Seattle–Tacoma International Airport

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Seattle–Tacoma International Airport
Sea–Tac Airport
Port of Seattle Logo.svg
Aerial KSEA May 2012.JPG
Sea-Tac Airport from the air, looking south.
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorPort of Seattle
ServesSeattle; Tacoma, Washington, U.S.
LocationSeaTac, Washington, U.S.
Hub for
Elevation AMSL433 ft / 132 m
Coordinates47°26′56″N 122°18′34″W / 47.44889°N 122.30944°W / 47.44889; -122.30944Coordinates: 47°26′56″N 122°18′34″W / 47.44889°N 122.30944°W / 47.44889; -122.30944
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
SEA is located in Washington (state)
Location within Washington
Statistics (2013)
Passengers34,776,666 (4.68% up from 2,012)
Aircraft movements317,186 (2.45% up from 2,012)
Air Cargo (metric tons)292,708 (3.21% up from 2,012)
Sources: FAA[1] and airport web site[2]
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Seattle–Tacoma International Airport
Sea–Tac Airport
Port of Seattle Logo.svg
Aerial KSEA May 2012.JPG
Sea-Tac Airport from the air, looking south.
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorPort of Seattle
ServesSeattle; Tacoma, Washington, U.S.
LocationSeaTac, Washington, U.S.
Hub for
Elevation AMSL433 ft / 132 m
Coordinates47°26′56″N 122°18′34″W / 47.44889°N 122.30944°W / 47.44889; -122.30944Coordinates: 47°26′56″N 122°18′34″W / 47.44889°N 122.30944°W / 47.44889; -122.30944
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
SEA is located in Washington (state)
Location within Washington
Statistics (2013)
Passengers34,776,666 (4.68% up from 2,012)
Aircraft movements317,186 (2.45% up from 2,012)
Air Cargo (metric tons)292,708 (3.21% up from 2,012)
Sources: FAA[1] and airport web site[2]

The Seattle–Tacoma International Airport (IATA: SEAICAO: KSEAFAA LID: SEA), also known as Sea–Tac Airport or Sea–Tac /ˈstæk/, is an American airport. It is located in SeaTac, Washington, at the intersections of State Routes 99, 509, and 518, about 1.5 miles (2.4 kilometres) west of Interstate 5. It serves the cities of Seattle and Tacoma, as well as the rest of Western Washington.

The airport has service to destinations throughout North America, Europe, the Middle East and East Asia. It is the primary hub for Alaska Airlines, whose headquarters is located near the airport, as well as its regional subsidiary Horizon Air.

In 2013, the airport served over 34.7 million passengers,[3] making it the 15th-busiest airport in the United States.[3] It ranks 23rd in total aircraft operations and 21st in total cargo volume.[3] The airport is the largest generator of vehicle trips[4] in the state, and its 13,000-car parking garage is the world's largest parking structure under one roof.[5]

The top five carriers at the airport in number of passengers carried in 2012 were Alaska Airlines (35.06%), Horizon Air (14.1%), Delta Air Lines (11.6%), Southwest Airlines (8.5%) and United Airlines (5.7%).[6]


The airport was constructed by the Port of Seattle in 1944 to serve civilians of the region, after the U.S. military took control of Boeing Field for use in World War II. The Port received $1 million from the Civil Aeronautics Administration to build the airport, and $100,000 from the City of Tacoma. The first scheduled airline flights were Northwest and Trans-Canada in 1947; Western and United moved from Boeing Field in the next couple of years, and Pan Am moved in 1952–53, but West Coast stayed at Boeing Field until after the Hughes merger. Two years later "international" was added to the airport's name as Northwest Airlines began direct service to Tokyo, Japan. In 1951, there were four runways at 45-degree angles, between 5,000 and 6,100 feet (1,500 and 1,900 m) long; the northeast-southwest and northwest-southeast runways intersected just west of the north-south runway that eventually became today's runway 34R. The runway was lengthened twice, first in 1959 to allow jets and then in 1961 to handle traffic for the upcoming Century 21 World's Fair.

