Scott McCloud

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Scott McCloud
Scott McCloud.Making Comics Tour.RISD.gk.JPG
McCloud, RISD, March 2007.
BornScott McLeod
(1960-06-10) June 10, 1960 (age 54)
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
NationalityAmerican
Area(s)
Notable works
Awards

http://www.ScottMcCloud.com
 
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Not to be confused with Scott McLeod.
Scott McCloud
Scott McCloud.Making Comics Tour.RISD.gk.JPG
McCloud, RISD, March 2007.
BornScott McLeod
(1960-06-10) June 10, 1960 (age 54)
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
NationalityAmerican
Area(s)
Notable works
Awards

http://www.ScottMcCloud.com

Scott McCloud (born Scott McLeod on June 10, 1960) is an American cartoonist and comics theorist. He is best known for his non-fiction books about comics, Understanding Comics (1993), Reinventing Comics (2000), and Making Comics (2006).

Early life[edit]

McCloud on the Making Comics Tour in Louisville, Kentucky

McCloud was born in 1960[1] in Boston, Massachusetts,[2] and spent most of his childhood in Lexington, Massachusetts.[3] He decided he wanted to be a comics artist in 1975, during his junior year in high school. When it came time to look for a college that fit his career goals, the one that offered a program closest to his career goals was Syracuse University's Illustration program. He selected that school and area of major,[1][3] and graduated from Syracuse with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 1982.[4]

Career[edit]

Artist and theorist[edit]

McCloud created the light-hearted science fiction/superhero comic book series Zot! in 1984, in part as a reaction to the increasingly grim direction that superhero comics were taking in the 1980s.

His other print comics include Destroy!! (a deliberately over-the-top, over-sized single-issue comic book, intended as a parody of formulaic superhero fights), the graphic novel The New Adventures of Abraham Lincoln (done with a mixture of computer-generated and manually drawn digital images), 12 issues writing DC Comics' Superman Adventures, and the three-issue limited series Superman: Strength.[5]

He is best known as a comics theorist or as some say, the "Aristotle of comics",[6] following the publication in 1993 of Understanding Comics, a wide-ranging exploration of the definition, history, vocabulary, and methods of the medium of comics, itself in comics form.[7] He followed in 2000 with Reinventing Comics (also in comics form), in which he outlined twelve "revolutions" that he argued would be keys to the growth and success of comics as a popular and creative medium. Finally, in 2006, he released Making Comics. Following publication, he went on a tour with his family that included all 50 U.S. states and parts of Europe.[8]

He was one of the earliest vocal supporters of micropayments.[9] He was also an adviser to BitPass, a company that provided an online micropayment system, which he helped launch with the publication of The Right Number, an online graphic novella priced at US$0.25 for each chapter. McCloud maintains an active online presence on his web site where he publishes many of his ongoing experiments with comics produced specifically for the web. Among the techniques he explores is the "infinite canvas" permitted by a web browser, allowing panels to be spatially arranged in ways not possible in the finite, two-dimensional, paged format of a physical book.[7]

He created a comic book that formed the press release introducing Google's web browser, Google Chrome, which was published on September 1, 2008.[10]

In 2009, McCloud was featured in The Cartoonist, a documentary film on the life and work of Jeff Smith, creator of Bone.[11]

Creator's Bill of Rights[edit]

McCloud was the principal author of the Creator's Bill of Rights, a 1988 document with the stated aim of protecting the rights of comic book creators and help aid against the exploitation of comic artists and writers by corporate work-for-hire practices.[12] The group that adopted the Bill also included artists Kevin Eastman, Dave Sim, and Stephen R. Bissette.[13] The Bill included twelve rights such as "The right to full ownership of what we fully create," and "The right to prompt payment of a fair and equitable share of profits derived from all of our creative work."[14]

24-hour comic[edit]

In 1990, McCloud coined the idea of a 24-hour comic, a complete 24-page comic created by a single cartoonist in 24 consecutive hours. It was a mutual challenge with cartoonist Steve Bissette, intended to compel creative output with a minimum of self-restraining contemplation.[15] Thousands of cartoonists have since taken up the challenge, including: Neil Gaiman; Kevin Eastman, co-creator of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles; Dave Sim, who used some of his work from this challenge in Cerebus the Aardvark;[volume & issue needed] and Rick Veitch who used it as a springboard for his comic Rarebit Fiends.[16]

