Scarborough and Whitby Railway

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Scarborough and Whitby Railway
Seal of the Scarborough and Whitby railway.jpg
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) (standard gauge)
 
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Scarborough and Whitby Railway
Seal of the Scarborough and Whitby railway.jpg
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) (standard gauge)
Scarborough and Whitby Railway
WRMU Railwayto Sandsend
Whitby West Cliff
Whitby Town
Prospect Hill Junction
Bog Hall Junction
Esk Valley Lineto Ruswarp
Larpool Viaduct(Over River Esk)
Hawsker
A171 road
Robin Hood's Bay
Fyling Hall
Ravenscar Tunnel
Ravenscar
Staintondale
Hayburn Wyke
Cloughton
Scalby
Scalby Viaduct(Over Scalby Beck)
Gallows Close goods yard
Falsgrave Tunnel
Scarborough Central
Scarborough Londesborough Road
Falsgrave Junction
York to Scarborough Lineto Seamer

The Scarborough & Whitby Railway was a railway line from Scarborough to Whitby in North Yorkshire, England. The line followed a scenic route along the Yorkshire coast.

The line opened in 1885. It closed in 1965 (see Beeching Axe).

History[edit]

Background[edit]

Prior to the lines construction several schemes had been proposed that would have resulted in a line between Scarborough and Whitby: the Scarborough, Whitby, Stockton-on-Tees and Newcastle And North Junction Railway, from Stockton-on-Tees, via Guisborough to Whitby and then Scarborough was registered in 1845.[1][2][note 1] Another scheme, the Scarborough, Whitby and Staithes Railway, would connect to the Cleveland Railway near Skinningrove, connecting the towns of the Yorkshire coast, and of North Yorkshire; the line was opposed by the North Eastern Railway (NER), who were improving the Esk Valley Line, the line failed to be given assent in the 1864 session of Parliament.[4][note 2]

There were other lines promoted to connect along the north coast of Yorkshire between Scarborough and Whitby, including the Scarborough and Whitby Railway Company which issue a prospectus in late 1864.[5] The company placed a bill in parliament, aiming to raise £275,000 capital plus £91,600 in loans,[6] the bill was not opposed in parliament,[7] and was passed at the third reading in April 1865.[8] The line was to be 19 14 miles long, and pass Scalby, Burniston, Cloughton, Stainton-dale, Robin Hood's Bay and Hawsker between Scarborough and Whitby.[9] The line sanctioned by the 1865 act was not built due to lack of finance.[10][note 3]

In October 1865 the NER opened a line between Castleton and Grosmont completing a route between Scarborough, Whitby and the ports of the north-east via the North York Moors,[11] it had also completed improvement works in July allowing express trains to travel between the two coastal towns in one and a half hours.[11] The NER ran twice daily express trains over this route, but the service was not profitable, and was withdrawn.[10]

Construction and acquisition, 1872–1898[edit]

Efforts to construct a line restarted in 1870; a new route was proposed,[12] initial estimates of the cost of the line were approximately £100,000.[12][13] During the same period the Whitby Loftus line was being developed, which with the proposed line would complete the north-south link in the eastern part of the north of the country.[14]

The engineer, Mr. Birch proposed a line starting at Larpool Hall near Whitby, with a 1 in 40 gradient to a station at Hawsker, then stations at Bay Town (Robin Hood's Bay), near Fyling Hall, at Hayburn Wyke, then a station serving Cloughton and Burniston, then Scoresby, before terminating near West Parade in Scarborough. A branch line was proposed, from the start at Crowdy Hill in Whitby connecting to the river Esk, where a wharf would be built.[14]

An act allowing construction of the new line was passed on 29 June 1871.[15][note 3]

Construction of the line began on 4 May 1872.[17] The 20.5-mile (33.0 km) line was engineered by Sir Charles Fox and Son, and cost approximately £27,000 per mile. Included in the construction was a large 13 arch brick viaduct over the river Esk near Whitby (see Larpool Viaduct).[18]

The company needed further acts allowing it to raise extra capital for, and to extend the timescale of the construction, and to make connections with lines in Whitby and Scarborough.[19][20][21] In 1878/9 shortage of funds led to the possibility of the scheme being abandoned.[22]

The line was opened on 16 July 1885. The NER operated the line until 1898, when the company acquired the railway for £261,633, less than half its capital cost.[18]

Operation, 1898–1965[edit]

The line closed in 1965.[22] [23]

Post closure[edit]