The April 1957 OAG shows 216 departures a week on United, 80 Northwest, 35 Western, 21 Trans-Canada, 20 Pan Am, 20 Pacific Northern, and 10 Alaska. In 1966, Scandinavian Airlines inaugurated the airport's first non-stop route to mainland Europe. The first concourse opened in July 1959.

The two-story North Concourse (later dubbed Concourse D) added four new gate positions and a new wing 600 feet (180 m) long and 30 feet (9.1 m) wide.[7] The one-story South Concourse (now Concourse A) opened in 1961, adding another 688 feet (210 m) to the length of the airport.[7] The 800-foot (240 m) long Concourse B opened in December 1964. It added eight gate positions, bringing the total to 19, a 12,000 square feet (1,100 m2) area housing international arrivals, and the offices of U.S. Customs, Immigration, Public Health and the Department of Agriculture.[7] Concourse C opened in July 1966.[7] Just four years later, it was extended to include another 10 gates, bringing the total to 35.[7] The Port embarked on a major expansion plan, designed by The Richardson Associates[8] and lasting from 1967 to 1973, adding a second runway, a parking garage, two satellite terminals, and other improvements. A $28-million new terminal literally swallowed up the old 1949 structure; it was built over and around it. Opened in 1973, the new terminal quadrupled the area for public use.[7] On July 1, 1973, the Airport opened two new satellite terminals, along with an underground train system to connect them to the Main Terminal.[9] In the mid-1980s, the Main Terminal was renovated and another 150 feet (46 m) was added to the north end.[7] Concourse D was expanded in 1987 with a rotunda that added four new gates.[7] In 1993, Concourses B, C, and D were renovated. The project, designed by NBBJ, included the addition of 150,000 square feet (14,000 m2) and the renovation of 170,000 square feet (16,000 m2) of space in Concourses B, C, and D.[10] On June 15, 2004, the 2,102-foot (641 m) new Concourse A was unveiled with 14 new gates, a dozen new restaurants, new artwork and the airport’s first moving sidewalks.[7]

Residents of the surrounding area filed lawsuits against the Port in the early 1970s, complaining of noise, vibration, smoke, and other problems. The Port and the government of King County adopted the Sea-Tac Communities Plan in 1976 to address problems and guide future development. The Port spent more than $100 million over the next decade to buy homes and school buildings in the vicinity, and soundproof others nearby. In the mid-1980s, the airport participated in the airport noise-compatibility program initiated by Congress in 1979. Airport-noise contours were developed, real estate was purchased and some homes were retrofitted to achieve noise mitigation.[11]

In 1978, the U.S. ended airline regulation, and U.S. airlines were allowed to determine routes and fares without government approval. Deregulation resulted in new service to Seattle, including from TWA, the fourth-largest U.S. airline.

After the death of U.S. Senator Henry Martin "Scoop" Jackson in 1983, the Seattle Port Commission voted to change the name of the airport to Henry M. Jackson International Airport. Denizens of Tacoma interpreted the change as an insult to their community —the second time in the airport's history that the port authorities had attempted to remove "Tacoma" from the official name. However, the $100,000 that Tacoma had provided for the airport's construction during World War II had come with an explicit promise that the city would be included in the airport's name. The controversy regarding the name change was resolved after several polls of both Seattle and Tacoma area residents indicated their preference for the original name by margins as much as 5:1. Helen Jackson, the widow of the late Senator Henry M. Jackson, expressed her desire that their family remain neutral in the debate. With a 3–2 vote of the Port of Seattle Commission, the name reverted to Sea-Tac early in 1984.[12]

A view of the SeaTac Airport in September 2007, as construction of the new runway 16R/34L was underway. The runway opened in November 2008.

Starting in the late 1980s, the Port of Seattle and a council representing local county governments considered the future of air traffic in the region and predicted that airport could reach capacity by 2000. The planning committee concluded in 1992 that the best solution was to add a third runway to the airport and construct a supplemental two-runway airport in one of the neighboring counties. Members of the community strongly opposed a third runway, as did the Highline School District and the cities of Des Moines, Burien, Federal Way, Tukwila, and Normandy Park, but a 1994 study concluded there were no feasible sites for an additional airport. The Port of Seattle approved a plan for the new runway in 1996, prompting a lawsuit from opponents. The Port secured the necessary permits by agreeing to noise reduction programs and environmental protections. Runway opponents appealed these permits, but dropped their challenges in 2004.

