Saint Mary's College of California

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Saint Mary's College of California
SMClogonew.jpg
MottoSignum Fidei (Latin)
Motto in EnglishThe Sign of Faith
Established1863
TypePrivate
Religious affiliationRoman Catholic (De La Salle Brothers)
Endowment$122.6 million[1]
PresidentJames A. Donahue
Academic staff194[2]
Students4,228
Undergraduates2,853[2]
Postgraduates1,194[2]
LocationMoraga, CA, United States
CampusSuburban, 420 acres (1.7 km2)
ColorsRed, White and Blue         
AthleticsNCAA Division I - WCC
NicknameGaels
MascotGael
AffiliationsACCU
NAICU
WASC
Websitewww.stmarys-ca.edu
 
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Saint Mary's College of California
SMClogonew.jpg
MottoSignum Fidei (Latin)
Motto in EnglishThe Sign of Faith
Established1863
TypePrivate
Religious affiliationRoman Catholic (De La Salle Brothers)
Endowment$122.6 million[1]
PresidentJames A. Donahue
Academic staff194[2]
Students4,228
Undergraduates2,853[2]
Postgraduates1,194[2]
LocationMoraga, CA, United States
CampusSuburban, 420 acres (1.7 km2)
ColorsRed, White and Blue         
AthleticsNCAA Division I - WCC
NicknameGaels
MascotGael
AffiliationsACCU
NAICU
WASC
Websitewww.stmarys-ca.edu

Saint Mary's College of California is a private, coeducational college located in Moraga, California, United States, a small suburban community about 10 miles (16 km) east of Oakland and 20 miles (32 km) east of San Francisco. It has a 420-acre (1.7 km2) campus in the Moraga hills. It is affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church and administered by the De La Salle Christian Brothers. It is known for its liberal arts education, including its Great Books and Seminar programs, its business program, which in recent years has become the college's most popular program, as well as the nursing program, partnered with Samuel Merritt University, whose campus is in Oakland, and the school of education. Recently, the college has received national attention for its men's basketball program. Academically, Saint Mary's was ranked the 12th best college in the West by U.S. News & World Report in 2011 and among the top 20 master's colleges by Forbes.

The college's official literature states that Saint Mary's mission is guided by three traditions: Catholic, Lasallian and Liberal Arts.

History[edit]

The Saint Mary's College chapel with the statue of St. John Baptist De la Salle in front.

St. Mary's College began in 1863 as a diocesan college for boys established by Most Rev. Joseph Alemany, OP. Alemany, who in 1840 completed his studies in sacred theology in Rome at the College of St. Thomas, the future Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum, was consecrated Bishop of Monterey in California on June 30, 1850 at Rome, and was transferred July 29, 1853, to the See of San Francisco as its first archbishop. Unhappy with the archdiocese's operation of the college, Archbishop Alemany applied for assistance from Rome and St. Mary's College was handed over to the De La Salle Christian Brothers in 1868.

In 1889, the college moved east across San Francisco Bay to Oakland, California. The location on the corner of 30th and Broadway became affectionately known as "The Brickpile"[3] and Saint Mary's College would call Oakland home until 1928, when it moved further eastward to Moraga after a fire severely damaged the Brickpile. The Oakland site is California Historical Landmark #676 and is marked by a commemorative plaque.[3] The former San Francisco site is now the site of the St. Mary's Park neighborhood.

