Shanghai Pudong International Airport

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Shanghai Pudong
International Airport

上海浦东国际机场
Shànghǎi Pǔdōng Guójì Jīchǎng
PudongAirportLogo.png
Logo of Shanghai Airport Authority
Pudong International Airport at night.jpg
Pudong International Airport at night
IATA: PVGICAO: ZSPD
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorShanghai Airport Authority
ServesShanghai
LocationPudong New Area
Hub for
Elevation AMSL4 m / 13 ft
Coordinates31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E / 31.14333°N 121.80528°E / 31.14333; 121.80528Coordinates: 31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E / 31.14333°N 121.80528°E / 31.14333; 121.80528
WebsitePudong Airport
Map
PVG is located in Shanghai
PVG
Location of airport in Shanghai
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
17L/35R4,00013,123Concrete
16/343,80012,467Concrete
17R/35L3,40011,155Concrete
TBD3,90012,795
TBD3,40011,155
Statistics (2012)
Passengers44,857,200
Cargo (tons)3,227,914
Source: DAFIF,[1][2] ACI[3]
 
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Shanghai Pudong
International Airport

上海浦东国际机场
Shànghǎi Pǔdōng Guójì Jīchǎng
PudongAirportLogo.png
Logo of Shanghai Airport Authority
Pudong International Airport at night.jpg
Pudong International Airport at night
IATA: PVGICAO: ZSPD
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorShanghai Airport Authority
ServesShanghai
LocationPudong New Area
Hub for
Elevation AMSL4 m / 13 ft
Coordinates31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E / 31.14333°N 121.80528°E / 31.14333; 121.80528Coordinates: 31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E / 31.14333°N 121.80528°E / 31.14333; 121.80528
WebsitePudong Airport
Map
PVG is located in Shanghai
PVG
Location of airport in Shanghai
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
17L/35R4,00013,123Concrete
16/343,80012,467Concrete
17R/35L3,40011,155Concrete
TBD3,90012,795
TBD3,40011,155
Statistics (2012)
Passengers44,857,200
Cargo (tons)3,227,914
Source: DAFIF,[1][2] ACI[3]
Shanghai Pudong International Airport
Simplified Chinese上海浦东国际机场
Traditional Chinese上海浦東國際機場

Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVGICAO: ZSPD) is the primary international airport serving Shanghai, and a major aviation hub for Asia. The city's other major airport, Hongqiao, mainly serves domestic flights. Located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of the city centre, Pudong Airport occupies a 40-square-kilometre (9,900-acre) site adjacent to the coastline in eastern Pudong. The airport is operated by Shanghai Airport Authority (Chinese:上海机场集团有限公司, SSE: 600009).

The airport is the main hub for China Eastern Airlines and Shanghai Airlines, and a major international hub for Air China. It is also the hub for privately owned Juneyao Airlines and Spring Airlines, and an Asian-Pacific cargo hub for UPS[4] and DHL. The DHL hub, opened in July 2012, is said to be the biggest express hub in Asia.[5]

Pudong Airport has two main passenger terminals, flanked on both sides by three parallel runways. A third passenger terminal is planned for 2015, in addition to a satellite terminal and two additional runways, raising its annual capacity from 60 million passengers to 80 million, along with the ability to handle six million tonnes of freight.[6]

Pudong Airport is a fast-growing hub for both passenger and cargo traffic. With 3,227,914 metric tonnes handled in 2010, the airport is the world's third busiest airport by cargo traffic. Pudong Airport also served a total of 40,578,621 passengers in 2010, making it the third busiest airport in mainland China and the 20th busiest in the world. As of December 2011, Pudong Airport hosted 87 airlines serving 194 destinations.[7]

Shanghai Pudong is the busiest international hub of mainland China, ranking 22nd globally in terms of international traffic.[8] About half of its total passenger traffic is international.[9]

Pudong Airport is connected to the city's urban rail network through Metro Line 2 and the Shanghai Maglev Train. The airport is open 24 hours a day.

The interior of Terminal 1

History and development[edit]

Early development[edit]

Prior to the establishment of Pudong International Airport, Hongqiao International Airport was the primary airport of Shanghai. During the 1990s, the expansion of Hongqiao Airport to meet growing demand became impossible as the surrounding urban area was developing significantly, and an alternative to assume all international flights had to be sought. A suitable site was selected on the coast of the Pudong development zone to the east of Shanghai.