The new 3rd runway opened on November 20, 2008, with a total construction cost of $1.1 billion. Parallel to the existing two, the new runway was sited far west of the existing runways, so as to allow 2 simultaneous landings in times of low visibility. The airport's older two runways were too closely spaced to allow use of both during low visibility, a frequent condition in the Seattle area.[13]


The three parallel runways run nearly north–south, west of the passenger terminal, and are 8,500 to 11,900 feet (2,600–3,600 m) long. During 2008, the airport averaged 946 aircraft operations per day, 89% being commercial flights, 10% air taxi operations, and 1% transient general aviation.[14]

Sea-Tac's control tower, seen in 2007.
The interior of Sea-Tac's control tower, commissioned in 2004, is 850ft2 (79m2). Visible at center is a radar display; at top right is the tower's light gun.

A new control tower was built beginning in 2001 and opened November 2004, at a cost of $26 million.[15] The floor of the new tower's control cab is 233 ft (71 m) above ground level; the tower's overall height including antennas is 269 ft (82 m). The cab has 850 sq ft (79 m2) of space and was designed to support operation by ten controllers, with possible future expansion up to 15. The site and construction method of the tower were designed to maximize visibility and efficacy of radar systems. The airport's original control tower, built in the 1950s, is now located in the airport's passenger terminal and used as a ground control tower, after being repaired from damages caused by the Nisqually Earthquake in 2001.

A recurring problem at the airport is misidentification of the westernmost taxiway, Taxiway Tango, as a runway. A large "X" has been placed at the north end of the taxiway to prevent confusion, but a number of aircraft have landed on the taxiway.[16] The FAA issued an alert notice dated from August 27, 2009, to September 24, 2009, urging airplanes about taking precautions such as REILs and other visual cues while landing from the north.[17]

In 2007 the airport, together with the University of Illinois Center of Excellence for Airport Technology (CEAT), became the first airport to implement an avian radar system providing 24-hour monitoring of wildlife activity across the airfield. This pilot program was designed to decrease potentially fatal incidents involving collisions with birds and to provide a test bed for implementation of the technology in the US which was expected to begin in 2009. The technology is part of a strategy to reduce the presence of wildlife on the airfield.[18]

Threatened Southwest Airlines switch[edit]

Citing increased landing fees and other costs due to the aforementioned work at the airport, Southwest Airlines threatened in 2005 to move to nearby Boeing Field. This plan ran into several problems. Boeing Field is a public airport and each airline would have to have equal access, requiring more capacity than available on the airport's single runway suitable for large commercial airplanes. (Boeing Field has a parallel, smaller runway used by general-aviation airplanes.) Major renovations to the airport would have been required. While Southwest did indicate willingness to pay for upgrades to the airport, there were also problems with the transportation infrastructure around Boeing Field, which was not designed to handle traffic in and out of a major passenger airport. It eventually became clear that Southwest Airlines would not fund the necessary transportation improvements, and the plan was shot down by King County Executive Ron Sims.[19] Furthermore, there were concerns that the high costs of operating the Seattle–Tacoma International Airport would be increased even further if some airline service were moved to Boeing Field, which was expected to be less expensive to operate for the airlines.

Terminals, airlines, and destinations[edit]

Map of SeaTac's terminal
Central terminal with views of the runways
Alaska and United planes at the North Satellite Terminal
Interior of the D Concourse near Alaska gates D10 & D11

The airport has a Central Terminal building, which was renovated and expanded in 2003. This project was designed by Curtis W. Fentress, FAIA, RIBA of Fentress Architects. The airport also has four concourses (A–D) and two Satellite Terminals (North and South). The satellite terminals are connected to the central terminal by an underground people mover system made by Bombardier. There are three main checkpoints at Sea-Tac and a fourth that is opened as needed during peak periods.[20] Once through security, passengers have access to all gates.

Central Terminal
North Satellite Terminal
South Satellite Terminal

Note: All international arrivals (except flights from cities with customs preclearance) are handled at the South Satellite Terminal, regardless of their departure terminal.

