Sgt. Frog

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Sgt. Frog
Sgt Frog cast.jpg
The majority cast of Sgt. Frog.
ケロロ軍曹
(Keroro Gunsou)
GenreAction, Comedy, Science Fiction
Manga
Written byMine Yoshizaki
Published byKadokawa Shoten
English publisher
DemographicShōnen
MagazineShōnen Ace (April 1999 – September 2007, October 2013 – ongoing)
Kerokero Ace (October 2007 – September 2013)
Original runApril 1999 – ongoing
Volumes25 (List of volumes)
Anime television series
Directed byJunichi Sato
StudioSunrise
Licensed by
NetworkAnimax
TV Tokyo
English network
Original runApril 3, 2004April 3, 2011
Episodes358 (List of episodes)
Films
Portal icon Anime and Manga portal
 
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For the main character of the series, see Keroro.
Sgt. Frog
Sgt Frog cast.jpg
The majority cast of Sgt. Frog.
ケロロ軍曹
(Keroro Gunsou)
GenreAction, Comedy, Science Fiction
Manga
Written byMine Yoshizaki
Published byKadokawa Shoten
English publisher
DemographicShōnen
MagazineShōnen Ace (April 1999 – September 2007, October 2013 – ongoing)
Kerokero Ace (October 2007 – September 2013)
Original runApril 1999 – ongoing
Volumes25 (List of volumes)
Anime television series
Directed byJunichi Sato
StudioSunrise
Licensed by
NetworkAnimax
TV Tokyo
English network
Original runApril 3, 2004April 3, 2011
Episodes358 (List of episodes)
Films
Portal icon Anime and Manga portal

Sgt. Frog (ケロロ軍曹 Keroro Gunsō?, lit. "Sergeant Keroro") is a manga series by Mine Yoshizaki. It was later serialized into an anime TV series directed by Junichi Sato. Both the anime and manga are comedies that follow the attempts of a platoon of frog-like alien invaders to conquer Earth. Sergeant Keroro, the titular character, is the leader of the platoon, but is at the mercy of a human family of three after he is captured while trying to hide in one of the family member's bedrooms. In both the manga and anime, Keroro is forced to do meaningless chores and errands for the family after his army abandons his platoon on Earth. The platoon has many failed attempts at taking over Earth.

The series takes its comedy from a combination of wordplay (particularly puns and homophones), physical humor, situational irony, breaking of the fourth wall, and numerous pop culture references (especially to Gundam, Kamen Rider, Super Sentai, Space Battleship Yamato, Dragon Ball, Neon Genesis Evangelion and many others, although when broadcast and published in the United States, they make references that American audiences would be familiar with like Ghostbusters and Men in Black).[1] Various anime, games, manga, and other aspects of pop culture are parodied/referenced throughout the series as a bonus to older viewers. Both the manga and the anime are laden with pop-culture references, and even in the same story the references often vary wildly. The anime does not explicitly refer to Evangelion or other animations to which Bandai does not hold the copyrights, but only recreates the "feel" of famous scenes from these anime. The anime is much more detailed and direct in its Gundam references, however, since its animation studio, Sunrise, is a subsidiary of Bandai who does hold the rights to the Gundam franchise. Season 2 began on April 1, 2005, with episodes aired on Fridays instead of Saturdays. With Season 4's debut on April 7, 2007, episodes aired on Saturdays instead of Fridays. With Season 7's premiere on April 4, 2010 episodes aired on Sundays instead of Saturdays.

Plot[edit]

The main plot of the story focuses on the steadily deteriorating conditions of the Keroro Platoon, a group of five, frog-like aliens from Planet Keron of the Gamma Planetary System. The platoon’s mission is to invade and conquer Earth (known to the aliens as “Pekopon”), but fail miserably at each attempt. Sergeant Keroro, although being the leader of the platoon, is childish, incompetent, and would rather spend his time indulging in his hobby of making plastic Gundam models than take over Earth. Aside from Keroro, there are four other members of the Keroro Platoon: adorable but violent Private Second Class Tamama; bellicose yet tenderhearted Coporal Giroro; intelligent but mischievous Sergeant Major Kururu; and disciplined but traumatized Lance Corporal Dororo.

