Santander, Spain

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Santander
Municipality
220px
Top left:Assumption of the Virgin Mary Cathedral, Top right:Santander City Hall in Calle de los Escalantes, Middle left:Palacete del Emnarcadera, Middle right:View of Sardinero Beach and Magdalena Palace, Bottom left:Cape Mayor Lighthouse, Bottom right:View of a ferry leave from Santander in Magdalena Peninsula
Flag of Santander
Flag
Coat of arms of Santander
Coat of arms
Localización en Santander-Cantabria.
Localización en Santander-Cantabria.
Santander is located in Spain
Santander
Santander
Localidad de Santander(Cantabria)España
Coordinates: 43°27′46″N 3°48′18″W / 43.46278°N 3.80500°W / 43.46278; -3.80500Coordinates: 43°27′46″N 3°48′18″W / 43.46278°N 3.80500°W / 43.46278; -3.80500
Country Spain
Autónoma de España Cantabria
En Cantbria su Capital es Santander Cantabria
ComarcaSantander Bay
Judicial districtSantander
Founded26 BC, as Portus Victoriae Iuliobrigensium 9 January 1755, granting the title of city
CapitalSantander
Government
 • AlcaldeÍñigo de la Serna (2007) (PP)
Area
 • Total35 km2 (14 sq mi)
Elevation15 m (49 ft)
Highest elevation108 m (354 ft)
Lowest elevation0 m (0 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total178,465
 • Density5,100/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
DemonymSantanderino/a, santanderense, pejino/a, chani
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code39001-39012
Official language(s)Spanish
WebsiteOfficial website
 
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Santander
Municipality
220px
Top left:Assumption of the Virgin Mary Cathedral, Top right:Santander City Hall in Calle de los Escalantes, Middle left:Palacete del Emnarcadera, Middle right:View of Sardinero Beach and Magdalena Palace, Bottom left:Cape Mayor Lighthouse, Bottom right:View of a ferry leave from Santander in Magdalena Peninsula
Flag of Santander
Flag
Coat of arms of Santander
Coat of arms
Localización en Santander-Cantabria.
Localización en Santander-Cantabria.
Santander is located in Spain
Santander
Santander
Localidad de Santander(Cantabria)España
Coordinates: 43°27′46″N 3°48′18″W / 43.46278°N 3.80500°W / 43.46278; -3.80500Coordinates: 43°27′46″N 3°48′18″W / 43.46278°N 3.80500°W / 43.46278; -3.80500
Country Spain
Autónoma de España Cantabria
En Cantbria su Capital es Santander Cantabria
ComarcaSantander Bay
Judicial districtSantander
Founded26 BC, as Portus Victoriae Iuliobrigensium 9 January 1755, granting the title of city
CapitalSantander
Government
 • AlcaldeÍñigo de la Serna (2007) (PP)
Area
 • Total35 km2 (14 sq mi)
Elevation15 m (49 ft)
Highest elevation108 m (354 ft)
Lowest elevation0 m (0 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total178,465
 • Density5,100/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
DemonymSantanderino/a, santanderense, pejino/a, chani
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code39001-39012
Official language(s)Spanish
WebsiteOfficial website

The port city of Santander (English /sɑːntɑːnˈdɛər/; Spanish: [santanˈder]) is the capital of the autonomous community and historical region of Cantabria situated on the north coast of Spain. Located east of Gijón and west of Bilbao, the city has a population of 178,465 (2013).

History[edit]

In the Roman Empire, the city was known as Portus Victoriae Iuliobrigensium. Its present name is possibly derived from Saint Andrew (Sanct Ander) or Saint Emeterio (Santemter, Santenter, Santander), a martyr whose head was brought there in the 3rd century, along with that of Saint Celedonio, according to legend.[1]

Santander, c. 1590 – by Joris Hoefnagel

In 1187, King Alfonso VIII of Castile made the abbot of San Emeterio lord of the town, and in 1248 Santander participated in the battle for Seville, receiving a coat of arms as reward.

The city owes its existence to the excellent harbour of the Bay of Santander. Santander was an important port for Castile in the later Middle Ages, and also for trade with the New World. It officially became a city in 1755.[2]

In 1893 the freighter Cabo Machichaco exploded in the harbour, killing more than 500 people.

In the early 20th century Santander became the favoured summer residence of King Alfonso XIII, who built the Palacio de la Magdalena as the residence of the royal family during the holidays. The city gained great popularity from this and from the 19th century enthusiasm for sea bathing, and it remains popular with the Spanish for beach holidays today.

