San Bernardino County, California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

San Bernardino County
County of San Bernardino
Downtown San Bernardino.jpgBig Bear Lake2.jpg
Cima Road-Mojave National Preserve.JPG
Calico view from lookout point.jpgBear Mountain, Big Bear Lake.jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: Downtown San Bernardino, Big Bear Lake, Joshua Tree in the Mojave National Preserve, Calico Ghost Town, Bear Mountain
Flag of San Bernardino County
Official seal of San Bernardino County
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
California's location in the United States
Country United States of America
State California
Metropolitan areaInland Empire
Named for City of San Bernardino[1][2][3]
County seat San Bernardino
Largest citySan Bernardino (population and area)
 • Total20,105 sq mi (52,070 km2)
 • Land20,057 sq mi (51,950 km2)
 • Water48 sq mi (120 km2)
Population (2010)2,035,210
 • Density85/sq mi (33/km2)
Time zonePacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Jump to: navigation, search
San Bernardino County
County of San Bernardino
Downtown San Bernardino.jpgBig Bear Lake2.jpg
Cima Road-Mojave National Preserve.JPG
Calico view from lookout point.jpgBear Mountain, Big Bear Lake.jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: Downtown San Bernardino, Big Bear Lake, Joshua Tree in the Mojave National Preserve, Calico Ghost Town, Bear Mountain
Flag of San Bernardino County
Official seal of San Bernardino County
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
California's location in the United States
Country United States of America
State California
Metropolitan areaInland Empire
Named for City of San Bernardino[1][2][3]
County seat San Bernardino
Largest citySan Bernardino (population and area)
 • Total20,105 sq mi (52,070 km2)
 • Land20,057 sq mi (51,950 km2)
 • Water48 sq mi (120 km2)
Population (2010)2,035,210
 • Density85/sq mi (33/km2)
Time zonePacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)

San Bernardino County, officially the County of San Bernardino, is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,035,210,[4] making it the fifth-most populous county in California, and the 12th-most populous in the United States. The county seat is San Bernardino.[5]

San Bernardino County is included in the Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, also known as the Inland Empire, as well as the Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA Combined Statistical Area.

With an area of 20,105 square miles, San Bernardino County is the largest county in the United States by area. It is larger than each of the nine smallest states, larger than the four smallest states combined, and larger than 71 different sovereign nations. The Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area in Alaska is larger than San Bernardino County, but it is part of Alaska's unorganized borough and thus not a county.

Located in southeast California, the thinly populated deserts and mountains of this vast county stretch from where the bulk of the county population resides in two Census County Divisions, some 1,422,745 people as of the 2010 Census, covering the 450 square miles (1,166 km2) south of the San Bernardino Mountains in San Bernardino Valley, to the Nevada border and the Colorado River.


San Bernardino County horticulture exhibit at World Columbian Exposition, Chicago 1893.

Spanish Missionaries from Mission San Gabriel Arcángel established a church at the village of Politania in 1810. Father Francisco Dumetz named the church after San Bernardino on May 20, 1810, feast day of St. Bernardino of Siena. The Franciscans also gave the name San Bernardino to the snowcapped peak in Southern California, in honor of the saint and it is from him that the county derives its name.[3] In 1819, they established the San Bernardino de Sena Estancia, a mission farm in what is now Redlands.

Following Mexican independence from Spain in 1821, Mexican citizens were granted land grants to establish ranchos in the area of the county. Rancho Jurupa in 1838, Rancho Cucamonga and El Rincon in 1839, Rancho Santa Ana del Chino in 1841, Rancho San Bernardino in 1842 and Rancho Muscupiabe in 1844.

Agua Mansa was the first town in what became San Bernardino County, settled by immigrants from New Mexico on land donated from the Rancho Jurupa in 1841.

Following the purchase of Rancho San Bernardino, and the establishment of the town of San Bernardino in 1851 by Mormon colonists, San Bernardino County was formed in 1853 from parts of Los Angeles County. Some of the southern parts of the county's territory were given to Riverside County in 1893.