Construction of the first phase of the new Shanghai Pudong International Airport began in October 1997, took two years to build at a cost of RMB 12 billion (1.67 billion USD), and was opened on October 1, 1999. It covers an area of 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) and is 30 kilometres (19 mi) from downtown Shanghai. The first phase of the airport has one 4E category runway (4000 m x 60 m) along with two parallel taxiways, an 800,000-square-metre (8,600,000 sq ft) apron, seventy-six aircraft positions and a 50,000 m2 (540,000 sq ft) cargo warehouse.

A second runway was opened on March 17, 2005, and construction of phase two (including a second terminal, a third runway and a cargo terminal) began in December 2005 and started operation on March 26, 2008, in time for the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics.

Ongoing Expansion[edit]

In November 2011 Pudong Airport received approval from the national government for a new round of expansion which includes two runways. The 3,800-meter fourth runway, along with an auxiliary taxiway and traffic control facilities, is projected to cost 2.58 billion yuan (USD 403 million). The 3,400-meter fifth runway, along with a new traffic tower, will cost 4.65 billion yuan (USD 726.6 million). Construction is expected to be completed in 2015 and will double the capacity of the airport.[10][11]

Hongqiao flights[edit]

Limited international services resumed at Hongqiao Airport in October 2007 with flights to Tokyo International Airport (Haneda), in November 2007 with flights to Gimpo International Airport in Seoul, in June 2010 with flights to Taipei Songshan Airport and in September 2010 with flights to Hong Kong Airport. This is believed to be a major effort to provide convenience to business travelers, a practice already in place between Haneda and Gimpo for years. Hongqiao, Haneda, Gimpo, and Songshan are much closer to their respective metro centers than their newer but remote international gateways Pudong, Narita, Incheon, and Taoyuan.

Composition[edit]

The airport has 70 boarding bridges along with 218 parking positions. Three runways are in operation: one 4,000-metre (13,000 ft) runway—4E rating—with six taxiways, one 3,800-metre (12,500 ft) runway—4F rating—with four taxiways and one 3,400-metre (11,200 ft) runway—4F rating—with six taxiways.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 was opened on October 1, 1999 along with a 4000m runway and including a cargo hub. It was built to handle the demand for traffic and to relieve Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport's traffic. Terminal 1 is shaped like Kansai International Airport's terminal, but it is shorter and with 28 gates, 13 of which are double decker gates. The exterior of the terminal is shaped like waves. The capacity of Terminal 1 is 20 million passengers. It currently has 204 check-in counters, thirteen luggage conveying belts and covering an area of 280,000 square meters.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2, opened on 26 March 2008, along with the third runway, gives a capacity of 60 million passengers and 4.2 million tonnes of cargo annually. Terminal 2 is shaped like the 1st terminal but it has more of a wave shaping, rather than a seagull shape and is slightly larger than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 is primarily used by Air China and other Star Alliance members but may be used by SkyTeam and Oneworld airlines.[12]