The largest obstacle in the way of their mission is the Hinata Family, who must take care of the Keroro Platoon due to the Keron Army deserting the latter on Earth. Keroro is kept busy with manual labor and constant abuse, primarily from the family daughter, Natsumi. Each member of the platoon finds himself in the care of a human: Giroro's human is Natsumi Hinata, whom he falls in love with; Keroro's human is Fuyuki Hinata, who considers the Sergeant his only true friend; Kululu's human is Mutsumi Saburo, who discovered him; Dororo's human is Koyuki, a fellow ninja; and Tamama's human is his equal in bipolar insanity, Momoka Nishizawa. All are tied to the Hinatas in some way throughout the events in the anime and manga.

Production and awards[edit]

Sgt. Frog is published in Japan by Kadokawa Shoten, serialized in the magazine Shōnen Ace, and published in English by Tokyopop. The anime is produced by Sunrise, and has been aired on Animax, TV Tokyo, and TXN at 10:00 a.m. until 10:30 a.m. every Saturday since April 2004. In addition, 5 full-length theatrical movies have been released:

All five films were directed by Junichi Sato and produced by Sunrise.

At present, 21 English manga volumes have been released by Tokyopop. ADV had previously announced they had acquired exclusive rights to an English dub of Sgt. Frog[2] (for $408,000[3]). However, on July 4, 2008, it was announced that rights to the English release were transferred to Funimation Entertainment.[4]

In 2005, the manga received the 50th Shogakukan Manga Award for children's manga.[5]

Media[edit]

Anime episodes[edit]

Keroro[edit]

There is going to be a new Sgt.Frog flash series titled Keroro, it was announced on December 9 2013. The original voice cast will reprise their roles except for Fuyuki, who will have his second voice actor, as his original died in 2011. It will air sometime in spring 2014. The first episode has been aired already.

Manga[edit]

The Keroro Gunsou manga began its monthly run in the weekly shōnen magazine, Shōnen Ace. The manga, first aimed at the older audience (teens/adults) from the first to the seventh Tankōbon, was toned down after the Anime started (Since the TV-series was a family show). However, the manga still maintains suggestive comedy that only the more mature audiences understand in present volumes. The Tokyopop US release of the Keroro manga have censored nipples drawn in some scenes, in order to get away from the OT (Older teen) rating and maintaining its Teen rating.

Merchandising[edit]

A signature element of the manga series is its frequent Gundam references, ranging from Keroro's Gunpla obsession to the Keronian military equipment, which is based on those of various Gundam series. As a result, the series was picked up by Bandai, who have supported it with an extensive line of merchandise. For example, Keroro action figures are called "Keroro in Action?!", a play on the long running "Mobile Suit in Action!!" Gundam action figure line. Indeed, the Keroro name on the packaging is even designed to appear to be hastily pasted over the MSiA!! name (referring to the recurring theme of get-rich-quick schemes in the show). Other such lines include the forthcoming Keroro FIX (based on Hajime Katoki's popular Gundam fix figuration) and Keroro model kits, formally dubbed KeroPla in honor of Keroro's beloved Gunpla, which come in two distinct lines:

Spin-offs and guest appearances[edit]

Other spin-offs include a manga called "Musha Kero" that has recently been adapted in the anime.[6] The series has also spawned a magazine called "Keroro Land" that promotes toys, games, media, and events based on the manga and anime. Sgt. Keroro, Tamama, Giroro, Dororo and Kululu also make cameo appearances in the movie of Kaiketsu Zorori, Keroro and Tamama also have appearances in the OVA of Lucky Star, and Kagami also spends almost all her money on a grip-claw-game trying to get a Keroro doll. The incoming Japanese game Monster Hunter Tri G is to have downloadable costumes of Keroro for the humanoid companions Kayamba and Cha-Cha.

International versions[edit]

North America[edit]

Production[edit]

Tokyopop initially held the American rights to the Sgt. Frog manga until 2011 when the company ceased operations. By the time their publication ended, they had published 21 volumes.