The Arrowhead natural feature is the source of many local names and icons, such as Lake Arrowhead and the county's seal.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 20,105 square miles (52,070 km2), of which 20,057 square miles (51,950 km2) is land and 48 square miles (120 km2) (0.2%) is water.[6] It is the largest county by area in California and the largest in the United States (excluding boroughs in Alaska). It is slightly larger than the states of New Jersey, Connecticut, Delaware and Rhode Island combined. It borders both Nevada and Arizona.

The bulk of the population, roughly two million, live in the roughly 480 square miles south of the San Bernardino Mountains adjacent to Riverside and in the San Bernardino Valley. Over 300,000 others live just north of the San Bernardino Mountains, agglomerating around Victorville covering roughly 280 square miles in Victor Valley, adjacent to Los Angeles County. Roughly another 100,000 people live scattered across the rest of the sprawling county.

The Mojave National Preserve covers some of the eastern desert, especially between Interstate 15 and Interstate 40. The desert portion also includes the cities of Needles next to the Colorado River and Barstow at the junction in Interstate 15 and Interstate 40. Trona is at the northwestern part of the county west of Death Valley. This national park, mostly within Inyo County, also has a small portion of land within the San Bernardino County. The largest metropolitan area in the Mojave Desert part of the county is Victor Valley, with the incorporated localities of Adelanto, Apple Valley, Hesperia, and Victorville. Further south, a portion of Joshua Tree National Park overlaps the county near Twentynine Palms. Additional places near and west of Twentynine palms include Yucca Valley, Joshua Tree, and Morongo Valley.

The mountains are home to the San Bernardino National Forest, and include the communities of Crestline, Lake Arrowhead, Running Springs, Big Bear City, Forest Falls, and Big Bear Lake.

The San Bernardino Valley is at the eastern end of the San Gabriel Valley. The San Bernardino Valley includes the cities of Ontario, Chino, Chino Hills, Upland, Fontana, Rialto, Colton, Grand Terrace, Rancho Cucamonga, San Bernardino, Loma Linda, Highland, Redlands, and Yucaipa.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Counties adjacent to San Bernardino County, California
See also: List of counties bordering eight or more counties

National protected areas[edit]

There are at least 35 official wilderness areas in the county that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. This is the largest number of any county in the United States (although not the largest in total area). The majority are managed by the Bureau of Land Management, but some are integral components of the above listed national protected areas. Most of these wilderness areas lie entirely within the county, but a few are shared with neighboring counties (and two of these are shared with the neighboring states of Arizona and Nevada).

Except as noted, these wilderness areas are managed solely by the Bureau of Land Management and lie entirely within San Bernardino County:


The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates[edit]



Places by population, race, and income[edit]


Historical population
Est. 20132,088,3712.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
1790-1960[17] 1900-1990[18]
1990-2000[19] 2010-2013[4]

The 2010 United States Census reported that San Bernardino County had a population of 2,035,210. The racial makeup of San Bernardino County was 1,153,161 (56.7%) White, 181,862 (8.9%) African American, 22,689 (1.1%) Native American, 128,603 (6.3%) Asian, 6,870 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 439,661 (21.6%) from other races, and 102,364 (5.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,001,145 persons (49.2%).[20]


As of the census[21] of 2000, there were 1,709,434 people, 528,594 households, and 404,374 families residing in the county. The population density was 85 people per square mile (33/km²). There were 601,369 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 58.9% White, 9.1% African American, 1.2% Native American, 4.7% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 20.8% from other races, and 5.0% from two or more races. 39.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 8.3% were of German, 5.5% English and 5.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 66.1% spoke English, 27.7% Spanish and 1.1% Tagalog as their first language.

There were 528,594 households, out of which 43.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.6% had someone 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 3.2 people, and the average family size was 3.6 people.

The number of homeless in San Bernardino County grew from 5,270 in 2002 to 7,331 in 2007, a 39% increase.[22]

In the county the population was spread out—with 32.3% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,066, and the median income for a family was $46,574. Males had a median income of $37,025 versus $27,993 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,856. About 12.6% of families and 15.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.


