Sanya

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Sanya
三亚
Prefecture-level city
三亚市
West part of Sanya
Location Sanya City jurisdiction in Hainan
Sanya is located in Hainan
Sanya
Location of the city centre in Hainan
Coordinates: 18°15′12″N 109°30′13″E / 18.25333°N 109.50361°E / 18.25333; 109.50361Coordinates: 18°15′12″N 109°30′13″E / 18.25333°N 109.50361°E / 18.25333; 109.50361
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHainan
Government
 • CPC Municipal SecretaryJiang Sixian
Area
 • Total1,919.58 km2 (741.15 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total685,408
 • Density360/km2 (920/sq mi)
Time zoneChina Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code572100
Area code(s)0898
Licence plate prefixes
Websitesanya.gov.cn
 
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Sanya
三亚
Prefecture-level city
三亚市
West part of Sanya
Location Sanya City jurisdiction in Hainan
Sanya is located in Hainan
Sanya
Location of the city centre in Hainan
Coordinates: 18°15′12″N 109°30′13″E / 18.25333°N 109.50361°E / 18.25333; 109.50361Coordinates: 18°15′12″N 109°30′13″E / 18.25333°N 109.50361°E / 18.25333; 109.50361
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHainan
Government
 • CPC Municipal SecretaryJiang Sixian
Area
 • Total1,919.58 km2 (741.15 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total685,408
 • Density360/km2 (920/sq mi)
Time zoneChina Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code572100
Area code(s)0898
Licence plate prefixes
Websitesanya.gov.cn

Sanya (simplified Chinese: 三亚; traditional Chinese: 三亞; pinyin: Sānyà) is one of the three prefecture-level cities of Hainan and the southernmost city on the Chinese island. According to the 2010 Census, the population of Sanya is of 685,408 inhabitants,[1] living in an area of 1,919.58 square kilometres (741.15 sq mi). The city is renowned for its tropical climate and has emerged as a popular tourist destination, also serving as the training site of the Chinese national beach volleyball team. Sanya is home to small concentrations of Utsul people.

History[edit]

The ancient name of Sanya is Yazhou (Chinese Postal Map Romanisation: Ngaichiu; 崖州), which literally means "cliff state or prefecture". Its history can be dated back to the Qin Dynasty (221–206 BC) and has always been a territory within the following dynastic periods of China. Due to its remoteness from the political centers during those time periods in mainland China, Sanya was sometimes called Tianya Haijiao (天涯海角), meaning "the end of the sky and ocean" or "the end of the earth". This remoteness served as a place of exile for officials that found themselves out of favor with rulers. During the Tang Dynasty, the Buddhist monk Jianzhen had accidentally sailed here and used this place as one of his harbors for his missionary journey to Japan.[2]

In 1912, the name Yazhou was changed to Yaxian (Chinese Postal Map Romanisation: Aihsien or Ngaihsien).

During the Second Sino-Japanese War, Japan occupied the area 1941–1945. Rechristened as Samah, the city then became a naval port for the Second Fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy and the main embarkation point for the Japanese Invasion of Malaya and Thailand.[3]

In April 1950, the county was taken over by the People's Liberation Army, and the Yaxian County People's Government was established. In October 1954, the administration of the CPC Yaxian Committee was relocated from Yacheng to Sanya. In 1958, Yaxian was relocated from Yacheng to Sanya and Yaxian was merged with Baoting, Lingshui, Niulou, and Xinglong of Wanning, thus becoming a large county. In 1959 and 1961 they were separated to establish Baoting and Lingshui while Yaxian County remained its current prefecture. Approved by the State Council of China, Yaxian was upgraded to Sanya City on September 26, 1987 and on December 30, Sanya City was officially established.[4]

In 2007 the Beijing Olympic Organizing Committee announced that the city of Sanya would become the first leg of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games torch relay in mainland China.[5]

Geography and climate[edit]

Sanya city map

Sanya lies at the southern tip of Hainan Island at Sanya Bay, and, after Sansha (also administered by Hainan Province), is the second-southernmost prefecture-level city nationally. Located at 18° 15' N latitude, it is about as far north of the Equator as the Island of Hawaii is. Though the administrative area (Sanya City) has a rough topography, the city itself is generally flat, lying on a parcel of land between low-level mountains to the north and the South China Sea. The area has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen Aw),[6] featuring very warm weather all year around. Monsoonal influences are strong, with a relatively lengthy wet season and a pronounced dry season. The coolest month is January, at 21.6 °C (70.9 °F), while the hottest, unlike much of the rest of China, is June, at 28.8 °C (83.8 °F); the annual mean is 25.8 °C (78.4 °F). Water temperatures remain above 20 °C (68 °F) year-round.[7]