Great fire of 1941[edit]

Santander fell victim to a great fire in 1941. Fanned by a strong south wind, the fire burned for two days. There was only one casualty, a firefighter killed in the line of duty, but thousands of families were left homeless and the city was plunged into chaos. The fire destroyed the greater part of the medieval town centre and gutted the city’s Romanesque cathedral.

Geography[edit]

Towns[edit]

The municipality of Santander has included, since 2009, the city of Santander and urban areas of Cueto, Monte, Peñacastillo, and San Román, places that were once villages but are increasingly being assimilated into the city centre. Santander and these towns have several neighbourhoods that are not ordered administratively or have specific limits but some of them do have a certain personality that differentiates them from other areas of the city. Currently the city of Santander is working to adapt the municipality to the law of large cities and thus decentralise power in several districts.

Beach of El Sardinero
Beach of Los Peligros

Climate[edit]

The climate of Santander is oceanic (Köppen climate classification Cfb), the annual thermal oscillation of the average monthly temperatures reaching around 10 °C (50 °F).

Humidity is quite high throughout the year and sometimes reaches more than 90%. Average daily maximum temperatures vary from 23 °C (73 °F) in summer down to 13 °C (55 °F) in winter.

The maximum temperature reached in Santander was 37.4 °C (99 °F) on 31 August 2009, and the minimum temperature −5.4 °C (22 °F) on 21 January 1957.

Climate data for Santander
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)13.3
(55.9)
13.8
(56.8)
14.9
(58.8)
15.9
(60.6)
18.5
(65.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.1
(73.6)
23.7
(74.7)
22.5
(72.5)
19.6
(67.3)
16.1
(61)
14.4
(57.9)
18.1
(64.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)9.5
(49.1)
9.9
(49.8)
10.7
(51.3)
12.0
(53.6)
14.6
(58.3)
17.1
(62.8)
19.4
(66.9)
19.9
(67.8)
18.3
(64.9)
15.4
(59.7)
12.2
(54)
10.7
(51.3)
14.1
(57.4)
Average low °C (°F)5.6
(42.1)
5.9
(42.6)
6.5
(43.7)
8.0
(46.4)
10.7
(51.3)
13.4
(56.1)
15.6
(60.1)
16.1
(61)
14.1
(57.4)
11.3
(52.3)
8.2
(46.8)
6.9
(44.4)
10.2
(50.4)
Precipitation mm (inches)123
(4.84)
104
(4.09)
105
(4.13)
125
(4.92)
89
(3.5)
62
(2.44)
52
(2.05)
72
(2.83)
85
(3.35)
135
(5.31)
146
(5.75)
117
(4.61)
1,246
(49.06)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)13121213118779121312128
Mean monthly sunshine hours8810013414716917418918215712798741,638
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[3]

Tourism[edit]

During the second half of the nineteenth century, taking advantage of the rise of seaside resorts among European upper classes, which introduced a new concept of leisure associated with health, a number of hotel initiatives promoted Santander in court because of its favorable beaches. This promotion created “los baños de ola ( the first season was announced in the press in 1856 ) which helped to the creation of the “city-resort of” El Sardinero, which was consolidated as a summer destination for the Spanish high society in the early twentieth century. During the reign of Alfonso XIII Santander became thefavourite holiday place of court. In 1908 the city built and gave to the king the “Palacio de la Magdalena”.

Currently the city remains being a major northern Spain academic and tourist enclave . Santander’s tourism comes mainly from neighboring regions : north of Castilla y León, Asturias and the Basque Country [citation needed] . Foreign tourism is basically European, closely related to the maritime connections with Plymouth City and Portsmouth by ferry and international flights operating from the airport of Santander. There are very popular beaches called El Sardinero and La Peninsula de la Magdalena .

Politics and government[edit]

City Council

Since June 2007, Iñigo de la Serna, of the People's Party (conservative) has served as Mayor of Santander. The most important political parties in the local area, in addition to the PP, are the Socialist Party of Cantabria - PSOE (social democrat), whose current spokesman is Jesús Cabezón Alonso, and the Regionalist Party of Cantabria with Rafael de la Sierra González. Throughout its history the most influential political parties have been of the ideological right wing, especially the PP.

The Santander City Council is divided into various areas: finance, property and public safety, city planning, public function, the internal system and culture, economic development, training and employment, social, civic participation and drug addiction; of citizen action, and management of municipal companies. The council holds regular sessions each month, but has often held extraordinary plenary sessions to discuss issues and problems affecting the city.