Major highways[edit]

Public transportation[edit]



Major Employers[24]

Name of EmployerLocationNumber of Employees
County of RiversideRiverside18291
Stater Bros. MarketsSan Bernardino18000
Arrowhead Regional Medical CenterColton18000
County of San BernardinoSan Bernardino17395
National Training CenterFort Irwin13805
U.S. Marine Corps AirTwentynine Palms12486
Abbott VascularTemecula12000
March Air Reserve BaseMoreno Valley8750
San Bernardino City Unified School DistrictSan Bernardino8574
Ontario International AirportOntario7510
University of CaliforniaRiverside6657
Claremont CollegesClaremont6500
University of CaliforniaRiverside6294
Kaiser PermanenteFontana5682
Riverside Unified School DistrictRiverside5099
Pechanga Resort & CasinoTemecula4800
Loma Linda University Medical CenterLoma Linda4676
Guidant Corp (now Abbot Labs)Temecula4500
San Bernardino City Unified School DistrictSan Bernardino4055
Fontana Unified School DistrictFontana3953
Loma Linda UniversityLoma Linda3906
Riverside Community CollegeRiverside3753
Kaiser Permanente Medical CenterRiverside3200
Chino Valley Unified School DistrictChino3200
City of RiversideRiverside3261
San Manuel Band of Mission IndiansHighland3261
California State UniversitySan Bernardino3012
Morongo Casino, Resort & SpaCabazon3000
Southern California EdisonRosemead2804
Temecula Unified School DistrictTemecula2667
Cal Poly PomonaPomona2640
California Institution for MenChino2327
Hemet Unified School DistrictHemet2270
Pomona Unified School DistrictPomona2267
Colton Joint Unified School DistrictColton2257
Jerry L. Pettis Veterans HospitalLoma Linda2100
Eisenhower Medical CenterRancho Mirage2053
Riverside County Office of EducationRiverside2000
Hemet Valley Medical CenterHemet2000
Patton State HospitalHighland2000
Alvord Unified School DistrictRiverside2000
Hesperia Unified School DistrictHesperia1946
San Antonio Community HospitalUpland1900
Fleewood Enterprises Inc.Riverside1875
Marine Corps Logistics BaseBarstow1868
Redlands Unified School DistrictRedlands1824
City of San BernardinoSan Bernardino1760
Riverside Community HospitalRiverside1600
Environmental System Research Institute (ESRI)Redlands1600
Lake Elsinore Unified School DistrictLake Elsinore1577
Jurupa Unified School DistrictRiverside1548
City of San BernardinoSan Bernardino1500
Watson PharmaceuticalsCorona1500
Riverside Community CollegeRiverside1436
The Press-EnterpriseRiverside1400
United States Postal ServiceRedlands1400
Saint Bernardine Medical CenterSan Bernardino1400
Apple Valley Unified School DistrictApple Valley1390
Chaffey Community College DistrictRancho Cucamonga1385
North American Medical ManagementOntario1304
Redlands Community HospitalRedlands1300
Community Hospital of San BernardinoSan Bernardino1200
State of California Rehabilitation CenterNorco1169
Fantasy Springs Resort CasinoIndio1100
Etiwanda School DistrictEtiwanda1094
City of OntarioOntario1075
Corona Regional Medical CenterCorona1011
Agua Caliente CasinoRancho Mirage1000
California Steel Industries Inc.Fontana956
Naval Surface Warfare CenterCorona926


Colleges and universities[edit]


San Bernardino County is home to the San Bernardino County Library system, which consists of 34 branches within the county and branches in College of the Desert, Moreno Valley, Murrieta, and Victorville.[25] Branch libraries offer services such as free internet access, live 24/7 reference services, vital records, LITE (Literacy, Information, Technology, and Education) Centers for children, and literacy programs.[26]

City-sponsored public libraries also exist in San Bernardino County, including A. K. Smiley Public Library in Redlands, California, which was built in 1898.[27] Other public libraries in the County include: San Bernardino City Public Library, Rancho Cucamonga Public Library, Upland Public Library, Colton City Library, and the Ontario City Library.[28]


The San Bernardino County Board of Supervisors has 5 members elected from their districts.