ADV Films had originally added a brief teaser page to their website, announcing their licensing of the anime. The site turned to static before playing a short clip of Keroro dancing to "Afro Gunso," then leaving the message "hacked by the frog."[7] This was followed by a press release from ADV on November 20, 2006, stating that they had licensed all Sgt. Frog properties (except the manga, which was already licensed by Tokyopop) for the US.[2] It was once confirmed that the anime dub would be released on DVD in the United States in February 2007. However, ADV Films had never confirmed a release date.[8] ADV announced at Comic-Con International 2007 that the US release date had been delayed because of TV negotiations but would not comment on which networks they were talking to. In a DVD included with the December issue of Newtype USA was an English-language trailer for Sgt. Frog released by ADV, with voices for Keroro (said to be voiced by Vic Mignogna[9]), Natsumi, Fuyuki, Aki, and the narrator. ADV was 90% done on getting a deal with the show, though they created a separate team to work specifically on it that included people from Summit Entertainment (the company that worked with 4Kids Entertainment during the time they had Pokémon). They had dubbed three episodes, but they were dubbed three times because ADV created three different pilot-packages for television to see which one worked the best. They made an otaku/fan pilot, a mass-market pilot, and a kids' pilot. They received positive responses from three different networks. Cartoon Network liked the mass-market pilot, while Nickelodeon liked the kids' pilot. Nickelodeon told them that they would air the show if ADV got the merchandising rights. However, as of July 4, 2008, the English license for the first 51 episodes of the Sgt. Frog anime was transferred to Funimation Entertainment through a deal with Sojitz.[4]

Funimation released a dubbed version of episode 12B as a test on YouTube to be reviewed by the viewers.[10] Many instances of regional name changes were observed; Natsumi is renamed Natalie, and Giroro's cat was renamed "Mr. Furbottom," (despite being female). Additionally, the word Pekopon was changed to Planet Wuss, Pekoponians were referred to as Wussians, and Keron changed to Frogulon. The frogs' names remained the same as the Japanese version, though shortened by one syllable (e.g. Keroro changed to Kero, Tamama to Tama).[11] The test episode had mixed reviews by fans involving the voice acting, jokes, and name changes.

At Otakon 2009, the first five episodes of Sgt. Frog were screened, where the original versions of the various names that were changed were used. The voice actor for Sergeant Keroro in the test video, Chris Cason, was swapped out for Sergeant Major Kululu's test actor, Todd Haberkorn. Kululu was changed to Chuck Huber, and the narrator also appears to have been changed. FUNimation stated at their panel that they were going to keep the anime as similar as possible to its Japanese counterpart, and claimed to only change references from Japanese pop culture (save for those Americans were already familiar with) to references from American pop culture. Those present at the showing seemed to enjoy the changes, and the reception of the official dub was very positive. On February 19, 2011, Funimation announced at Katsucon that they had licensed more episodes of Sgt. Frog.[12]

According to FUNimation, as of February 2013, Sgt. Frog is "now on hiatus".[13]

Distribution[edit]

On July 31, 2009, Funimation added the first 4 dubbed episodes of the series to their online video portal. After a considerable delay following between the release of the first dubbed episodes, Funimation began making dubbed episodes other than the first 4 available on the portal. Currently, the first 51 subtitled episodes are available on the Funimation video portal and Hulu. The 51 dubbed episodes later expired, although they were all later placed back on the portal and on Hulu.[14] The show is rated TV-PG on the DVDs and on Hulu. Unlike the other versions released outside Japan, the US version remains uncut.

The episode distribution scheme has been slightly changed from the Japanese Region 2 release. Although the first 51 episodes are known as "Season 1" in Japan,[15] Funimation has divided the episodes into a "Season 1" and a "Season 2". The Season 1 Part 1 DVD set was released September 22, 2009. It contains episodes 1 through 13,[16] Season 1 Part 2 was released on November 24, 2009, and contains episodes 14 through 26.[17] Season 2 Part 1 was released on January 26, 2010, containing episodes 27-39.[18] In addition, Season 2 Part 2 was released on March 30, 2010 containing episodes 40-51.[19] The first two boxsets were re-released into one Season 1 set on March 29, 2011.[20] The complete Season 2 set followed up on April 26, 2011.[21] Season 3 Part 1 was released to DVD by Funimation beginning on July 26, 2011, containing episodes 52-65.[22] Season 3 Part 2 was released to DVD on August 16, 2011 containing episodes 66-78.[23] A complete Season 3 boxset containing episodes 52-78 was released on November 13, 2012.[24] On all of the box sets, it states "from the creators of the Gundam series". This is relatively incorrect because Sunrise did not create the Gundam series, they produced it, so it should say "from the studio that brought you Gundam". The creator of Gundam is Yoshiyuki Tomino.