Technique and materials[edit]

Although McCloud sketches his layouts in pencil, the remainder of his work is done digitally, explaining in his 2006 book Making Comics that he had not used traditional materials like Bristol board, pens or brushes in years. After sketching layouts, which he says are "pretty tight", and include the full script, he scans them into an 18-inch computer tablet/monitor to use them as a guide for lettering them in Adobe Illustrator. After completing the lettering, he exports the files to Photoshop, where he fully renders the art at a resolution of 1,200 dpi, creating between five and fifty layers of finished art before flattening it into a single black and white bitmap, plus a greyscale page, if needed.[17]

Personal life[edit]

McCloud lives in Newbury Park, California.[18] He is married to Ivy Ratafia and they have two daughters, Sky and Winter.[19]

Reception and legacy[edit]

McCloud has been called the "Marshall McLuhan of comics".[2]

Awards[edit]

Nominations[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b McCloud, Scott. (2000), Reinventing Comics. Paradox Press. p. 92
  2. ^ a b Warren, James (June 17, 2011), "Marshall McLuhan". The New York Times
  3. ^ a b Albert Boime and David Dodd (August 22, 2000), "PROFILE INTERVIEW: Scott McCloud". PopImage. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  4. ^ Harvey, R.C. (August 1979), "Scott McCloud". The Comics Journal #179. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  5. ^ Toko Buku Online.
  6. ^ Wardrip-Fruin, Noah & Montfort, Nick (2003). The New Media Reader. The MIT Press.
  7. ^ a b http://www2.und.nodak.edu/our/uletter/print_article.php?uletterID=2163
  8. ^ MIT news (September 20, 2006). "'Making Comics' author decodes cartoons". 
  9. ^ Ben Hammersley (August 7, 2003). "Making the web pay". The Guardian. 
  10. ^ McCloud, Scott (2008-09-01). "Google Chrome, behind the Open Source Browser Product". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-02. 
  11. ^ The Cartoonist Movie. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
  12. ^ Coogan, Pete (September, 1990). "Creator's Rights". The Comics Journal p. 65-71
  13. ^ McCloud, Scott (2000). Reinventing Comics, New York: Paradox Press. Pg. 62
  14. ^ "Creator's Bill of Rights". 2006-10-13. 
  15. ^ Brattleboro Museum. "The 24-Hour Comic Book Challenge". Archived from the original on 2007-06-07. 
  16. ^ McCloud, Scott. The 24-Hour Comics Index. scottmccloud.com. Retrieved October, 2013.
  17. ^ McCloud, Scott (2006), Making Comics. William Morrow Paperbacks. pp 196-197
  18. ^ McCloud, Scott "About". Retrieved November 30, 2012.
  19. ^ Ratafia, Ivy [1]. What I did on my summer vacation.
  20. ^ 1985 "Jack Kirby Awards". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac]. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  21. ^ Kees Kousemaker. "Scott McCloud". Kees Kousemaker's Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  22. ^ "The Russ Manning Most Promising Newcomer Award". San Diego Comic-Con International. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  23. ^ "The Russ Manning Most Promising Newcomer Award". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  24. ^ "1994 Will Eisner Comic Industry Award Nominees". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. November 16, 2011.
  25. ^ a b c "1994 Harvey Award Nominees and Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  26. ^ "2001 Harvey Award Nominees and Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  27. ^ "1988 Harvey Award Nominees and Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  28. ^ a b c d "1988 Will Eisner Comic Industry Award Nominees". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. November 16, 2011.
  29. ^ a b "1991 Harvey Award Nominees and Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  30. ^ a b c d "1991 Will Eisner Comic Industry Award Nominees". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. November 16, 2011.
  31. ^ "1992 Harvey Award Nominees and Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  32. ^ "1993 Harvey Award Nominees and Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  33. ^ a b c "1998 Will Eisner Comic Industry Award Nominees". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. November 16, 2011.
  34. ^ "2007 Harvey Award Nominees and Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Retrieved November 16, 2011.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Interviews[edit]