During its first years in Moraga, the college nearly went bankrupt, but eventually managed to gain financial security when it was bought by Archbishop John Joseph Mitty, for whom a residence hall is now named. During World War II the college was used by the United States Navy for the training of pilots. Gerald Ford was briefly stationed at the school and served as a naval instructor.[4] The navy erected many buildings, including the world's largest indoor pool, but only one, Assumption Hall, remains on the campus as the school had little use for most of the buildings after the war. Saint Mary's continued to be a male-only school until 1970,[5] when it became coeducational. Since then, more women have come to the college and by 2011, 62% of the students were women.[6]

There are still roughly two dozen Christian Brothers living and working at the school, and the school presidents have always been brothers. However, recognizing the dwindling number of Christian Brothers, in 2003 the college's bylaws were changed to allow the election of a non-Christian Brother to the presidency if no qualified Brother exists or steps forward. James A. Donahue, a committed and engaged Roman Catholic, became the first nonreligious to serve as president in the 150-year history of Saint Mary’s on July 1, 2013

Academics[edit]

There are presently four schools of study at Saint Mary's: the School of Liberal Arts, the School of Science, the School of Economics and Business Administration (SEBA), and the School of Education. Saint Mary's College prides itself on being a liberal arts institution, and the majority of undergraduate students are in the School of Liberal Arts. However, the most popular major is Business Administration. This is followed by Communication, English, Psychology, and Accounting.

The average class size is 21, with a student faculty ratio of 13:1. 91% of classes are taught by full-time faculty, of which 95% hold the highest degree in their fields.[7] There are over 40 academic programs, with an option to create your own major. The School of Science has in the past few years grown as a result of a new science building, Brousseau Hall, which has made the college more appealing to students wishing to major in the life sciences.

As a reflection of the school's liberal arts tradition, most students are allowed to take a broad array of courses to fulfill the college's core curriculum requirement. Students complete three core learning goals (Habits of Mind, Pathways to Knowledge, and Engaging the World) through experiences and coursework in English composition, Collegiate Seminar, the arts, humanities, natural science, mathematics, religious studies, and the social sciences.

The school also has graduate programs in fine arts, psychology, kinesiology, education, leadership and business. One of the most successful of these programs is the MFA program in writing. The school also once had the Graduate Liberal Studies program, which was discontinued in the early 2000s. Significant graduate business programs include the Executive MBA, the oldest of its kind in Northern California and one of the oldest in the world; the Trans-Global Executive MBA, including immersion experiences in two continents and a Social Service Management project in a developing country; and the Masters of Science in Financial Analysis and Investment Management, taught in downtown San Francisco.

Collegiate seminar[edit]

In addition to these general education courses, students must take four Collegiate Seminar or Great Books courses. Although modeled after the academic programs at St. John's College, this program is unique to Saint Mary's College in that only the four courses are required, and that they are integrated into all majors of study (including non-liberal arts majors such as business and science). The four courses must be taken in order, two freshmen year, and the other two during the sophomore, junior or senior years. These classes encompass the most important literature and philosophy and are meant to include discussion of the text rather than lecture. Most notably, all teachers, even those who generally teach subjects far from literature and philosophy, may teach seminar classes.

Below are the four seminars and a sampling of some of the texts read:

Greek Thought

Roman, Christian & Early Medieval Thought

Renaissance Thought

Modern Thought

Integral program[edit]

The Integral program is a major at Saint Mary's College that incorporates the Seminar method for all of its classes, modeled almost completely after St. John's College. It is a four-year program, with students unable to enter Integral after freshman year. Instead of just taking four classes integrated as part of the general education, Integral majors' entire curriculum, including subjects not traditionally related to the "classics," is done in the Seminar style. For example, math is taught through reading and discussing Euclid and Galileo, rather than actually completing numerical problem sets. In addition, the Seminar portion of the program, while twice as long (eight semesters vs. four), moves much more quickly and covers more material than the traditional Seminar program. The program does not have any tests, and students average 100–200 pages of reading per night.

Because of the small number of students, those students who are in the program remain with the same class for their entire four years. While many students enjoy the uniqueness of the program and the intimate class setting, others find that either the isolation of the program from the rest of the campus (aside from a small number of electives that are allowed, Integral majors take classes only with other Integral majors, and only Integral students take Integral classes, which are all taught by a small number of Integral professors) or the intense focus on the classics are not for them. These students may transfer after their sophomore year to another major, with almost all of their general education requirements fulfilled.