Voter registration statistics[edit]

Cities by population and voter registration[edit]


San Bernardino County vote
by party in presidential elections
201245.1% 262,35852.3% 305,1092.3% 12,376
200845.8% 277,40852.1% 315,7202.2% 13,206
200455.3% 289,30643.6% 227,7891.1% 5,682
200048.8% 221,75747.2% 214,7494.0% 18,387
199643.6% 180,13544.4% 183,37212.1% 49,848
199237.2% 176,56338.7% 183,63424.0% 113,873
198860.0% 235,16738.6% 151,1181.5% 5,723
198464.8% 222,07134.0% 116,4541.2% 4,180
198059.7% 172,95731.7% 91,7908.7% 25,065
197649.5% 113,26547.9% 109,6362.6% 5,984
197259.7% 144,68935.5% 85,9864.8% 11,581
196850.1% 111,97440.0% 89,4189.9% 22,224
196442.8% 92,14557.1% 123,0120.1% 243
196052.0% 99,48147.5% 90,8880.5% 944
195656.9% 86,26342.8% 64,9460.3% 443
195257.3% 77,71841.8% 56,6630.9% 1,153
194848.6% 46,57047.7% 45,6913.8% 3,577
194446.5% 34,08452.6% 38,5300.9% 646
194044.3% 30,51154.5% 37,5201.2% 847
193639.0% 22,21959.5% 33,9551.5% 842
193244.6% 22,09450.2% 24,8895.2% 2,565
192874.7% 29,22924.1% 9,4361.1% 447
192456.9% 15,9749.4% 2,63433.7% 9,453
192062.8% 12,51828.2% 5,6209.0% 1,783

San Bernardino County is a county in which candidates from both major political parties have won in recent elections. The Democratic Party carried the county in 2008 and 2012, when Barack Obama won majorities of the county's votes, and in 1992 and 1996, when Bill Clinton won pluralities. Republican George W. Bush took the county in 2000 by a plurality and in 2004 by a majority. The county is split between heavily Latino, middle-class, and Democratic areas and more wealthy conservative areas. The heavily Latino cities of Ontario and San Bernardino went for John Kerry in 2004, but with a relatively low voter turnout. In 2006, San Bernardino's population exceeded 201,000, and in 2004, only 42,520 votes were cast in the city; in 2006, strongly Republican Rancho Cucamonga had over 145,000 residents, of whom 53,054 voted.

In the United States House of Representatives, San Bernardino County is split between 5 congressional districts:[30]

In the State Assembly, tiny parts of the 32nd and 34th districts, parts of the 36th, 59th, 60th, 61st, 63rd, and 65th districts, and all of the 62nd district are in the county. Except for the 61st and 62nd districts, which are represented by Democrats Norma Torres and Wilmer Carter respectively, every district is represented by a Republican: Shannon Grove (AD-32), Minority Leader Connie Conway (AD-34), Steve Knight (AD-36), Tim Donnelly (AD-59), Curt Hagman (AD-60), Mike Morrell (AD-63), and Paul Cook (AD-65).

In the State Senate, parts of the 17th, 18th, 29th, 31st, and 32nd districts are in the county, and are held by Republicans Sharon Runner, Jean Fuller, Bob Huff, and Minority Leader Bob Dutton, and Democrat Gloria Negrete McLeod respectively.

According to the California Secretary of State, as of May, 2009, there were 806,589 registered voters in San Bernardino County. Of those, 324,857 (40.28%) were registered Democrats, 306,203 (37.96%) were registered Republicans, with the remainder belonging to minor political parties or declining to state.[31]

On Nov. 4, 2008 San Bernardino County voted 67% for Proposition 8, which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.[citation needed]

Public safety[edit]

Law enforcement[edit]

SBC Sheriff's department operates a sizable fleet of helicopters. Shown here are a Bell 212 (foreground) and a Sikorsky S-61 at the air unit's Rialto Airport headquarters.

The county's primary law enforcement agency is the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department. The department provides law enforcement services in the unincorporated areas of the county and in 14 contract cities, operates the county jail system, provides marshal services in the county superior courts, and has numerous other divisions to serve the residents of the county.

