San Ysidro, San Diego

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San Ysidro
Community of San Diego
San Ysidro, San Diego is located in Southern San Diego
San Ysidro
Location within Southern San Diego
Coordinates: 32°33′18″N 117°02′40″W / 32.5549°N 117.044306°W / 32.5549; -117.044306
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyCounty of San Diego
CityCity of San Diego
 
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San Ysidro
Community of San Diego
San Ysidro, San Diego is located in Southern San Diego
San Ysidro
Location within Southern San Diego
Coordinates: 32°33′18″N 117°02′40″W / 32.5549°N 117.044306°W / 32.5549; -117.044306
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyCounty of San Diego
CityCity of San Diego

San Ysidro (Spanish pronunciation: [san iˈsiðɾo]) is a district in the south of San Diego. immediately north of the U.S.-Mexico border. It neighbors Otay Mesa West to the north, Otay Mesa to the east, and Nestor and the Tijuana River Valley to the west. Major thoroughfares include Beyer Boulevard and San Ysidro Boulevard.

History[edit]

San Ysidro is named for San Ysidro Labrador (Saint Isidore), patron saint of farmers.

Little Landers[edit]

The Little Landers colony was a community founded in 1908 with the motto, "A little land and a living surely is better than desperate struggle and wealth possibly." Each member of the community held a plot of land no bigger than they could cultivate themselves, averaging 2 acres (8,100 m2) each, in order to foster a non-hierarchical social structure.[1] Every person had an equal voice in the affairs of the community whose business affairs was conducted by a board of directors voted in by the community. All agricultural buying and selling was pooled on a cooperative basis. Members agreed to forfeit their land should they leave the community.

The city levied a commission on the sale of land which funded public improvements such as a library, park, irrigation systems, and a clubhouse. They maintained a retail market in San Diego where harvested produce was sold. In addition to growing vegetables, the community raised and marketed ducks, rabbits, and goats.[2][3]

The Little Landers community is known as one of the nation's first communes.[4] It was started by William Ellsworth Smythe in 1908, and lasted until a major flood wiped out its farms in 1916.[5][6]

Annexation[edit]

San Ysidro, along with the rest of South San Diego, was annexed by the city of San Diego in 1957; an attempt by residents in 1973 to reverse the decision was unsuccessful.[7]

San Ysidro McDonald's massacre[edit]

On July 18, 1984, James Oliver Huberty, a 41-year old former welder from Canton, Ohio, committed a mass murder of 21 people inside of a McDonald's restaurant in the community. The McDonald's site was razed in 1985. The site is now home to a Southwestern College satellite campus.[8]

Border crossing[edit]

Traffic in Tijuana, Mexico waiting at the San Ysidro port of entry into the United States.
Cars and pedestrians in San Ysidro entering Mexico.
Aerial view of traffic at the United States-Mexico border.

San Ysidro is home to the world's busiest land border crossing,[9] where U.S. Interstate 5 crosses into Mexico at Tijuana. In the 2005 U.S. fiscal year, more than 17 million vehicles and 50 million people entered the United States at the San Ysidro Port of Entry. The great majority of these are workers (both of Mexican and U.S. nationality) commuting from Tijuana to jobs in the greater San Diego area and throughout southern California. There is also reverse traffic, both of workers traveling to maquiladoras in Mexico and those purchasing services or seeking entertainment in Tijuana. Crossing times are often slow at San Ysidro, particularly for those entering the United States in cars. For this reason many[who?] cross on foot, the line for which is frequently much faster than the vehicle line. Some foot travelers[who?] own a car in each country, and keep them in one of the large parking lots located near the border post, or use the respective public transportation systems of both cities (both systems have a bus station built solely to serve the border crossing point, and the San Diego Trolley runs from downtown San Diego to the border crossing)[citation needed].

