Shame (2011 film)

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Shame
Shame2011Poster.jpg
UK release poster
Directed bySteve McQueen
Produced byIain Canning
Emile Sherman
Written byAbi Morgan
Steve McQueen
StarringMichael Fassbender
Carey Mulligan
Music byHarry Escott
CinematographySean Bobbitt
Editing byJoe Walker
StudioUK Film Council
Film4
See-Saw Films
HanWay Films
Distributed byMomentum Pictures
(United Kingdom)
Fox Searchlight Pictures
(United States)
Release date(s)
  • 4 September 2011 (2011-09-04) (Venice)
  • 13 January 2012 (2012-01-13) (United Kingdom)
Running time101 min.[1]
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
Budget£4.2 million
(approx. $6.5 million)[2]
Box office$17,693,675[3]
 
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Shame
Shame2011Poster.jpg
UK release poster
Directed bySteve McQueen
Produced byIain Canning
Emile Sherman
Written byAbi Morgan
Steve McQueen
StarringMichael Fassbender
Carey Mulligan
Music byHarry Escott
CinematographySean Bobbitt
Editing byJoe Walker
StudioUK Film Council
Film4
See-Saw Films
HanWay Films
Distributed byMomentum Pictures
(United Kingdom)
Fox Searchlight Pictures
(United States)
Release date(s)
  • 4 September 2011 (2011-09-04) (Venice)
  • 13 January 2012 (2012-01-13) (United Kingdom)
Running time101 min.[1]
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
Budget£4.2 million
(approx. $6.5 million)[2]
Box office$17,693,675[3]

Shame is a 2011 British drama film co-written and directed by Steve McQueen, starring Michael Fassbender and Carey Mulligan. It was co-produced by Film4 and See-Saw Films. The film's explicit sexual scenes regarding sexual addiction resulted in it being rated NC-17 in the United States, where it opened on 2 December 2011 on limited release.[4][5] Shame was released in the United Kingdom on 13 January 2012.[6] The film grossed $17 million by the end of its worldwide theatrical run, including nearly $4 million in the United States.[7]

Plot[edit source | edit]

Brandon (Michael Fassbender) is a successful and handsome thirty-something advertising executive living and working in New York. Distanced from his sister and seemingly without any close friends, he struggles with a secret sexual addiction. On a subway train he flirts with a woman and she flirts back. She has on both a wedding ring and an engagement ring, and when they exit the train, she disappears into the crowd.

His company's computer system has been compromised by a virus; in the cleanup, Brandon's computer hard drive indicates an obsessive amount of surfing extreme porn sites, one of which is probably the source of the virus. Although Brandon, who is driven to masturbate in the bathroom stall at work, is responsible, it is assumed his intern is to blame.

Brandon and his married boss David (James Badge Dale) meet three women at a club. Brandon has sex with one of them, the woman David was pursuing. When Brandon arrives home, he assumes a burglar is in his house, but finds a naked woman taking a shower. It is his sister Sissy (Carey Mulligan). She works as a part-time singer who has a few gigs in the city, she asks to stay with Brandon; he later hears her pleading with her lover on the telephone not to reject her.

The next morning, at the subway station, Sissy is balancing herself on the edge of the platform. Brandon rebukes her, and in the brief exchange that follows Sissy persuades her brother to visit her as she performs at a club—something that he avoided in the past. Later, Brandon is joined by an enthusiastic David as they watch Sissy singing a very sad jazz version of "New York, New York", which makes Brandon emotional. Sissy joins Brandon and David at their table, where David courts her despite Brandon's evident dismay. Sissy accepts David's advances and has sex with him in her brother's bedroom while Brandon, disgusted, leaves his apartment and goes out running. Later that night, Sissy attempts to sleep in his bed with him; enraged, he orders her out of the room.