Air CanadaToronto-PearsonA
Air Canada ExpressVancouver
Seasonal: Calgary
Alaska AirlinesAnchorage, Atlanta, Austin, Boston, Burbank, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit (begins September 4, 2014),[25] Fairbanks, Fort Lauderdale, Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Juneau, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Kansas City, Ketchikan, Las Vegas, Lihue, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Newark, New Orleans (begins June 12, 2014),[25] Oakland, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Palm Springs, Philadelphia, Phoenix, St. Louis, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Spokane, Tampa (begins June 20, 2014),[25] Tucson, Washington-National
Seasonal: Puerto Vallarta, San Jose del Cabo, Sitka
C, D, N
Alaska Airlines
operated by Horizon Air [26]
Bellingham, Billings, Boise, Bozeman, Calgary, Edmonton, Eugene, Fresno, Great Falls, Helena, Kalispell, Kelowna, Lewiston, Los Angeles, Medford, Missoula, Pasco, Portland (OR), Pullman, Redmond/Bend, Reno/Tahoe, Santa Rosa, Spokane, Sun Valley, Vancouver, Victoria, Walla Walla, Wenatchee, YakimaC, N
Alaska Airlines
operated by SkyWest Airlines
Colorado Springs,[27] Fresno, Long Beach, Omaha,[28] Salt Lake City (begins June 9, 2014), Santa Barbara
Seasonal: Hayden/Steamboat Springs [29]
All Nippon AirwaysTokyo-NaritaS
American AirlinesChicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, New York-JFKD
Asiana AirlinesSeoul-IncheonS
British AirwaysLondon-HeathrowS
CondorSeasonal: FrankfurtS
Delta Air LinesAmsterdam, Atlanta, Beijing-Capital, Detroit, Hong Kong (begins June 16, 2014),[30] Honolulu, London-Heathrow (begins March 29, 2014),[31] Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Salt Lake City, Seoul-Incheon (begins June 2, 2014),[32] Shanghai-Pudong, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal: Anchorage, Cincinnati, Fairbanks (begins May 31, 2014),[33] Juneau (begins May 29, 2014),[34] Las Vegas
B, S
Delta ConnectionLas Vegas, Los Angeles, Phoenix (begins December 20, 2014),[35] Portland (OR) (begins September 2, 2014),[36] San Diego (begins June 2, 2014),[36] San Francisco, San Jose (CA) (begins September 2, 2014)[37]
Seasonal: Jackson Hole, Palm Springs (begins December 20, 2014),[35] Salt Lake City, Tucson (begins December 20, 2014),[35] Vancouver (begins June 5, 2014)[33]
EVA AirTaipei-TaoyuanS
Frontier AirlinesDenver
Seasonal: Cleveland (begins June 15, 2014)
Hainan AirlinesBeijing-CapitalS
Hawaiian AirlinesHonolulu, KahuluiS
JetBlue AirwaysBoston, Long Beach, New York-JFK
Seasonal: Anchorage
Korean AirSeoul-IncheonS
Southwest AirlinesAlbuquerque, Baltimore (resumes April 8, 2014),[citation needed] Chicago-Midway, Denver, Houston–Hobby (resumes June 8, 2014), Las Vegas, Milwaukee, Oakland, Phoenix, Reno/Tahoe (ends June 8, 2014), Sacramento, Salt Lake City (ends August 9, 2014), San Diego (begins June 8, 2014), San Jose (CA)
Seasonal: Atlanta, Kansas City, Nashville, St. Louis
Sun Country AirlinesMinneapolis/St. Paul
Seasonal: Laughlin/Bullhead City[38]
United AirlinesAnchorage (ends June 5, 2014), Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles (begins April 1, 2014), Newark, San Francisco, Washington-DullesA
United ExpressDenver, Los Angeles, Portland (OR), San Francisco (ends March 31, 2014)[39]A
US AirwaysCharlotte, Philadelphia, PhoenixA
Virgin AmericaLos Angeles, San FranciscoB

Traffic and Statistics[edit]

