SgrS RNA

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SgrS RNA
RF00534.jpg
Predicted secondary structure and sequence conservation of SgrS
Identifiers
SymbolSgrS
RfamRF00534
Other data
RNA typeGene; antisense
Domain(s)Bacteria
GO0032057 0043488 0030371
SO0000655
 
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SgrS RNA
RF00534.jpg
Predicted secondary structure and sequence conservation of SgrS
Identifiers
SymbolSgrS
RfamRF00534
Other data
RNA typeGene; antisense
Domain(s)Bacteria
GO0032057 0043488 0030371
SO0000655

SgrS (sugar transport-related sRNA, previously named ryaA)[1] is a 227 nucleotide small RNA that is activated by SgrR in Escherichia coli during glucose-phosphate stress. The nature of glucose-phosphate stress is not fully understood, but is correlated with intracellular accumulation of glucose-6-phosphate.[2] SgrS helps cells recover from glucose-phosphate stress by base pairing with ptsG mRNA (encoding the glucose transporter) and causing its degradation in an RNase E dependent manner.[3][4] Base pairing between SgrS and ptsG mRNA also requires Hfq, an RNA chaperone frequently required by small RNAs that affect their targets through base pairing.[5] The inability of cells expressing sgrS to create new glucose transporters leads to less glucose uptake and reduced levels of glucose-6-phosphate. SgrS is an unusual small RNA in that it also encodes a 43 amino acid functional polypeptide, SgrT, which helps cells recover from glucose-phosphate stress by preventing glucose uptake. The activity of SgrT does not affect the levels of ptsG mRNA of PtsG protein. It has been proposed that SgrT exerts its effects through regulation of the glucose transporter, PtsG.[6][7]

SgrS was originally discovered in E. coli but homologues have since been identified in other Gammaproteobacteria such as Salmonella enterica and members of the Citrobacter genus.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vanderpool, CK; Gottesman S (2004). "Involvement of a novel transcriptional activator and small RNA in post-transcriptional regulation of the glucose phosphoenolpyruvate phosphotransferase system". Mol Microbiol 54 (4): 1076–1089. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2004.04348.x. PMID 15522088. 
  2. ^ Wadler CS, Vanderpool CK (2007). "A dual function for a bacterial small RNA: SgrS performs base pairing-dependent regulation and encodes a functional polypeptide". PNAS 104 (51): 20454. doi:10.1073/pnas.0708102104. PMC 2154452. PMID 18042713. 
  3. ^ Vanderpool CK, Gottesman S (2007). "The Novel Transcription Factor SgrR Coordinates the Response to Glucose-Phosphate Stress". J. Bact. 189 (2): 2238–2248. doi:10.1128/JB.01689-06. PMC 1899371. PMID 17209026. 
  4. ^ Rice JB, Vanderpool CK (2011). "The small RNA SgrS controls sugar-phosphate accumulation by regulating multiple PTS genes.". Nucleic Acids Res 39 (9): 3806–3819. doi:10.1093/nar/gkq1219. PMC 3089445. PMID 21245045. 
  5. ^ Kawamoto H, Koide Y, Morita T, Aiba H (2006). "Base-pairing requirement for RNA silencing by a bacterial small RNA and acceleration of duplex formation by Hfq". Mol. Microbiol. 61 (4): 1013–22. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2006.05288.x. PMID 16859494. 
  6. ^ Maki K, Morita T, Otaka H, Aiba H (2010). "A minimal base-pairing region of a bacterial small RNA SgrS required for translational repression of ptsG mRNA". Mol Microbiol 76 (3): 782. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2010.07141.x. PMID 20345651. 
  7. ^ Kawamoto, H; Morita T, Shimizu A, Inada T, Aiba H (2005). "Implication of membrane localization of target mRNA in the action of a small RNA: mechanism of post-transcriptional regulation of glucose transporter in Escherichia coli". Genes Dev 19 (3): 328–338. doi:10.1101/gad.1270605. PMC 546511. PMID 15650111. 
  8. ^ Horler RS, Vanderpool CK (September 2009). "Homologs of the small RNA SgrS are broadly distributed in enteric bacteria but have diverged in size and sequence". Nucleic Acids Res. 37 (16): 5465–76. doi:10.1093/nar/gkp501. PMC 2760817. PMID 19531735. Retrieved 2010-09-02. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Vanderpool CK (2007). "Physiological consequences of small RNA- mediated regulation of glucose-phosphate stress". Current Opinion in Microbiology 10 (2): 1–6. doi:10.1016/j.mib.2007.03.011. PMID 17383224. 
  • Aiba H (2007). "Mechanism of RNA silencing by Hfq-binding small RNAs". Current Opinion in Microbiology 10 (2): 134–9. doi:10.1016/j.mib.2007.03.010. PMID 17383928. 
  • Sun, Y; Vanderpool, CK (2013 Nov). "Physiological consequences of multiple-target regulation by the small RNA SgrS in Escherichia coli.". Journal of bacteriology 195 (21): 4804–15. PMID 23873911. 

External links[edit]