Brandon's co-worker, Marianne (Nicole Beharie), flirts with him at work. On the way to dinner with her, he stops to observe a high-rise hotel, where he sees a couple having sex up against the window. The date becomes awkward as conversation steers on their affective differences: Marianne, who was recently separated, keeps a positive attitude toward commitment, while Brandon dislikes marriage and admits that his relationships have never lasted longer than four months. Brandon and Marianne part ways at the end of the night without kissing, each going home alone.

Sissy arrives at Brandon's apartment and accidentally walks in on him masturbating in the bathroom. He physically attacks Sissy, accusing her of spying on him. She then finds his laptop open on a pornography webcam site; the woman on the webcam is familiar with him and assumes Sissy is his girlfriend. Brandon slams the laptop shut. Disturbed and upset, Sissy leaves. Brandon angrily throws out all of his pornographic magazines and his laptop. The next day, at work, he kisses Marianne and then takes her to the same high-rise hotel where he saw the couple having sex. In the bathroom, he snorts a line of cocaine. They attempt to have sex, but Brandon cannot maintain an erection and appears heavily distressed. Marianne leaves, after which Brandon is seen having sex with another woman against the window. He stays in the hotel room and watches the sun set.

Brandon is home watching cartoons when Sissy arrives. Knowing that she is emotionally dependent and has probably called David, he tells her that he is disgusted with her and that David won't be seeing her again because he has a wife and children. He accuses her of playing the victim; she claims she never noticed David's wedding ring. He tells her she needs to leave, that he feels trapped by her. She says that they are family and are supposed to help each other, but Brandon accuses her of being needy and a burden.

Brandon then heads out to a bar, where he gropes a woman and blatantly tries to pick her up, making a variety of suggestive and provocative remarks to her. He ends up being beaten up by her boyfriend whom he has deliberately antagonised by making aggressive reference to his fantasies about her.

After he is denied entrance to a nightclub with the words "Not tonight", he notices a gay bar across the street and enters. He walks to the back, where several men are having sex; a man kisses Brandon and then performs fellatio on him. On leaving the bar, he listens to a voicemail message from Sissy telling him how much she needs him, and that they aren't bad people, they've just come from a bad place. He leaves once again to visit an apartment occupied by two prostitutes, where the three have sex.

While Brandon is riding the subway on his way home, the passengers are asked to leave the carriage due to an implied suicide further up the tracks. He frantically calls Sissy, but she does not answer, so he rushes home. When he gets there, Sissy, who has a history of cutting herself, is lying on the bathroom floor, having slashed her wrists. She survives and he comforts her in the hospital. After leaving, he collapses and cries in the rain. Some time later, Brandon is seen sitting on a subway train and the same woman from the beginning of the film sits across from him, this time he notices she is only wearing an engagement ring. He tries to look away, but she keeps staring at him and smiling. She stands up to leave the train and Brandon keeps staring at her. The train begins screeching to a stop. At the height of the noise, the screen cuts to black.

Cast[edit source | edit]

Production[edit source | edit]

Development[edit source | edit]

McQueen worked with producer Iain Canning on the 2008 film Hunger and they reunited to develop Shame with Canning and Emile Sherman's UK/Australia-based See-Saw Films. McQueen's lead actor in Hunger, Michael Fassbender, was the first and only choice to play the lead role in Shame.[8] Actors Carey Mulligan and James Badge Dale joined the cast in December 2010 to play the little sister and boss, respectively, of Fassbender's character.[9] Screenwriter Abi Morgan was chosen to produce the script, making it one of two films she worked on with Film4 (the other being The Iron Lady).[10]

Filming[edit source | edit]

Production was scheduled to begin on location in New York in January 2011,[9] though Fassbender later commented in an interview that he just began shooting his scenes in early March.[11] "I had so many passes I couldn't even tell you", said casting director Avy Kaufman, who faced precisely that challenge in casting the NC-17-rated film. Kaufman had a unique assignment from McQueen, who wanted top-quality actors even for tiny parts – like Brandon's fly-by-night sex partners. "The idea was that those partners would propel the story forward with their silence, showing Brandon's state of mind, or even suggesting the history of their relationship with a look or a gesture. The actresses, of course, also had to meet certain physical requirements." A majority of the film was shot in and around Chelsea.[citation needed] The office scenes were filmed in the Citigroup Center and the hotel scenes and nightclub scene were shot at the Standard Hotel in the Meatpacking District.[citation needed] Filming ended late May for re-shoots, and post-production began.[citation needed]