Shanghai Airlines moved to Terminal 2 upon its opening on March 26, 2008 with 14 other airlines, including Air India, Northwest Airlines, Qatar Airways, Alitalia, British Airways, Qantas, Virgin Atlantic Airways, Philippine Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, Transaero Airlines, Cebu Pacific, Aerosvit Airlines, Garuda Indonesia and Royal Nepal Airlines. Fellow Star Alliance partners Air Canada, Air China, Air New Zealand, ANA, Asiana Airlines, Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines, Thai Airways and United Airlines moved to the new terminal on April 29, 2008[13] such that more than 30 airlines are now operating at Terminal 2.[12]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinationsTerminal
AeroflotMoscow-Sheremetyevo2
AeroméxicoMexico City, Tijuana2
AirAsia XKuala Lumpur2
AirAsia ZestKalibo, Manila1
Air CanadaToronto-Pearson, Vancouver2
Air ChinaBeijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Hohhot, Jiuzhaigou, Kunming, Lanzhou, Shenzhen, Wenzhou, Xi'an, Xichang, Yinchuan2
Air ChinaFrankfurt, Fukuoka, Melbourne, Milan-Malpensa, Munich [begins 6 June 2014],[14] Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal:Sendai
2
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian2
Air FranceParis-Charles de Gaulle1
Air IndiaDelhi, Mumbai2
Air KoryoSeasonal: Pyongyang1
Air MacauMacau2
Air MauritiusMauritius2
Air New ZealandAuckland2
All Nippon AirwaysOsaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal: Nagoya-Centrair
2
American AirlinesChicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth [begins 12 June 2014],[15] Los Angeles2
Asiana AirlinesBusan, Seoul-Incheon2
British AirwaysLondon-Heathrow2
Cambodia Angkor AirPhnom Penh, Siem Reap2
Cathay PacificHong Kong2
Cebu PacificClark, Kalibo, Manila2
Chengdu AirlinesChengdu2
China AirlinesKaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan1
China Eastern AirlinesBeihai, Beijing-Capital, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Chaoyang, Chengdu, Chifeng, Chongqing, Dalian, Datong, Dazhou, Dunhuang, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Handan, Harbin, Hefei, Huai'an, Jiayuguan, Jinan, Jiuzhaigou, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Linyi, Liping, Liuzhou, Luzhou, Mohe, Mudanjiang, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tianjin, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xingyi, Xining, Yan'an, Yanji, Yantai, Yibin, Yichun, Yinchuan, Yulin, Zhangjiajie, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan1
China Eastern AirlinesBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Busan, Chiang Mai, Daegu, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dubai, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Gwangju, Hanoi, Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Jeju, Kagoshima, Komatsu, Kuala Lumpur, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Macau, Manila, Matsuyama, Melbourne, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Nagasaki, Nagoya-Centrair, Naha, New York-JFK, Niigata, Okayama, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Rome-Fiumicino, San Francisco, Sapporo-Chitose, Seoul-Incheon, Shizuoka, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita, Vancouver
Seasonal: Asahikawa, Auckland, Cairns, Kota Kinabalu, Langkawi
1
China Southern AirlinesChangbaishan, Changchun, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Kunming, Mudanjiang, Nanning, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xining, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai2
China Southern AirlinesNagoya-Centrair, Seoul-Incheon, Taipei-Taoyuan2
Chongqing AirlinesChongqing2
Delta Air LinesDetroit, Seattle/Tacoma, Tokyo-Narita2
DragonairHong Kong2
Eastar JetCheongju2
EmiratesDubai2
Ethiopian AirlinesAddis Ababa [begins 30 March 2014][16]2
Etihad AirwaysAbu Dhabi2
EVA AirKaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan2
FinnairHelsinki2
Garuda IndonesiaJakarta-Soekarno-Hatta2
Hainan AirlinesHaikou, Lanzhou, Tianjin, Weifang, Xi'an, Xining2
Hong Kong AirlinesHong Kong2
Japan AirlinesNagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita1
Jin AirJeju1
Juneyao AirlinesBaotou, Beihai, Changchun, Changsha, Chongqing, Dalian, Dongying, Fuzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Hailar, Harbin, Lijiang, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Sanya, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Tianjin, Tongliao, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yinchuan, Zhuhai2
Juneyao AirlinesBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chiang Mai, Hong Kong, Jeju, Kaohsiung, Macau, Naha, Phuket, Taipei-Taoyuan, Yangyang2
KLMAmsterdam1
Korean AirBusan, Seoul-Incheon1
Lucky AirKunming2
LufthansaFrankfurt, Munich2
Mahan AirTehran-Imam Khomeini2
Malaysia AirlinesKota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur2
Mega MaldivesMalé2
Philippine AirlinesManila2
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Kalibo2
QantasSydney2
Qatar AirwaysDoha2
Royal Brunei AirlinesBandar Seri Begawan1
Scandinavian AirlinesCopenhagen2
Shandong AirlinesQingdao2
Shanghai AirlinesAnshan, Changchun, Changsha, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Jinzhou, Mianyang, Nanning, Ordos, Qinhuangdao, Sanya, Shenyang, Tangshan, Tianjin, Wanzhou, Xiamen, Xi'an, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai1
Shanghai AirlinesBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Busan, Da Nang, Osaka-Kansai, Kuala Lumpur, Phuket, Seoul-Incheon, Taipei-Songshan, Toyama
Seasonal: Krabi, Surat Thani
1
Shenzhen AirlinesNanchang, Quanzhou, Shenzhen2
Sichuan AirlinesChengdu, Chongqing1
Sichuan AirlinesSaipan1
Singapore AirlinesSingapore2
Spring AirlinesChangbaishan, Changchun, Chongqing, Dalian, Guilin, Guiyang, Harbin, Kunming, Lanzhou, Manzhouli, Mianyang, Nanning, Sanya, Shenyang, Tianjin, Xiamen, Xi'an, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhuhai2
Spring AirlinesBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chiang Mai [begins 30 March 2014], Hong Kong, Ibaraki, Jeju, Kaohsiung, Kota Kinabalu, Macau, Osaka-Kansai [begins 15 March 2014], Phuket, Saga, Siem Reap, Taipei-Taoyuan, Takamatsu2
SriLankan AirlinesBangkok-Suvarnabhumi [ends 30 March 2014], Colombo1
Swiss International Air LinesZürich2
Thai Airways InternationalBangkok-Suvarnabhumi2
Tigerair PhilippinesKalibo2
Transasia AirwaysTaichung, Taipei-Songshan, Taipei-Taoyuan2
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul-Atatürk2
UNI AirTaipei-Songshan2
United AirlinesChicago-O'Hare, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco2
Vietnam AirlinesHanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
Seasonal: Da Nang
2
Virgin AtlanticLondon-Heathrow2