While the Integral program is housed in the School of Liberal Arts and Integral majors receive a Bachelor of Arts degree, integral students graduate separately from the other Liberal Arts majors and are the last students to receive their diplomas during the commencement ceremony. Many students go on to graduate school for pre-med or pre-law studies.

January term[edit]

January Term is a unique academic session in which during the month of January students are required to take one class and encouraged to take one outside their major. Jan Term classes are more intensive than a normal fall or spring class. Instead of meeting two or three times a week, they meet four times a week for two and a half hours. Students must take four Jan Term classes to graduate. This differs from many colleges at which January Term or "Intersession" is optional. Each year, a committee meets to determine the year's Jan Term theme, and the process includes a vote of the final three selections by the community. Classes during Jan Term range from Shakespeare to Star Trek, and students have the option to travel abroad for their January class. There are also optional quarter credit classes for Jan Term and during the semesters, such as digital photography or weight training.

Admissions Profile[edit]

For the Class of 2016, Saint Mary's received 5,276 applications, accepted 3,452 (65%), and enrolled 623.[8] The middle 50% range of SAT scores was 500–600 for critical reading and 500–610 for math, while the ACT Composite range was 22–27.[8] Females constituted 59% of the incoming Class of 2016, 69% of all freshmen were from Northern California, and 45.6% were White, 27.0% Latino, 19.7% Asian-American, 6.4% African-American, 2.9% Native American, and 2.7% International.[8]

Athletics[edit]

Main article: Saint Mary's Gaels
Saint Mary's Gaels logo

The nickname of sports teams at Saint Mary's is the Gaels, which had been changed from the "Saints" in the late 1920s. Saint Mary's College was once known for its American football team led by Edward "Slip" Madigan, which dominated west coast football, indeed beating USC and California during the thirties, and with several wins against eastern powerhouses during the 20s, 30s, and 40s including winning the 1939 Cotton Bowl by crushing favored Texas Tech 21 to 13.

Another memorable win during this period was St. Mary's stunning upset over USC in 1924, 14–10. The most notable win came in 1930, when Saint Mary's traveled to New York to play Fordham University. Fordham was a heavy favorite, as the Rams had won 16 straight games going back to 1928. They featured the first version of an offensive line known as the "Seven Blocks of Granite," a formidable unit that later would include the likes of Vince Lombardi. Few thought that a tiny west coast school could defeat a team like Fordham. Nevertheless, Saint Mary's recovered from a 12–0 halftime deficit to win, 20–12.

The Gaels were known for their flashy style that reflected the personality of their flamboyant coach. Madigan traveled to New York for the Fordham game with 150 fans on a train that was labelled "the world's longest bar." To stir up publicity for the game, he threw a party the night before and invited not only sportswriters, but such celebrities as Babe Ruth and New York mayor Jimmy Walker.

With visions of national greatness dancing in their heads, the 1936 Gaels squad was dubbed the "dream team" by St. Mary's fans.[9] The hubris of St. Mary's supporters was soon replaced by disappointment, however, when reality reared its ugly head, as sportswriter Braven Dryer recounted in a 1937 national football preview magazine:

"Last year from the beginning of summer until well into the football season, the Gaels were the 'dream team' to doting fans. Then, with the suddenness of tragedy, came a scoreless tie with little San Francisco University. This was followed by three defeats in a row at the hands of Fordham, Marquette and Santa Clara. The dream team had become a nightmare."[9]

In 2004, following a long period of decline, the football team was finally disbanded after a dismal 1–11 2003 season. Because of Title IX they were required to devote more funds to the school's other growing programs. Saint Mary's is currently well known for its basketball, soccer, rugby, baseball, and women's volleyball teams. A wide variety of intercollegiate club and intramural sports also are available on the campus.

Almost all of the Division I varsity teams compete in the West Coast Conference.