Airbus A319 – Frontier Airlines 'Sebastian the Ferruginous Hawk' (N933FR) at SeaTac with a Southwest Airlines Boeing 737 in the background
Busiest international routes from Seattle–Tacoma (2012–13)[40]
RankAirportMetropolitan areaPassengersCarriers
1Japan Narita International AirportTokyo, Japan409,119ANA, Delta, United
2Canada Vancouver International AirportVancouver, British Columbia, Canada382,818Air Canada Express, Horizon
3Netherlands Amsterdam Airport SchipholAmsterdam, Netherlands248,356Delta
4South Korea Incheon International AirportSeoul, South Korea248,198Asiana, Korean Air
5United Kingdom London Heathrow AirportLondon, England, United Kingdom195,951British Airways
6China Beijing Capital International AirportBeijing, China195,625Delta, Hainan
7Canada Victoria International AirportVictoria, British Columbia, Canada168,031Horizon
8Germany Frankfurt AirportFrankfurt, Germany165,265Condor, Lufthansa
9United Arab Emirates Dubai International AirportDubai, United Arab Emirates160,933Emirates
10Canada Calgary International AirportCalgary, Alberta, Canada148,956Air Canada Express, Horizon
Busiest domestic routes from Seattle–Tacoma (January 2013-December 2013)[41]
1Los Angeles, CA851,000Alaska, Delta, United, Virgin America
2San Francisco, CA794,000Alaska, United, Virgin America
3Denver, CO753,000Alaska, Frontier, Southwest, United
4Anchorage, AK700,000Alaska, Delta, JetBlue, United
5Phoenix, AZ636,000Alaska, Southwest, US Airways
6Chicago, IL (O'Hare)629,000Alaska, American, United
7Las Vegas, NV584,000Alaska, Delta, Southwest
8Dallas/Fort Worth, TX519,000Alaska, American
9Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN500,000Alaska, Delta, Sun Country
10Portland, OR491,000Alaska, United

Other services[edit]

Cargo operations[edit]

ABX AirCincinnati, Los Angeles, Portland, San Francisco, Vancouver
Alaska Air CargoAnchorage, Cordova, Juneau, Ketchikan, Sitka, Yakutat
CargoluxCalgary, Glasgow-Prestwick, Luxembourg
China Airlines CargoMiami
China Cargo AirlinesShanghai-Pudong
EVA Air CargoAnchorage
FedEx ExpressAnchorage, Indianapolis, Memphis, Oakland
Korean Air CargoSeoul-Incheon

Ground transportation and access[edit]

Interstate 5 and its offshoot Interstate 405 intersect very close to the airport, and most people use private vehicles to arrive at the airport. Parking facilities are vast, and public transportation to the airport is somewhat limited (though less so since the introduction of light rail to Seattle) due to its distance from downtown Seattle and as well as downtown Tacoma.

Seattle's Central Link light-rail line serves the airport at the SeaTac/Airport Station, which opened on December 19, 2009.[43]

The airport is also served both by the King County Metro bus system and Sound Transit regional express buses. Taxis, rental cars and door-to-door shuttle service are available. All public transit services are located at the end of baggage claim next to door 00.[44] Taxis and door-to-door shuttle services are located on the third floor of the parking garage in the Ground Transportation center. Yellow Cab has the exclusive taxi contract with the Port of Seattle to operate at the airport. The exclusive contract for "for hire" limo services is held by STILA (Seattle Tacoma International Limo Association).[45] Shuttle Express is the only on demand door-to-door shuttle service operating out of the airport, with service covering Seattle, Tacoma, Everett, and the Eastside. Shuttle Express also provides limos, town cars, and buses on a charter basis.[46] Free parking for the first thirty minutes was discontinued in the mid-1990s.

There is also a scheduled bus service to downtown Vancouver, Canada, through Quick Shuttle, with other pick-up stops at downtown Seattle, Bellingham International Airport, and drop-off stops just inside the Canadian–U.S. boundary and at the Vancouver International Airport.[47]

Rental car facility[edit]

