Santa Fe Building (Chicago)

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Railway Exchange Building
The Santa Fe Building, prior to the 2012 removal of the "Santa Fe" sign
Santa Fe Building (Chicago) is located in Chicago
Location224 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Coordinates41°52′42.10″N 87°37′28.58″W / 41.8783611°N 87.6246056°W / 41.8783611; -87.6246056Coordinates: 41°52′42.10″N 87°37′28.58″W / 41.8783611°N 87.6246056°W / 41.8783611; -87.6246056
Built1903–1904[1]
ArchitectD. H. Burnham & Company
F. P. Dinkelberg
Architectural styleChicago
Governing bodyPrivate
NRHP Reference #82002530
Added to NRHPJune 3, 1982
 
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Railway Exchange Building
The Santa Fe Building, prior to the 2012 removal of the "Santa Fe" sign
Santa Fe Building (Chicago) is located in Chicago
Location224 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Coordinates41°52′42.10″N 87°37′28.58″W / 41.8783611°N 87.6246056°W / 41.8783611; -87.6246056Coordinates: 41°52′42.10″N 87°37′28.58″W / 41.8783611°N 87.6246056°W / 41.8783611; -87.6246056
Built1903–1904[1]
ArchitectD. H. Burnham & Company
F. P. Dinkelberg
Architectural styleChicago
Governing bodyPrivate
NRHP Reference #82002530
Added to NRHPJune 3, 1982

The Santa Fe Building, also known as Railway Exchange Building, is a 17-story office building in the Historic Michigan Boulevard District of the Loop community area of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It was designed by Frederick P. Dinkelberg of D. H. Burnham & Company in the Chicago style. Dinkelberg was also the associate designer to Daniel Burnham for the Flatiron Building in New York City.

The building is recognizable by the large "Motorola" logo on the roof, which is visible from Grant Park across Michigan Ave and from Lake Michigan. It is also notable for the round, porthole-like windows along the cornice. The center of the building features a lightwell, which was covered with a skylight in the 1980s.[2]

Architecture[edit]

The formal entrance to the building is located on Jackson Boulevard, which in 1904 was a more important street than Michigan Avenue. The impressive entrance is believed to have been required by Daniel Burnham, head of the architectural firm and the building's main stockholder. The firm moved its offices to the fourteenth floor, and Burnham's descendants continued ownership in the building until 1952.[3] The building is organized as a classicization of John Wellborn Root's Rookery. A street level two-story enclosed court designed in a symmetrical Beaux-Arts style was surmounted by an open lightwell which was surrounded by a ring of offices. By the formal arched entrance on Jackson Boulevard, a large staircase led to shops and a second-floor balcony. White-glazed terracotta sheaths the exterior façade and interior court and the lightwell is lined with white-glazed brick. Classical designs were used for the ornamental dentils, balusters, and column capitals. The building is completely steel-framed.[3] In July 2012, the Santa Fe sign was replaced with an illuminated Motorola sign when Motorola Solutions began a lease on one floor of the building. The Santa Fe letters were given to the Illinois Railway Museum.[4]

The building is significant as a historic site because Daniel Burnham and his staff made the 1909 Plan of Chicago in a penthouse on the northeast corner of the roof.[3]

Tenants[edit]

The Santa Fe Building was originally built as a railway exchange for the Santa Fe railway. Burnham & Company had offices on the 14th floor.[5] Though the firm's successor, Graham, Anderson, Probst & White, has moved, a number of architectural organizations still practice there, including the Chicago Architecture Foundation, Goettsch Partners, VOA Associates, Harding Partners, and the Chicago offices of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.[2]

The building was purchased by the University of Notre Dame in 2006.[6] The university's Mendoza College of Business began holding classes there in 2008.[7]

The Chicago Architecture Foundation installed a 320 square-foot model of Chicago in the building's atrium in 2009. It is updated annually to reflect architectural changes in the downtown area.[8]

In 2011, Solex College opened up a satellite campus within the building.[9]

Position in Chicago's skyline[edit]

The Santa Fe Building appears (unlabelled) in front of Three First National Plaza in the image below:

311 South WackerWillis TowerChicago Board of Trade Building111 South WackerAT&T Corporate CenterKluczynski Federal BuildingCNA CenterChase TowerThree First National PlazaMid-Continental PlazaRichard J. Daley CenterChicago Title and Trust Center77 West WackerPittsfield BuildingLeo Burnett BuildingThe Heritage at Millennium ParkCrain Communications BuildingIBM PlazaOne Prudential PlazaTwo Prudential PlazaAon CenterBlue Cross and Blue Shield Tower340 on the ParkPark TowerOlympia Centre900 North MichiganJohn Hancock CenterWater Tower PlaceHarbor PointThe ParkshoreNorth Pier ApartmentsLake Point TowerJay Pritzker PavilionBuckingham FountainLake MichiganLake MichiganLake MichiganThe skyline of a city with many large skyscrapers; in the foreground are a green park and a lake with many sailboats moored on it. Over 30 of the skyscrapers and some park features are labeled.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]