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A shandy is beer mixed with a soft drink, carbonated lemonade, ginger beer, ginger ale, or apple juice[citation needed]. The proportions of the two ingredients are adjusted to taste, usually half-and-half[citation needed]. Nonalcoholic shandies are known as "rock shandies"[citation needed].

In some jurisdictions, the low alcohol content of shandies makes them exempt from laws governing the sale of alcoholic beverages[citation needed].

Variants by name[edit]


Biermischgetränke ("beer-based mixed drinks") are popular in Germany. Sometimes, nonalcoholic beer is used, so the drink has no significant alcohol content. A common ingredient of these drinks is German-style carbonated lemonade. Since a 1993 change in German tax law, Biermischgetränke are also sold premixed in bottles.

In Berlin and eastern Germany, the Potsdamer, a 50%/50% mixture of light-coloured beer and flavoured soda, is a popular drink. The soda used in a Potsdamer is flavoured with a shot of raspberry syrup, giving it a red colour. (To follow custom and control the size of the head, one should fill a 0.5-l glass halfway with the soda first, and then pour the beer.)

The Whizz Peach, made by the private Wilhelm Rummel Brewery in Darmstadt, is made with 50% Kristallweizen (filtered wheat beer) and 50% peach-flavored lemonade.

The Berliner Weisse mit Schuss is made from a light Weißbier (white beer) mixed with a Schuss (shot) of sweet syrup instead of soda. It comes in three standard varieties: the Grün ("green") with Waldmeistersirup, a woodruff-flavoured syrup; the Gelb (yellow) with a shot of Zitronensirup (lemon syrup); and the Rot (red), with a shot of Himbeersirup (raspberry syrup).

In France, a demi-peche combines French beer and a shot of peach syrup.

In Spain, a "clara" is the combination of 50% beer and 50% gaseosa (soda like Sprite) or lemon soda. It is served in a caña glass.


Comparison of a Radler (left) and a Pilsner (right)

The Radler (cyclist) Biermischgetränk has a long history in German-speaking regions. It consists of a 50:50 mixture of beer and German-style lemonade (not American-style lemonade, but sparkling lemon soda, similar but not identical to Sprite or 7 Up).

In northern Germany, a half-and-half made of Pilsner beer and lemon soda is known as an Alster (short for Alsterwasser).

In southern Germany, a mix of Weißbier and lemon soda is called a "Russ'" (Russian). "Paulaner (Menu) Wiesbaden, DE". Retrieved 21 May 2013. 

The invention of the Radler has been widely attributed to the Munich gastronomer Franz Xaver Kugler in 1922. However, the recipe had been mentioned as early as 1912.[1] Nowadays, the Radler is drunk not only in Bavaria, but also in all of Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia.

During the summer months, the Radler is very popular due to its reputation of being a thirst-quencher.[2]

A mazout is a common drink in Flanders, made from a lager such as Jupiler, Maes pils, or Stella Artois and Coca-Cola. In (mainly southern) regions of the United Kingdom a fir tree normally denotes a very similar drink, usually half-and-half lager and cola, like the German Diesel or Krefelder (see below). A variant is the fir tree top - predominantly lager but with a very small quantity of cola added.

In the German speaking part of Switzerland, and in France, a Panache or Panaché (French for mixed) is a tapped beer mixed with carbonated lemonade.

A typical Panaché in region Alsace, France, contains less than 1% vol of alcohol. The ingredients in the brand of Panaché "Finkbräu" commercialized in Alsace by Lidl supermarket from Germany, for example, are: lemonade, antioxidants, flavor, glucose, colorants and bier with <1% volume of alcohol.

A "Monaco" is a "Panaché" with a shot of grenadine syrup added.

In Germany, lager beer mixed with cola is called a Diesel, Colabier, or Gespritzter, with several regional differences in name and composition:

New Zealand

In New Zealand, the names 'reldar' (Radler spelled backwards) and 'Cyclist' (the literal meaning of Radler) are used because a large corporation has controversially trademarked the word Radler.[3] It was trademarked by DB Breweries for their "Monteith's Radler" beer, which is a citrus-flavoured, full-strength (5%) beer.[4]


In some parts of continental Europe, for example Italy, Germany and Portugal[citation needed], a Diesel is draft beer mixed with Coca-Cola[citation needed], while a Tango is made with gooseberry cordial, instead[citation needed].