The men's basketball team is becoming recognized nationally as one of the top mid-major programs in the country; in 2010, it made it to the NCAA Sweet Sixteen. They received an automatic bid to the 2010 NCAA Tournament, as a result of having won the WCC Conference Tournament. Having beaten Gonzaga in the tournament final, it was the Gaels' second WCC tournament victory since the tournament began in 1987.[10] In the NCAA tournament, the Gaels won their first round game upsetting Richmond, and giving the college its first men's tournament win in 51 years. It took only two days to secure the next tournament win as they advanced to the Sweet Sixteen by upsetting second seeded Villanova, led by Omar Samhan with 32 points. The team also received at-large bids to the NCAA tournament in 2005, 2008,2012, and 2013. In 2012, the team earned both the WCC regular-season and tournament championships for the first time in program history and advanced to the NCAA Tournament for the fourth time since 2005. They advanced to the NCAA Tournament again in 2013, beating Middle Tennessee State University in the First Four and losing to the Memphis Tigers in the second round.

The Gaels are also known for their strong pursuit of Australian talent such as NBA player Patrick Mills. Chants such as "Aussie Aussie Aussie, Oi Oi Oi" are common among students, and an Australian flag now hangs from the back wall of Saint Mary's basketball arena, McKeon Pavilion. This has also given the college a big following in Australia, with most basketball games shown on ESPN Australia/New Zealand. Recently, point guard Matthew Dellavedova was named WCC Player of the Year in 2012 and became the first male athlete at Saint Mary’s to earn first-team Capital One® Academic All-America honors. In 2013, he broke school records becoming the all-time leader in scoring, assists, and three-pointers.

In 2011, the men's soccer team won the West Coast Conference title, beating the University of San Diego, 1–0, giving Saint Mary's an automatic bid into the NCAA Tournament and their first-ever WCC title.[11] In the first round Saint Mary's defeated No. 25 CSU Bakersfield 1–0[12] to send them to the next round. The second round was played against UC Irvine. The Gaels defeated the No. 7 Anteaters, 2–1, in double overtime. The game-winning goal was headed in by Justin Howard in the 103rd minute, sending Saint Mary's into the "Sweet Sixteen".[13] The third round of the NCAA Tournament saw the Gaels against Brown University, beating the Bears in overtime 3–2, at Stevenson Field.[14] The win over the Bears sent the Gaels into the "Elite Eight," making it only the second team in school history to make it to the Elite Eight along with the 1959 men's basketball team. Saint Mary's lost to the University of North Carolina in the Quarter Finals, 2–0.[15] The participation of the men's soccer team in the 2011 NCAA Tournament was the most successful postseason run in Saint Mary's history.

In 2012, the Gaels’ golf team took the program’s first-ever WCC title, and junior Ben Geyer became just the fourth Saint Mary’s player to take home medalist honors in the tournament’s 41-year history. Head coach Scott Hardy earned his seventh WCC Coach of the Year honor after leading the team to the 2013 title – the first back-to-back championship in program history.

In 2001, the women's basketball and soccer teams competed in their respective NCAA tournaments, with both teams advancing to the second round. The women's volleyball team advanced to the "Sweet Sixteen" in 2004. Women’s tennis, softball and volleyball won the WCC Conference championships and went on to play in NCAA postseason tournaments. The 2010 and 2013 women's tennis teams won WCC championships and the program has advanced to 4-straight NCAA tournaments, the most consecutive invitations to NCAA tournament play of any Saint Mary's athletic program.