Climate data for Sanya (1971–2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)26.1
(79)
26.8
(80.2)
28.6
(83.5)
30.7
(87.3)
32.0
(89.6)
31.9
(89.4)
31.7
(89.1)
31.4
(88.5)
31.2
(88.2)
30.2
(86.4)
28.5
(83.3)
26.6
(79.9)
29.6
(85.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)21.6
(70.9)
22.5
(72.5)
24.6
(76.3)
26.9
(80.4)
28.4
(83.1)
28.8
(83.8)
28.5
(83.3)
28.1
(82.6)
27.4
(81.3)
26.4
(79.5)
24.3
(75.7)
22.1
(71.8)
25.80
(78.44)
Average low °C (°F)18.5
(65.3)
19.8
(67.6)
21.9
(71.4)
24.2
(75.6)
25.6
(78.1)
26.1
(79)
25.9
(78.6)
25.5
(77.9)
24.7
(76.5)
23.4
(74.1)
21.3
(70.3)
19.0
(66.2)
23.0
(73.4)
Rainfall mm (inches)8.0
(0.315)
12.8
(0.504)
19.2
(0.756)
43.3
(1.705)
142.3
(5.602)
197.5
(7.776)
192.6
(7.583)
221.5
(8.72)
251.4
(9.898)
234.5
(9.232)
58.3
(2.295)
10.7
(0.421)
1,392.1
(54.807)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)3.43.63.95.610.014.013.816.017.013.56.63.7111.1
Source: Weather China[7]

Subdivisions[edit]

Sanya is a prefecture-level city, but its subdivisions are more similar to that of a sub-prefecture-level city or a county-level city. It has direct jurisdiction over 2 township-level districts (乡级管理区 xiangji guanli-qu), six towns ( zhen) and four state-run farms:

English NameSimplifiedTraditionalPinyinAreaPopulationDensity
Hexi District河西区河西區Héxī Qū10134,02613,403
Hedong District河东区河東區Hédōng Qū35147,9444,227
Haitangwan海棠湾镇海棠灣鎮Hǎitángwān Zhèn25444,617176
Jiyang吉阳镇吉陽鎮Jíyáng Zhèn19992,316464
Fenghuang凤凰镇鳳凰鎮Fènghuáng Zhèn48766,801137
Yacheng崖城镇崖城鎮Yáchéng Zhèn38374,779195
Tianya天涯镇天涯鎮Tiānyá Zhèn26934,934130
Yucai育才镇育才鎮Yùcái Zhèn31517,51556
Nantian Farm国营南田农场國營南田農場Guóyíng Nántián NóngchǎngN.D.24,280N.D.
Nanxin Farm国营南新农场國營南新農場Guóyíng Nánxīn NóngchǎngN.D.16,801N.D.
Licai Farm国营立才农场國營立才農場Guóyíng Lìcái NóngchǎngN.D.16,659N.D.
Nanbin Farm国营南滨农场國營南濱農場Guóyíng Nánbīn NóngchǎngN.D.14,736N.D.

Tourism[edit]

In recent years Sanya has become a popular tourist destination.[8] The first international resort hotel was opened and managed by Swiss hotelier Nicolas C. Solari in 1999, in Yalong Bay.[9] Numerous international hotel chains are now established in the area. In 2009 hotel group Mandarin Oriental opened their first property in mainland China in the Dadong Hai area of Sanya.

Because of unique geographical and political circumstances to Sanya, many niche markets have been cultivated in real estate, food and beverage management, Chinese language and cultural exchange, agro-tourism, and wilderness adventures.