Release and reception[edit source | edit]

Shame premiered at The 68th Venice Film Festival in the main competition.[12] Fassbender won a Volpi Cup for Best Actor at the Venice Film Festival for his role in the film.[13] It was also screened at The 36th Toronto International Film Festival,[14] The 49th New York Film Festival, The 55th BFI London Film Festival and The 34th Starz Denver Film Festival.[15]

Shame was released in the United Kingdom on 13 January 2012.[16] Fox Searchlight distributed the film in the US.[17]

The film opened in the United States on 2 December 2011 in limited release.[18][19] Fox Searchlight Pictures paid around $400,000 to acquire the United States distribution rights of Shame.[20][21]

US rating[edit source | edit]

The film was rated NC-17 (no one 17 and under admitted) by the Motion Picture Association of America for some explicit sexual content. Fox Searchlight did not appeal the rating or make cuts for the less-restrictive R rating. Searchlight president Steve Gilula said, "I think NC-17 is a badge of honor, not a scarlet letter. We believe it is time for the rating to become usable in a serious manner".[22]

Critical response[edit source | edit]

Shame has received positive reviews. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 79% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 171 reviews, with an average score of 7.4/10, making the film a "Certified Fresh" on the website's rating system. The Rotten Tomatoes consensus states: "Boasting stellar performances by Michael Fassbender and Carey Mulligan, Shame is a powerful plunge into the mania of addiction affliction." [23] At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted mean rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the film received an average score of 72, based on 41 reviews, which indicates "Generally favorable reviews".[24]

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times called Shame "a powerful film" and "courageous and truthful", commenting that "this is a great act of filmmaking and acting. I don't believe I would be able to see it twice." in a four-star review.[25] Ebert would later name it his second best film of 2011.[26] Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter gave the film a positive review, stating: "Driven by a brilliant, ferocious performance by Michael Fassbender, Shame is a real walk on the wild side, a scorching look at a case of sexual addiction that's as all-encompassing as a craving for drugs."[27]

Dan Bullock of The Hollywood News said "Shame is captivating and intensely intimate. McQueen has followed up Hunger with an unflinching and compelling film that explores the depths of addiction and the consequential destruction and demise of the mind and although it is sometimes difficult to watch, you won't be able to keep your eyes off it."[28]

Justin Chang of Variety magazine gave the film a positive review, commenting: "A mesmerizing companion piece to his 2008 debut, Hunger, this more approachable but equally uncompromising drama likewise fixes its gaze on the uses and abuses of the human body, as Michael Fassbender again strips himself down, in every way an actor can, for McQueen's rigorous but humane interrogation."[29]

Writing in The New York Times A. O. Scott said, "[Director] McQueen wants to show how the intensity of Brandon's need shuts him off from real intimacy, but this seems to be a foregone conclusion, the result of an elegant experiment that was rigged from the start."[30]

Donald Clarke of The Irish Times called it "the most wholesome film made about unwholesomeness since The Exorcist" noting that "the underlying current of Puritanism is, however, more than a little oppressive".[31]

Home media[edit source | edit]

The film was released on Blu-ray and on the digital outlets in April 2012 as the first NC-17 film to be downloaded on the digital outlets including iTunes, with the exception of Blockbuster and Best Buy, which had a policy prohibiting the rental and purchase of NC-17 rated films.