All three seasons were available on Netflix streaming as of December 2011; however, the first two seasons, and the first half of the third, were removed without warning in January 2013,[25] before the series was completely removed in April of the same year.

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The aforementioned Gundam nods appear often, which comes easy since both series are produced by renowned studio Sunrise. Yet that does not stop the show from humorously referencing other anime like Cobra and Neon Genesis Evangelion. U.S. publisher Funimation takes it a step further in the English dub with a barrage of pop culture nods from Wheel of Fortune to Robotech to Lord of the Rings." http://blogs.starbulletin.com/otakuohana/?p=474 Honolulu Star-Bulletin
  2. ^ a b "ADV Acquires SGT. Frog". AnimeNewsNetwork. November 20, 2006. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  3. ^ http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2012-01-30/adv-court-documents-reveal-amounts-paid-for-29-anime-titles
  4. ^ a b "Funimation Picks Up Over 30 Former AD Vision Titles". AnimeNewsNetwork. July 4, 2008. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  5. ^ "小学館漫画賞: 歴代受賞者" (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved August 19, 2007. 
  6. ^ "Musha Kero Volume One: Legendary Hero, De gozasoro!". Keroro Gunsou. Season 5. Episode 211. TV Tokyo.
  7. ^ "SGT Frog Invades ADVFilms.com". AnimeNewsNetwork. November 15, 2006. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  8. ^ "ADV Films Officially Announces Sgt. Frog, No February Release". AnimeNewsNetwork. November 20, 2006. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  9. ^ "PodOmatic | Best Free Podcasts". Wha-chow.podomatic.com. Retrieved 2014-06-26. 
  10. ^ "FUNimation Posts Test Episode of Sgt. Frog". Animation Magazine. November 4, 2008. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  11. ^ "Sgt. Frog - TEST EPISODE - For Review". Funimation. YouTube. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  12. ^ http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2011-02-19/funimation-adds-3rd-sgt-frog-anime-season
  13. ^ "Funimation industry panel Katsucon 2013, Recorded live from United States, District of Columbia, Washington on my iPad on 2/15/13 at 6:48 PM EST aquastar83". Ustream.tv. 2013-02-15. Retrieved 2014-06-26. 
  14. ^ "Watch Sgt. Frog Online - Free at Hulu". Hulu.com. Retrieved 2014-06-26. 
  15. ^ "Keroro Gunsou: 1st season DVD-BOX (limited edition)". Amazon Japan. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  16. ^ "Sgt. Frog: Season 1, Part 1". Amazon. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  17. ^ "Sgt. Frog: Season One, Part 2". Amazon. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  18. ^ "Sgt. Frog: Season 2, Part 1". Amazon. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  19. ^ "Sgt. Frog: Season 2, Part 2 (2010)". Amazon. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  20. ^ "Sgt. Frog: Season 1: Todd Haberkorn, Cherami Leigh, R. Bruce Elliot, Christopher R. Sabat, Jamie Marchi: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-06-26. 
  21. ^ "Sgt. Frog: Season 2: Todd Haberkorn, R. Bruce Elliot, Cherami Leigh, Christopher R. Sabat, Justin Nordell: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-06-26. 
  22. ^ "Sgt. Frog DVD Season 3 Part 1 (Hyb)". Rightstuf.com. 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2014-06-26. 
  23. ^ "Sgt. Frog: Season 3, Part 2: Jamie Marchi, Leah Clark, Christopher R. Sabat, Todd Haberkorn, Colleen Clinkenbeard: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-06-26. 
  24. ^ "Sgt. Frog: Season 3: Andrea Kwan, Brina Palencia, Candice Moore, Colleen Clinkenbeard, Jamie Marchi, Joel McDonald, Justin Nordell: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-06-26. 
  25. ^ "Netflix - Watch TV Programmes Online, Watch Films Online". Movies.netflix.com. Retrieved 2014-06-26. 
  26. ^ Norma Editorial: Catálogo: Keroro

External links[edit]