Santa Marta

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Santa Marta
City
Top:Panorama view of the Cienaga Grande de Santa Marta, from inside the swamp, 2nd left:View of Mirador in Cabo San Juan del Guia, Tayrona Natural Park, 2nd right:Santa Marta Cathedral (La Casa del Farol), 3rd left:Statue of Simon Bolivar in Quinta of Saint Pedro Alejandrino, 3rd upper middle:Colombian National Pantheon in Barrio Mamatoco, 3rd lower middle:Night view of Snta Marta City Hall, 3rd right:Twilight view of Tribute to the Tayrona Ethnicity Square, Bottom:Panoramic view of Acuatico El Rodadero Park and resort area, from De Gaira area

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): America's Pearl (La Perla de America)
Location in the Department of Magdalena.
Municipality (dark gray)
City (red)
Santa Marta is located in Colombia
Santa Marta
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 11°14′31″N 74°12′19″W / 11.24194°N 74.20528°W / 11.24194; -74.20528Coordinates: 11°14′31″N 74°12′19″W / 11.24194°N 74.20528°W / 11.24194; -74.20528
Country Colombia
RegionCaribbean Region
DepartmentMagdalena
FoundationJuly 29, 1525
Founded byRodrigo de Bastidas
Named forMartha
Government
 • MayorCarlos Eduardo Caicedo Omar (Liberal)
Area
 • City2,393.65 km2 (924.07 sq mi)
 • Urban55.10 km2 (21.27 sq mi)
Elevation6 m (20 ft)
Highest elevationAt Pico Cristóbal Colón5,775 m (18,947 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • City454,860
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
 • Urban385,122
 • Urban density6,989.5/km2 (18,106.3/sq mi)
 DANE
DemonymSamario
Time zoneColombia Standard Time (UTC-05)
Area code(s)57 + 5
Twin cities
 • Miami BeachUnited States
WebsiteOfficial website (Spanish)
 
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Santa Marta
City
Top:Panorama view of the Cienaga Grande de Santa Marta, from inside the swamp, 2nd left:View of Mirador in Cabo San Juan del Guia, Tayrona Natural Park, 2nd right:Santa Marta Cathedral (La Casa del Farol), 3rd left:Statue of Simon Bolivar in Quinta of Saint Pedro Alejandrino, 3rd upper middle:Colombian National Pantheon in Barrio Mamatoco, 3rd lower middle:Night view of Snta Marta City Hall, 3rd right:Twilight view of Tribute to the Tayrona Ethnicity Square, Bottom:Panoramic view of Acuatico El Rodadero Park and resort area, from De Gaira area

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): America's Pearl (La Perla de America)
Location in the Department of Magdalena.
Municipality (dark gray)
City (red)
Santa Marta is located in Colombia
Santa Marta
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 11°14′31″N 74°12′19″W / 11.24194°N 74.20528°W / 11.24194; -74.20528Coordinates: 11°14′31″N 74°12′19″W / 11.24194°N 74.20528°W / 11.24194; -74.20528
Country Colombia
RegionCaribbean Region
DepartmentMagdalena
FoundationJuly 29, 1525
Founded byRodrigo de Bastidas
Named forMartha
Government
 • MayorCarlos Eduardo Caicedo Omar (Liberal)
Area
 • City2,393.65 km2 (924.07 sq mi)
 • Urban55.10 km2 (21.27 sq mi)
Elevation6 m (20 ft)
Highest elevationAt Pico Cristóbal Colón5,775 m (18,947 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • City454,860
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
 • Urban385,122
 • Urban density6,989.5/km2 (18,106.3/sq mi)
 DANE
DemonymSamario
Time zoneColombia Standard Time (UTC-05)
Area code(s)57 + 5
Twin cities
 • Miami BeachUnited States
WebsiteOfficial website (Spanish)

Santa Marta is a city in Colombia. It is the capital of the department of Magdalena and third largest city of the Caribbean Region of Colombia, after Barranquilla and Cartagena. Founded on July 29, 1525, by the Spanish conquistador Rodrigo de Bastidas, it was the first Spanish settlement in Colombia, and is the oldest surviving city in that country, and second oldest in South America.[citation needed] The city lies in the bay of the same name, and is a tourist destination.

Monument of Rodrigo Bastidas

Geography and climate[edit]

Climate data for Santa Marta
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)37.0
(98.6)
38.2
(100.8)
37.0
(98.6)
37.6
(99.7)
37.4
(99.3)
37.4
(99.3)
37.8
(100)
37.4
(99.3)
37.2
(99)
36.0
(96.8)
38.2
(100.8)
36.4
(97.5)
38.2
(100.8)
Average high °C (°F)33.0
(91.4)
33.5
(92.3)
33.7
(92.7)
33.4
(92.1)
32.6
(90.7)
32.7
(90.9)
32.7
(90.9)
32.4
(90.3)
31.9
(89.4)
31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.1)
32.3
(90.1)
32.62
(90.72)
Daily mean °C (°F)27.2
(81)
27.7
(81.9)
28.2
(82.8)
28.8
(83.8)
28.8
(83.8)
29.0
(84.2)
28.6
(83.5)
28.3
(82.9)
27.9
(82.2)
27.7
(81.9)
27.7
(81.9)
27.2
(81)
28.09
(82.58)
Average low °C (°F)21.7
(71.1)
22.6
(72.7)
23.7
(74.7)
24.9
(76.8)
25.1
(77.2)
24.6
(76.3)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
23.8
(74.8)
23.6
(74.5)
23.2
(73.8)
22.0
(71.6)
23.6
(74.49)
Record low °C (°F)17.4
(63.3)
18.3
(64.9)
20.0
(68)
20.9
(69.6)
18.8
(65.8)
21.6
(70.9)
20.6
(69.1)
20.3
(68.5)
19.0
(66.2)
21.0
(69.8)
19.0
(66.2)
18.2
(64.8)
17.4
(63.3)
Rainfall mm (inches)6.9
(0.272)
2.7
(0.106)
1.8
(0.071)
9.1
(0.358)
58.3
(2.295)
53.1
(2.091)
63.2
(2.488)
57.3
(2.256)
81.9
(3.224)
108.4
(4.268)
45.5
(1.791)
11.1
(0.437)
499.3
(19.657)
Avg. rainy days11127891213137276
 % humidity73727072767575777879777574.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours281.0251.0251.6226.8221.8230.3226.2219.8202.4204.7226.4279.32,821.3
Source: Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales[2]

Infrastructure[edit]

Port of Santa Marta.

Santa Marta is a major port. Simon Bolivar International Airport (IATA: SMR ) is 16 km (10 mi) from the city center.

Economy[edit]

Lighthouse in the bay Santa Marta
Rodadero, Santa Marta.
Sunset from Irotama Resort

Santa Marta's economy is based on tourism, trade, port activities, fishing and agriculture, in that order.[citation needed] The main agricultural products are: bananas, coffee, cocoa and cassava.[citation needed]

Twin towns[edit]

Santa Marta has one sister city: Miami Beach, Florida.[3]

Tours In The City[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Censo General 2005 (PDF) (in Spanish), Bogotá: DANE, 2005, p. 486, ISBN 978-958-624-072-7, retrieved June 1, 2009 
  2. ^ "CARTAS CLIMATOLÓGICAS – MEDIAS MENSUALES – AEROPUERTO SIMÓN BOLIVAR (Santa Marta)" (in Spanish). Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales. Retrieved September 17, 2012. 
  3. ^ Miami Beach Sister Cities Program

References[edit]