Accolades[edit source | edit]

Date of ceremonyGroupCategoryRecipient(s)Result
2011Seville European Film FestivalBest ActorMichael FassbenderWon
Golden Giraldillo for Best Director3Steve McQueenWon
10 September 2011Venice Film FestivalCinemAvvenire Award for Best FilmIain Canning, Emile ShermanWon
FIPRESCI Prize for Best FilmIain Canning, Emile ShermanWon
Golden Lion for Best FilmSteve McQueenNominated
Volpi Cup for Best ActorMichael FassbenderWon
30 November 2011New York Film Critics Circle AwardsBest ActorMichael Fassbender2nd place
Best Supporting ActressCarey Mulligan2nd place
1 December 2011National Board of Review Awards[32]Spotlight AwardMichael Fassbender (Also for A Dangerous Method, Jane Eyre, and X-Men: First Class)Won
4 December 2011British Independent Film Awards[33]Best British Independent FilmIain Canning, Emile ShermanNominated
Best DirectorSteve McQueenNominated
Best ScreenplaySteve McQueen, Abi MorganNominated
Best Performance by an Actor in a British Independent FilmMichael FassbenderWon
Best Supporting ActressCarey MulliganNominated
Best Technical Achievement – EditingJoe WalkerNominated
Best Technical Achievement – CinematographySean BobbittNominated
5 December 2011Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Awards[34]Best ActorMichael FassbenderNominated
Best Supporting ActressCarey MulliganNominated
11 December 2011Los Angeles Film Critics Association AwardsBest ActorMichael Fassbender (Also for A Dangerous Method, Jane Eyre, and X-Men: First Class)Won
12 December 2011African-American Film Critics Association Awards[35]Best PictureIain Canning, Emile Sherman5th place
Best DirectorSteve McQueenWon
12 December 2011San Diego Film Critics Society Awards[36]Best Supporting ActressCarey MulliganNominated
14 December 2011Houston Film Critics Society Awards[37]Best ActorMichael FassbenderWon
Best ScoreHarry EscottNominated
16 December 2011Detroit Film Critics Society Awards[38]Best ActorMichael FassbenderWon
Best Supporting ActressCarey MulliganWon
16 December 2011Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Awards[39]Top 10 Films of the YearIain Canning, Emile Sherman9th place
Best ActorMichael Fassbender3rd place
Best Supporting ActressCarey Mulligan5th place
18 December 2011Satellite AwardsBest Film – DramaIain Canning, Emile ShermanNominated
Best DirectorSteve McQueenNominated
Best Original ScreenplaySteve McQueen, Abi MorganNominated
Best Actor – Motion Picture DramaMichael FassbenderNominated
Best Supporting Actress – Motion PictureCarey MulliganNominated
Best EditingJoe WalkerNominated
19 December 2011Florida Film Critics Awards[40]Best ActorMichael FassbenderWon
19 December 2011St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Awards[41]Best ActorMichael FassbenderNominated
19 December 2011Chicago Film Critics Association Awards[42]Best ActorMichael FassbenderNominated
Best Supporting ActressCarey MulliganNominated
27 December 2011Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards[43]Best ActorMichael FassbenderNominated
2 January 2012Online Film Critics Society Awards[44]Best ActorMichael FassbenderWon
Best Supporting ActressCarey MulliganNominated
5 January 2012Central Ohio Film Critics Association Awards[45]Best ActorMichael FassbenderNominated
Best Supporting ActressCarey MulliganNominated
Actor of the YearMichael Fassbender (Also for A Dangerous Method, Jane Eyre, and X-Men: First Class)Nominated
9 January 2012Alliance of Women Film Journalists Awards[46]Best ActorMichael FassbenderWon
9 January 2012Denver Film Critics Society Awards[47]Best ActorMichael FassbenderNominated
10 January 2012Vancouver Film Critics Circle Awards[48]Best ActorMichael FassbenderWon
12 January 2012Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards[49]Best ActorMichael FassbenderNominated
Best Supporting ActressCarey MulliganNominated
15 January 2012Golden Globe Awards[50]Best Actor – Motion Picture DramaMichael FassbenderNominated
19 January 2012London Film Critics' Circle Awards[51]British Film of the YearIain Canning, Emile ShermanNominated
Actor of the YearMichael FassbenderNominated
British Actor of the YearMichael Fassbender (Also for A Dangerous Method)Won
British Actress of the YearCarey Mulligan (Also for Drive)Nominated
27 January 2012Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts Awards[52]Best ActorMichael FassbenderNominated
2 February 2012Richard Attenborough Regional Film Awards[53]Best ActorMichael FassbenderWon
6 February 2012Evening Standard British Film Awards[54]Best FilmSteve McQueenNominated
Best ActorMichael Fassbender (Also for Jane Eyre)Won
Best ActressCarey MulliganNominated
London Film Museum Award for Technical AchievementSean BobbittNominated
11 February 2012Irish Film and Television Awards[55]Best Actor in a Lead Role in a Feature FilmMichael FassbenderWon
12 February 2012BAFTA Awards[56]Outstanding British FilmSteve McQueen, Iain Canning, Emile Sherman, Abi MorganNominated
Best Actor in a Leading RoleMichael FassbenderNominated
17 February 2012Kermode AwardsBest ActorMichael FassbenderWon
25 February 2012Independent Spirit AwardsBest Foreign FilmIain Canning, Emile ShermanNominated
1 December 2012European Film Awards[57]PCA for Best European FilmSteve McQueenNominated
Best FilmSteve McQueen, Abi Morgan, Iain Canning, Emile ShermanNominated
Best DirectorSteve McQueenNominated
Best ActorMichael FassbenderNominated
Best EditorJoe WalkerWon
Best CinematographerSean BobbittWon
5 January 2013Belgian Syndicate of Cinema Critics[58]Grand PrixShameNominated