San Ysidro is also where ICE deports the most Mexicans back into Mexico; in 2003, this was 360,172 people.[10]

Trucks are generally instructed to use the border crossing in Otay Mesa instead of the San Ysidro one[citation needed].

A proposed expansion of the San Ysidro Port of Entry is taking place in three parts and is scheduled to be completed in the spring of 2014. The $577 million project will expand and veer Interstate 5 to the west. Slated to be built are a new northbound inspection facility, including primary vehicle inspection booths, a secondary inspection area, an administration space, and a pedestrian-processing facility. A new southbound inspection facility is also planned.[11][12][13]

Emergency services[edit]

Police[edit]

The San Diego Police Department provides police services to the community. The area is serviced by the southern division headquarters at 1120 27th Street and a small substation at 663 E. San Ysidro Blvd.[14]

Fire & EMS[edit]

The San Diego Fire Department provides fire and emergency medical services to the community. The area is serviced by fire station 29 at 179 W. San Ysidro Blvd.[15]

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

The area is served by the San Ysidro School District (kindergarten through the eighth grade) and Sweetwater Union High School District, which operates San Ysidro High School. San Ysidro Adult Education Center, operated by the high school district, is also in San Ysidro.

Landmarks and facilities[edit]

The San Diego Public Library operates the San Ysidro Branch Library.[16] Parks in San Ysidro include Howard Lane Park, Vista Terrace Park, and San Ysidro Community Park. Churches include Our Lady of Mount Carmel Roman Catholic Church.

The San Ysidro Post Office opened on April 13, 1910 and closed on January 5, 1974.[17]

See also[edit]

The post office has moved from its past location to a new location on W. San Ysidro Blvd. and continues providing service today.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cowan, John L. (November 1911). "The Hope Of The "Little Landers": The Story Of San Ysidro, Cal., Where Families Prosper On Two Acres And A Quarter". The World's Work: A History of Our Time. XXIII: 29–40. Retrieved 2009-07-10.  Includes photos of early Little Landers farms.
  2. ^ ""Little Landers" Attempt to Solve Problem of Living Without Worry". Popular Mechanics. October 1914. Retrieved 5 February 2009. 
  3. ^ Hine, Robert V. (1953). California's Utopian Colonies. San Marino, Calif.: Huntington Library. pp. 144–148. 
  4. ^ ""Little Landers" Attempt to Solve Problem of Living Without Worry". Popular Mechanics. October 1914. Retrieved 5 February 2009. 
  5. ^ San Ysidro, America’s last gasp, sdreader.com
  6. ^ Stein, Lou, San Diego County Place-Names, pages 88-89, Rand Editions-Tofua Press, 1975
  7. ^ Proposed annexation
  8. ^ "20 Years later, San Ysidro McDonald's massacre remembered". North County Times. 
  9. ^ Sandra Dibble (11 July 2010). "Number of border crossings stabilizes". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  10. ^ Andrew Becker; Agustin Armendariz (22 June 2012). "California Border Crossing: San Ysidro Port Of Entry Is The Busiest Land Border In The World". Huffington Post. California Watch. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  11. ^ http://www.baja123.com/blogs/baja/archive/2008/02/27/major-expansion-planned-for-san-ysidro-port-of-entry.aspx baja123.com
  12. ^ http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/metro/20080226-1721-bn26realign.html
  13. ^ http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/2009/dec/18/expansion-work-busiest-border-crossing/
  14. ^ http://www.sandiego.gov/police/neighborhood/sfac.shtml
  15. ^ http://www.sandiego.gov/fireandems/about/sta29.shtml
  16. ^ http://www.sandiego.gov/public-library/locations/index.shtml
  17. ^ "Postmaster Finder Post Offices by Discontinued Date." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on September 26, 2010. "01/05/1974 SAN YSIDRO CA SAN DIEGO COUNTY 04/13/1910"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°33′18″N 117°02′40″W / 32.5549°N 117.044306°W / 32.5549; -117.044306