Another successful sports program at Saint Mary's is rugby, which, though not well known in the United States generally, is the oldest athletic club at Saint Mary's. The men's rugby team has enjoyed a rise in the past few years. Revitalized with a new coaching staff and increasing alumni support, the team has frequently finished the season ranked among the top ten teams in the country, competing with large high-profile schools such as California, Ohio State, and the military academies. In 2008, it reached the Final Four of the USA Rugby Division One National Championship tournament, losing to California 41–31 in the semi-finals, and was also ranked at #2 in the nation for Division 1 Collegiate Rugby at the seasons end. In 2011, it competed in the National 7s and in 2012, after beating No.1 ranked California 20 –18 in Moraga, the team finished the regular season undefeated in the Pacific Coast Conference and ranked No. 2 in the country. It defeated Utah 25–15 in the D1-A quarterfinals before falling to Arkansas State in the semifinals.

Student life[edit]

There are 45 active clubs on campus, a few of which are service clubs, diversity clubs, academic clubs, and special interest clubs. The Associated Students of Saint Mary's College (ASSMC) oversees the club and serves as the student government. Each class elects a president and vice-president, as well as several other student senators. The entire school elects the ASSMC president and the three executive vice-presidents (Administration, Student Affairs and Finance). The Student Involvement and Leadership office assists ASSMC and the clubs in providing programming and events on campus. A full list of student clubs and organizations can be found here.

Being a Lasallian school, community service plays a big role on campus. The Catholic Institute for Lasallian Social Action or CILSA coordinates most service work on campus, and each year students perform many hours of community service. In January 2006, twenty-five students and two professors traveled to New Orleans to help clean up parks and rebuild homes destroyed by Hurricane Katrina. These trips to New Orleans have continued in subsequent years.

The campus has a chapel in which Mass is held daily on weekdays and twice on Sundays. The main student Mass is on Sundays at 8 p.m. There are several priests who work on campus, many of whom also teach classes. In late 2006, a Catholic youth group known as Xalt! was started by students. It has weekly meetings in the chapel, with presentations given by professors.

It is not a requirement to be Catholic in order to attend Saint Mary's, and students do not have to take courses in Catholicism (two general Religious Studies classes are required, an introductory course of the Bible and Its Interpretation and an elective of the student's choosing). However, 45% of Saint Mary’s undergraduate students are Catholic, and many are involved in community service. Nearly 10 percent of every graduating class goes on to join a major service organization: the Peace Corps, the Lasallian Volunteers, Teach for America or the Jesuit Volunteer Corps.

Saint Mary's has an academic support center which helps students who have disabilities and other special needs. There are also offices set up to assist students of color (54% of the traditional undergraduate student body identifies as an ethnic minority) and first-generation college students (more than one-third of SMC undergrads).

The college has a weekly newspaper called The Collegian and a radio station, KSMC 89.5. The campus also access to the Saint Mary’s Magazine and the weekly SMC Bulletin.

Student organizations and academic departments sponsor a variety of campus events for the College community and the public. Forums and presentations address topics such as cultural diversity, Middle East politics, religion and science and women in society. There are also classical music concerts, usually held in the chapel, featuring either groups from outside the campus, or student groups such as the choir. In keeping with the College's hallmark Great Books and seminar programs, which foster conversations among students and professors about significant issues facing society, Saint Mary's routinely features thought leaders from around the world to speak at the College. Some of the notable people who have spoken at Saint Mary's College since August 2006 are human rights activists Dolores Huerta and Mother Antonia, local US congress members Ellen Tauscher and George Miller, Czech politician/diplomat Jan Kavan, former Secretary of Labor Robert Reich and Kevin Quigley, head of the Peace Corps Association. In September 2010, Saint Mary’s hosted the first U.S. Senatorial debate between incumbent Democrat Barbara Boxer and her then Republican challenger Carly Fiorina. The one-hour debate was held before a live audience in the College’s LeFevre Theatre and was sponsored by KTVU Channel 2 News, the San Francisco Chronicle and KQED Public Radio.