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ "'Shame' (18)". British Board of Film Classification. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  2. ^ Fernandez, Jay A. (6 September 2011). "Who Will Take a Chance on Michael Fassbender's Sex-Drenched, Gruesome 'Shame'? (Analysis)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "Shame (2011)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  4. ^ Stewart, Andrew (4 December 2011). "'Dawn' tops sluggish weekend". Variety. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
  5. ^ "'Shame': What the Critics Are Saying". The Hollywood Reporter. 2 December 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
  6. ^ de Semlyen, Phil (3 August 2011). "Exclusive: Shame Gets A UK Release Date". Empire Online. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  7. ^ "Shame". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  8. ^ Lodderhose, Diana (7 September 2010). "'Hunger' duo reunite in 'Shame'". Variety. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Kemp, Stuart (9 December 2010). "Carey Mulligan joins the cast of "Shame"". Reuters. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  10. ^ Dawtrey, Adam (6 April 2011). "Film4, Focus develop 'Suffragettes'". Variety. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  11. ^ O'Hehir, Andrew (8 March 2011). "Michael Fassbender, future superstar". Salon.com. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  12. ^ "Venezia 68; International competition of feature films, presented as world premieres". Venice International Film Festival. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  13. ^ Nikkhah, Roya (10 September 2011). "Michael Fassbender wins best actor at Venice for sex-addict role". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 11 September 2011. 
  14. ^ "2011 Films – Shame". Toronto International Film Festival. Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
  15. ^ Cangialosi, Jason (14 November 2011). "'Shame' at 34th Starz Denver Film Festival". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  16. ^ de Semlyen, Phil (3 August 2011). "Exclusive: Shame Gets A UK Release Date". Empire Online. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  17. ^ Young, John (9 September 2011). "'Shame': Fox Searchlight picks up graphic drama starring Michael Fassbender". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  18. ^ Stewart, Andrew (4 December 2011). "'Dawn' tops sluggish weekend". Variety. Retrieved 24 December 2011. 
  19. ^ "'Shame': What the Critics Are Saying". The Hollywood Reporter. 2 December 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011. 
  20. ^ Fleming, Mike (11 September 2011). "Toronto: Where Are The Film Deals?". Deadline. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  21. ^ Fleming, Mike (9 September 2011). "Toronto: Fox Searchlight Acquires 'Shame'". Deadline. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  22. ^ Kilday, Gregg (25 October 2011). "'Shame' Officially Rated NC-17". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  23. ^ "Shame – Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  24. ^ "Shame Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More at Metacritic". Metacritic. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  25. ^ Ebert, Roger (30 November 2011). "Shame Review". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  26. ^ "Roger Ebert's Journal - The Best Films of 2011". 15 December 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2012.  Unknown parameter |Newspaper= ignored (|newspaper= suggested) (help)
  27. ^ McCarthy, Todd (4 September 2011). "Shame: Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  28. ^ Bullock, Dan (2 January 2012). "Shame Review". The Hollywood News. Retrieved 11 January 2012. 
