Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps

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Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps
USMC-E9-SGMMC.svg
17th Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Micheal P. Barrett.jpg
Incumbent
Sergeant Major Micheal P. Barrett

since June 9, 2011
FormationMay 23, 1957
First holderWilbur Bestwick
Websitewww.HQMC.Marines.mil
 
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Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps
USMC-E9-SGMMC.svg
17th Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Micheal P. Barrett.jpg
Incumbent
Sergeant Major Micheal P. Barrett

since June 9, 2011
FormationMay 23, 1957
First holderWilbur Bestwick
Websitewww.HQMC.Marines.mil

Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps (officially abbreviated to SgtMajMarCor;[1] unofficially as SMMC[2][3]) is a unique non-commissioned rank and billet in the United States Marine Corps.

History[edit]

In the U.S. Marine Corps sergeant major is the ninth and highest enlisted rank, just above first sergeant, and equal in grade to master gunnery sergeant, although the two have different responsibilities. Sergeant major is both a rank and a military billet, and serves as the unit commander's senior enlisted advisor and to handle matters of discipline and morale among the enlisted Marines. The Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps is chosen by the Commandant of the Marine Corps to serve as his advisor and is the preeminent and highest ranking enlisted Marine with a protocol equivalency of a lieutenant general.[4] The only exception is when a Marine sergeant is serving as Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (a position currently held by a Marine, Bryan B. Battaglia), during which time the Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman outranks the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps.

Although not officially considered a Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps, when Archibald Sommers was appointed to the grade of Sergeant Major January 1, 1801, it was a solitary post, similar to the modern billet of Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps. In 1833, an act of legislation made the rank of sergeant major permanent for the Marine Corps and by 1899 five Marines held the rank of sergeant major. This continued until 1946, when the rank was abolished, only to be re-introduced in 1954 as part of the Marine Corps rank structure.[5]

The post of Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps was established in 1957 as the senior enlisted advisor to the Commandant of the Marine Corps,[5] the first such post in any of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces.[6] In 1970, the distinctive rank insignia of the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps was authorized and features the Eagle, Globe, and Anchor flanked by two stars, as opposed to the standard Sergeant Major rank insignia, which was used for the rank from the post's creation in 1957 to 1970, and has a single five point star in the center. While Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps is the full wording of the rank, verbal address for this is commonly Sergeant Major.

The Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps is selected by the Commandant of the Marine Corps and typically serves a four-year term, though his service is at the discretion of the Commandant.[6] Since Wilbur Bestwick was appointed the first Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps in 1957, 17 different Marines have filled this post.[7] In April 2011, Commandant James F. Amos announced that Sergeant Major Micheal Barrett would relieve Sergeant Major Kent and serve as the 17th Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps on June 9, 2011.[8]

Sergeants Major[edit]

#PictureNameTenure fromTenure to
1black & white photograph of Wilbur BestwickBestwick Wilbur Bestwick[9]May 23, 1957August 31, 1959
2black & white photograph of Francis D. RauberRauber Francis D. Rauber[10]September 1, 1959June 28, 1962
3black & white photograph of Thomas J. McHughMcHugh Thomas J. McHugh[11]June 29, 1962July 16, 1965
4black & white photograph of Herbert J. SweetSweet Herbert J. Sweet[12]July 17, 1965July 31, 1969
5black & white photograph of Joseph W. DaileyDailey Joseph W. Dailey[13]August 1, 1969January 31, 1973
6black & white photograph of Clinton A. PuckettPuckett Clinton A. Puckett[14]February 1, 1973May 31, 1975
7black & white photograph of Henry H. BlackBlack Henry H. Black[15]June 1, 1975March 31, 1977
8black & white photograph of John R. MassaroMassaro John R. Massaro[16]April 1, 1977August 15, 1979
9black & white photograph of Leland D. CrawfordCrawford Leland D. Crawford[17]August 16, 1979June 27, 1983
10black & white photograph of Robert E. ClearyCleary Robert E. Cleary[18]June 28, 1983June 26, 1987
11black & white photograph of David W. SommersSommers David W. Sommers[19]June 27, 1987June 27, 1991
12black & white photograph of Harold G. OverstreetOverstreet Harold G. Overstreet[20]June 28, 1991June 29, 1995
13black & white photograph of Lewis G. LeeLee Lewis G. Lee[21]June 30, 1995June 28, 1999
14color photograph of Alford L. McMichaelMcMichael Alford L. McMichael[22]June 29, 1999June 26, 2003
15color photograph of John L. EstradaEstrada John L. Estrada[23]June 27, 2003April 25, 2007
16color photograph of Carlton W. KentKent Carlton W. Kent[24]April 25, 2007June 8, 2011
17color photograph of Micheal P. BarrettBarrett Micheal P. BarrettJune 9, 2011

Timeline[edit]

EasyTimeline 1.90


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Line 64: bar:barrett from: 2011 till: Present color:smmc text:[[Micheal Barrett|Barrett]]

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See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "MCO P1070-12K (IRAM)" (PDF). United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  2. ^ "ALMAR 016/09: 2009 Sergeants Major Symposium". United States Marine Corps. 2009-05-13. Retrieved 22 December 2009. 
  3. ^ SMMC on TheFreeDictionary.com
  4. ^ Order of Precedence – OPNAVINST 1710.7J (NOTES: 7)
  5. ^ a b "Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps". hqmc.marines.mil. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  6. ^ a b Estrada, John L.. "Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps". 15smmc.com. Retrieved 2009-06-22. [dead link]
  7. ^ "Previous SMMC". hqmc.marines.mil. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  8. ^ Lamothe, Dan; Cavallaro, Gina (April 12, 2011). "1st MARDIV’s Barrett is new top enlisted Marine". Military Times. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  9. ^ "Sergeant Major Wilbur Bestwick, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  10. ^ "Sergeant Major Francis Drury Rauber, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  11. ^ "Sergeant Major Thomas J. McHugh, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  12. ^ "Sergeant Major Herbert J. Sweet, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  13. ^ "Sergeant Major Joseph W. Dailey, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  14. ^ "Sergeant Major Clinton A. Puckett, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  15. ^ "Sergeant Major Henry H. Black, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  16. ^ "Sergeant Major John R. Massaro, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  17. ^ "Sergeant Major Leland D. Crawford, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  18. ^ "Sergeant Major Robert E. Cleary, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  19. ^ "Sergeant Major David W. Sommers, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  20. ^ "Sergeant Major Harold G. Overstreet, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  21. ^ "Sergeant Major Lewis G. Lee, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  22. ^ "Sergeant Major Alford L. McMichael, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  23. ^ "Sergeant Major John L. Estrada, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  24. ^ "Sergeant Major Carlton W. Kent, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22.