The Governing Board, chaired by the mayor, is currently composed of 15 PP councillors. The municipal council consists of 27 members, 15 of the PP, 7 of the PSC-PSOE and 5 of the PRC. The following tables show the results of municipal elections in 2003 and 2007.[4]

Municipal elections, May 25 of 2003
PartidoVotes%Councillors
PP4859947,67%15
PSC-PSOE3129430,70%9
PRC1273112,49%3
  • Elected mayor: Gonzalo Piñeiro García-Lago (PP).
Municipal elections, May 27 of 2007
PartidoVotes%Councillors
PP5118751,94%15
PSC-PSOE2517425,55%7
PRC1697717,23%5
  • Elected mayor: Íñigo de la Serna (PP).
Municipal elections, May 22 of 2011
PartidoVotes%Councillors
PP5265756,24%18
PSC-PSOE1587416,95%5
PRC1370314,63%4
  • Elected mayor: Íñigo de la Serna (PP).

Economy[edit]

As a service centre at the regional level, Santander contains important public institutions and private organisations with a large number of employees, including Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, the University of Cantabria and Grupo Santander. Activities related to culture, leisure and tourism are an important part of the city's economy, and the regional and municipal authorities look to augment the summer tourist trade with additional offerings, including conventions, conferences, cultural festivals and cruises.

Demography[edit]

As of 2004, Santander has a population of 183,800. The number has remained fairly steady since 1981. Spain's low fecundity rate and ageing population have combined with rising immigration figures to keep the population growth fairly stagnant. Nevertheless, the Santander conurbation continues to sprawl as young families move away from the high cost of living in the heart of the city.

Historical population of Santander, Spain
Year1981198619911996200020042006
Population180 328186 145191 079185 410184 264183 799183 955

Heritage[edit]

Lighthouse of Cabo Mayor

In this municipality, there are many bienes de interés cultural:

In addition, there are several inventory properties in the municipality:

The city[edit]

Famous people[edit]

Urban growth[edit]

View of the bay of Santander.

From 1950 to the 70s urban growth took off with the construction of many housing blocks with large buildings of 5 to 6 storeys but few housing developments for the working population.

In recent decades the growth of Santander has been beyond the periphery of the city with smaller buildings and structures and aimed at the residence of the first and second home (this last of special importance). Of importance is the El Sardinero, that changes the morphology of garden city to residential and leisure area of Santander, the Nueva Montaña zone recovered industrial land for residential and commercial activity, Cierro del Alisal, Los Castros Avenue and urban sprawl along the northern slope of Vaguada de las Llamas.

In the 1980s the port of Santander was displaced from the centre of the city and in recent years Santander has seen a recovery of its southern edge facing the Bay of Santander. The transfer of all port activities to Puerto de Raos has been gradual, with the exception of maritime passenger traffic that is centered on its maritime station front of Paseo de Pereda.

Currently the growth of port activity, increased value-added traffic (vehicles and containers of mostly liquids and solids) for storage requiring a lot of already scarce ground, and insufficient depth for some types of ships, is forcing the Port Authority to consider the long-term construction of a port outside the bay. On 29 June 2005 Santander celebrated the 250th anniversary of the granting of the title of "City."

Paseo de Pereda with the Palacete del Embarcadero to the right.

Main sights[edit]

Downtown building
Building of Bank of Santander, where it originated and where it has its registered office.
First beach of El Sardinero. In the background the Sardinero Hotel located in the Plaza de Italia, which dominates the view of the sand.

Districts[edit]

Paseo de Pereda

Main streets, squares and parks[edit]

Monument to José María de Pereda in the gardens of the same name. The prints are seen around the bust of Pereda, depicting scenes from their works.
Las Llamas Atlantic Park
Plaza de Pombo has traditionally been a meeting place and focus of collectors and children, to exchange stamps or stickers from various collections.
Plaza de Italia
Plaza de las Estaciones

Tallest buildings[edit]

Education[edit]

First, the School of Navigation, part of the University of Cantabria, and in the background, the Palacio de Festivales de Cantabria.

Culture[edit]

Santander has a great tradition and cultural activity, with events that play an important role in cultural and social life of the city. UIMP is a major international summer university and organizes large festivals of music and dance, such as the Festival Internacional de Santander (FIS) and Festival Internacional de Música de Órgano (FiMÓC).