Off-campus activities[edit]

Being a relatively small community, Moraga does not have a lot of entertainment that caters to college students; however, a Jan Term class was created in 2011 to address the needs of college students in Moraga.[citation needed] One student even started an initiative called "Moraga Deals" to offer discounts from local businesses to SMC students.[16] As one sign of its suburban setting, Saint Mary's location is distinguished by having a Safeway at the bottom of the hill no matter which way you turn out of campus. However, there are several movie theaters, fast food places and restaurants within a short drive of campus, and the Rheem and Orinda Theatres are only about ten minutes away. Some students also go to nearby larger towns, such as Concord, Walnut Creek and Berkeley and the cities of Oakland and San Francisco.

Infrastructure[edit]

De La Salle Residence Hall and De La Salle quad.

All freshmen at Saint Marys live on campus. 55% of the total student population lives on campus. There are six freshmen dorms (Augustine, Justin, Mitty, De La Salle, Aquinas and Assumption Halls). All freshman dorms (with the exception of Aquinas) are set up "community style," in which two or three students usually share a room and the entire floor shares a central bathroom. Floors are usually separated by sex in freshman halls (because of the shared bathrooms). The only exceptions are Aquinas hall which has students live in suites with their own bathroom, and the first floor of Assumption, which is coeducational with separate bathrooms for each sex. Aquinas is also open to upperclassmen. Currently, freshmen living on campus are guaranteed a spot on campus for their second year. Sophomores live in Becket Hall, More Hall, North and South Claeys Halls, and Ageno A, B, and C Halls. All of these halls are "suite" style living and each suite comes with three or four bedrooms, accommodates six students, and has its own bathroom and shower. Floors on suite buildings are co-ed.

Juniors and seniors enter into a housing lottery to determine if they can live on campus. Many upperclassmen live in "townhouse" buildings: Ageno East and West, Guerreri East and West, Freitas, Thille, Syufy and Sabatte Halls. All townhouses come with two or three bedrooms (accommodating five to six students), a bathroom and shower, kitchen and living room. Upperclassmen also live off-campus in Moraga, Orinda, Lafayette, and Walnut Creek. Upperclassmen resident advisers, as well as a few other upperclassmen, live in the traditionally freshman and sophomore halls. All residence hall rooms are fully furnished and come with two phones with free long distance, free Internet, and free TV cable outlet. Others often choose to live at home if they are within half an hour of campus. In addition to several student resident advisers, each residence hall also has at least one resident director, who is a Brother or a faculty or staff member and lives in the residence hall.

Br. Alfred Brousseau Hall, where science classes are held.

The majority of classes are held in Galileo, Dante and Garaventa halls, which each have three floors. Most of the professors’ offices are also in these halls. A science building, known as Brousseau Hall or by its former name, Gatehouse, was built in 2000. Sichel Hall is a smaller, media-oriented classroom building used by the Communication Department, and Syufy Performing Arts Hall houses large and small practice rooms for arts students. The newest building on campus is Filippi Academic Hall, which houses the School of Education. The library, St. Albert Hall, is located near the freshmen dorms.

The cafeteria is called Oliver Hall, but it is known to the students as "Saga," after a former operator. The Cassin Student Union is a student lounge that also has a workout facility inside. Attached is Café Louis, a coffee shop, which is operated by Sodexo, the same company that runs the dining hall. Dryden Hall has recently been retrofitted into overflow seating for Oliver Hall and is also used for other events around campus. Other spaces often used by students are the Delphine Intercultural Center, the Women's Resource Center and the bookstore.

Athletics facilities include McKeon Pavilion (basketball and volleyball), the Saint Mary’s swimming pool, Saint Mary's stadium (soccer and lacrosse), Madigan Gym (Rec sports), Louis Guisto Field (baseball), Cotrell Field (softball) as well as an additional soccer field, a rugby field and an intramural field. The college also has a tennis court area and frequently hosts the WCC tennis tournaments. The Power Plant, slightly old and antiquated, is where students work out, but the college plans to replace it soon with a new 50,000-square-foot (4,600 m2) recreation center.[17] There is also a new Cardio Workout Center on the second floor of the Madigan Gym and in Cassin Student Union.