Map of route and surrounding railways

The owners of the North Yorkshire Moors Railway intended to purchase the line in the 1960s as the Yorkshire Coast Railway; however, the cost proved too great so they transferred their attention to the line through the North York Moors.[citation needed]

The line is now used as a bridleway for cycles, pedestrians and horses, known as the "Scarborough to Whitby Rail Trail", or "Scarborough to Whitby Cinder Track".[24][25]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the same time George Hudson was promoting the construction of a harbour and docks at Scarborough.[3]
  2. ^ The Cleveland Railway was acquired by the NER in 1865.
  3. ^ a b The company established by the 1865 act was abandoned after the passing of the 1871 act.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tuck, Henry (1847), "List of companies Provisionally registered during 1845", The railway shareholder's manual; or, Practical guide to all the railways in the world, completed, in progress, and projected... (8 ed.), Effingham Wilson, p. 370 
  2. ^ "Digest of Railway Occurrences", The British and foreign railway review 1 (1) (2 ed.), Effingham Wilson, 16 October 1845, p. 58, "Scarborough, Whitby, Stockton-upon-tees, And Newcastle And North Junction Railway Company.— Arrangements have been made for the construction of a Railway, from Scarborough, through, or near Whitby, Gisborough, &c. to Stockton-on-Tees, and by means of other Railways, to complete the chain on the northern coast of Yorkshire." 
  3. ^ "Scarborough and Newcastle Junction", Bradshaw's Railway gazette (William James Adams (London), Bradshaw and Blacklock (London)) 2, 1846: 143 
  4. ^ Tomlinson 1915, pp. 611, 613.
  5. ^ "Yorkshire Coast Railway", The Railway news 2, December 1864, p. 161 
  6. ^ "Railway Bills in Parliament (28 Jan 1865)", The Railway News and joint-stock journal 3, June 1865, p. 75 
  7. ^ "Unopposed Bills (25 Mar 1865)", The Railway News and joint-stock journal 3, June 1865, p. 303 
  8. ^ "Third Readings (8 Apr 1865)", The Railway News and joint-stock journal 3, June 1865, p. 349 
  9. ^ "New Projects", The Railway News and joint-stock journal 3, June 1865, p. 618 
  10. ^ a b "The North Midland District (17 Sep 1870)", The Railway News and joint-stock journal 14, December 1870, p. 313 
  11. ^ a b Tomlinson 1915, p. 620.
  12. ^ a b Scarborough Gazette, Oct. 13. (December 1870), "Scarborough and Whitby Railway (10 Sep 1870)", The Railway News and joint-stock journal 14, p. 303 
  13. ^ "The Scarborough and Whitby Railway", The Railway News and joint-stock journal 14, December 1870, pp. 474–5 
  14. ^ a b "The Whitby and Scarborough Railway – Important Meeting at Whitby (12 Nov 1870)", The Railway News and joint-stock journal 14, December 1870, pp. 572–4 
  15. ^ "Scarborough and Whitby Railway Company (RAIL 596)". The National Archives. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  16. ^ "Proposed Abandonment of the Scarborough and Whitby Railway (authorised to be constructed by the Scarborough and Whitby Railway Act, 1865)", London Gazette, 21 April 1876: 2575 
  17. ^ Tomlinson 1915, p. 659.
  18. ^ a b Tomlinson 1915, p. 696.
  19. ^ Scarborough and Whitby Railway Act, 1873: An act to authorise the Scarborough and Whitby Railway to extend their line to join the North Eastern Railway at Scarborough; and the Whitby, Redcar, and Middlesbrough Union Railway near Whitby; to alter the levels of their authorised lines near Whitby; to raise additional capital; and for other purposes, 26 May 1873 
  20. ^ Scarborough and Whitby Railway Act, 1880: An act to revive the powers and extend the period for the compulsory purchase of lands and for the construction of the railways authorised by the Scarborough and Whitby Railway Acts 1871 and 1873 and for other purposes, 12 August 1880 
  21. ^ Scarborough and Whitby Railway Act, 1884: An act for empowering the Scarborough and Whitby Railway Company to raise additional capital and for other purposes, 3 July 1884 
  22. ^ a b Hoole, K. (1974), A regional history of the railways of Great Britain. Vol. 4 : The North East, pp. 86–8 
  23. ^ Scarborough and Whitby Railway (29693). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  24. ^ "The Cinder Track". www.gatewaywhitby.co.uk. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  25. ^ "Scarborough to Whitby- Rail Trail (20 miles)". www,yorkshire.com. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 

Sources[edit]

Literature[edit]

External links[edit]