Museums and cultural centers[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Bahía Hotel, Santander
'Cantabria Child Day' in the campa of la Magdalena.

Santander is a city of many festivals and pilgrimages, distributed across the various neighborhoods and areas of the city. Worthy of mention is the existence of many feasts of neighborhood character, such as those of Mendicoague, Perines, etc. The best known festivals in Santander and more tourist attraction, are:

Gastronomy[edit]

Santander offers a magnificent selection of seafood that has a high reputation in the Iberian peninsula. Amayuelas highlights products such as ensis and morgueras, panchos, red mullet, anchovies, seabass and sardines, as well as breakers[disambiguation needed] and squid.

Santander's cuisine is based mainly on fish. The gastronomic tour could start at the Barrio Pesquero, continuing on to Puertochico, El Sardinero and finally to Corbán.

Santander also caters to dining of other municipalities in Cantabria in fish and shellfish such as the clams of Pedreña, the bonito of Colindres, the anchovies of Santoña, bream of Castro Urdiales, etc. But it also deserves special mention for the great variety of legumes, fruits and vegetables produced in the region of Liébana, as well as tables of different kinds of quality cheeses that Cantabria produces and which supplies the city of Santander.

Santander's meat comes from cattle that are raised in Cantabria. Reared on natural grasses, veal, heifer, yearling sheep and ox enjoy a great reputation. Santander's restaurants offer a kitchen with great charisma, and based on its varied and exquisite cuisine.

Some typical dishes of the city of Santander are the fried calamari called rabas and double donuts, in addition to leading the aforesaid cocido montañés and fish and seafood dishes ranging from seabass and sardine to products such as the morguera.

Urban Fauna[edit]

Santander, like many other coastal cities, is home of a lot of seagulls. The most common one is the “yellow-legged gull” (Larus cachinans). However, the most abundant bird perhaps is the “rock dove” (Columba livia). Both types of bird cause problems in the city and the City Council takes measures in order reduce their number or at least prevent its growth.

Sports[edit]

Sporting marina in Puertochico
Mataleñas municipal golf fields, in Cape Menor

In this city the Spanish first division Racing de Santander football team, one of the historic and certainly that was one of the founders of La Liga, play their home games at the Campos de Sport de El Sardinero. Racing de Santander has been 40 seasons in first division and 32 in second. In the 1930/1931 season, it finished second level on points with Athletic Club Bilbao (champion) and the Real Sociedad (third), that time was the one that came closest to winning the league championship.

A long tradition in the city was handball, with CB Cantabria as a banner that has taken the name of Santander in Europe and the world with the achievement of several international titles, the European Cup in 1994,the Recopa in 1990 and 1998 and the EHF Cup in 1993. Currently, the club is dissolved. The only team that has an important place in the national scene at the moment is the Adelma Santander 2016, belonging to the Handball Club Sinfín. It competes in the category of the Divisón de Honor Plata (second division).

Some elite teams of Santander:

ClubSportLigueStadium
Racing de SantanderFootballSegunda División BCampos de Sport de El Sardinero
Adelma Santander 2016HandballLiga División de Honor PlataPabellón Municipal de La Albericia
C.D Estela SantanderBasketballLiga EBAPalacio de Deportes
Marina ParkWomen's basketballLiga Costa BlancaPabellón Municipal de La Albericia
Real Sociedad de Tenis de La MagdalenaField hockeyDivisión de HonorLa Albericia
Bathco Independiente Rugby ClubRugby UnionDivisión de HonorMies de Cozada

Also:

Main sports centers:

Trivia[edit]

Gigantillas parading Santander.
View of the city from the Bay of Santander.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Catholic Encyclopedia: Santander". Newadvent.org. 1 February 1912. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Ringrose, David R. (2005). Toward a contemporary city: Santander, 1755-1910. Ed. Universidad de Cantabria. p. 7. ISBN 9788481029772. 
  3. ^ "Valores Climatológicos Normales. Santander / Aeropuerto". July 2011. 
  4. ^ "Santander election results". Elpais.com. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  5. ^ David de la Garma. "Cathedral of Santander". Arteguias.com. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  6. ^ "City of Santander". Cantabriajoven.com. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Lighthouse of Cabo Mayor". Puertosantander.es. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  8. ^ [1][dead link]
  9. ^ J. F. R./Santander (1 December 1997). "El Parque de Las Llamas quedará abierto al público el próximo viernes.". Eldiariomontanes.es. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  10. ^ "Tennis Club". Rstenis.es. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 

External links[edit]