Searches for Noah's Ark

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Mount Ararat (39°42′N, 44°17′E), satellite image – a stratovolcano, 5,137 metres (16,854 ft) above sea level, prominence 3,611 metres (11,847 ft), believed to have erupted within the last 10,000 years. The main peak is at the centre of the image.

Searches for Noah's Ark, sometimes mockingly referred to as arkeology[1][2][3] have been made from at least the time of Eusebius (c.275–339 AD) to the present day. Despite many expeditions, no scientific evidence of the ark has been found.[4][5] The practice is widely regarded as pseudoscience, more specifically pseudoarchaeology,[6][7][8] though some scientists have searched for the Ark without expecting success, using scientific methods.[citation needed]

Antiquity[edit]

A modern mausoleum marks the site in Nakhchivan City traditionally believed to be the grave of Noah.

According to Genesis 8:4, the Ark came to rest "on the mountains of Ararat." Early commentators such as Josephus,[citation needed] and authorities quoted by him, Berossus,[citation needed] Hieronymus the Egyptian,[citation needed] Mnaseas, and Nicolaus of Damascus,[citation needed] record the tradition that these "mountains of Ararat" are to be found in the region then known as Armenia, roughly corresponding to Eastern Anatolia.

Syrian tradition of the early centuries AD had a tradition of the ark landing at Mount Judi, where according to Josephus the remains of the ark were still shown in the 1st century AD. The location of the "Place of Descent" (αποβατηριον, i.e., Nakhchivan) described by Josephus was some 100 km to the southeast of the peak now known as Mount Ararat, in what is today Northern Iraq.

According to Jewish Rabbinic tradition, the Ark was looted in antiquity, the remains being used for idol worship, as related in the Talmud Tractate Sanhedrin by Sennacherib circa 705 – 681 BC,[9] and as related in the Midrash anthology Yalkut Shimoni by Haman circa 486–465 BC.[10]

Middle Ages and early modern periods[edit]

Marco Polo (1254–1324) wrote in his book, The Travels of Marco Polo:

In the heart of the Armenian mountain range, the mountain's peak is shaped like a cube (or cup), on which Noah's ark is said to have rested, whence it is called the Mountain of Noah's Ark. It [the mountain] is so broad and long that it takes more than two days to go around it. On the summit the snow lies so deep all the year round that no one can ever climb it; this snow never entirely melts, but new snow is for ever falling on the old, so that the level rises.

Sir Walter Raleigh, writing c. 1616, made a laborious argument taking up several whole chapters of his History of the World, that the term "Mountains of Ararat" originally encompassed all the adjoining and taller ranges of Asia, and that Noah's Ark could only have landed in the Orient – especially since Armenia is not technically east of the plain of Shinar (or Mesopotamia), but more northwest.

19th century[edit]

The structure claimed to be Noah's Ark in Durupınar site, Agri, Turkey

Modern searches (1949 to present)[edit]

Searches since the mid-20th century have been largely supported by evangelical, millenarian churches along with local farmers and sustained by ongoing popular interest, faith-based magazines and lecture tours, videos, occasional television specials and more recently the Internet which have all been stated by historians and archaeologist to be red herrings.

Unsubstantiated claims[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Dundes, Alan (1988). The Flood Myth. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. ISBN 0520063538. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Rickard, Bob; Michell, John (2000). Unexplained Phenomena: A Rough Guide Special. London: Rough Guides. ISBN 1858285895. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  3. ^ Prothero, Donald (2013). Evolution: What the Fossils Say and Why It Matters. New York City: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0231511426. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Mayell, Hillary (27 April 2004). "Noah's Ark Found? Turkey Expedition Planned for Summer". National Geographic Society. Retrieved 29 April 2010. 
  5. ^ Noah's Ark Quest Dead in Water – National Geographic
  6. ^ Fagan, Brian M.; Beck, Charlotte (1996). The Oxford Companion to Archaeology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195076184. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  7. ^ Cline, Eric H. (2009). Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0199741077. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  8. ^ Feder, Kenneth L. (2010). Encyclopedia of Dubious Archaeology: From Atlantis to the Walam Olum. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 031337919X. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  9. ^ English translation of Sanhedrin folio 96a
  10. ^ ילקוט שמעוני פרשת בשלח, רמז רנ"ו
  11. ^ Dr Friedrich Parrott
  12. ^ James Bryce
  13. ^ British Prophetic Messenger and the Turkish Commissioners
  14. ^ Russia: Suspicion On The Mountain, Time Magazine, 25 April 1949
  15. ^ James Irwin, from Arlington National Cemetery website
  16. ^ bogus ark
  17. ^ Wyatt Archeological Research
  18. ^ McGivern expedition cancelled
  19. ^ Has Noah's Ark Been Found?
  20. ^ a b "Noah's Ark? For Real". 2006-06-16. 
  21. ^ Texans Part Of Possible Noah's Ark Discovery
  22. ^ Dialup and broadband video footage from BASE
  23. ^ Ten Logical Reasons for The Ark of Noah Being in Iran
  24. ^ http://www.baseinstitute.org/noah6.html
  25. ^ http://www.noahsarksearch.net/eng/content05.php
  26. ^ NoahsArkSearch - YouTube
  27. ^ Kelly, Cathal (2010-04-27). "Noah’s Ark found, researchers claim". Toronto Star (thestar.com). Retrieved 19 December 2010. 
  28. ^ [1]
  29. ^ Tigay, Chanan (29 April 2010). "Ex-Colleague: Expedition Faked Noah's Ark Find". AOL News. AOL. Retrieved 29 April 2010. 
  30. ^ http://www.noahsarksearch.net/eng/randall.php
  31. ^ Chinese explorers stand by claim of Noah's Ark find in Turkey, The Christian Science Monitor, 3 May 2010
  32. ^ Weather hits search for Noah's Ark man Donald Mackenzie, BBC News, accessed 24 September 2013.
  33. ^ a b Ancient High Technology – Evidence of Noah's Flood?
  34. ^ April's Fools
  35. ^ TalkOrigins "Navarra's Wood"
  36. ^ CH505.4: Hagopian and the Ark
  37. ^ Hagopian, however, claims that he visited during drought period and that only the mountain's peak was covered in snow
  38. ^ Noah's Ark Search – Mount Ararat
  39. ^ Mount Ararat Photo Album
  40. ^ Jammal, George. "Hoaxing The Hoaxers: or, The Incredible (phony) Discovery of Noah's Ark". Atheist Alliance International. Archived from the original on 11 September 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°42′N 44°17′E / 39.700°N 44.283°E / 39.700; 44.283