In Slovenia, a Diesel refers to a shandy of lager and Cockta soda[citation needed].

A diesel in the United Kingdom is another name for a snakebite, a combination of half a pint of lager and half a pint of cider, and thus does not meet the definition of a shandy, which needs to include beer and a non-alcoholic drink.[5]


A shandygaff is an older British name for beer mixed with ginger beer or ginger ale; the earliest written record of the word dates back to 1853.[6] In H. G. Wells’ comic novel The History of Mr. Polly, Wells refers to shandygaff as "two bottles of beer mixed with ginger beer in a round-bellied jug".

Variants made with added liquor[edit]

The Bavaria, Goaßmaß (goat stein) is a 50%/50% or 60%/40% mixture of dark Weizenbier and cola, with a shot of Kirsch. It is served in a one-liter stein called a "Maß". There is also a Goaßhalbe ("half goat"), which is served in a 0.5-liter glass.

The Berliner Weisse mit Strippe (white with a ribbon [of alcohol]) is made with a shot of Korn liquor or Kümmel.

A turbo shandy is made with lager and a citrus-flavoured or lemonade-based alcopop (e.g., Smirnoff Ice or Mike's Hard Lemonade). It is sometimes fortified with a shot or more of vodka.

Made with sparkling wine[edit]

The Heller Moritz is Hefeweizen served with a piccolo (Italian: small bottle) of champagne and a slice of lemon.

The Bismarck, named for a favorite drink of Germany’s "Iron Chancellor", is made with 50% Köstritzer (a Schwarzbier) and 50% champagne. It is served in a beer stein and is similar to a black velvet.

The Thuringia, Kalte Ente (cold duck) is 2:1 Pilsner and German lemonade with a shot of Kirsch.

The Bierkut is 50% Pilsner mixed with 50% vodka and orange juice.

The Mass und Schuss is a liter of beer served with a schuss (shot of hard alcohol) on the side. The Laterndl is prepared by putting a shot-glass of Kirschwasser (sour cherry brandy) at the bottom of the Mass before pouring in the beer, making it a sort of reverse depthcharge.

The Dr Pepper shandy is a mix of lager with amaretto. The proportions of the two ingredients are adjusted to taste, generally somewhere between three and five parts beer to one part amaretto. The name is derived from Dr Pepper soda, which tastes comparable. A local variant, especially in the UK, is made by mixing equal measures of lager and Coca-Cola, with a shot of amaretto, (including the shot glass), 'dropped' in at the end.

The soju shandy is a Korean version that includes a shot of Korean soju.

Rock shandy (nonalcoholic shandy)[edit]


In South Africa, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia, a rock shandy is made up of half lemonade, half sparkling water, and ice (usually with a few dashes of Angostura bitters).

In Southern Africa, a popular variation is the Malawi shandy, which is made with half lemonade, half ginger beer, and a few dashes of Angostura bitters.[7]


A rock shandy from French chef Jacques Pépin is made with Rose's lime juice, Angostura bitters, sparkling water, and ice.[8]

Germany and Austria

In Germany and Austria, the Spezial, or Spezi, is a nonalcoholic drink made with half orange soda and half cola. This traditional drink is very popular among children.[9]


In Iceland, a rock shandy called Jólabland (Christmas Mix) is often served at Christmas time. Jólabland consists of orange soda and nonalcoholic malt beer.


In Ireland, a nonalcoholic half-and-half mix of orange soda and lemon soda is popular. It is available as a premixed beverage.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Radler". Projekt Gutenberg: Lena Christ, Erinnerungen einer Überflüssigen / 1; first published 1912. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  2. ^ "Radler (The Bicyclist): Radler (The Beer)". Retrieved 8 November 2010. 
  3. ^ Law, Tina (25 May 2009). "Backward move in brewers' blue". Retrieved 28 December 2011. 
  4. ^ Krause, Nick (14 July 2011). "DB wins its battle over Radler beer". Retrieved 9 November 2011. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Shandygaff". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Malawi shandy. Retrieved: 2011-02-01.
  8. ^ Rock Shandy Retrieved: 2011-02-01.
  9. ^ Spezi home page Retrieved: 2011-02-01.

External links[edit]