  29. ^ Chang, Justin (4 September 2011). "Shame". Variety. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  30. ^ Scott, A.O. (1 December 2011). "Only One Thing on His Mind". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  31. ^ Donald Clarke (13 January 2012). "Shame". The Irish Times. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  32. ^ "National Board of Review Announces 2011 Awards; HUGO Takes Top Prize". WeAreMovieGeeks.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  33. ^ "Nominations and jury revealed for the Moët British Independent Film Awards". BIFA.org. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
  34. ^ "The 2011 WAFCA Awards". DCFilmCritics.com. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  35. ^ "'The Tree of Life' Tops African-American Film Critics Awards". indieWIRE. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  36. ^ "San Diego Film Critics Award Nominations: The Artist, Midnight in Paris, The Tree of Life". Alt Film Guide. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  37. ^ "Houston Film Critics Love 'The Artist,' Hate 'Twilight: Breaking Dawn Part 1!'". Manny the Movie Guy. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  38. ^ ""Take Shelter" Leads Detroit Film Critics Society Nominations!". Manny the Movie Guy. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  39. ^ "Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Name 'Descendants' Top Film of 2011". Indiewire. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  40. ^ "The Descendants, Michael Fassbender and Michelle Williams voted best of the year by the Florida Film Critics". Flix 66. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  41. ^ "The Tree of Life, 13 Assassins, George Clooney: St. Louis Film Critics Nominations". Alt Film Guide. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  42. ^ "'The Tree of Life' Leads Chicago Critics Award Nominations". IndieWire. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  43. ^ "Phoenix Film Critics Society 2011 Award Nominations". Phoenix Film Critics Society. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  44. ^ "15th Annual Online Film Critics Society Awards Nominations". Online Film Critics Society. Retrieved 27 December 2011.
  45. ^ "Central Ohio Film Critics Nominations". Awards Daily. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  46. ^ "Alliance of Women Film Journalists Pick The Artist for Best Picture". Awards Daily. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  47. ^ "Denver Film Critics Society 2012 Award Nominations". DFCS. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  48. ^ "Vancouver Critics Honor The Artist, Malick, Olsen, Fassbender". Awards Daily. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  49. ^ "Critics Choice Awards Led by Hugo and The Artist with Eleven Nominations". indieWIRE. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  50. ^ "69th Annual Golden Globe Awards – Full List Of Nominees". HollywoodLife.com. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
  51. ^ "32nd London Critics' Circle Film Awards nominations announced". CriticsCircle.org. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
  52. ^ "AACTA International Awards Results". AACTA. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  53. ^ "Gary Oldman honoured by public vote at critics awards". RAFAS. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
  54. ^ "'Shame' leads the pack at the Evening Standard Film Awards Nominations!". Evening Standard. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
  55. ^ "9th Annual Irish Film & Television Awards Nominees". IFTA.ie. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  56. ^ "BAFTA Film Awards Nominations in 2012". BAFTA.org. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  57. ^ "25th European Film Awards Nominations in 2012". EFA. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
  58. ^ Triballeau, Charly (6 January 2013). ""Beasts of the Southern Wild" reçoit le Grand Prix de l'Union de la Critique de Cinéma" (in French). RTBF. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 

External links[edit source | edit]