Sergeant Phil Brown of the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department said the gangs are growing more violent in the farthest reaches of the county, including the High Desert. Racial tensions among Chicano gangs and African-American gangs have increased dramatically in the Inland Empire, affecting even the most rural areas. "It's getting out in more remote areas," Brown said. "They go gang against gang. There's more gang violence to the general public and it's becoming more random..."[32]

Fire rescue[edit]

The county operates the San Bernardino County Consolidated Fire District (commonly known as the San Bernardino County Fire Department). The department provides "all-risk" fire, rescue, and emergency medical services to all unincorporated areas in the county except for several areas served by independent fire protection districts, and several cities that chose to contract with the department.

Environmental quality[edit]

California Attorney General Jerry Brown sued the county in April 2007 under the state's environmental quality act for failing to account for the impact of global warming in the county's 25-year growth plan, approved in March. The Center for Biological Diversity, the Sierra Club and the Audubon Society also sued in a separate case. According to Brendan Cummings, a senior attorney for the plaintiffs: "San Bernardino has never seen a project it didn't like. They rubber-stamp development. It's very much of a frontier mentality." The plaintiffs want the county to rewrite its growth plan's environmental impact statement to include methods to measure greenhouse gases and take steps to reduce them.[33]

According to county spokesman David Wert, only 15% of the county is actually controlled by the county; the rest is cities and federal and state land. However, the county says it will make sure employment centers and housing are near transportation corridors to reduce traffic and do more to promote compact development and mass transit. The county budgeted $325,000 to fight the lawsuit.[33]

The state and the county reached a settlement in August 2007.[34] The county agreed to amend its general plan to include a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Plan, including an emissions inventory and reduction targets.



San Bernardino County
Median Income,
Apple Valley198869,135$46,751
Big Bear Lake19815,019$43,983
Chino Hills199174,799$103,706
Grand Terrace197812,040$69,806
Loma Linda197023,261$49,211
Rancho Cucamonga1977165,269$75,429
San Bernardino1854209,924$36,676
Twentynine Palms198725,048$36,471
Yucca Valley199120,700$38,092

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Including current residents, as well as former residents who have made their mark in history:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  2. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  3. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  4. ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.


  1. ^ "SBSun Editorial: Plan holds promise for SB". 2009-12-18. Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  2. ^ "San Bernardino, California Tourism". PlanetWare. Retrieved 2009-09-16. 
  3. ^ a b Van de Grift Sanchez, Nellie (1914). Spanish and Indian place names of California: their meaning and their romance. p. 74. Retrieved 2009-09-17. 
  4. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  9. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  10. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  11. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  12. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  13. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  14. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  15. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  16. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  20. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau. 
  21. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  22. ^ Quan, Douglas (2007-09-25). "S.B. County steps up fight against homelessness". Press Enterprise. Retrieved 2007-12-24. [dead link]
  23. ^ Site L26 List of airports in California
  24. ^ "San Bernardino Area Chamber of Commerce Facts Page". Retrieved November 11, 2012. 
  25. ^ "San Bernardino County Library catalog". Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  26. ^ "San Bernardino County Library website". Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  27. ^ A.K. Smiley Public Library history[dead link]
  28. ^ "Public libraries in San Bernardino County, CA". 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  30. ^ "Counties by County and by District". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 24, 2014. 
  31. ^ "Report of Registration as of May 4, 2009 - Registration By County". Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  32. ^ Barrett, Beth (September 26, 2004). "Homegrown Terror". Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  33. ^ a b Ritter, John (June 5, 2007). "Inland Empire's 25-year growth targeted". USA Today. Retrieved 2007-11-10. 
  34. ^ Office of the Attorney General, State of California, Brown Announces Landmark Global Warming Settlement, August 21, 2007.
  35. ^ Husing, John (October 2007). "Inland Empire City Profile 2007" (PDF). Inland Empire Quarterly Economic Report (Redlands: Economics & Politics, Inc) 19 (4). Retrieved 2007-12-01. [dead link]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°50′N 116°11′W / 34.83°N 116.19°W / 34.83; -116.19