Seaside, Oregon

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Seaside, Oregon
City
Seaside Promenade
Seaside Promenade
Location in Oregon and Clatsop County
Location in Oregon and Clatsop County
Coordinates: 45°59′34″N 123°55′20″W / 45.99278°N 123.92222°W / 45.99278; -123.92222Coordinates: 45°59′34″N 123°55′20″W / 45.99278°N 123.92222°W / 45.99278; -123.92222
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyClatsop
Incorporated1899
Government
 • MayorDon Larson
Area[1]
 • Total4.14 sq mi (10.72 km2)
 • Land3.94 sq mi (10.20 km2)
 • Water0.20 sq mi (0.52 km2)
Elevation17 ft (5.2 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total6,457
 • Estimate (2012[3])6,471
 • Density1,638.8/sq mi (632.7/km2)
Time zonePacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code97138
Area code(s)503 and 971
FIPS code41-65950[4]
GNIS feature ID1136735[5]
Websitewww.cityofseaside.us
 
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Seaside, Oregon
City
Seaside Promenade
Seaside Promenade
Location in Oregon and Clatsop County
Location in Oregon and Clatsop County
Coordinates: 45°59′34″N 123°55′20″W / 45.99278°N 123.92222°W / 45.99278; -123.92222Coordinates: 45°59′34″N 123°55′20″W / 45.99278°N 123.92222°W / 45.99278; -123.92222
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyClatsop
Incorporated1899
Government
 • MayorDon Larson
Area[1]
 • Total4.14 sq mi (10.72 km2)
 • Land3.94 sq mi (10.20 km2)
 • Water0.20 sq mi (0.52 km2)
Elevation17 ft (5.2 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total6,457
 • Estimate (2012[3])6,471
 • Density1,638.8/sq mi (632.7/km2)
Time zonePacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code97138
Area code(s)503 and 971
FIPS code41-65950[4]
GNIS feature ID1136735[5]
Websitewww.cityofseaside.us

Seaside is a city in Clatsop County, Oregon, United States. The name Seaside is derived from Seaside House, a historic summer resort built in the 1870s by railroad magnate Ben Holladay. The city's population was 6,457 at the 2010 census.[6]

History[edit]

The Gilbert House in Seaside

About January 1, 1806, a group of men from the Lewis and Clark Expedition built a salt-making cairn at the present site of Seaside. The Native American name for the Clatsop village near the cairn was Ne-co-tat. The city was incorporated on February 17, 1899.[7]

In 1912, Alexandre Gilbert (1843–1932) was elected Mayor of Seaside. Gilbert was a French immigrant, a veteran of the Franco Prussian War. After living in San Francisco, California and Astoria, Oregon, Gilbert moved to Seaside where he had a beach cottage (built in 1885). Gilbert was a real estate developer who donated land to the City of Seaside for its one and a half mile long Promenade, or "Prom," along the Pacific beach.

In 1892 he added to his beach cottage. The Gilbert House, since the mid-1980s operated commercially as the Gilbert Inn, still stands at Beach Drive and A Avenue. Gilbert's "Gilbert Block" office building on Broadway also survives.

Gilbert died at home in Seaside and is interred in Ocean View Abbey Mausoleum in Warrenton.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.14 square miles (10.72 km2), of which, 3.94 square miles (10.20 km2) is land and 0.20 square miles (0.52 km2) is water.[1]

Seaside lies on the edge of the Pacific Ocean, at the southern end of the Clatsop Plains, about 29 km (18 mi) south of where the Columbia River empties into the Pacific. The Necanicum River bisects the city and flows out to the ocean at the city's northern edge. Tillamook Head towers over the south edge of the city.

Climate[edit]

Seaside has a typical Pacific Northwest coastal climate, receiving rainy winters and mild-to-cool summers (mean high temperature in the warmest month, August, is roughly 68°F.).

