeju, Kaohsiung, Krabi, Macau, Naha, Osaka-Kansai, Phuket, Taipei-Taoyuan, Yangyang||2|
|Korean Air||Busan, Seoul-Incheon||1|
|Mahan Air||Tehran-Imam Khomeini||2|
|Malaysia Airlines||Kuala Lumpur||2|
operated by PAL Express
|Royal Brunei Airlines||Bandar Seri Begawan||1|
|Shanghai Airlines||Anshan, Changchun, Changsha, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Jinzhou, Mianyang, Nanning, Ordos, Qinhuangdao, Sanya, Shenyang, Tangshan, Tianjin, Wanzhou, Xiamen, Xi'an, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai||1|
|Shanghai Airlines||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Busan, Osaka-Kansai, Phuket, Seoul-Incheon, Taipei-Songshan, Toyama|
Seasonal: Krabi, Surat Thani
|Shenzhen Airlines||Nanchang, Quanzhou, Shenzhen||2|
|Sichuan Airlines||Chengdu, Chongqing||1|
|Spring Airlines||Changbaishan, Changchun, Chongqing, Dalian, Guilin, Harbin, Kunming, Manzhouli, Mianyang, Nanning, Sanya, Shenyang, Xiamen, Xi'an, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhuhai||2|
|Spring Airlines||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chiang Mai, Da Nang, Hong Kong, Ibaraki, Jeju, Kaohsiung, Kota Kinabalu, Macau, Osaka-Kansai, Phuket, Saga, Siem Reap, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan, Takamatsu||2|
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich||2|
|Transasia Airways||Taichung, Taipei-Songshan, Taipei-Taoyuan||2|
|United Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Guam (begins 29 October 2014), Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco||2|
|Vietnam Airlines||Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City|
Charter: Da Nang
|Air China Cargo||Amsterdam, Anchorage, Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, New York-JFK, Novosibirsk, Osaka-Kansai, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou|
|Air Hong Kong||Hong Kong|
|AirBridgeCargo Airlines||Ekaterinburg, Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Sochi|
|ANA Cargo||Naha, Tokyo-Narita|
|Asiana Airlines Cargo||Seoul-Incheon|
|Atlas Air||Anchorage, Baku, Dubai, Zhengzhou|
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Chengdu, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Xiamen, Zhengzhou|
|China Airlines Cargo||Taipei-Taoyuan|
|China Cargo Airlines||Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chengdu, Chicago-O'Hare, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dhaka, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Milan-Malpensa, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Seoul-Incheon, Shenzhen, Singapore, St. Louis, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita, Zaragoza|
|China Postal Airlines||Beijing-Capital, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Osaka-Kansai, Tianjin, Xiamen|
|China Southern Airlines Cargo||Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chicago-O'Hare, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Osaka-Kansai, Vancouver, Vienna|
|DHL Express operated by AeroLogic||Leipzig/Halle|
|Emirates SkyCargo||Dubai, Kabul|
|Etihad Crystal Cargo||Abu Dhabi, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, Port Moresby|
|EVA Air Cargo||Taipei-Taoyuan|
|FedEx Express||Anchorage, Beijing-Capital, Delhi, Dubai, Guangzhou, Memphis, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita|
|Finnair Cargo operated by|
Nordic Global Airlines
|Helsinki, New York-JFK|
|Hong Kong Airlines Cargo||Hong Kong, Xiamen|
|Iran Air Cargo||Tehran-Imam Khomeini|
|Korean Air Cargo||Anchorage, Atlanta, New York-JFK, Seoul-Incheon, Toronto-Pearson|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk, Seoul-Incheon|
|MASkargo||Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Kuching, Penang, Sydney|
|MNG Airlines||Almaty, Istanbul-Atatürk|
|Nippon Cargo Airlines||Tokyo-Narita|
|Polar Air Cargo||Anchorage, Cincinnati, Los Angeles, Nagoya-Centrair, Seoul-Incheon, Tokyo-Narita|
|Qantas Cargo||Anchorage, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chongqing, Chicago-O'Hare, New York-JFK, Sydney|
|Saudia Cargo||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Jeddah, Riyadh|
|SF Airlines||Beijing-Capital, Harbin, Shenzhen|
|Singapore Airlines Cargo||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Singapore|
|Silk Way Airlines||Baku|
|Southern Air||Anchorage, Chicago-O'Hare|
|TNT Airways||Chongqing, Liège, Singapore|
|Turkish Airlines||Almaty, Bishkek, Istanbul-Atatürk|
|UPS Airlines||Anchorage, Louisville, Osaka-Kansai, Seoul-Incheon, Tokyo-Narita, Warsaw|
|Yangtze River Express||Aktobe, Anchorage, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chicago-O'Hare, Chongqing, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Hahn, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Nagoya-Centrair, Novosibirsk, Osaka-Kansai, Prague, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Singapore, Wuxi|
Starting service on 29 January 2004 as the first commercial high-speed maglev railway in the world, Shanghai Maglev Train links Pudong International Airport with Longyang Road Metro Station, where transfer to Line 2 or Line 7 is possible. The 30-km ride from Longyang Road Metro station to Pudong International Airport typically takes less than eight minutes, with the maximum speed reaching 431 km/h. Trains operate every 15 minutes; therefore passengers can expect to arrive in less than 25 minutes, waiting time included.
A standard single-ride ticket costs 50 RMB. Discounted prices are available for Shanghai Public Transportation Card holders (￥40 single), and for round trips within 7 days (￥80 round-trip). First-class tickets cost 100 RMB (single) or 180 RMB (round-trip within 7 days). All cars are equipped with racks and space designated for luggage.
Shanghai Metro Line 2 also provides service between Pudong International Airport and Longyang Road, Lujiazui, People's Square, and Hongqiao International Airport, Shanghai's primary domestic airport. Line 2 is part of the Shanghai Metro system; therefore unlike the Maglev, free in-system transfer to other lines are possible, with ticket prices varying from 3 RMB to 10 RMB.
Prices are substantially lower than the Maglev (￥6 from Pudong International Airport to Longyang Road and Lujiazui, ￥7 to People's Square, ￥8 to Hongqiao International Airport). However, trips take longer due to lower speed of trains. A casual ride to People's Square, the city centre, typically takes just over one hour. It is wise to allow more than five hours for a safe flight transfer at Hongqiao International Airport using public transportation.
It should further be noted that Line 2 operates in two sections: trains from Pudong International Airport terminate at Guanglan Road, where passengers wishing to travel on change trains across the platform. In addition, not all trains go to Hongqiao International Airport.
Eight airport bus lines serve Pudong International Airport, providing rapid links to various destinations. Buses are labelled "机场X线" (Airport Bus Line X) and typically operate on a 15-to-30 minute basis. Fares range from 2 to 22 yuan depending on distance travelled.
The S1 Yingbin Expressway goes into the airport
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shanghai Pudong International Airport.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Shanghai Pudong International Airport.|