Seven Heavens

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Jump to: navigation, search

Seven Heavens is a part of religious cosmology found in many major religions such as Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Catholicism and in some minor religions such as Hermeticism and Gnosticism. The Throne of God is said to be above the seventh heaven in Abrahamic religions.


According to the Talmud, the universe is made of seven heavens (Shamayim):[1][2]

The Jewish Merkavah and Heichalot literature was devoted to discussing the details of these heavens, sometimes in connection with traditions relating to Enoch, such as the Third Book of Enoch.[3]


Hinduism also has the concept of seven heavens (Svarga).

According to the Puranas and the Atharvaveda there are fourteen worlds. There are the seven higher ones (the heavens), called the Vyahritis (Sanskrit: व्याहृति). Then, there are seven lower ones (the underworlds) called the Naraka, Patalas (Sanskrit: पाताल).


The word "heaven" is used in the English translation of the Arabic word سماء (Samaa'a). The plural is سماوات (Samaawat), cognate of Hebrew שמים (Shamayim), which translates as "sky" in Modern Arabic.

The Qur'an frequently mentions the existence of seven (Samaawat), or heavens

Seven-level underworlds[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Seven Heavens in the Talmud.(see Ps. lxviii. 5).
  2. ^
  3. ^ Scholem, Gershom Jewish Gnosticism, Merkabah Mysticism, and the Talmudic Tradition, 1965.


External links[edit]