Saint-Gilles, Belgium

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Saint-Gilles, Belgium
Municipality of Belgium
Name transcription(s)
 • FrenchSaint-Gilles
 • DutchSint-Gillis
Flag of Saint-Gilles, Belgium
Flag
Coat of arms of Saint-Gilles, Belgium
Coat of arms
Saint-Gilles, Belgium is located in Belgium
Saint-Gilles, Belgium
Saint-Gilles, Belgium
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°49′N 04°21′E / 50.817°N 4.350°E / 50.817; 4.350Coordinates: 50°49′N 04°21′E / 50.817°N 4.350°E / 50.817; 4.350
CountryBelgium
CommunityFlemish Community
French Community
RegionBrussels
ArrondissementBrussels
Government
 • MayorCharles Picqué (PS)
Area
 • Total2.52 km2 (0.97 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total49,492
 • Density20,000/km2 (51,000/sq mi)
Postal codes1060
Area codes02
Websitewww.stgillis.irisnet.be
 
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Saint-Gilles, Belgium
Municipality of Belgium
Name transcription(s)
 • FrenchSaint-Gilles
 • DutchSint-Gillis
Flag of Saint-Gilles, Belgium
Flag
Coat of arms of Saint-Gilles, Belgium
Coat of arms
Saint-Gilles, Belgium is located in Belgium
Saint-Gilles, Belgium
Saint-Gilles, Belgium
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°49′N 04°21′E / 50.817°N 4.350°E / 50.817; 4.350Coordinates: 50°49′N 04°21′E / 50.817°N 4.350°E / 50.817; 4.350
CountryBelgium
CommunityFlemish Community
French Community
RegionBrussels
ArrondissementBrussels
Government
 • MayorCharles Picqué (PS)
Area
 • Total2.52 km2 (0.97 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total49,492
 • Density20,000/km2 (51,000/sq mi)
Postal codes1060
Area codes02
Websitewww.stgillis.irisnet.be

Saint-Gilles (French, pronounced [sɛ̃ ʒil]) or Sint-Gillis (Dutch, pronounced [sɪnt ˈçɪlɪs] ( )) is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium.

Saint-Gilles has a multicultural identity stemming from its diverse population. For example, the central square (French: Place Van Meenen, Dutch: Van Meenenplein) hosts the annual festival of Brussels' Portuguese community. The housing stock varies from semi-derelict tenements near the Brussels-South railway station in the north, to elegant patrician houses on the southern borders with Uccle and Ixelles, to tourist hotels at the inner end of the Chaussée de Charleroi/Charleroisesteenweg. Saint-Gilles is also known as one of the centers of artistic and student life in Brussels[citation needed].

History[edit]

Beginnings as Obbrussel[edit]

The first houses of the hamlet of Obbrussel (meaning Upper-Brussels) were built between the 7th and the 11th century close to Altitude 100, one of the points of highest elevation in Brussels, now part of Forest. In 1216, following strong demographic growth in the area, the Forest Abbey allowed Obbrussel to become an independent parish. This independence, however, was to last only eighty years, after which the administration of the village was given to Brussels. By the 16th century, Obbrussel had grown to 41 houses.

Saint-Gilles town hall

In 1670, following orders from the Spanish government, the Count of Monterey built a fort in Obbrussel as part of the fortifications of Brussels to protect the city of Brussels against possible attacks. Erected in 1675, this fort was dismantled in the following century to give way to several important toll roads and urban development. The name of the Barrière de Saint-Gilles/Bareel van Sint-Gillis neighbourhood still commemorates those tolls to this day.

French Regime until today[edit]

During the French regime, on August 31, 1795, the village, by now called Saint-Gilles after its patron saint and main church, merged with neighbouring villages to form Uccle. Four years later, it gained its independence again, with its own mayor and municipal counsel. In 1830, Brussels became the capital of newly founded Belgium. As a result, the rural village of Saint-Gilles, known for centuries for its cabbage cultivation, went through an unprecedented construction spree. The population went from 2,500 around 1800 to more than 33,000 in 1880 to a peak of 60,000 in 1910.

The streets pattern was completely remodeled in the 1860s by architect and urbanist Victor Besme. These were the years when the Louise Avenue, the Brussels-South railway station, and the new Saint Giles church were built, to be followed soon after by the new jail and city hall. Today, Saint-Gilles is one of the densest municipalities of the Brussels agglomeration.

Sights[edit]

Art Nouveau house designed by Jules Brunfaut

Politics[edit]

The local council usually has a socialist majority, and the current mayor is Charles Picqué, who is a former Minister-President of the Brussels-Capital Region.

Events[edit]

Saint-Gilles hosts:

Famous inhabitants[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Saint-Gilles’s dense population is well served by public transport: the Brussels-South railway station with its international high speed connections sits at the northern tip of the municipal territory, and the underground premetro line passes southwards through it. Inhabitants have access to the 3, 4, 55, 81, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94 and 97 trams as well as buses 48 to Stalle, 134 to St-Job, 136/137 to Alsemberg, 365 to Charleroi and W to Waterloo. There are two pods of Cambio shared cars, opposite the Horta metro station and outside the Siemens training centre near Place Janssens/Janssensplein. A car is also sited at the Village Partenaire business centre at Rue Théodore Verhaegen 150.

Sports[edit]

Saint Gilles has a legendary football club called Royal Union Saint Gilloise, which was successful until the 1930s.

Twin cities[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]