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A shandy, or shandygaff, is beer mixed with a soft drink, carbonated lemonade, ginger beer, ginger ale, or apple juice. The proportions of the two ingredients are adjusted to taste, usually half-and-half. Nonalcoholic shandies are known as "rock shandies".
Biermischgetränke ("beer-based mixed drinks") are popular in Germany. Sometimes, nonalcoholic beer is used, so the drink has no significant alcohol content. A common ingredient of these drinks is German-style carbonated lemonade. Since a 1993 change in German tax law, Biermischgetränke are also sold premixed in bottles.
In Berlin and eastern Germany, the Potsdamer, a 50%/50% mixture of light-coloured beer and flavoured soda, is a popular drink. The soda used in a Potsdamer is flavoured with a shot of raspberry syrup, giving it a red colour. (To follow custom and control the size of the head, one should fill a 0.5-l glass halfway with the soda first, and then pour the beer.)
The Berliner Weisse mit Schuss is made from a light Weißbier (white beer) mixed with a Schuss (shot) of sweet syrup instead of soda. It comes in three standard varieties: the Grün ("green") with Waldmeistersirup, a woodruff-flavoured syrup; the Gelb (yellow) with a shot of Zitronensirup (lemon syrup); and the Rot (red), with a shot of Himbeersirup (raspberry syrup).
In France, a demi-peche combines French beer and a shot of peach syrup.
The Radler (cyclist) Biermischgetränk has a long history in German-speaking regions. It consists of a 50:50 or 60:40 mixture of beer and German-style lemonade (not American-style lemonade, but sparkling lemon soda, similar but not identical to Sprite or 7 Up).
The invention of the Radler has been widely attributed to the Munich gastronomer Franz Xaver Kugler in 1922. However, the recipe had been mentioned as early as 1912. Nowadays, the Radler is drunk not only in Bavaria, but also in all of Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia.
In the German speaking part of Switzerland, and in France, a Panache or Panaché (French for mixed) is a tapped beer mixed with carbonated lemonade. A "Monaco" is a "Panaché" with a shot of grenadine syrup added.
In Germany, lager beer mixed with cola is called a Diesel, Colabier, or Gespritzter, with several regional differences in name and composition:
In New Zealand, the names 'reldar' (Radler spelled backwards) and 'Cyclist' (the literal meaning of Radler) are used because a large corporation has controversially trademarked the word Radler. It was trademarked by DB Breweries for their "Monteith's Radler" beer, which is a citrus-flavoured, full-strength (5%) beer.
In some parts of continental Europe, for example Italy, Germany and Portugal, a Diesel is draft beer mixed with Coca-Cola, while a Tango is made with gooseberry cordial, instead.
A diesel in the United Kingdom is another name for a snakebite, a combination of half a pint of lager and half a pint of cider, and thus does not meet the definition of a shandy, which needs to include beer and a non-alcoholic drink.
In the United Kingdom, a shandygaff is beer mixed with ginger beer or ginger ale. In H. G. Wells’ comic novel The History of Mr. Polly, Wells refers to shandygaff as "two bottles of beer mixed with ginger beer in a round-bellied jug".
The Bavaria, Goaßmaß (goat stein) is a 50%/50% or 60%/40% mixture of dark Weizenbier and cola, with a shot of Kirsch. It is served in a one-liter stein called a "Maß". There is also a Goaßhalbe ("half goat"), which is served in a 0.5-liter glass.
The Bierkut is 50% Pilsner mixed with 50% vodka and orange juice.
The Mass und Schuss is a liter of beer served with a schuss (shot of hard alcohol) on the side. The Laterndl is prepared by putting a shot-glass of Kirschwasser (sour cherry brandy) at the bottom of the Mass before pouring in the beer, making it a sort of reverse depthcharge.
The Dr Pepper shandy is a mix of lager with amaretto. The proportions of the two ingredients are adjusted to taste, generally somewhere between three and five parts beer to one part amaretto. The name is derived from Dr Pepper soda, which tastes comparable. A local variant, especially in the UK, is made by mixing equal measures of lager and Coca-Cola, with a shot of amaretto, (including the shot glass), 'dropped' in at the end.
The soju shandy is a Korean version that includes a shot of Korean soju.
In Ireland, a nonalcoholic half-and-half mix of orange soda and lemon soda is popular. It is available as a premixed beverage.