Sarasota County, Florida

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Sarasota County, Florida
Sarasota FL County crths08.jpg
The Sarasota County courthouse in June 2011
Logo of Sarasota County, Florida
Logo
Map of Florida highlighting Sarasota County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded14 May 1921
SeatSarasota
Largest cityNorth Port
Area
 • Total725 sq mi (1,878 km2)
 • Land556 sq mi (1,440 km2)
 • Water169 sq mi (438 km2), 23.4%
Population
 • (2010)379,448
 • Density683/sq mi (264/km²)
Congressional district16th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.scgov.net
 
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Sarasota County, Florida
Sarasota FL County crths08.jpg
The Sarasota County courthouse in June 2011
Logo of Sarasota County, Florida
Logo
Map of Florida highlighting Sarasota County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded14 May 1921
SeatSarasota
Largest cityNorth Port
Area
 • Total725 sq mi (1,878 km2)
 • Land556 sq mi (1,440 km2)
 • Water169 sq mi (438 km2), 23.4%
Population
 • (2010)379,448
 • Density683/sq mi (264/km²)
Congressional district16th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.scgov.net

Sarasota County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 379,448.[1] Its county seat is Sarasota,[2] and its largest city is North Port.

Sarasota County is included in the North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Downtown Sarasota, the county seat, from the John Ringling Causeway Bridge
Venice Avenue in Venice
Black-necked Stilt in Myakka River State Park
Sunset at Siesta Beach

Sarasota County was created in 1921. After acquisition by the United States as a territory and once Florida obtained state status, the area now included in the county had been governed by Hillsborough County, then Manatee County as the state was divided into smaller and smaller governmental organizations. Manatee County was carved up to allow the creation of three more counties as well.

Although the name was associated with the area from the beginning of European contacts the origin of the name, Sarasota, is unknown. Some believe a fanciful story created for a popular early twentieth-century pageant held in Sarasota, that it was named after the daughter of famous explorer Hernando de Soto's daughter Sara.

According to the Florida League of Cities FLC, the name first appeared in print as "Zarazote" on a 1763 land grant map.

Joseph Daniel Anderson was one of the pioneers of the Sarasota area. He established his homestead in the Forked Creek area in 1886 and became an early leader in what now is southern Sarasota County (having been Manatee County from 1855 until 1921).

The following is a transcript from a Sarasota County historical marker that was erected in a park dedicated to Anderson on Manasota Key.

"After the Civil War, many Georgians moved their families to Southern Florida. Joseph Daniel "Jody" Anderson, born in Georgia in 1867, was a child when his father moved to the Tampa/Sara Sota area. In 1884, Joseph became the head of the Anderson family. Two years later, he moved his family to Southern Manatee County. He homesteaded the land in the Mystic River (Forked Creek) Valley. In 1890 he married Helen Alice Johnson of Sarasota. They had eleven children. Eight survived.
With only hand tools, Anderson converted the Florida wilderness into an agricultural industry. This fertile land produced vegetables, sugar cane and citrus. In the vast Myakka/Pinedale area, he raised his cattle and swine. He and brother Moses "Lee" prospered in ranching until the Range Law Act curtailed the right to use this land for grazing.
Sleds (later wagons) were used to move the farm produce, fruit and cattle to Lemon Bay where they were transferred to draft boats and transported to ships at Boca Grande. Some of the wagons were rafted across the bay to Manasota Beach where the produce was ferried to Cuban smacks and later to American schooners.
Anderson pioneered commercial fishing in North Lemon Bay which teemed with schools of mullet and other fish. The Andersons fished with nets made of cotton and flax twine over which they poured a heavy lime solution to prevent rot. Their base of operation included land storage facilities on the shore and on the beach (Manasota) to salt, dry and pack the fish in barrels. Upon the arrival of run boats with ice from Tampa, the Andersons could ship fresh fish and produce.
Joseph Daniel "Jody" Anderson was a quiet family man who never sought publicity. However, before Sarasota County was organized, he served as deputy sheriff and game warden in the Pinedale/Manasota area. The Anderson family built the area's first school (Pinedale) of which Jody was trustee. He also organized the first church in the area. Anderson actively supported the creation of Sarasota County from Manatee County and in 1922, became the first elected county commissioner from District 4. After the death of his first wife, he married Mary Ethel Morgan with whom he raised four more children. Joseph Daniel Anderson died in 1939."

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 square miles (1,880 km2), of which 556 square miles (1,440 km2) is land and 169 square miles (440 km2) (23.4%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Parks and preserves[edit]

In addition to local parks there are several preserve areas including:

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Major highways and state roads[edit]

Public transportation[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
193012,440
194016,10629.5%
195028,82779.0%
196076,895166.7%
1970120,41356.6%
1980202,25168.0%
1990277,77637.3%
2000325,95717.3%
2010379,44816.4%
Est. 2013390,4292.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]
Some areas of Sarasota County, such as Casey Key near Nokomis, are very wealthy.

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 325,957 people, 149,937 households, and 94,460 families residing in the county. The population density was 570 people per square mile (220/km²). There were 182,467 housing units at an average density of 319 per square mile (123/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.65% White, 4.18% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.14% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. 4.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 89.7% spoke English, 4.4% Spanish, 1.3% German, 1.0% French, and 0.5% Cachia as their first language.

Census Estimates for 2005 show the county population as being 87.5% non-Hispanic whites, 6.3% Latinos, 4.5% African-American and 1.1% Asian.[10]

In 2000 there were 149,957 households out of which 18.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.00% were non-families. 30.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.61.

In the county the population was spread out with 16.20% under the age of 18, 5.00% from 18 to 24, 21.70% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 31.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females there were 90.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,957, and the median income for a family was $50,111. About 5.10% of families and 7.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over.

The per capita income for the county was $28,326. Females had a median income of $25,721 versus $32,114 for males.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Museums and Libraries[edit]

Sarasota County Public Libraries
CountryUnited States of America
TypePublic Library
Established1907
LocationSarasota
Branch ofAll
Branches8
Collection
Size900,975
Other information
Budget9,667,680 (2012)
Websitehttps://www.scgov.net/library/Pages/default.aspx
Phone number941-861-5000

Sarasota County Public Library Branches:

[12]

Library History

The first library, which was established in 1907 by the Sarasota Town Improvement Society. County libraries have been established in response to community demands and needs.

The first libraries were autonomous with the Head Librarians reporting directly to the County Administrator. Sarasota Public Library was managed by Betty Service, the Englewood library by Harriet Ives, and Venice by Jean McGuire. Joan Hopkins directed and coordinated library services for the rapidly growing population. She directed the establishment of Gulf Gate Public Library, North Port Public Library, Frances T. Bourne Jacaranda Public Library and the new downtown Sarasota library, and laid the groundwork for building future libraries in the county.[13]

Local media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Television[edit]

Sarasota County is part of the Tampa/St. Petersburg/Sarasota DMA. Most of the television stations are located in Saint Petersburg or Tampa except:

Radio[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ https://www.scgov.net/SCAT/Pages/default.aspx
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ Census Bureau Home Page
  11. ^ Census Bureau
  12. ^ http://www.sclibs.net/Libraries/Hours.aspx
  13. ^ Florida Library History Project, "Sarasota County Library System" (1990). Digital Collection - Florida Studies Center Publications. Paper 96
  14. ^ HeraldTribune.com - About Us: Fact Sheet - About Us: Fact Sheet - HeraldTribune.com