Sedgwick County, Kansas

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Sedgwick County, Kansas
Sedgwick county kansas courthouse 2009.jpg
Old Sedgwick County Courthouse in Wichita
Map of Kansas highlighting Sedgwick County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 26, 1867
Named forJohn Sedgwick
SeatWichita
Largest cityWichita
Area
 • Total1,009.41 sq mi (2,614 km2)
 • Land999.38 sq mi (2,588 km2)
 • Water10.03 sq mi (26 km2), 0.99%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012)503,889
 • Density502.3/sq mi (193.9/km²)
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.sedgwickcounty.org
 
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Sedgwick County, Kansas
Sedgwick county kansas courthouse 2009.jpg
Old Sedgwick County Courthouse in Wichita
Map of Kansas highlighting Sedgwick County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 26, 1867
Named forJohn Sedgwick
SeatWichita
Largest cityWichita
Area
 • Total1,009.41 sq mi (2,614 km2)
 • Land999.38 sq mi (2,588 km2)
 • Water10.03 sq mi (26 km2), 0.99%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012)503,889
 • Density502.3/sq mi (193.9/km²)
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.sedgwickcounty.org

Coordinates: 37°43′N 97°27′W / 37.717°N 97.450°W / 37.717; -97.450

Sedgwick County (standard abbreviation: SG) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. The county's population was 498,365 for the 2010 census.[1] The largest city and county seat is Wichita. Sedgwick County is part of the Wichita metropolitan area.

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

1915 Railroad Map of Sedgwick County

For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

Sedgwick County was founded in 1867, and named after John Sedgwick, who was a Major General in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a branch line north-south from Herington to Caldwell.[2] This branch line connected Herington, Lost Springs, Lincolnville, Antelope, Marion, Aulne, Peabody, Elbing, Whitewater, Furley, Kechi, Wichita, Peck, Corbin, Wellington, Caldwell. By 1893, this branch line was incrementally built to Fort Worth, Texas. This line is called the "OKT". The Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway was foreclosed in 1891 and was taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which shut down in 1980 and reorganized as Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad, merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad, and finally merged in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island".

20th century[edit]

Sedgwick County was the setting for the murders committed by the BTK strangler from 1974 until 1991.[citation needed] Dennis Rader, an employee of the Sedgwick County city of Park City was arrested in early 2005 after he began sending incriminating letters taunting the police in 2004. He had not been heard from since 1979.[citation needed] Ken Landwehr of the Wichita Police Department led the task force which captured Rader, setting a new standard of serial crime detection in the process, which is still studied by police departments across the world. Rader is currently serving 10 life sentences at the El Dorado Correctional Facility in El Dorado.[citation needed]

Law and government[edit]

Sedgwick County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 1988.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,009.41 square miles (2,614.4 km2), of which 999.38 square miles (2,588.4 km2) (or 99.01%) is land and 10.03 square miles (26.0 km2) (or 0.99%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18701,095
188018,7531,612.6%
189043,626132.6%
190044,0370.9%
191073,09566.0%
192092,23426.2%
1930136,33047.8%
1940143,3115.1%
1950222,29055.1%
1960343,23154.4%
1970350,6942.2%
1980366,5314.5%
1990403,66210.1%
2000452,86912.2%
2010498,36510.0%
Est. 2012503,8861.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
2012 estimate

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 452,869 people, 176,444 households, and 117,688 families residing in the county. The population density was 453 people per square mile (175/km²). There were 191,133 housing units at an average density of 191 per square mile (74/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.38% White, 9.13% Black or African American, 1.11% Native American, 3.34% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 4.17% from other races, and 2.81% from two or more races. 8.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Age pyramid

There were 176,444 households out of which 34.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.70% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.20% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,485, and the median income for a family was $51,645. Males had a median income of $37,770 versus $26,153 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,907. About 7.00% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.90% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Incorporated cities[edit]

Population and name (2012 estimate):

  1. 385,577 - Wichita (county seat)
  2. 22,943 - Derby
  3. 10,951 - Haysville
  4. 7,446 - Park City
  5. 6,965 - Valley Center
  6. 6,838 - Bel Aire
  7. 6,267 - Mulvane
  8. 4,532 - Goddard
  9. 3,708 - Maize
  10. 2,489 - Clearwater
  11. 2,120 - Cheney
  12. 1,958 - Kechi
  13. 1,701 - Sedgwick
  14. 1,334 - Colwich
  15. 964 - Andale
  16. 862 - Garden Plain
  17. 817 - Mount Hope
  18. 773 - Eastborough
  19. 528 - Bentley
  20. 131 - Viola
2005 KDOT Map of Sedgwick County (map legend)
Map of Townships in Sedgwick County

