Shane Gould

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Shane Gould
Shane Gould.jpg
Shane Gould
Medal record
Women’s swimming
Representing  Australia
Olympic Games
Gold1972 Munich200 m freestyle
Gold1972 Munich400 m freestyle
Gold1972 Munich200 m individual medley
Silver1972 Munich800 m freestyle
Bronze1972 Munich100 m freestyle
 
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Shane Gould
Shane Gould.jpg
Shane Gould
Medal record
Women’s swimming
Representing  Australia
Olympic Games
Gold1972 Munich200 m freestyle
Gold1972 Munich400 m freestyle
Gold1972 Munich200 m individual medley
Silver1972 Munich800 m freestyle
Bronze1972 Munich100 m freestyle

Shane Elizabeth Gould, MBE (born 23 November 1956) is an Australian former swimmer who won three gold medals, a silver and bronze in 1972 Summer Olympics.

Background[edit]

Shane Gould was born in Sydney, Australia, on the first day of competition of the 1956 Melbourne Olympics. She moved to Fiji with her family at the age of 18 months. By the age of six, she was a competent swimmer. She attended primary school at St. Peters Lutheran College, Brisbane, where a sporting house is named after her, and secondary school at Turramurra High School, Sydney where a sporting house is also named after her and fellow Olympian Gail Neall. She was trained by leading coaches Forbes and Ursula Carlile and their assistant Tom Green, and won all her world swimming titles while a teenager, travelling widely.

Gould spent most of the years after ending competitive swimming out of the public eye. She married Neil Innes at 18, became a Christian, and lived on a working farm near Margaret River, southwestern Australia. She farmed, and taught horseriding and surfing, making very few public appearances. She has four children, and now three grandchildren.[1]

Her marriage ended after 22 years, coinciding with a return to public life,[2] and she married Milton Nelms in 2007.[3][4] She now divides her time between Bicheno, Tasmania and Sydney, coaches swimmers, and still swims in Masters competitions.

Gould returned to study in the late 2000s. She studied at the Sydney Film School (2007, Cert IV documentary film, Digital Filmmaking) and was awarded a Master of Environmental Management (2010, with a thesis on the social uses and functions of public swimming pools), and Master of Contemporary Art (2012, with a video piece Loops and Lines). Both degrees are from the University of Tasmania.[5]

Swimming[edit]

At the 1972 Summer Olympics, in Munich, Gould won three gold medals, setting a world record in each race. She also won a bronze and a silver medal.

She is the only person, male or female, to hold every world freestyle record from 100 m to 1500 m and the 200m individual medley world record simultaneously, which she did from 12 December 1971 to 1 September 1972. She is also the first female swimmer ever to win three Olympic gold medals in world record time. She's also the first swimmer, male or female, to win Olympic medals in five individual events in a single Olympics.

At the age of 17, she retired from competitive swimming, citing pressures placed upon her by her success and media profile.

Over two decades later, Gould returned to competitive swimming at Masters level. She set Australian Masters records (40–44 years 100m, 200 m, and 400 m freestyle, and 100 m butterfly) and 45–49 years (50 m butterfly, 100 m and 200 m freestyle). In 2003 she broke the world record for the 45–49 years 200 m individual medley in 2:38.13 (beating the 1961 world record for all ages).[6]

Publications[edit]

Other achievements[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Australia Dawn Fraser
Women's 100 metres Freestyle
World Record Holder (Long Course)

30 April 1971 – 13 July 1973
Succeeded by
East Germany Kornelia Ender
Preceded by
United States Debbie Meyer
United States Shirley Babashoff
Women's 200 metres Freestyle
World Record Holder (Long Course)

1 May 1971 – 4 August 1972
1 September 1972 – 2 August 1974
Succeeded by
United States Shirley Babashoff
East Germany Kornelia Ender
Preceded by
Australia Karen Moras
Women's 400 metres Freestyle
World Record Holder (Long Course)

30 April 1971 – 22 August 1973
Succeeded by
United States Keena Rothhammer
Preceded by
United States Ann Simmons
Women's 800 metres Freestyle
World Record Holder (Long Course)

3 December 1971 – 6 August 1972
Succeeded by
United States Jo Harshbarger
Preceded by
United States Debbie Meyer
Women's 1500 metres Freestyle
World Record Holder (Long Course)

12 December 1971 – 25 August 1973
Succeeded by
United States Jo Harshbarger
Preceded by
United States Claudia Kolb
Women's 200 metres Individual Medley
World Record Holder (Long Course)

28 August 1972 – 13 April 1973
Succeeded by
East Germany Kornelia Ender