Due to increased development, new venues for resorts have been developed. Formerly popular sites such as Dadong Hai and Yalong Bay have now been somewhat supplanted by the new Haitang Bay and Xiangshui Bay, where the natural environment remains largely unspoiled.[10]*Haitang Bay (simplified Chinese: 海棠湾; traditional Chinese: 海棠灣; pinyin: Hǎitáng Wān) - is a new development in Sanya tourism scene.[11] The government has invested heavily in this area, as can be observed by the infrastructure.[12] The new Highway puts Haitang Bay to only 35 minutes from the Phoenix International Sanya airport, and Haitang Bay is home of the modern 301 Liberation Army hospital. The largest duty free shopping mall complex is due to open in 2013-14. The selection of accommodation is on the upper luxury, with brands such as Conrad, Luxury brand and some flagship properties such as the beautiful Haitang Bay Gloria Sanya.[13] Haitang Bay is been dubbed the new "Chinese Riviera".[14]

Russian and English signs can be seen throughout the city. Restaurants in Sanya are also infamous for over-charging tourists (whether foreign or Chinese).[15] However, due to the recent exposure of this practice posted on the micro-blogging site Sina Weibo, Hainan government officials and Sanya city officials have vowed to crack down on this practice.[16] The Sanya Industrial and Commercial Bureau has also began to implement an open and transparent real-time information system of the city’s seafood restaurants during the May Day holiday this year for public supervision in order to stop any future price gouging by restaurants.[17]

Main sights[edit]

Other attractions include:

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by Sanya Phoenix International Airport. Buses from other parts of the island serve Sanya's bus terminal. Taxis are available throughout the city.

The No. 8 bus connects the airport to Dadonghai Beach and Yalong Bay.

Construction of the Hainan East Ring Intercity Rail began in 2007. The railway now links Sanya and Haikou and runs along the east coast of Hainan. There are 15 stations in between, either in operation or still under construction. Trains are designed to travel at 250 km/h (160 mph). Travel time from Sanya to Haikou is approximately 1 hour and 22 minutes. On December 30, 2010, an announcement was made that another high-speed railway will be built along the west coast of Hainan connecting with the Hainan East Ring Intercity Rail in Sanya and Haikou.

Events[edit]

The city hosted the:

Notes of interest[edit]

Sanya was the first Chinese city (excluding Special Administrative Regions) to receive the Olympic torch after its departure from Beijing, during the 2008 Olympic torch relay.

Image gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China
  2. ^ "Sanya history". Sanya Municipal Network Information Center. 2009. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  3. ^ http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=177
  4. ^ http://www.at0086.com/Sanyasanya/
  5. ^ http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90779/90867/6403327.html
  6. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). Updated Asian Map of the Köppen climate classification system. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633-1644.
  7. ^ a b "三亚城市介绍" (in Simplified Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2011-05-27. 
  8. ^ http://www.china.org.cn/opinion/2011-01/24/content_21809417.htm
  9. ^ "Bartram A.,(2007). An island apart". sinomedia Online. 2007-02-08. Retrieved 2008-08-12. 
  10. ^ http://www.greenhotelier.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=337&Itemid=2
  11. ^ http://www.smh.com.au/travel/island-life-at-high-speed-20101029-176ng.html
  12. ^ http://cnbusinessnews.com/luxury-hotel-development-hot-in-hainan/#axzz2FHnwZZ5k
  13. ^ http://www.luxury-hospitality-daily.com/index.php?title=Haitang-Bay-Gloria-Sanya-Opening-Soon&id_actu=38197&home=actu_detail.php
  14. ^ http://www.sbr.net.cn/professional/leadership/master-of-mice
  15. ^ http://www.chinasmack.com/2012/stories/sanya-restaurants-ripping-off-customers-fleecing-tourists.html
  16. ^ http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2013_315/2012-02/10/content_16299253.htm
  17. ^ The Sanya Industrial and Commercial Bureau has set up an open and transparent real-time information system of the city’s seafood restaurants during the May Day holiday this year for public supervision.
  18. ^ "Top 10 Highest Monuments around the World,". Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  19. ^ (Chinese) Haitang Bay in Sanya, Xinhuanet December 26, 2007.
  20. ^ http://www.explorechinatours.com/cityguide/scenery/butterfly_valley.htm
  21. ^ http://www.visithainan.com.au/attractions/wildlife-a-marin-zone.html
  22. ^ "Hainan will build the next ten years theme park (Figure)". China daily. Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  23. ^ "First signs of the trend in developing hainan theme parks - Haikoutour". En.haikoutour.gov.cn. Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  24. ^ "why did sea theme park settle in lingshui - can the inflatable toys save the children who". Fwulong.skyrock.com. 2010-12-30. Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  25. ^ http://www.comprehensivenews.us/news-2892236-Haitang-Bay-Sanya-International-Beach-Music-Festival-23-the-curtain-good-sound-to-help-out.html
  26. ^ http://www.whatsonsanya.com/sanya-travel-2200.html

External links[edit]