A 23-acre (93,000 m2) rental car facility opened on May 17, 2012.[48][49] The facility is located at the northeastern portion of the airport at the intersection of South 160th Street and International Boulevard South. The facility has 5,400 parking spaces[50] and can handle up to 14,000 transactions per day.[50] After the opening of the facility, 3,200 parking spaces in the central parking structure were opened up for general use.[51] Passengers reach the facility on a five-minute trip aboard one of 29 Gillig CNG buses.[50] Previously, only Alamo, Avis, Budget, Hertz, and National had cars on site; Advantage, Dollar, Enterprise, Thrifty, EZ Rent-A-Car, and Fox Rent A Car ran shuttles to off-site locations. Payless Car Rental now has a presence. Customers of Rent-a-Wreck must ride the shuttle to the facility and then board one of the company's shuttles to Rent-a-Wreck's office.[50]

The facility was originally scheduled to open in Spring 2011.[52] However, construction was suspended on December 15, 2008, by vote of the Port of Seattle Commission[53] and did not begin again until June 2009.[51][dubious ][54]

Future development[edit]

The South Satellite Terminal has reached its maximum capacity for handling international passengers in terms of immigration check stands as well as customs declaration. The existing facility is used to its full potential yet it continues to be packed with people arriving. Plans have been made for major expansions, such as adding two new baggage claims and increasing immigration inspection booths from 20 to 30.[55] There is no certainty right now, but there is a plan for a skybridge or tunnel over to the main terminal at Concourse A where passengers will use a new international arrivals area. This is a possible solution to the double claim problem for baggage as well.[55]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for SEA (Form 5010 PDF), effective July 5, 2007.
  2. ^ "Sea-tac international airport". Port of Seattle.  (official site)
  3. ^ a b c "Airport Statistics: 2011 Airport Activity Highlights". Port of Seattle. Retrieved October 22, 2012. 
  4. ^ "SR 509: Corridor Completion/I-5/South Access Road Final Environmental Impact Statement". WSDOT. Retrieved May 4, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Airport Parking Garage". Port of Seattle. Retrieved May 4, 2013. 
  6. ^ "2012 Seattle–Tacoma International Airport Activity Report" (PDF). Port of Seattle. Retrieved September 21, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Main Terminal". Port of Seattle. 
  8. ^ "AIA Seattle Honor Awards: projects cited 1950-". AIA Seattle, A Chapter of the American Institute of Architects. 
  9. ^ "North and South Satellites". Port of Seattle. 
  10. ^ International Academy of Architecture (1995). World Architecture (London: Grosvenor Press International, Ltd.) (35–36). 
  11. ^ C. Michael Hogan, Ballard George et al., Residential noise insulation at Seattle Tacoma International Airport, Earth Metrics Inc., published by the Federal Aviation Administration and Seattle Tacoma International Airport (1984).
  12. ^ "Airport Name Is Reinstated". The New York Times. Associated Press. March 5, 1984. 
  13. ^
  14. ^ "KSEA: Seattle-Tacoma International Airport". AirNav, LLC. 20 September 2012. 
  15. ^ "Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (SEA/KSEA), United States of America". Airport Technology. 
  16. ^ Bowermaster, David (November 13, 2005). "Pilots Mistake Taxiway for Runway at Sea-Tac". The Seattle Times. Retrieved September 17, 2008. 
  17. ^ "Visual 16C Approach". National Aeronautical Charting Office (part of the Federal Aviation Administration). [dead link]
  18. ^ "Wildlife Management". Port of Seattle. Retrieved July 3, 2012. 
  19. ^ Langston, Jennifer; Holt, Gordy (October 11, 2005). "Plan Won't Fly: Sims Kills Southwest's Boeing Field Hopes". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved October 11, 2005. 
  20. ^ "Sea-Tac Airport: Traveler Information". Port of Seattle. Retrieved July 17, 2011. 
  21. ^ "Concourse A". Port of Seattle. 
  22. ^ "Concourse B". Port of Seattle. 
  23. ^ "Concourse C". Port of Seattle. 
