Saint-Leu-d'Esserent

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Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
Saint-Leu-d'Esserent is located in France
Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
Coordinates: 49°13′05″N 2°25′22″E / 49.2181°N 2.4228°E / 49.2181; 2.4228Coordinates: 49°13′05″N 2°25′22″E / 49.2181°N 2.4228°E / 49.2181; 2.4228
CountryFrance
RegionPicardy
DepartmentOise
ArrondissementSenlis
CantonMontataire
IntercommunalityPierre-Sud-Oise
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008)Alain Blanchard
Area
 • Land113.08 km2 (5.05 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population24,869
 • Population2 density370/km2 (960/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code60584 / 60340
Elevation25–137 m (82–449 ft)
(avg. 29 m or 95 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
 
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Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
Saint-Leu-d'Esserent is located in France
Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
Coordinates: 49°13′05″N 2°25′22″E / 49.2181°N 2.4228°E / 49.2181; 2.4228Coordinates: 49°13′05″N 2°25′22″E / 49.2181°N 2.4228°E / 49.2181; 2.4228
CountryFrance
RegionPicardy
DepartmentOise
ArrondissementSenlis
CantonMontataire
IntercommunalityPierre-Sud-Oise
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008)Alain Blanchard
Area
 • Land113.08 km2 (5.05 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population24,869
 • Population2 density370/km2 (960/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code60584 / 60340
Elevation25–137 m (82–449 ft)
(avg. 29 m or 95 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Leu-d'Esserent is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.

Saint Leu is notable for 3,000 square metres (32,000 sq ft) of mushroom caves under the Thiverny plateau.[1]

History[edit]

During World War II, the caves were one of three major underground V-1 flying bomb storage depots. In addition to the caves, the facility included blockhouses, bunkers, flak emplacements and railway links. Allied intelligence firmly identified late in June 1944 that Saint-Leu-d'Esserent and Nucourt were V-1 storage depots.[2] On 27 June 1944, Saint-Leu-d'Esserent was initially bombed by the US Army Air Force,[3][4] then on July 4/5 1944 by two RAF forces (the first unsuccessfully used Tallboy bombs in an attempt to collapse the limestone roof of the caves).[2][5] Finally on 7 July 1944, an evening RAF raid successfully blocked the tunnels.[6]

The storage dump at Thiverny[7] was bombed in 1944 on May 5,[8] July 11,[9] July 12,[10][11] and July 19.[12][13][14][15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Couderchon, Philippe. "The quarries of Saint Leu Esserent". 
  2. ^ a b Collier, Basil (1976) [1964]. The Battle of the V-Weapons, 1944-1945. Yorkshire: The Emfield Press. pp. 68,82,84. ISBN 0-7057-0070-4. 
  3. ^ "8th Air Force 1944 Chronicles". Retrieved 2007-05-25. 
  4. ^ Taylor, Graham. "Leopold". Leopold. Retrieved 2007-05-16. 
  5. ^ Irving, David (1964). The Mare's Nest. London: William Kimber and Co. pp. 168,220,245,246. 
  6. ^ Richards, Denis (1994) [1964]. The Hardest Victory - RAF Bomber Command in the Second World War. p. 241. 
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  10. ^ "July 1944". Bomber Command 60th Anniversary. RAF. 
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