Climate data for Seaside, Oregon
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)52.1
(11.2)
53.7
(12.1)
55.2
(12.9)
57.2
(14)
60.8
(16)
63.5
(17.5)
66.3
(19.1)
67.6
(19.8)
67.3
(19.6)
62.0
(16.7)
54.8
(12.7)
51.0
(10.6)
59.3
(15.2)
Daily mean °F (°C)45.3
(7.4)
45.8
(7.7)
47.2
(8.4)
49.2
(9.6)
53.2
(11.8)
56.5
(13.6)
59.4
(15.2)
60.0
(15.6)
58.0
(14.4)
53.4
(11.9)
48.0
(8.9)
44.1
(6.7)
51.68
(10.93)
Average low °F (°C)38.6
(3.7)
37.8
(3.2)
39.3
(4.1)
41.2
(5.1)
45.5
(7.5)
49.5
(9.7)
52.5
(11.4)
52.5
(11.4)
48.7
(9.3)
44.8
(7.1)
41.2
(5.1)
37.2
(2.9)
44.1
(6.7)
Precipitation inches (mm)10.74
(272.8)
8.38
(212.9)
8.45
(214.6)
6.04
(153.4)
4.09
(103.9)
3.29
(83.6)
1.47
(37.3)
1.23
(31.2)
2.29
(58.2)
6.20
(157.5)
11.65
(295.9)
10.55
(268)
74.39
(1,889.5)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in.)20.416.719.417.014.411.88.16.98.414.220.419.6177.4
Source: NOAA [8]

Demographics[edit]

Seaside after sunset.
Historical population
CensusPop.
188075
18908716.0%
1900191119.5%
19101,121486.9%
19201,80260.7%
19301,565−13.2%
19402,90285.4%
19503,88633.9%
19603,877−0.2%
19704,40213.5%
19805,19318.0%
19905,3593.2%
20005,90010.1%
20106,4579.4%
Sources:[6][9][10]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 6,457 people, 2,969 households, and 1,565 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,638.8 inhabitants per square mile (632.7 /km2). There were 4,638 housing units at an average density of 1,177.2 per square mile (454.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.1% White, 0.6% African American, 0.8% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.8% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.4% of the population.

There were 2,969 households of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.4% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.3% were non-families. 38.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.83.

The median age in the city was 41.5 years. 20% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 28.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

Arts and culture[edit]

Seaside holds an art walk the first Saturday of each month.[11]

Annual cultural events[edit]

Seaside hosts an annual 4th of July celebration which includes a parade, outdoor concerts, and one of the largest fireworks displays on the west coast.[12]

Every spring, Seaside hosts the Dorchester Conference, a convention of the Oregon Republican Party. This convention was founded in 1964, by then-state representative Bob Packwood as a forum for liberal Republicans, but within the next few years it attracted interest from other Republicans, and in the 1990s was dominated by members of the conservative branch of the party. Over the years the conference has attracted visits from presidential candidates, debates between Republican primary candidates, and discussions of wider political and social issues.[13]

The Miss Oregon Pageant, the official state finals to the Miss America Pageant, takes place annually at the Seaside Civic and Convention Center.[14]

The annual Salt Maker's Return is held in August. The themed event celebrates Seaside history as the site where the Lewis and Clark expedition took five men nearly two months to make the equivalent of 28 US gallons (110 l) of salt necessary to preserve meat for the winter and their journey home.[15]

Seaside in 1972

The beach and promenade at Seaside serve as the finish line for the Hood to Coast and Portland to Coast relays, held annually on the weekend before Labor Day.

Museums and other points of interest[edit]

Seaside is home to the Seaside Aquarium, featuring living regional marine life, a hands-on discovery center, and a 35-foot (11 m) Gray Whale skeleton, all within a short walk from the Lewis & Clark monument.[16]

Murals adorn several buildings throughout Seaside, depicting history, marine life, and life in Seaside.[17]

Media[edit]

Newspaper[edit]

Radio[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b "2010 Census profiles: Oregon cities alphabetically R-S" (PDF). Portland State University Population Research Center. Retrieved September 29, 2011. 
  7. ^ Leeds, W. H. (1899). "Special Laws". The State of Oregon General and Special Laws and Joint Resolutions and Memorials Enacted and Adopted by the Twentieth Regular Session of the Legislative Assembly (Salem, Oregon: State Printer): 959. 
  8. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-07-20. 
  9. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 215.
  10. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  11. ^ First Saturday Artwalk - Seaside Chamber of Commerce
  12. ^ http://www.seasidechamber.com/events/4thofjuly/index.htm
  13. ^ Dorchester Conference
  14. ^ "Miss Oregon Pageant starts today in Seaside". The Oregonian, July 8, 2004.
  15. ^ http://www.nps.gov/lewi/planyourvisit/saltworks.htm
  16. ^ http://www.coastexplorermagazine.com/directory/attraction.php?id=118
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ http://www.SeasideTSP.org

External links[edit]