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air China CargoAmsterdam, Anchorage, Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, New York-JFK, Novosibirsk, Osaka-Kansai, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou
Air Hong KongHong Kong
AirBridgeCargo AirlinesEkaterinburg, Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Sochi
ANA CargoNaha, Tokyo-Narita
Asiana Airlines CargoSeoul-Incheon
Atlas AirAnchorage, Baku, Dubai, Zhengzhou
British Airways World CargoDammam, Delhi, Dubai, Frankfurt, London-Stansted
CargoluxLuxembourg
Cathay Pacific CargoChengdu, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Xiamen, Zhengzhou
China Airlines CargoTaipei-Taoyuan
China Cargo AirlinesAmsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chengdu, Chicago-O'Hare, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dhaka, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Milan-Malpensa, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Seoul-Incheon, Shenzhen, Singapore, St. Louis, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita, Zaragoza
China Postal AirlinesBeijing-Capital, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Osaka-Kansai, Tianjin, Xiamen
China Southern Airlines CargoAmsterdam, Anchorage, Chicago-O'Hare, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Osaka-Kansai, Vancouver, Vienna
DHL Express operated by AeroLogicLeipzig/Halle
Emirates SkyCargoDubai, Kabul
Etihad Crystal CargoAbu Dhabi, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, Port Moresby
EVA Air CargoTaipei-Taoyuan
FedEx ExpressAnchorage, Beijing-Capital, Delhi, Dubai, Guangzhou, Memphis, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita
Finnair Cargo operated by
Nordic Global Airlines
Helsinki, New York-JFK
Hong Kong Airlines CargoHong Kong, Xiamen
Iran Air CargoTehran-Imam Khomeini
Korean Air CargoAnchorage, Atlanta, New York-JFK, Seoul-Incheon, Toronto-Pearson
Lufthansa CargoFrankfurt, Krasnoyarsk, Seoul-Incheon
MASkargoKota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Kuching, Sydney
MNG AirlinesAlmaty, Istanbul-Atatürk
Nippon Cargo AirlinesTokyo-Narita
Polar Air CargoAnchorage, Cincinnati, Los Angeles, Nagoya-Centrair, Seoul-Incheon, Tokyo-Narita
Qantas CargoAnchorage, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chongqing, Chicago-O'Hare, New York-JFK, Sydney
Saudia CargoBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Jeddah, Riyadh
SF AirlinesBeijing-Capital, Harbin, Shenzhen
Singapore Airlines CargoBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Singapore
Silk Way AirlinesBaku
Southern AirAnchorage, Chicago-O'Hare
TNT AirwaysChongqing, Liège, Singapore
Turkish AirlinesAlmaty, Bishkek, Istanbul-Atatürk
UPS AirlinesAnchorage, Louisville, Osaka-Kansai, Seoul-Incheon, Tokyo-Narita, Warsaw
Volga-Dnepr AirlinesNovosibirsk
Yangtze River ExpressAktobe, Anchorage, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chicago-O'Hare, Chongqing, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Hahn, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Nagoya-Centrair, Novosibirsk, Prague, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Singapore, Wuxi
A Shanghai Pudong Airport Bus Expressway
Shanghai Pudong International Airport in 2001

Ground transportation[edit]

A maglev train departing Pudong airport
Metro Line 2 links city centre and Pudong airport

Highway[edit]

Maglev Train[edit]

Starting service on 29 January 2004 as the first commercial high-speed maglev railway in the world, Shanghai Maglev Train links Pudong International Airport with Longyang Road Metro Station, where transfer to Line 2 or Line 7 is possible. The 30-km ride from Longyang Road Metro station to Pudong International Airport typically takes less than eight minutes, with the maximum speed reaching 431 km/h. Trains operate every 15 minutes; therefore passengers can expect to arrive in less than 25 minutes, waiting time included.