Two other important buildings are the Soda Activity Center and the Lefevre Theatre, where various events are held. There is also St. Albert Hall Library and the Saint Mary's Museum of Art. All buildings on campus except Assumption Hall are named after an important person in the Catholic religion or a person important to the school.

There is a cross at the top of a hill on campus and a large concrete “SMC” on top of one of the surrounding hills, which gets painted frequently by student groups around campus.

Semester schedules[edit]

Saint Mary's has a "4–1–4" system, similar to Middlebury College: fall semester, January Term, and spring semester. Students are given three weeks off for Christmas following fall semester, one week off following Jan-Term (which many students use to visit friends at other colleges, many of whom do not have a week off in January), and one week in the middle of spring semester for Easter. Fall semester usually begins the Monday before Labor Day and runs through the second week of December. Graduation is usually the third or fourth week of May. Saint Mary's also does not have a "week of preparation" for finals. The school goes directly from a regular class schedule to its finals.

Classes meet for one hour on Monday, Wednesday and Friday or for an hour and a half on Tuesdays and Thursdays. However, beginning in the fall semester of 2006, classes midday on Monday and Friday were changed to an hour and a half, freeing up time during the middle of the day on Wednesday for what the college is calling "community time," during which events (guest speakers, cultural events, concerts, BBQs, special masses, etc.) can be scheduled by various campus groups (student, faculty or staff). No classes are held during community time.

Notable alumni[edit]

Some of Saint Mary's notable alumni are as follows: the two numbers after their name are the last two digits of the year that they graduated or will graduate (within the last 100 years unless otherwise noted).[18]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

Coordinates: 37°50′27″N 122°06′34″W / 37.84096°N 122.10946°W / 37.84096; -122.10946[37]

  1. ^ As of June 30, 2012."U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2012 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2011 to FY 2012" (PDF). 2012 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers. 
  2. ^ a b c "About SMC – Facts & Ffgures". Saint Mary's College of California. Retrieved March 16, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Site of Saint Mary's College". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved March 30, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Gael Lore :: Mission and History". Archived from the original on March 9, 2007. Retrieved April 2, 2007. 
  5. ^ "2011-2012 Catalog". Saint Mary's College of California. p. 6. "1970 saint mary’s college became coeducational." 
  6. ^ {title=Saint Mary's College Fact Book: FAQs|accessdate=June 8, 2012 |archiveurl = http://www.stmarys-ca.edu/sites/default/files/attachments/files/FINAL%201%20-%20FAQs_1.pdf
  7. ^ http://www.stmarys-ca.edu/sites/default/files/attachments/files/FINAL%201%20-%20FAQs_1.pdf
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  9. ^ a b Braven Dyer, "The Pacific Coast," in 1937 Football Illustrated Annual. New York: Fiction House, Inc., pg. 83.
  10. ^ http://sports.espn.go.com/ncb/recap?gameId=300672250
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  18. ^ "Notable Alumni of Saint Mary's College of California". Retrieved March 19, 2007. 
  19. ^ "Rose Aguilar". Western Knight Center for Specialized Journalism. Retrieved June 23, 2012. 
  20. ^ http://www.stmarys-ca.edu/dr-carl-wu-74
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  22. ^ "Frank Kudelka NBA statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
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  31. ^ http://www.mountainview.gov/city_hall/police/about_us/leadership_team.asp
  32. ^ http://www.pleasantonweekly.com/news/show_story.php?id=6799
  33. ^ http://www.salinaspd.com/about_the_chief
  34. ^ https://www.bankofthewest.com/about-us/our-company/leadership/paul-wible.html
  35. ^ http://www.ci.benicia.ca.us/index.asp?SEC=%7B5079B642-09F2-4C11-A96D-D695DA95F2C6%7D
  36. ^ http://www.ebparks.org/about/board#gm
  37. ^ "Saint Mary's College of California". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 

External links[edit]