Senlis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Senlis
Cathedral
Cathedral
Flag of Senlis
Flag
Senlis is located in France
Senlis
Senlis
Coordinates: 49°12′29″N 2°35′15″E / 49.2081°N 2.5875°E / 49.2081; 2.5875Coordinates: 49°12′29″N 2°35′15″E / 49.2081°N 2.5875°E / 49.2081; 2.5875
CountryFrance
RegionPicardy
DepartmentOise
ArrondissementSenlis
CantonSenlis
IntercommunalityTrois Forêts
Government
 • Mayor (2011–2014)Pascale Loiseleur
Area
 • Land124.05 km2 (9.29 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Population216,310
 • Population2 density680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code60612 / 60300
Elevation47–140 m (154–459 ft)
(avg. 76 m or 249 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
 
  (Redirected from Senlis, Oise)
Jump to: navigation, search
For other places with the same name, see Senlis (disambiguation).
Senlis
Cathedral
Cathedral
Flag of Senlis
Flag
Senlis is located in France
Senlis
Senlis
Coordinates: 49°12′29″N 2°35′15″E / 49.2081°N 2.5875°E / 49.2081; 2.5875Coordinates: 49°12′29″N 2°35′15″E / 49.2081°N 2.5875°E / 49.2081; 2.5875
CountryFrance
RegionPicardy
DepartmentOise
ArrondissementSenlis
CantonSenlis
IntercommunalityTrois Forêts
Government
 • Mayor (2011–2014)Pascale Loiseleur
Area
 • Land124.05 km2 (9.29 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Population216,310
 • Population2 density680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code60612 / 60300
Elevation47–140 m (154–459 ft)
(avg. 76 m or 249 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Senlis is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.

It has a long and rich heritage, having traversed centuries of history. This medieval town has welcomed some of the most renowned figures in French history, including Hugh Capet, Louis IX, the Marshall of France, Anne of Kiev and Séraphine de Senlis. The monarchs of the early French dynasties lived here, attracted by the proximity of the Chantilly forest. It is renowned for the gothic Senlis Cathedral and its vast historical monuments.Its habitants are called "Senlisiens" and "Senlisiennes".[1]

Geography[edit]

Senlis is part of the province of l'Oise in the region of Picardy in the north of France. It is situated on the river Nonette, between the forests of Chantilly and d'Ermenonville in the South and d'Halatte on the North. It is located 40 kilometers from the north of Paris, 44 km from Beauvais and 79 km from Amiens. The highest point of the town (140m) lies at the heart of the forest Halatte and the lowest point is located on the banks of the Nonette, west of the city. Geologically, the area is occupied by a vast limestone plateau of the Lutetian covered mostly in silt.

History[edit]

Senlis was known in early Roman imperial times as Augustomagus and later as Civitas Silvanectium ("City of the Silvanectes").[2] During the 3rd century, a seven-meter high defensive wall, about half of which still exists, was erected around the settlement in response to Frankish incursions.[2] The wall remained in use into the 13th century. The town also featured a Roman amphitheatre, the remains of which are still visible, about 500 m west of the walled town. The amphitheatre seated as many as 10,000 people and was used for public meetings, theatre, gladiatorial combats, and animal hunts.[3] The monarchs of the early French dynasties lived here, attracted by the proximity of the Chantilly Forest and its venison, and built a castle on the foundations of the Roman settlement. In 987 the archbishop of Reims, Albéron called together an assembly, and asked them to choose Hugh Capet as king of France. However, the monarchs of France soon abandoned the city, preferring Compiègne and Fontainebleau. New life was given to the city in the 12th century, and ramparts were built. The popularity of the city later fell, and it slipped into decline. Today it remains an attraction for tourists for its long history and its links to the French monarchy.

Royal city[edit]

Senlis fell under the ownership of Hugh Capet in 981. He was elected king by his barons in 987 before being crowned at Noyon. Under the Capetian rule, Senlis became a royal city and remained so until the reign of Charles X. A castle was built during this period whose remains still lie today. The city reached its apogee in the 12th and 13th centuries as trade of wool and leather increased, while vineyards began to grow. With an increasing population, the city expanded and required the construction of new ramparts: a second chamber was erected under Phillip II that was larger and higher than the ramparts of the Gallo-Romans. A municipal charter was granted to the town in 1173 by the King Louis VII. The bishop of Senlis and the Chancellor Guérin became close advisors to the King, strengthening Senlis' ties to the French royalty. In 1265, the Bailiwick of Senlis was created with its vast territory covering the Beauvais and the French Vexin. In 1319, the town crippled by debt, was passed to the control of the royalty. Senlis became devastated by the Hundred Years' War, but managed to escape destruction despite being besieged by the Armagnacs. Senlis' economy suffered heavily and would have to wait until the 15th century to observe another boom, during which many buildings were built or restored. In 1493, the King Charles VII of France, son of Louis XI signed the Treaty of Senlis with the Duke of Burgundy, Maximilian I of Austria.[4]

Sights[edit]

Culture[edit]

In 1972, the September meetings were created as cultural manifestation making Senlis a pedestrian town for a weekend in September. The event allows the public to discover the gardens and particular hotel hidden behind doorways. The last gathering took place in 2007.[5] The Garden Lounge takes place around April, along with the Christmas march that take place around the Church of Saint Peter.

In A Writer at War 14-18, Édouard Coeurdevey describes the German destruction that he witnesses when visiting Senlis on 6 June 1915.[6] On June 8 he wrote 'Senlis bonde d'Annamites'.

The historical framework of Senlis, with its ancient cobbled alleys and its proximity to Paris, made it a major destination for cinema.[7] Among many are the following movies filmed in Senlis:

Personalities[edit]

International relations[edit]

Senlis is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "habitants.fr". 
  2. ^ a b Athena Review, Vol.4, No.2. "The Roman Wall of Senlis". 
  3. ^ Bruce Klee (December 1975). "Three Gallo-Roman Multi-Purpose Theatres". JSTOR. pp. 516–520. JSTOR 3206386. 
  4. ^ "Publication de la paix de Senlis". Manuscrits de l'Institut de France. 23 May 1493. 
  5. ^ "Polémique autour des Rendez-Vous de septembre". Le Parisien. 14 January 2009. 
  6. ^ Édouard Coeurdevey. Carnets de guerre. pp. 14–18. 
  7. ^ Michel Lalande (1997). "Liste de tournages sur le site". p. 125. 

External links[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the French Wikipedia.