  24. ^ "Concourse D". Port of Seattle. 
  25. ^ a b c
  26. ^ "Horizon Air Retiring Its Public Brand and Adopting Alaska Airlines' Eskimo". Alaska Air Group (Press release). January 25, 2011. 
  27. ^ Alaska Airlines starts daily service from Colorado Springs to Seattle. The Denver Post. Retrieved on 2013-07-04.
  28. ^ Alaska Airlines to serve Omaha : Business. (2013-06-27). Retrieved on 2013-07-04.
  29. ^ "Alaska Airlines Inaugurates New Flights to Steamboat Springs, Colo". 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  30. ^ "Delta Launches New Seattle Service to Seoul and Hong Kong" (Press release). Yahoo!. August 21, 2013. Retrieved August 21, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Delta launches service between Seattle and London Heathrow" (Press release). Delta Air Lines. July 23, 2013. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Delta Launches New Seattle Service to Seoul and Hong Kong" (Press release). Yahoo!. August 21, 2013. Retrieved August 21, 2013. 
  33. ^ a b "Delta to Offer More Seattle Service" (Press release). Delta Air Lines. December 3, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  34. ^ "Delta Air Lines to resume service to Juneau". Juneau Empire. December 16, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  35. ^ a b c
  36. ^ a b
  37. ^ "Delta Adds More Service to Support International Gateway in Seattle" (Press release). Delta Air Lines. December 17, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  38. ^
  39. ^
  40. ^ "U.S.-International Passenger Data for Year To Date/Calendar Year 2013". 
  41. ^ RITA | BTS | Transtats. (2013-04-07). Retrieved on 2014-03-13.
  42. ^ "Destination Map". Kenmore Air. Retrieved 8 November 2012. 
  43. ^ "Light Rail Service Begins to Sea-Tac Airport". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. December 19, 2009. Retrieved July 3, 2012. 
  44. ^ "Public Transit". Port of Seattle. Retrieved July 3, 2012. 
  45. ^ "Taxis and Limos". Port of Seattle. Retrieved July 3, 2012. 
  46. ^ "Bus/Shuttle/Courtesy". Port of Seattle. Retrieved July 3, 2012. 
  47. ^ "Quick Shuttle: Vancouver to/from Seattle". Quick Shuttle. Retrieved July 3, 2012. 
  48. ^ "Rental Car Facility Breaks the Ribbon Before Opening Under Budget". Port of Seattle. May 6, 2012. Retrieved May 18, 2012. 
  49. ^ "Consolidated Rental Car Facility". Port of Seattle. Retrieved 8 November 2012. 
  50. ^ a b c d Gillie, John (May 10, 2012). "Rental Car Facility to Open At Sea-Tac". The News Tribune. Retrieved May 18, 2012. 
  51. ^ a b Cohen, Aubrey (June 14, 2010). "Sea-Tac Airport Tops Off Rental Car Facility". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved June 14, 2010. 
  52. ^ Young, Bob (February 26, 2008). "Port of Seattle To Start Up Rental-Car Center". The Seattle Times. Retrieved February 26, 2008. 
  53. ^ "Port Commission Votes To Suspend Construction on Rental Car Facility". Port of Seattle. December 15, 2008. Retrieved August 23, 2010. 
  54. ^ "Sea-Tac Airport: Positive Economic Sign: Rental Car Facility Construction Starts Back Up". Port of Seattle. July 22, 2009. Retrieved July 22, 2009. 
  55. ^ a b Van Berkel, Jessie (July 10, 2011). "Fix in the Works for Big Sea-Tac Bottleneck". The Seattle Times. Retrieved July 3, 2012. 
  56. ^ "The Stories Behind the Stones". Grave Spotlight. Retrieved July 3, 2012. 
  57. ^ Black, Bruce R. (March 29, 2006). "Plane Crashed Near Des Moines Fifty Years Ago". Ballard News-Tribune. Retrieved July 3, 2012. 
  58. ^ "CRIME: The Bandit Who Went Out into the Cold". Time Magazine. December 6, 1971. Retrieved July 3, 2012. 
  59. ^ "18 Injured in Seattle Plane Crash". The New York Times. Associated Press. April 16, 1988. Retrieved March 2, 2012. 
  60. ^ "Aircraft Accident Report—Horizon Air, Inc., deHavilland DHC-8, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, Seattle, Washington, April 15, 1988" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. March 6, 1989. Retrieved March 2, 2012. 
  61. ^ Fighter jets escort plane to Sea-Tac after hijack threat | Local & Regional | Seattle News, Weather, Sports, Breaking News. KOMO News. Retrieved on 2013-07-04.
  62. ^

External links[edit]