Salatiga

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Salatiga
Mount Merbabu viewed from Salatiga.

Seal
Motto: Çrir Astu Swasti Prajabhyah (Be happy, all the People)
Salatiga is located in Indonesia
Salatiga
Location of Salatiga in Indonesia
Coordinates: 7°19′29″S 110°32′39.79″E / 7.32472°S 110.5443861°E / -7.32472; 110.5443861Coordinates: 7°19′29″S 110°32′39.79″E / 7.32472°S 110.5443861°E / -7.32472; 110.5443861
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceCentral Java
Government
 • Mayor
Area
 • Total17.87 km2 (6.90 sq mi)
Elevation700 m (2,300 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total176,000
 • Density8.898/km2 (23.05/sq mi)
Time zoneWIB (UTC+7)
Websitewww.pemkot-salatiga.go.id
 
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Salatiga
Mount Merbabu viewed from Salatiga.

Seal
Motto: Çrir Astu Swasti Prajabhyah (Be happy, all the People)
Salatiga is located in Indonesia
Salatiga
Location of Salatiga in Indonesia
Coordinates: 7°19′29″S 110°32′39.79″E / 7.32472°S 110.5443861°E / -7.32472; 110.5443861Coordinates: 7°19′29″S 110°32′39.79″E / 7.32472°S 110.5443861°E / -7.32472; 110.5443861
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceCentral Java
Government
 • Mayor
Area
 • Total17.87 km2 (6.90 sq mi)
Elevation700 m (2,300 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total176,000
 • Density8.898/km2 (23.05/sq mi)
Time zoneWIB (UTC+7)
Websitewww.pemkot-salatiga.go.id

Salatiga is a city in Central Java, Indonesia and located between the cities of Semarang and Surakarta. It sits at the foot of Mount Merbabu (3,142 m) and Mount Telomoyo, and has a relatively cool climate due to its elevated position.

Contents

Origin of name

Salatiga is thought to be named either after the goddess of Trisala, or after the three wrongs done to the first king of Semarang.

In the first explanation, the people of the village celebrate the goddess of Trisala called the village Trisala and in the years to come became Salatri and eventually Salatiga.

The second explanation is based on the story of Ki Ageng Pandanaran, the first regent of Semarang, who was robbed by three muggers, and he thus named the location Salah Telu. Salah means wrong in both Indonesian and Javanese. Telu is Low Javanese for three, as is tiga in both the more refined Middle/High Javanese, and in Indonesian. Hence the name Salatiga from Salah Tiga.

History

The official birthdate of Salatiga is 24 July 750 A.D. (the 31st date and 4th year of the Saka calendar). The scroll Monolith of Plumpungan (Prasasti Plumpungan in Sanskrit) by King Bhanu, declares May you be happy! All the people ("Srir = astu swasti prajabhyah") and designated village of Hampran (Desa Hampran) a Perdikan village (Desa Perdikan, meaning a tax-free village).[citation needed]

"Çrirastuswasti Prajabyah" is the official motto of Salatiga as written in the government seal.

Salatiga street scenery in 1918

On 1 July 1917 the village of Salatiga was designated as a staads gemeente or small town, by the Dutch colony.[citation needed]

Administration

Salatiga is divided into four subdistricts: Argomulyo, Tingkir, Sidomukti, and Sidorejo.

Bordering Salatiga are the following subdistricts:

Geography

Salatiga is located about 47 km south of Semarang and about 100 km north of Yogyakarta.[citation needed] Its elevation is between 450–800 metres with typical tropical climate.[citation needed] The average rainfall is 118 mm (145 rainy days) with the highest temperature in October (31.8oC) and the lowest in July (23.9oC).

Education

Tertiary Education

Salatiga has four universities and colleges:

Schools

Schools in Salatiga are normally affiliated with the government, universities, or religious institutions. In the past, state-run schools are generally sought after for their quality and subsidised cost however this had changed significantly.[citation needed] Students also generally compete by using final examination grades and written examinations to enter the more popular schools.[citation needed]

Salatiga has one international English-speaking school at elementary and secondary level (Mountainview International).

External links