Unincorporated places[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Sedgwick County is divided into twenty-seven townships. The cities of Bel Aire and Wichita are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
TownshipFIPSPopulation
center
PopulationPopulation
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water %Geographic coordinates
Afton004251,29014 (37)91 (35)2 (1)1.73%37°36′10″N 97°37′54″W / 37.60278°N 97.63167°W / 37.60278; -97.63167
Attica03125Goddard4,95962 (161)80 (31)0 (0)0.23%37°40′44″N 97°32′16″W / 37.67889°N 97.53778°W / 37.67889; -97.53778
Delano1737519625 (64)8 (3)1 (0)13.81%37°43′2″N 97°25′13″W / 37.71722°N 97.42028°W / 37.71722; -97.42028
Eagle19250Bentley1,06912 (30)92 (36)1 (1)1.44%37°51′48″N 97°32′26″W / 37.86333°N 97.54056°W / 37.86333; -97.54056
Erie215501061 (3)94 (36)0 (0)0.03%37°31′24″N 97°44′51″W / 37.52333°N 97.74750°W / 37.52333; -97.74750
Garden Plain25400Garden Plain1,78019 (50)92 (36)0 (0)0.15%37°40′25″N 97°39′47″W / 37.67361°N 97.66306°W / 37.67361; -97.66306
Grand River273006077 (17)91 (35)2 (1)2.20%37°40′6″N 97°45′14″W / 37.66833°N 97.75389°W / 37.66833; -97.75389
Grant28125Valley Center (part)3,71040 (104)93 (36)0 (0)0.47%37°50′55″N 97°20′23″W / 37.84861°N 97.33972°W / 37.84861; -97.33972
Greeley28400Mount Hope1,09412 (31)93 (36)1 (1)1.43%37°52′21″N 97°39′17″W / 37.87250°N 97.65472°W / 37.87250; -97.65472
Gypsum293005,82264 (164)92 (35)0 (0)0.51%37°36′26″N 97°12′34″W / 37.60722°N 97.20944°W / 37.60722; -97.20944
Illinois337751,62018 (45)93 (36)0 (0)0.12%37°35′54″N 97°31′53″W / 37.59833°N 97.53139°W / 37.59833; -97.53139
Kechi36250Park City8,041143 (370)56 (22)0 (0)0.23%37°47′35″N 97°19′14″W / 37.79306°N 97.32056°W / 37.79306; -97.32056
Lincoln411504735 (13)91 (35)0 (0)0.12%37°52′35″N 97°11′53″W / 37.87639°N 97.19806°W / 37.87639; -97.19806
Minneha47125Eastborough5,084117 (304)43 (17)1 (0)1.49%37°41′11″N 97°11′25″W / 37.68639°N 97.19028°W / 37.68639; -97.19028
Morton48550Cheney2,38026 (67)91 (35)1 (0)1.14%37°37′24″N 97°46′33″W / 37.62333°N 97.77583°W / 37.62333; -97.77583
Ninnescah50725Clearwater2,91331 (81)93 (36)0 (0)0.47%37°30′51″N 97°31′28″W / 37.51417°N 97.52444°W / 37.51417; -97.52444
Ohio524501,14612 (32)94 (36)0 (0)0.14%37°31′56″N 97°25′21″W / 37.53222°N 97.42250°W / 37.53222; -97.42250
Park54425Maize4,12851 (131)82 (32)2 (1)2.04%37°46′26″N 97°26′13″W / 37.77389°N 97.43694°W / 37.77389; -97.43694
Payne550751,11914 (36)80 (31)0 (0)0.21%37°46′58″N 97°12′22″W / 37.78278°N 97.20611°W / 37.78278; -97.20611
Riverside60125Haysville (part)
Derby (part)
Oaklawn-Sunview CDP
15,694333 (862)47 (18)1 (0)1.98%37°34′56″N 97°18′22″W / 37.58222°N 97.30611°W / 37.58222; -97.30611
Rockford60675Derby (part)20,019198 (514)101 (39)1 (0)0.99%37°31′55″N 97°14′47″W / 37.53194°N 97.24639°W / 37.53194; -97.24639
Salem62675Haysville (part)8,411102 (263)83 (32)1 (0)0.95%37°32′23″N 97°20′11″W / 37.53972°N 97.33639°W / 37.53972; -97.33639
Sherman65100Andale1,36214 (37)96 (37)0 (0)0.22%37°47′23″N 97°38′4″W / 37.78972°N 97.63444°W / 37.78972; -97.63444
Union72375Colwich2,15623 (60)93 (36)0 (0)0.23%37°46′55″N 97°32′8″W / 37.78194°N 97.53556°W / 37.78194; -97.53556
Valley Center73275Valley Center (part)3,64239 (100)94 (36)0 (0)0.16%37°51′22″N 97°24′10″W / 37.85611°N 97.40278°W / 37.85611; -97.40278
Viola74050Viola5476 (15)93 (36)1 (0)0.98%37°30′41″N 97°39′3″W / 37.51139°N 97.65083°W / 37.51139; -97.65083
Waco743003,38145 (117)75 (29)0 (0)0.12%37°36′35″N 97°24′57″W / 37.60972°N 97.41583°W / 37.60972; -97.41583

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

The following public-use airports are located in Sedgwick County:

Points of interest[edit]

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

Further reading[edit]

Sedgwick County
Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 5, 2011. 
  2. ^ Rock Island Rail History
  3. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=115:3:103222460506338::NO:3:P3_FID,P3_TITLE:473853%2CTrails%20View

External links[edit]

County
Historical
Maps