A standard single-ride ticket costs 50 RMB.[17] Discounted prices are available for Shanghai Public Transportation Card holders (¥40 single), and for round trips within 7 days (¥80 round-trip). First-class tickets cost 100 RMB (single) or 180 RMB (round-trip within 7 days). All cars are equipped with racks and space designated for luggage.

Shanghai Metro Line 2[edit]

Shanghai Metro Line 2 also provides service between Pudong International Airport and Longyang Road, Lujiazui, People's Square, and Hongqiao International Airport, Shanghai's primary domestic airport. Line 2 is part of the Shanghai Metro system; therefore unlike the Maglev, free in-system transfer to other lines are possible, with ticket prices varying from 3 RMB to 10 RMB.

Prices are substantially lower than the Maglev (¥6 from Pudong International Airport to Longyang Road and Lujiazui, ¥7 to People's Square, ¥8 to Hongqiao International Airport). However, trips take longer due to lower speed of trains. A casual ride to People's Square, the city centre, typically takes just over one hour. It is wise to allow more than five hours for a safe flight transfer at Hongqiao International Airport using public transportation.

It should further be noted that Line 2 operates in two sections: trains from Pudong International Airport terminate at Guanglan Road, where passengers wishing to travel on change trains across the platform. In addition, not all trains go to Hongqiao International Airport.

Airport Buses[edit]

Eight Airport Bus lines serve Pudong International Airport, providing rapid links to various destinations. Buses are labelled "机场X线" (Airport Bus Line X) and typically operate on a 15-to-30 minute basis. Fares range from 2 to 22 yuan depending on distance travelled.

Incidents and accidents[edit]


Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport information for ZSPD at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  2. ^ Airport information for PVG at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  3. ^ Passenger Traffic 2010 FINAL
  4. ^ UPS Air Operations Facts
  5. ^ Deutsche Post DHL targets Asian expansion
  6. ^ Shanghai Airport reports profit growth, despite big investments in massive new facilities at Pudong – China Airlines, Airports and Aviation News. Chinaaviation.aero (2008-03-11). Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  7. ^ "民航局与上海市人民政府在沪签战略合作协议" (in Chinese). Carnoc. 6 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Top international routes in China and India. Shanghai Pudong and Delhi dominate". CAPA. September 13, 2011. 
  9. ^ "From obscurity, Guangzhou and Shanghai Pudong airports move up rankings". CAPA. June 3, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Shanghai Pudong's fourth and fifth runways receive approval". CAPA. 6 December 2011. 
  11. ^ "Shanghai airport to double capacity". South China Morning Post. 8 December 2011. 
  12. ^ a b Dermot Davitt Shanghai Pudong International Airport begins new era with opening of Terminal Two 26/03/08, Source: The Moodie Report
  13. ^ Travel News Your Way. e-Travel Blackboard. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  14. ^ Air China to Launch Shanghai Pudong-Munich Service from June 2014
  15. ^ "American Airlines to Launch Service Between Dallas/Fort Worth and Shanghai June 11" (Press release). American Airlines. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "Ethiopian to Start Flights to Shanghai" (Press release). Ethiopian Airlines. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  17. ^ "Shanghai Maglev Official Website". Smtdc.com. 2005-05-18. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  18. ^ Photos: Boeing 747-4R7F/SCD Aircraft Pictures. Airliners.net. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  19. ^ Photos: Airbus A340-642 Aircraft Pictures. Airliners.net. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  20. ^ Cargo plane crashes at Shanghai airport – Xinhua. Reuters. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  21. ^ 浦东机场货机坠毁现场浓烟滚滚(组图)_新浪航空航天_新浪网. Mil.news.sina.com.cn. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  22. ^ Report: Three dead in cargo plane crash in Shanghai | CNN.com

External links[edit]